exstrophy


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exstrophy

(ˈɛkstrəfɪ)
n
(Pathology) med congenital eversion of a hollow organ, esp the urinary bladder
[C19: from Greek ex-1 + strophein to turn]
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The most highly sought-after services have been cardiology and urology, including procedures for treating structural and congenital heart diseases, valve replacements and bladder exstrophy .
Anorectal malformations are congenital anomalies that occur in approximately 1 in 5000 live births and range in severity from anal stenosis or imperforate anus to complex deformities such as cloacal exstrophy.
Babies with congenital urological or abdominal wall malformations, such as hypospadias, bladder exstrophy, prunebelly syndrome, gastroschisis, and omphalocele, are also more likely to have cryptorchidism.
I have read with great interest the case report by Ozcan et al, describing the case of a male bladder exstrophy patient after gastrocystoplasty.
3,4) Other surgical operations such as exstrophy repair.
Finally, the distribution of the diagnosis for the remaining 19 cases was as follows: five cases of penis malformation including partial penoscrotal inversion (n = 2), penis agenesis (n = 1), abnormal penis rotation (n = 1), and penoscrotal adherence (n = 1); clitoral malformation included clitoris agenesis (n = 4), severe clitoris hypoplasia (n = 1), and lipoma on the clitoris (n = 1); diagnosis in cases with multiple complex malformations included exstrophy of the cloaca and cardiomyopathy (n = 2), Prune-Belly syndrome (n = 1), and perineal lipoma (n = 1) (Table 1).
Therefore, abnormal notochord formation may lead to wide range of anomalies involving upper GI tract, respiratory tract, abdominal viscera, vertebra, and spinal cord as seen in VACTERL association, OEIS (omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus, and spinal deformities), and the Klippel-Feil syndrome [14].
The bladder mucosa along the distal ureteral orifice, which may become fragile, fibrotic, thickened or metaplastic due to previous conditions such as exstrophy, vesicostomy or neurogenic dysfunction, is considered unfit for TBM.
Lastly, other syndromes and conditions with genital abnormalities, such as cloacal exstrophy of the bladder (multi-organ pelvic defect resulting in severe inadequacy or absence of genitalia), perineoscrotal hypospadias, micropenis, penile agenesis (aphallia), vaginal agenesis, and penile ablation (loss of penis from traumatic injury), are blanketed by the phrase DSD.
Anaesthesia and analgesia for bladder exstrophy correction.
The condition, a severe form of Bladder Exstrophy, affects just one in six million people.
iv) Nephrogenic adenoma has been stated to be associated with inflammation [10], intravesical BCG instillations [7], calculi [7], chronic catheterization [7], exstrophy [7], interstitial cystitis [7], intravesical thiotepa instillations [7], malakoplakia [7], Mullerian lesions [7], and surgery (in adults prostatic lesions, in children congenital lesion) [7].