exercise


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ex·er·cise

 (ĕk′sər-sīz′)
n.
1.
a. Activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness: walks every day for exercise.
b. A specific activity performed to develop or maintain fitness or a skill: sit-ups and other exercises; a piano exercise.
2.
a. The active use or application of something: the exercise of good judgment.
b. The discharge of a duty, function, or office.
3. An activity having a specified aspect: an undertaking that was an exercise in futility.
4. A military maneuver or training activity.
5. exercises A ceremony that includes speeches, presentations, and other activities: graduation exercises.
v. ex·er·cised, ex·er·cis·ing, ex·er·cis·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To subject to practice or exertion in order to train, strengthen, or develop: exercise the back muscles; exercise the memory.
b. To put through exercises: exercise a platoon. See Synonyms at practice.
2.
a. To make active use of; employ, apply, or exert: exercise restraint; exercise control.
b. To discharge (duties, for example).
3.
a. To carry out the functions of: exercise the role of disciplinarian.
b. To execute the terms of (a stock option, for example).
4. To alarm, worry, or anger; upset: an injustice that exercised the whole community.
v.intr.
To engage in exercise.

[Middle English, from Old French exercice, from Latin exercitium, from exercitus, past participle of exercēre, to exercise : ex-, ex- + arcēre, to restrain.]

ex′er·cis′a·ble adj.

exercise

(ˈɛksəˌsaɪz)
vb (mainly tr)
1. to put into use; employ: to exercise tact.
2. (intr) to take exercise or perform exercises; exert one's muscles, etc, esp in order to keep fit
3. to practise using in order to develop or train: to exercise one's voice.
4. to perform or make proper use of: to exercise one's rights.
5. to bring to bear; exert: to exercise one's influence.
6. (often passive) to occupy the attentions of, esp so as to worry or vex: to be exercised about a decision.
7. (Military) military to carry out or cause to carry out, manoeuvres, simulated combat operations, etc
n
8. physical exertion, esp for the purpose of development, training, or keeping fit
9. mental or other activity or practice, esp in order to develop a skill
10. a set of movements, questions, tasks, etc, designed to train, improve, or test one's ability in a particular field: piano exercises.
11. a performance or work of art done as practice or to demonstrate a technique
12. the performance of a function; discharge: the exercise of one's rights; the object of the exercise is to win.
13. (Military) (sometimes plural) military a manoeuvre or simulated combat operation carried out for training and evaluation
14. (Education) (usually plural) US and Canadian a ceremony or formal routine, esp at a school or college: opening exercises; graduation exercises.
15. (Gymnastics) gymnastics a particular type of event, such as performing on the horizontal bar
[C14: from Old French exercice, from Latin exercitium, from exercēre to drill, from ex-1 + arcēre to ward off]
ˈexerˌcisable adj

ex•er•cise

(ˈɛk sərˌsaɪz)

n., v. -cised, -cis•ing. n.
1. bodily or mental exertion, esp. for the sake of training or improvement.
2. something done or performed as a means of practice or training.
3. a putting into action, use, or effect: the exercise of caution.
4. a written composition, musical piece, or artistic work executed for practice of technique.
5. Often, exercises. a traditional ceremony: graduation exercises.
6. a religious observance or service.
v.t.
7. to put through exercises, or forms of practice or exertion, designed to train, develop, condition, etc.
8. to put (faculties, rights, etc.) into action, practice, or use.
9. to use or display in one's action or procedure: to exercise judgment.
10. to make use of (one's privileges, powers, etc.).
11. to discharge (a function); perform: to exercise the duties of one's office.
12. to have as an effect: to exercise an influence on someone.
13. to worry; make uneasy; annoy.
v.i.
14. to go through exercises; take bodily exercise.
[1300–50; Middle English (n.) < Middle French exercice < Latin exercitium, derivative of exercitāre, frequentative of exercēre to train, exercise]
ex′er•cis`a•ble, adj.
ex′er•cis`er, n.

exercise

A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving planning, preparation, and execution. It is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. It may be a multinational, joint, or single-Service exercise, depending on participating organizations. See also command post exercise; field exercise; maneuver.

