The litterateur may lull a reader into forgetfulness of self; expertism
intimidates him into thinking his own mind cannot compare with that of the professional expert.
Since compelling little the rank of book of so-sci-fi professorship is the which is called The higher academic Rise of Meritocracy expertism
, therefore (Lemann, 1997, p.
Individualized Media Use, Expertism
, and Processes of Reintegration
Jimmy Carter, who preferred to talk about efficiency, expertism
, and public policy rather than bravery and heroism, nonetheless found himself presiding over one of the defining moments in the history of the new heroism: the presentation of the Congressional Medal of Honor to Captain Matt Urban, a decorated veteran of the Second World War who had been overlooked for the prestigious award because of "misplaced records" and lost paperwork.
It is important that we refute our growing culture of expertism
and, instead, become our own experts, refusing to unquestioningly accept information that is fed to us without first checking into its origin and who it is designed to benefit.
Technocratic refers to broad systems of administrative control that sustain institutional currency and power through an association to scientific expertism
by claiming rationalized, effective and efficient manipulation of modern life even while claiming an allegiance to democratic activity (Bowers, 1988; Feenberg, 1999).
One of the more curious phenomena of the online world is "Internet expertism
Recent literature on action learning, ethnographic research, hermeneutic inquiry, and grounded research point towards a new kind of research marked by the demise of expertism
, greater participativeness, consciousness of researcher hubris, potential benefits of researcher reflexiveness, and ultimately, transformation of consciousness of the researcher and the researched.
76) To its detriment, the Court "based its decision not on moral truth and constitutional prescription" but "largely upon the expertism
of half a dozen sociologists and psychologists.
To offset creeping expertism
, the public must be able to stand its ground against the experts better than it is doing now.
As a result, decisions increasingly have been placed in the hands of the informed few -- a phenomenon Yankelovich calls "creeping expertism
So, In descriptive method, its purposes is objective, real and regular description of characteristics of a specific subject, and researcher search more description, less anticipation of events, data collection method had been library and referral to educational papers and effects in this field according to research title and also done scientific researches are about relevance problems to considered research specially, referral to valid sites and internal and external Expertism
publications of the most important subject also will be component of data collection.