exhaust


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ex·haust

 (ĭg-zôst′)
v. ex·haust·ed, ex·haust·ing, ex·hausts
v.tr.
1. To make extremely weary; wear out. See Synonyms at tire1.
2.
a. To remove a resource from; deplete: tobacco crops that exhausted the soil of nutrients.
b. To use up completely: a costly project that exhausted our funds. See Synonyms at deplete.
3. To discuss or treat completely; cover thoroughly: exhaust a topic.
4.
a. To let out the contents of (a container); cause or allow to escape: a leak that exhausted the air tank.
b. To let out or draw off (a gas, for example) from a container.
v.intr.
To escape or pass out: Steam exhausts through this valve.
n.
1.
a. The escape or release of vaporous waste material, as from an engine.
b. The fumes or gases so released.
2. A duct or pipe through which waste material is emitted.
3. An apparatus for drawing out noxious air or waste material by means of a partial vacuum.

[Latin exhaurīre, exhaust- : ex-, ex- + haurīre, to draw.]

ex·haust′ed·ly adv.
ex·haust′er n.
ex·haust′i·bil′i·ty n.
ex·haust′i·ble adj.
ex·haust′ing·ly adv.

exhaust

(ɪɡˈzɔːst)
vb (mainly tr)
1. to drain the energy of; tire out: to exhaust someone by constant questioning.
2. to deprive of resources, etc: a nation exhausted by war.
3. to deplete totally; expend; consume: to exhaust food supplies.
4. to empty (a container) by drawing off or pumping out (the contents)
5. to develop or discuss thoroughly so that no further interest remains: to exhaust a topic of conversation.
6. (General Physics) to remove gas from (a vessel, etc) in order to reduce the pressure or create a vacuum; evacuate
7. (Chemistry) to remove or use up the active ingredients from (a drug, solution, etc)
8. (Agriculture) to destroy the fertility of (soil) by excessive cultivation
9. (Mechanical Engineering) (intr) (of steam or other gases) to be emitted or to escape from an engine after being expanded
n
10. (Mechanical Engineering) gases ejected from an engine as waste products
11. (Mechanical Engineering)
a. the expulsion of expanded gas or steam from an engine
b. (as modifier): exhaust stroke.
12. (Mechanical Engineering)
a. the parts of an engine through which the exhausted gases or steam pass
b. (as modifier): exhaust valve; exhaust pipe.
[C16: from Latin exhaustus made empty, from exhaurīre to draw out, from haurīre to draw, drain]
exˈhausted adj
exˈhauster n
exˈhaustible adj
exˌhaustiˈbility n
exˈhausting adj

ex•haust

(ɪgˈzɔst)

v.t.
1. to drain of strength or energy, wear out, or fatigue greatly, as a person: I have exhausted myself working.
2. to use up or consume completely; expend the whole of.
3. to draw out all that is essential in (a subject, topic, etc.); treat thoroughly.
4. to empty by drawing out the contents.
5. to create a vacuum in.
6. to draw out or drain off completely.
7. to deprive wholly of essential properties, possessions, resources, etc.
8. to destroy the fertility of (soil), as by intensive cultivation.
v.i.
9. to pass out or escape, as spent steam from the cylinder of an engine.
n.
10. the escape of steam or gases from the cylinder of an engine.
11. the steam or gases ejected.
12. the parts of an engine through which the exhaust is ejected.
[1515–25; < Latin exhaustus, past participle of exhaurīre to draw off, empty, exhaust]
ex•haust′er, n.
ex•haust′i•ble, adj.
ex•haust`i•bil′i•ty, n.