exercise


Past participle: exercised
Gerund: exercising

Imperative
exercise
exercise
Present
I exercise
you exercise
he/she/it exercises
we exercise
you exercise
they exercise
Preterite
I exercised
you exercised
he/she/it exercised
we exercised
you exercised
they exercised
Present Continuous
I am exercising
you are exercising
he/she/it is exercising
we are exercising
you are exercising
they are exercising
Present Perfect
I have exercised
you have exercised
he/she/it has exercised
we have exercised
you have exercised
they have exercised
Past Continuous
I was exercising
you were exercising
he/she/it was exercising
we were exercising
you were exercising
they were exercising
Past Perfect
I had exercised
you had exercised
he/she/it had exercised
we had exercised
you had exercised
they had exercised
Future
I will exercise
you will exercise
he/she/it will exercise
we will exercise
you will exercise
they will exercise
Future Perfect
I will have exercised
you will have exercised
he/she/it will have exercised
we will have exercised
you will have exercised
they will have exercised
Future Continuous
I will be exercising
you will be exercising
he/she/it will be exercising
we will be exercising
you will be exercising
they will be exercising
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been exercising
you have been exercising
he/she/it has been exercising
we have been exercising
you have been exercising
they have been exercising
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been exercising
you will have been exercising
he/she/it will have been exercising
we will have been exercising
you will have been exercising
they will have been exercising
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been exercising
you had been exercising
he/she/it had been exercising
we had been exercising
you had been exercising
they had been exercising
Conditional
I would exercise
you would exercise
he/she/it would exercise
we would exercise
you would exercise
they would exercise
Past Conditional
I would have exercised
you would have exercised
he/she/it would have exercised
we would have exercised
you would have exercised
they would have exercised
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exercise - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fitexercise - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by his work kept him fit"
cardiopulmonary exercise - exercise intended to strengthen the circulatory system
gymnastic exercise - (gymnastics) an exercise designed to develop and display strength and agility and balance (usually performed with or on some gymnastic apparatus)
kick up - raising the feet backward with the hands on the ground; a first movement in doing a handstand
elbow grease, exertion, effort, travail, sweat - use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion"
exercise set, set - several exercises intended to be done in series; "he did four sets of the incline bench press"
anaerobic exercise, bodybuilding, muscle building, musclebuilding - exercise that builds muscles through tension
calisthenics, callisthenics - light exercises designed to promote general fitness; "several different calisthenics were illustrated in the video"
isometric exercise, isometrics - muscle-building exercises (or a system of musclebuilding exercises) involving muscular contractions against resistance without movement (the muscles contracts but the length of the muscle does not change)
isotonic exercise - exercise in which opposing muscles contract and there is controlled movement (tension is constant while the lengths of the muscles change); "the classic isotonic exercise is lifting free weights"
Kegel exercises, pubococcygeus exercises - exercises for women designed to improve the ability to hold urine
stretching, stretch - exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent
arm exercise - exercise designed to strengthen the arm muscles
back exercise - exercise designed to strengthen the back muscles
leg exercise - exercise designed to strengthen the leg muscles
neck exercise - exercise designed to strengthen the neck muscles
stomach exercise, tummy crunch - an exercise designed to strengthen the abdominal muscles
yoga - a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
2.exercise - the act of usingexercise - the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers"
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
practice - the exercise of a profession; "the practice of the law"; "I took over his practice when he retired"
play - utilization or exercise; "the play of the imagination"
misuse, abuse - improper or excessive use; "alcohol abuse"; "the abuse of public funds"
exploitation, development - the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful; "the development of Alaskan resources"; "the exploitation of copper deposits"
recycling - the act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products
application, practical application - the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose; "he advocated the application of statistics to the problem"; "a novel application of electronics to medical diagnosis"
3.exercise - systematic training by multiple repetitions; "practice makes perfect"
grooming, training, preparation - activity leading to skilled behavior
fire drill - an exercise intended to train people in duties and escape procedures to be followed in case of fire
manual of arms, manual - (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
military drill - training in marching and the use of weapons
rehearsal - (psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory
dry run, rehearsal - a practice session in preparation for a public performance (as of a play or speech or concert); "he missed too many rehearsals"; "a rehearsal will be held the day before the wedding"
brushup, review - practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory
scrimmage - (American football) practice play between a football team's squads
shadowboxing - sparring with an imaginary opponent (for exercise or training)
target practice - practice in shooting at targets
4.exercise - a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; "you must work the examples at the end of each chapter in the textbook"
lesson - a task assigned for individual study; "he did the lesson for today"
5.exercise - (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; "academic exercises"
plural, plural form - the form of a word that is used to denote more than one
ceremonial, ceremonial occasion, ceremony, observance - a formal event performed on a special occasion; "a ceremony commemorating Pearl Harbor"
commencement ceremony, commencement exercise, graduation exercise, commencement, graduation - an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred
Verb1.exercise - put to use; "exert one's power or influence"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"
2.exercise - carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; "practice law"
shamanise, shamanize - practice shamanism
3.exercise - give a workout to; "Some parents exercise their infants"; "My personal trainer works me hard"; "work one's muscles"; "this puzzle will exercise your mind"
exercise, work out - do physical exercise; "She works out in the gym every day"
warm up - cause to do preliminary exercises so as to stretch the muscles; "The coach warmed up the players before the game"
put to work, work - cause to work; "he is working his servants hard"
4.exercise - do physical exerciseexercise - do physical exercise; "She works out in the gym every day"
limber up, loosen up, warm up - make one's body limber or suppler by stretching, as if to prepare for strenuous physical activity
train - exercise in order to prepare for an event or competition; "She is training for the Olympics"
tumble - do gymnastics, roll and turn skillfully
exercise, work, work out - give a workout to; "Some parents exercise their infants"; "My personal trainer works me hard"; "work one's muscles"; "this puzzle will exercise your mind"
tone up, strengthen, tone - give a healthy elasticity to; "Let's tone our muscles"
weightlift, weight-lift, press - lift weights; "This guy can press 300 pounds"
5.exercise - learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day"; "Pianists practice scales"
learn, study, read, take - be a student of a certain subject; "She is reading for the bar exam"

