Printer Friendly
Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary
7,017,609,875 visitors served.
forum Join the Word of the Day Mailing List For webmasters


   Also found in: Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia 0.01 sec.
Ads by Google:
ex·tem·po·ra·ne·ous  (k-stmp-rn-s)
1. Carried out or performed with little or no preparation; impromptu: an extemporaneous piano recital.
2. Prepared in advance but delivered without notes or text: an extemporaneous speech.
3. Skilled at or given to unrehearsed speech or performance: an accomplished extemporaneous speaker.
4. Provided, made, or adapted as an expedient; makeshift: an extemporaneous policy decision.

[From Late Latin extemporneus, from Latin ex tempore; see extempore.]

ex·tempo·ra·nei·ty (-pr--n-t) n.
ex·tempo·rane·ous·ly adv.
ex·tempo·rane·ous·ness n.
Synonyms: extemporaneous, extemporary, extempore, impromptu, offhand, unrehearsed, unpremeditated, ad-lib
These adjectives mean spoken, performed, done, or composed with little or no preparation or forethought. Extemporaneous, extemporary, and extempore most often apply to discourse that is delivered without the assistance of a written text, though it may have been planned in advance: an extemporaneous address; an extemporary lecture; an extempore skit.
Impromptu even more strongly suggests happening on the spur of the moment: an impromptu dinner.
Offhand implies not only spontaneity but also a casual or even cavalier manner: an offhand remark.
What is unrehearsed is said or done without rehearsal or practice though not necessarily without forethought: a few unrehearsed comments.
Unpremeditated implies impulsiveness prompted by strong feeling: asked an unpremeditated question.
Something that is ad-lib is spontaneous and improvised and therefore not part of a prepared script or score: an ad-lib joke.

extemporaneous (ɪkˌstɛmpəˈreɪnɪəs) or extemporary
1. (Theatre) spoken, performed, etc, without planning or preparation; impromptu; extempore
2. done in a temporary manner; improvised
exˌtempoˈraneously exˈtemporarily adv exˌtempoˈraneousness exˈtemporariness n
ex•tem•po•ra•ne•ous (ɪkˌstɛm pəˈreɪ ni əs)

1. done, spoken, or performed without preparation; impromptu: an extemporaneous speech.
2. prepared in advance but delivered using few or no notes: extemporaneous lectures.
3. performing with little or no advance preparation: extemporaneous orators.
4. made for the occasion; improvised: extemporaneous housing.
[1650–60; < Late Latin extemporāneus. See extempore, -an1, -eous]
ex•tem`po•ra′ne•ous•ly, adv.
ex•tem`po•ra′ne•ous•ness, ex•tem`po•ra•ne′i•ty (-rəˈni ɪ ti) n.
syn: extemporaneous, impromptu are used of expression that is not planned. extemporaneous may refer to a speech given without any advance preparation: extemporaneous remarks. impromptu is also used of a speech, but often refers to a poem, song, etc., delivered without preparation and at a moment's notice: She entertained the guests with some impromptu rhymes.

extemporaneous, impromptu - Extemporaneous means "prepared in advance and carried out with few or no notes," while impromptu means "totally unprepared, performed on the spur of the moment"—but this distinction has been all but lost.
See also related terms for moment.
Thesaurus Legend:  Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
Adj.1.extemporaneous - with little or no preparation or forethought; "his ad-lib comments showed poor judgment"; "an extemporaneous piano recital"; "an extemporary lecture"; "an extempore skit"; "an impromptu speech"; "offhand excuses"; "trying to sound offhanded and reassuring"; "an off-the-cuff toast"; "a few unrehearsed comments"
unprepared - without preparation; not prepared for; "unprepared remarks"; "the shock was unprepared"; "our treaty makers approached their immensely difficult problems unprepared"- R.E.Danielson
extemporaneous [ɪksˌtempəˈreɪnɪəs] extemporary [ɪksˈtempərərɪ] ADJimprovisado
extemporaneous, extemporary

Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content.
?Page tools
Printer friendly
Cite / link
Add definition
Mentioned in?  References in classic literature?   Dictionary browser?   Full browser?
A fiddler who was present, and who appeared to act as the appointed minstrel of the company, forthwith struck up a Scotch reel; and that in tones so invigorating, that Hugh and his friend (who had both been drinking before) rose from their seats as by previous concert, and, to the great admiration of the assembled guests, performed an extemporaneous No-Popery Dance.
The child, sitting down with the old man close behind it, had been thinking how strange it was that horses who were such fine honest creatures should seem to make vagabonds of all the men they drew about them, when a loud laugh at some extemporaneous witticism of Mr Short's, having allusion to the circumstances of the day, roused her from her meditation and caused her to look around.
Your own gift you can present every moment with the cumulative force of a whole life's cultivation; but of the adopted talent of another you have only an extemporaneous half possession.
Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Translations

Terms of Use | Privacy policy | Feedback | Advertise with Us | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. a Mode Partner
All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.