exhaust


Past participle: exhausted
Gerund: exhausting

Imperative
exhaust
exhaust
Present
I exhaust
you exhaust
he/she/it exhausts
we exhaust
you exhaust
they exhaust
Preterite
I exhausted
you exhausted
he/she/it exhausted
we exhausted
you exhausted
they exhausted
Present Continuous
I am exhausting
you are exhausting
he/she/it is exhausting
we are exhausting
you are exhausting
they are exhausting
Present Perfect
I have exhausted
you have exhausted
he/she/it has exhausted
we have exhausted
you have exhausted
they have exhausted
Past Continuous
I was exhausting
you were exhausting
he/she/it was exhausting
we were exhausting
you were exhausting
they were exhausting
Past Perfect
I had exhausted
you had exhausted
he/she/it had exhausted
we had exhausted
you had exhausted
they had exhausted
Future
I will exhaust
you will exhaust
he/she/it will exhaust
we will exhaust
you will exhaust
they will exhaust
Future Perfect
I will have exhausted
you will have exhausted
he/she/it will have exhausted
we will have exhausted
you will have exhausted
they will have exhausted
Future Continuous
I will be exhausting
you will be exhausting
he/she/it will be exhausting
we will be exhausting
you will be exhausting
they will be exhausting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been exhausting
you have been exhausting
he/she/it has been exhausting
we have been exhausting
you have been exhausting
they have been exhausting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been exhausting
you will have been exhausting
he/she/it will have been exhausting
we will have been exhausting
you will have been exhausting
they will have been exhausting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been exhausting
you had been exhausting
he/she/it had been exhausting
we had been exhausting
you had been exhausting
they had been exhausting
Conditional
I would exhaust
you would exhaust
he/she/it would exhaust
we would exhaust
you would exhaust
they would exhaust
Past Conditional
I would have exhausted
you would have exhausted
he/she/it would have exhausted
we would have exhausted
you would have exhausted
they would have exhausted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exhaust - gases ejected from an engine as waste productsexhaust - gases ejected from an engine as waste products
waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product - any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted; "they collect the waste once a week"; "much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers"
gas - a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
2.exhaust - system consisting of the parts of an engine through which burned gases or steam are discharged
automobile engine - the engine that propels an automobile
exhaust manifold - a manifold that receives exhaust gases from the cylinders and conducts them to the exhaust pipe
exhaust pipe - a pipe through which burned gases travel from the exhaust manifold to the muffler
exhaust valve - a valve through which burned gases from a cylinder escape into the exhaust manifold
muffler, silencer - a tubular acoustic device inserted in the exhaust system that is designed to reduce noise
system - instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he bought a new stereo system"; "the system consists of a motor and a small computer"
tailpipe - a pipe carrying fumes from the muffler to the rear of a car
Verb1.exhaust - wear out completelyexhaust - wear out completely; "This kind of work exhausts me"; "I'm beat"; "He was all washed up after the exam"
fag out, wear down, wear out, wear upon, weary, tire out, fatigue, jade, outwear, tire, fag, wear - exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress; "We wore ourselves out on this hike"
frazzle - exhaust physically or emotionally; "She was frazzled after the visit of her in-laws"
play - exhaust by allowing to pull on the line; "play a hooked fish"
kill - tire out completely; "The daily stress of her work is killing her"
2.exhaust - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
run out - exhaust the supply of; "We ran out of time just as the discussion was getting interesting"
drain - deplete of resources; "The exercise class drains me of energy"
luxuriate, indulge - enjoy to excess; "She indulges in ice cream"
burn off, burn up, burn - use up (energy); "burn off calories through vigorous exercise"
expend, spend, drop - pay out; "spend money"
spend - spend completely; "I spend my pocket money in two days"
take, use up, occupy - require (time or space); "It took three hours to get to work this morning"; "This event occupied a very short time"
play out, sap, tire, exhaust, run down - deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"
3.exhaust - deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"
play out - become spent or exhausted; "The champion's strength played out fast"
deplete, use up, wipe out, eat up, exhaust, run through, eat, consume - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
4.exhaust - use up the whole supply of; "We have exhausted the food supplies"
empty - make void or empty of contents; "Empty the box"; "The alarm emptied the building"
5.exhaust - eliminate (a substance); "combustion products are exhausted in the engine"; "the plant releases a gas"
cough out, cough up, expectorate, spit up, spit out - discharge (phlegm or sputum) from the lungs and out of the mouth
blow - free of obstruction by blowing air through; "blow one's nose"
ejaculate - eject semen
abort - terminate a pregnancy by undergoing an abortion
ovulate - produce and discharge eggs; "women ovulate about once every month"
egest, excrete, eliminate, pass - eliminate from the body; "Pass a kidney stone"
bleed, hemorrhage, shed blood - lose blood from one's body
eruct, spew out, spew - eject or send out in large quantities, also metaphorical; "the volcano spews out molten rocks every day"; "The editors of the paper spew out hostile articles about the Presidential candidate"
fester, suppurate, maturate - ripen and generate pus; "her wounds are festering"
emit, pass off, breathe - expel (gases or odors)

exhaust

verb
1. tire out, tire, fatigue, drain, disable, weaken, cripple, weary, sap, wear out, debilitate, prostrate, enfeeble, make tired, enervate The effort of speaking had exhausted him.
2. use up, spend, finish, consume, waste, go through, run through, deplete, squander, dissipate, expend We have exhausted almost all our food supplies.

exhaust

verb
1. To make extremely tired:
Informal: knock out, tucker (out).
Slang: do in, poop (out).
Idioms: run ragged, take it out of.
2. To lessen or weaken severely, as by removing something essential:
Translations
عادِم السَّيّارَهماسورَةُ العادِميَسْتَنْزِفيُنْهِك، يُضْني، يُرْهِق
vyčerpatvýfuk
bruge opuddebatereudmatteudstødningudstødningsrør
pakoputkipakokaasu
ispušna cijev
kimerítkipufogó
gera e-u fullkomin skilgera öròreyttanòurrausa, nota upp til agnaútblástur; útblástursrör
エキゾーストパイプ
배기관
išmetamosios dujosišmetimo vamzdisišsamusišsemtiišvarginti
atņemt spēkusizplūdeizsmeltiztirzātiztukšot
výfukový plyn
izčrpatiizpuh
avgasrör
ท่อไอเสีย
egzozegzoz borusuegzoz dumanıtüketmekyormak
ống xả