exercise

verb
1. put to use, use, apply, employ, practise, exert, enjoy, wield, utilize, bring to bear, avail yourself of They are merely exercising their right to free speech.
2. train, work out, practise, drill, keep fit, inure, do exercises She exercises two or three times a week.
3. worry, concern, occupy, try, trouble, pain, disturb, burden, distress, preoccupy, agitate, perplex, vex, perturb an issue that has long exercised the finest scientific minds
noun
1. use, practice, application, operation, employment, discharge, implementation, enjoyment, accomplishment, fulfilment, exertion, utilization Leadership does not rest on the exercise of force alone.
2. exertion, training, activity, action, work, labour, effort, movement, discipline, toil, physical activity Lack of exercise can lead to feelings of depression and exhaustion.
3. manoeuvre, campaign, operation, movement, deployment a missile being used in a military exercise
4. task, problem, lesson, assignment, work, schooling, practice, schoolwork Try working through the opening exercises in this chapter.

exercise

noun
2. Energetic physical action:
3. Repetition of an action so as to develop or maintain one's skill:
verb
2. To bring to bear steadily or forcefully:
3. To subject to or engage in forms of exertion in order to train, strengthen, or condition:
4. To carry out the functions, requirements, or terms of:
Idiom: live up to.
Translations
تَدْريبتَمْرينرِيَاضَةمـُمَارَسَةيُمَرِّن، يُدَرِّب
cvičenícvičit
øvelsepraktiseretræninganvendemotion
õppus
harjoituskäyttääliikunta
vježbapraksatjelovježba
edzi magáttestgyakorlástestmozgás
æfingæfingarhreyfa, æfanÿta
練習運動
연습문제운동
exercitatioexercitium
kariniai pratimaimanevraimankštamankštintimankštintis
izmantotmanevritrenēttrenētiesvingrinājums
vadbavaditivaja
praksavežbaвежбапракса
övningträninguppgift
แบบฝึกหัดการออกกำลังกาย
bài tậptập thể dục

