exist


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ex·ist

 (ĭg-zĭst′)
intr.v. ex·ist·ed, ex·ist·ing, ex·ists
1. To have actual being; be real.
2. To have life; live: one of the worst actors that ever existed.
3. To live at a minimal level; subsist: barely enough income on which to exist.
4. To continue to be; persist: old customs that still exist in rural areas.
5. To be present under certain circumstances or in a specified place; occur: "Wealth and poverty exist in every demographic category" (Thomas G. Exter).

[Latin existere, exsistere, to come forth, be manifest : ex-, ex- + sistere, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

exist

(ɪɡˈzɪst)
vb (intr)
1. to have being or reality; to be
2. to eke out a living; stay alive; survive: I can barely exist on this wage.
3. to be living; live
4. to be present under specified conditions or in a specified place: sharks exist in the Pacific.
5. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. to be actual rather than merely possible
b. to be a member of the domain of some theory, an element of some possible world, etc
c. to have contingent being while free, responsible, and aware of one's situation
[C17: from Latin exsistere to step forth, from ex-1 + sistere to stand]
exˈisting adj

ex•ist

(ɪgˈzɪst)

v.i.
1. to have actual being; be.
2. to have life or animation; live.
3. to continue to be or live: Belief in magic still exists.
4. to have being in a specified place or under certain conditions; be found; occur.
5. to achieve the basic needs of existence, as food and shelter.
[1595–1605; < Latin ex(s)istere to appear, emerge]

exist

If something exists, it is actually present in the world.

It is clear that a serious problem exists.
They walked through my office as if I didn't exist.

When exist has this meaning, don't use it in a progressive form. Don't say, for example, 'It is clear that a serious problem is existing'.

You also use exist to say that someone manages to live under difficult conditions or with very little food or money.

How can we exist out here?
The whole band exist on a diet of chocolate and crisps.

When exist has this meaning, it can be used in a progressive form.

People were existing on a hundred grams of bread a day.

exist


Past participle: existed
Gerund: existing

Imperative
exist
exist
Present
I exist
you exist
he/she/it exists
we exist
you exist
they exist
Preterite
I existed
you existed
he/she/it existed
we existed
you existed
they existed
Present Continuous
I am existing
you are existing
he/she/it is existing
we are existing
you are existing
they are existing
Present Perfect
I have existed
you have existed
he/she/it has existed
we have existed
you have existed
they have existed
Past Continuous
I was existing
you were existing
he/she/it was existing
we were existing
you were existing
they were existing
Past Perfect
I had existed
you had existed
he/she/it had existed
we had existed
you had existed
they had existed
Future
I will exist
you will exist
he/she/it will exist
we will exist
you will exist
they will exist
Future Perfect
I will have existed
you will have existed
he/she/it will have existed
we will have existed
you will have existed
they will have existed
Future Continuous
I will be existing
you will be existing
he/she/it will be existing
we will be existing
you will be existing
they will be existing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been existing
you have been existing
he/she/it has been existing
we have been existing
you have been existing
they have been existing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been existing
you will have been existing
he/she/it will have been existing
we will have been existing
you will have been existing
they will have been existing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been existing
you had been existing
he/she/it had been existing
we had been existing
you had been existing
they had been existing
Conditional
I would exist
you would exist
he/she/it would exist
we would exist
you would exist
they would exist
Past Conditional
I would have existed
you would have existed
he/she/it would have existed
we would have existed
you would have existed
they would have existed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.exist - have an existence, be extant; "Is there a God?"
come - be found or available; "These shoes come in three colors; The furniture comes unassembled"
preexist - exist beforehand or prior to a certain point in time; "Did this condition pre-exist?"
kick about, kick around, knock about - be around; be alive or active; "Does the old man still kick around?"
coexist - exist together
indwell - to exist as an inner activating spirit, force, or principle
prevail, obtain, hold - be valid, applicable, or true; "This theory still holds"
consist, lie in, dwell, lie - originate (in); "The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"
endanger, imperil, jeopardise, jeopardize, menace, peril, threaten - pose a threat to; present a danger to; "The pollution is endangering the crops"
flow - be abundantly present; "The champagne flowed at the wedding"
distribute - be distributed or spread, as in statistical analyses; "Values distribute"
inhabit, dwell - exist or be situated within; "Strange notions inhabited her mind"
2.exist - support oneself; "he could barely exist on such a low wage"; "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"; "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"
breathe - be alive; "Every creature that breathes"
freewheel, drift - live unhurriedly, irresponsibly, or freely; "My son drifted around for years in California before going to law school"
live on, survive, last, live, endure, hold out, hold up, go - continue to live through hardship or adversity; "We went without water and food for 3 days"; "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"; "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"; "how long can a person last without food and water?"

exist

verb
1. live, be present, be living, last, survive, breathe, endure, be in existence, be, be extant, have breath Many people believe that the Loch Ness Monster does exist.
2. occur, happen, stand, remain, obtain, be present, prevail, abide the social climate which existed 20 years ago
3. survive, stay alive, make ends meet, subsist, eke out a living, scrape by, scrimp and save, support yourself, keep your head above water, get along or by the problems of having to exist on unemployment benefit
Usage: Although be extant is given as a synonym of exist, according to some, extant should properly only be used where there is a connotation of survival, often against all odds: the oldest extant document dates from 1492. Using extant where the phrase in existence can be substituted, would on this view be incorrect: in existence (not extant) for nearly 15 years, they have been consistently one of the finest rock bands on the planet. In practice, however, the distinct meanings of the two phrases often overlap: these beasts, the largest primates on the planet and the greatest of the great apes, are man's closest living relatives and the only extant primates with which we share close physical characteristics.