exhaust

[ɪgˈzɔːst]
A. N (= fumes) → gases mpl de escape (Aut) → escape m (also exhaust pipe) → tubo m de escape m
B. VT (all senses) → agotar
to be exhaustedestar agotado
to exhaust o.sagotarse
C. CPD exhaust fumes, exhaust gases NPLgases mpl de escape
exhaust system Nsistema m de escape

exhaust

[ɪgˈzɔːst]
n
(= fumes) → gaz mpl d'échappement
(also exhaust pipe) → tuyau m d'échappement
vt
(= tire out) [+ person] → épuiser
to exhaust o.s. → s'épuiser
(= use up) [+ resources, supplies] → épuiser
[+ topic, subject] → épuiser

exhaust

vt
(= use up completely)erschöpfen; we have exhausted the subjectwir haben das Thema erschöpfend behandelt
(= tire)erschöpfen; the children are/this job is exhausting medie Kinder sind/diese Arbeit ist eine Strapaze für mich
n
(esp Brit Aut etc) → Auspuff m
no pl (= gases)Auspuffgase pl

exhaust

:
exhaust pipe
n (esp Brit) → Auspuffrohr nt
exhaust system
n (esp Brit) → Auspuff m

exhaust

[ɪgˈzɔːst]
1. n (also exhaust pipe) → tubo di scappamento
2. vt (gen) → esaurire; (tire out, person) → stremare
an exhausting journey/day → un viaggio/una giornata estenuante
to exhaust o.s → sfiancarsi

exhaust

(igˈzoːst) verb
1. to make very tired. She was exhausted by her long walk.
2. to use all of; to use completely. We have exhausted our supplies; You're exhausting my patience.
3. to say all that can be said about (a subject etc). We've exhausted that topic.
noun
(an outlet from the engine of a car, motorcycle etc for) fumes and other waste.
exˈhausted adjective
extremely tired.
exˈhaustion noun
He collapsed from exhaustion.
exˈhaustive (-tiv) adjective
complete; very thorough. an exhaustive search.

exhaust

ماسورَةُ العادِم výfuk udstødningsrør Auspuffrohr εξάτμιση tubo de escape pakoputki pot d’échappement ispušna cijev tubo di scappamento エキゾーストパイプ 배기관 uitlaatpijp eksosrør rura wydechowa escapamento, tubo de escape выхлопная труба avgasrör ท่อไอเสีย egzoz borusu ống xả 排气管

exhaust

vt. agotar; extraer; vaciar;
to ___ all meansagotar todos los recursos.

exhaust

vt agotar
References in classic literature ?
I did write for a while in spite of them; but it DOES exhaust me a good deal--having to be so sly about it, or else meet with heavy opposition.
With a grating rush, the three lines flew round the loggerheads with such a force as to gouge deep grooves in them; while so fearful were the harpooneers that this rapid sounding would soon exhaust the lines, that using all their dexterous might, they caught repeated smoking turns with the rope to hold on; till at last --owing to the perpendicular strain from the lead-lined chocks of the boats, whence the three ropes went straight down into the blue --the gunwales of the bows were almost even with the water, while the three sterns tilted high in the air.
Clare, "that Eva is very delicate, that I always knew; and that she has grown so rapidly as to exhaust her strength; and that her situation is critical.
Mine honest friend,'' said he, ``if the jangling of thy bells bad not dizzied thine understanding, thou mightst know Clericus clericum non decimat; that is to say, we churchmen do not exhaust each other's hospitality, but rather require that of the laity, giving them thus an opportunity to serve God in honouring and relieving his appointed servants.
Like all people who try to exhaust a subject, he exhausted his listeners.
Similar impediments occur at every step, to exhaust the strength and delay the progress of an invader.
But in a representative republic, where the executive magistracy is carefully limited; both in the extent and the duration of its power; and where the legislative power is exercised by an assembly, which is inspired, by a supposed influence over the people, with an intrepid confidence in its own strength; which is sufficiently numerous to feel all the passions which actuate a multitude, yet not so numerous as to be incapable of pursuing the objects of its passions, by means which reason prescribes; it is against the enterprising ambition of this department that the people ought to indulge all their jealousy and exhaust all their precautions.
I wished the beast would exhaust itself, and not be insensible to fatigue like a steam engine.
Let what may remain of revolutionary sap exhaust itself and die away with the old trunk, and condescend only to regard the young shoot which has started up at a distance from the parent tree, without having the power, any more than the wish, to separate entirely from the stock from which it sprung.
If you lay siege to a town, you will exhaust your strength.
Thus there will be no need for you to exhaust your strength, nor will I allow you to do so--I will not have you carry out your disastrous intention.
It is her whole stock, and she will exhaust it out of hospitality," thought I.