exercise

[ˈeksəsaɪz]
A. N
1. (physical, also Scol) → ejercicio m
to do (physical) exerciseshacer gimnasia
to take exercisehacer ejercicio
2. (= carrying out) → ejercicio m
in the exercise of my dutiesen el ejercicio de mi cargo
3. (Mil) (= manoeuvres) → maniobras fpl
4. exercises (Sport) → ejercicios mpl (US) (= ceremony) → ceremonia fsing
B. VT
1. (= use) [+ authority, right, influence] → ejercer; [+ patience, tact] → emplear, hacer uso de
to exercise caretener cuidado, proceder con cautela
to exercise restraintcontenerse, mostrarse comedido
2. (= preoccupy) [+ mind] → preocupar
3. (physically) [+ muscle, limb] → ejercitar; [+ horse, team] → entrenar; [+ dog] → sacar a pasear
C. VIhacer ejercicio
D. CPD exercise bicycle Nbicicleta f estática
exercise bike N = exercise bicycle exercise book Ncuaderno m de ejercicios

exercise

[ˈɛksərsaɪz]
n
(= physical activity) → exercice m
to take exercise → prendre de l'exercice
to get exercise → faire de l'exercice
(for particular purpose, part of body)exercice m
breathing exercises → exercices respiratoires
to do exercises → faire des exercices
(= schoolwork) → exercice m
(= training activity) → exercice m
(= use) [responsibility] → exercice m; [force] → exercice m exercises
npl (MILITARY) (= military activities) → exercices mpl, manœuvres fpl
vt
(= work) [+ muscle, part of body] → exercer
(= use) [+ authority] → exercer; [+ right] → exercer, faire valoir
[+ patience, care, restraint] → faire preuve de
[+ dog] → promener
to exercise sb's mind (= be of concern to) → préoccuper qn
vi (= take exercise) → faire de l'exerciceexercise bike nvélo m d'appartementexercise book n (for writing in)cahier mexercise class n (= keep fit class) → cours m de remise en formeexercise equipment nmatériel m d'entraînementexercise programme nprogramme m d'entraînementexercise video nvidéo f de gymexercise yard n [prison] → cour f

exercise

n
no pl (of right)Wahrnehmung f; (of physical, mental power)Ausübung f; (of patience, mental faculties)Übung f; (of imagination)Anwendung f; in the exercise of his dutiesbei der Ausübung seiner Pflichten
(bodily or mental, drill, Mus etc) → Übung f; stomach exercisesÜbungen plfür die Bauchmuskeln; to do one’s exercises in the morningMorgengymnastik machen
no pl (physical) → Bewegung f; physical exercise(körperliche) Bewegung; to do some exerciseein bisschen Sport machen; a dog needs a lot of exerciseein Hund braucht viel Bewegung; people who don’t take or get enough exerciseLeute, die sich nicht genug bewegen or die nicht genug Bewegung bekommen; I need to get some exerciseich brauche ein wenig Bewegung; what form of exercise do you do?wie halten Sie sich fit?
(= activity) it was a pointless exercisees war völlig sinnlos; it was a useful exercise in public relationsfür die Public Relations war es nützlich; that’s just an exercise in window-dressing (fig)das ist alles nur Schau
(Mil) usu plÜbung f; to go on exerciseseine Übung machen
exercises pl (US: = ceremonies) → Feierlichkeiten pl
vt
body, mindüben, trainieren; horsebewegen; dogspazieren führen; I’m not saying this just to exercise my voiceich sage das nicht zum Spaß
(= use) one’s authority, control, powerausüben; a rightgeltend machen, ausüben; patience, tact, discretionüben; influenceausüben (→ on auf +acc); talentsGebrauch machen von; to exercise care in doing somethingVorsicht walten lassen, wenn man etw tut
vi if you exercise regularly …wenn Sie sich viel bewegen; you don’t exercise enoughdu hast zu wenig Bewegung; he was exercising on the parallel barser turnte (gerade) am Barren

exercise

:
exercise bike
nHeimtrainer m
exercise book
nHeft nt

exercise

[ˈɛksəˌsaɪz]
1. n (gen) → esercizio; (physical activity) → esercizio fisico (Mil) → esercitazione f
in the exercise of one's duties → nell'esercizio delle proprie funzioni
to take or do exercise → fare del movimento or moto
2. vt
a. (use, authority, right, influence) → esercitare; (patience, restraint, tact) → usare
b. (mind, muscle, limb) → tenere in esercizio; (dog) → fare passeggiare, portar fuori
3. vifare del movimento or moto