exist

verb
1. To have being or actuality:
2. To have an inherent basis:
3. To have reality or life:
Translations
يَعيشيَنْوَجِدُ ،يَتَواجَد، يَكون مَوجوداًيوجدُ
existovat
eksisterefindesoverleve
ekzisti
olla olemassaolla
postojatibivstvovatiegzistiratiopstojati
éllétezikmegélvan
lifavera til
存在する
존재하다
existereexsistere
buvimasegzistuotigyvenimas
eksistēt, būteksistēt, izdzīvot
existovať
obstajatiživeti
existera
มีอยู่จริง
var olmakvaroluşhayatta kalmak
tồn tại

exist

[ɪgˈzɪst] VI
1. (= live) → vivir; (= survive) → subsistir
I just existed from one visit to the nextde una visita a la otra me limitaba a sobrevivir
to exist on very little moneyvivir or subsistir con muy poco dinero
you can't exist on packet soup!no puedes vivir sólo a base de sopa de sobre
2. (= occur, be in existence) → existir
it only exists in her imaginationsólo existe en su imaginación
there exists a possibility that or the possibility exists that she is still aliveexiste la posibilidad de que siga con vida
I want to live, not just existquiero vivir, no simplemente existir
to cease to existdejar de existir
to continue to exist [situation, conditions, doubt] → persistir; [institution, person] (after death) → seguir existiendo

exist

[ɪgˈzɪst] vi
(= be a reality) → exister
(= live) to exist on sth → vivre de qch

exist

vi
(= to be)existieren, bestehen; does God exist?existiert Gott?; everything that existsalles, was ist or existiert; it only exists in her imaginationdas gibt es or das existiert nur in ihrer Fantasie; I want to live, not just existich möchte leben, nicht einfach nur existieren; it doesn’t existdas gibt es nicht; to cease to existzu bestehen aufhören; to continue to existfortbestehen, weiter bestehen; doubts still existnoch bestehen Zweifel; the understanding which exists between the two countriesdas Einvernehmen zwischen den beiden Ländern; there exist many people who …es gibt viele Leute, die …; there exists a tradition that …es gibt den Brauch, dass …; there exists the possibility or the possibility exists that …es besteht die Möglichkeit, dass …
(= live)existieren, leben (on von); we cannot exist without waterwir können ohne Wasser nicht leben or existieren; can life exist on Mars?kann auf dem Mars Leben existieren?; she exists on very littlesie kommt mit sehr wenig aus; is it possible to exist on such a small salary?kann man denn von so einem kleinen Gehalt leben?
(= be found)vorkommen; the natural resources which exist in the Antarcticdie Bodenschätze, die in der Antarktis vorkommen

exist

[ɪgˈzɪst] vi
a. (live) → vivere
to exist on sth → vivere di qc
b. (be in existence) → esistere; (doubt) → sussistere; (occur) → trovarsi

exist

(igˈzist) verb
1. to be something real or actual. Do ghosts really exist?
2. to stay alive; to continue to live. It is possible to exist on bread and water.
exˈistence noun
1. the state of existing. He does not believe in the existence of God; How long has this rule been in existence?
2. (a way of) life. an uneventful existence.

exist

يوجدُ existovat eksistere existieren υπάρχω existir olla olemassa exister postojati esistere 存在する 존재하다 bestaan eksistere zaistnieć existir существовать existera มีอยู่จริง var olmak tồn tại 存在

exist

vi. existir, ser, vivir; subsistir.
References in classic literature ?
In those days young women did not go out of our towns to Eastern colleges and ideas in regard to social classes had hardly begun to exist.
Now there was left with him, at least, a philosophic acquiescence to the existing order--only a desire to be permitted to exist, with now and then a little whiff of genuine life, such as he was breathing now.
Of all the tribes named in these pages, there exist only a few half-civilized beings of the Oneidas, on the reservations of their people in New York.
His blood might possibly exist elsewhere; here, where its lowly current could be traced so far back, it had ceased to keep an onward course.
At all events, I, the present writer, as their representative, hereby take shame upon myself for their sakes, and pray that any curse incurred by them -- as I have heard, and as the dreary and unprosperous condition of the race, for many a long year back, would argue to exist -- may be now and henceforth removed.
Though neither knows where lie the nameless things of which the mystic sign gives forth such hints; yet with me, as with the colt, somewhere those things must exist.
For as the swift monster drags you deeper and deeper into the frantic shoal, you bid adieu to circumspect life and only exist in a delirious throb.
They had learned that they would have to pay a rent of nine dollars a month for a flat, and there was no way of doing better, unless the family of twelve was to exist in one or two rooms, as at present.
I know it; but they are made,--they exist,--and what is to be done with them?
We would fain take that walk, never yet taken by us through this actual world, which is perfectly symbolical of the path which we love to travel in the interior and ideal world; and sometimes, no doubt, we find it difficult to choose our direction, because it does not yet exist distinctly in our idea.
They had come a long and difficult journey, and now when the journey was nearly finished, and they learned that the main thing they had come for had ceased to exist, they didn't do as horses or cats or angle-worms would probably have done -- turn back and get at something profitable -- no, anxious as they had before been to see the miraculous fountain, they were as much as forty times as anxious now to see the place where it had used to be.
the whey and the grapes being necessaries of life to certain invalids whom physicians cannot repair, and who only continue to exist by the grace of whey or grapes.