insulin

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Related to exogenous insulin: Insulin antibodies

in·su·lin

 (ĭn′sə-lĭn)
n.
1. A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and functions in the regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, especially the conversion of glucose to glycogen, which lowers the blood glucose level. It consists of two linked polypeptide chains called A and B.
2. Any of various pharmaceutical preparations containing this hormone or a close chemical analog, derived from the pancreas of certain animals or produced through genetic engineering and used in the medical treatment and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

[New Latin īnsula, island (of Langerhans) (from Latin, island) + -in.]

insulin

(ˈɪnsjʊlɪn)
n
(Biology) a protein hormone, secreted in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that controls the concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin deficiency results in diabetes mellitus
[C20: from New Latin insula islet (of the pancreas) + -in]

in•su•lin

(ˈɪn sə lɪn, ˈɪns yə-)

n.
1. a hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.
2. any of several commercial preparations of this substance, each absorbed into the body at a particular rate: used for treating diabetes.
[1910–15; < Latin insul(a) island (alluding to the islets of Langerhans) + -in1]

in·su·lin

(ĭn′sə-lĭn)
1. A hormone produced in the pancreas that acts to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood by causing cells, especially liver and muscle cells, to absorb glucose from the bloodstream.
2. A drug containing this hormone, obtained from the pancreas of animals or produced synthetically and used in treating diabetes.

insulin

A hormone that lowers the level of glucose in blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. See pancreatic islets.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.insulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreasinsulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Lente Iletin, Lente Insulin - trade names for forms of insulin that are used to treat diabetes mellitus
Humulin, recombinant human insulin - a form of insulin (trade name Humulin) made from recombinant DNA that is identical to human insulin; used to treat diabetics who are allergic to preparations made from beef or pork insulin
hypoglycaemic agent, hypoglycemic agent - any of various agents that decrease the level of glucose in the blood and are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Translations
insulien
инсулин
insulina
inzulíninzulin
insulin
insulino
insuliin
انسولین
insuliini
inzulin
inzulin
insulin
insúlín
インシュリンインスリン
인슐린
insulinum
insulinas
insulīns
ഇന്‍സുലിന്‍
insulină
inzulín
insulin
инсулин
insulin
สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อนอินซูลิน
інсулін
جزیرین
chất insulininsulin

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] Ninsulina f

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsuline f
to be on insulin → être sous insuline

insulin

nInsulin nt

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsulina
insulin injection → iniezione f d'insulina

insulin

(ˈinsjulin) noun
a substance used in the treatment of the disease diabetes.

insulin

أَنْسُولِيـنٌ inzulín insulin Insulin ινσουλίνη insulina insuliini insuline inzulin insulina インシュリン 인슐린 insuline insulin insulina insulina инсулин insulin สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อน ensülin chất insulin 胰岛素

in·su·lin

[MIM*176730]
n. insulina. hormona secretada en el páncreas;
___ dependentinsulinodependiente.

insulin

n insulina; basal — insulina basal; human — insulina humana; — analogue análogo de la insulina; — aspart insulina aspart, insulina asparta (INN); — detemir insulina detemir; — glargine insulina glargina; — gluli-sine insulina glulisina; — lispro insulina lispro; intermediate-acting — insulina de acción intermedia; long-acting — insulina de acción prolongada; NPH — insulina NPH; pre-mixed — insulina premezclada; rapid-acting — insulina de acción rápida; rapid-acting — analogue análogo de insulina de acción rápida; recombinant — insulina recombinante; regular — insulina regular; to take — inyectarse insulina
References in periodicals archive ?
Insulin auto antibodies can be used to diagnose autoimmune T1DM as well, but only if they are evaluated before or shortly after insulin therapy is initiated, as exogenous insulin administration can lead to antibody formation.
The aim of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) management is to achieve glycaemic control by frequent exogenous insulin injections.
The currently available therapy for type 1 diabetes (TIDM) consists of daily injections of exogenous insulin in order to delay disease progression.
B) The relative GLUT4 fluorescence intensity in the cells 20 min after exogenous insulin injection was normalized to the background and compared across groups.
Currently, researchers are focusing on novel therapeutic strategies aimed at restoring, or at least preventing further loss of beta cell mass in beta cell deficit type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients as endogenous secretion of insulin is advantageous over exogenous insulin such as direct effect on hepatic (liver) glucose metabolism.
The goal of the study is to provide patients with hypoglycemia unawareness a novel cell therapy treatment using Sernova's proprietary, highly vascularized, cell macroencapsulated implantable and scalable device to reduce or eliminate the need for injections of exogenous insulin.
In spite of the absence of this pathway, what is revealing is that there is no loss of regulation in response to even exogenous insulin, as both HGP and systemic glucose homeostasis are found to be normally controlled in TLKO mice.
IAS[sup][2] is characterized by the diagnostic criteria of spontaneous hypoglycemia without evidence of exogenous insulin administration, high levels of total immunoreactive insulin, and the presence of a high titer of insulin autoantibodies.
It evaluated the safety and impact of ORMD-0801 given before meals on the exogenous insulin requirements in 25 established type 1 diabetic patients.
Chronic use of exogenous insulin may give rise to IAs that may sequester insulin.
Objective: To observe the effects of exogenous insulin on placental, fetal and maternal outcomes in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).
The role of exogenous insulin in the complex of hepatic lipidosis and ketosis associated with insulin resistance phenomenon in postpartum dairy cattle.