exercise

(ˈeksəsaiz) noun
1. training or use (especially of the body) through action or effort. Swimming is one of the healthiest forms of exercise; Take more exercise.
2. an activity intended as training. ballet exercises; spelling exercises.
3. a series of tasks, movements etc for training troops etc. His battalion is on an exercise in the mountains.
verb
1. to train or give exercise to. Dogs should be exercised frequently; I exercise every morning.
2. to use; to make use of. She was given the opportunity to exercise her skill as a pianist.

exercise

رِيَاضَة, مـُمَارَسَة cvičení opgave, øvelse körperliche Bewegung, Übung άσκηση ejercicio harjoitus, liikunta exercice tjelovježba, vježba esercizio 練習, 運動 연습문제, 운동 lichaamsbeweging, oefening øvelse, trening ćwiczenia, ćwiczenie exercício упражнение övning แบบฝึกหัด, การออกกำลังกาย alıştırma, egzersiz bài tập, tập thể dục 习题, 练习

ex·er·cise

n. ejercicio, esfuerzo saludable moderado con el propósito de restaurar la vitalidad máxima a los órganos y funciones del cuerpo;
active ______ activo;
aerobic ______ aeróbico;
corrective ______ correctivo;
deep-breathing ______ de respiración profunda;
___ electrocardiogram, stress testprueba de esfuerzo máximo;
___-induced amenorreaamenorrea inducida por ___ excesivo;
___ testprueba de esfuerzo;
___ tolerance testprueba física de ___ tolerado;
isometric ______ isométrico;
isotonic ______isotónico;
passive ______ pasivo;
physical ______ físico.

exercise

n ejercicio; Kegel exercises ejercicios de Kegel; regular physical — ejercicio físico regular; stretching exercises ejercicios de estiramiento; warmup exercises ejercicios de calentamiento; vt ejercitar; to — muscles ejercitar los músculos; vi ejercitar(se), hacer ejercicio
References in classic literature ?
Going out for exercise," answered Jo with a mischievous twinkle in her eyes.
On the January night, after he had come near dying with cold and after his mind had two or three times actually slipped away into an odd land of fan- tasy so that he had by an exercise of will power to force himself back into consciousness, Kate Swift appeared.
There was not a tennis-court in the town; physical exercise was thought rather inelegant for the daughters of well-to-do families.
Madame Ratignolle hoped that Robert would exercise extreme caution in dealing with the Mexicans, who, she considered, were a treacherous people, unscrupulous and revengeful.
We relieve our conscience by the confession, at all events leaving it to exercise its authority as it may see fit.
So I take phosphates or phosphites--whichever it is, and tonics, and journeys, and air, and exercise, and am absolutely forbidden to "work" until I am well again.
This strange act was perfectly understood by the group, who knew that in that intensely dry heat the danger of exposure was lessened by active exercise and the profuse perspiration that followed it.
I should keep myself healthy with exercise in the open air.
After my fellowship of toil and impracticable schemes with the dreamy brethren of Brook Farm; after living for three years within the subtle influence of an intellect like Emerson's; after those wild, free days on the Assabeth, indulging fantastic speculations, beside our fire of fallen boughs, with Ellery Channing; after talking with Thoreau about pine-trees and Indian relics in his hermitage at Walden; after growing fastidious by sympathy with the classic refinement of Hillard's culture; after becoming imbued with poetic sentiment at Longfellow's hearthstone -- it was time, at length, that I should exercise other faculties of my nature, and nourish myself with food for which I had hitherto had little appetite.
Finally, I always go to sea as a sailor, because of the wholesome exercise and pure air of the forecastle deck.
Sometimes, when I have had less exercise than usual, I have felt so full of life and spring that when John has taken me out to exercise I really could not keep quiet; do what I would, it seemed as if I must jump, or dance, or prance, and many a good shake I know I must have given him, especially at the first; but he was always good and patient.
The stuff was half an inch deep in his skin-- his whole system was full of it, and it would have taken a week not merely of scrubbing, but of vigorous exercise, to get it out of him.