extend


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ex·tend

 (ĭk-stĕnd′)
v. ex·tend·ed, ex·tend·ing, ex·tends
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause (something) to be longer, wider, or cover more area: extended the subway line into the next town.
b. To enlarge the scope or effect of: research that extended our knowledge of the universe.
c. To cause (something) to last longer: extended our visit by a day.
d. To prolong the time allowed for payment of: extend a loan for three more months.
e. To put off; postpone: extended the deadline by a week.
2.
a. To present; offer: extend one's greetings.
b. To make available; provide: extend credit to qualified purchasers.
3. To open or straighten (something) out; unbend: extended the legs of the folding table.
4. To increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance: used rice or pasta to extend leftover casseroles.
5.
a. To exert (oneself) vigorously or to full capacity: Few mountain climbers have extended themselves as those two have.
b. To cause to move at full gallop. Used of a horse.
6. Chiefly British
a. To appraise or assess; value.
b. To seize or make a levy on for the purpose of settling a debt.
v.intr.
To be or become long, large, or comprehensive: influence that extended to other continents; table legs that extend by unscrewing.

[Middle English extenden, from Old French extendre, from Latin extendere : ex-, ex- + tendere, to stretch; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

ex·tend′a·bil′i·ty, ex·tend′i·bil′i·ty n.
ex·tend′a·ble, ex·tend′i·ble adj.

extend

(ɪkˈstɛnd)
vb
1. to draw out or be drawn out; stretch
2. to last for a certain time: his schooling extended for three years.
3. (intr) to reach a certain point in time or distance: the land extends five miles.
4. (intr) to exist or occur: the trees extended throughout the area.
5. (tr) to increase (a building, etc) in size or area; add to or enlarge
6. (tr) to broaden the meaning or scope of: the law was extended.
7. (tr) to put forth, present, or offer: to extend greetings.
8. to stretch forth (an arm, etc)
9. (tr) to lay out (a body) at full length
10. (tr) to strain or exert (a person or animal) to the maximum
11. (tr) to prolong (the time originally set) for payment of (a debt or loan), completion of (a task), etc
12. (Accounting & Book-keeping) (tr) accounting
a. to carry forward
b. to calculate the amount of (a total, balance, etc)
13. (Commerce) (tr) law (formerly in England) to value or assess (land)
[C14: from Latin extendere to stretch out, from tendere to stretch]
exˈtendible, exˈtendable adj
exˌtendiˈbility, exˌtendaˈbility n

ex•tend

(ɪkˈstɛnd)

v.t.
1. to stretch or draw out to full length: extended the measuring tape.
2. to stretch or draw outward.
3. to stretch forth; hold out: to extend one's hand in greeting.
4. to make longer, as to reach a particular point: to extend a highway to the next town.
5. to increase the duration of: to extend a visit.
6. to enlarge the area, scope, or application of: The military powers extended their authority abroad.
7. to grant or offer: to extend aid to needy scholars.
8. to postpone the payment of (a debt) beyond the due date.
9. to increase the bulk of, esp. by adding an inexpensive or plentiful substance.
10. Brit. to seize (lands) by a writ of extent.
11. to exert (oneself) to an unusual degree.
12. Archaic. to exaggerate.
v.i.
13. to be or become extended in length, duration, space, or scope.
14. to reach, as to a particular point.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin extendere to stretch out, extend. See ex-1, tend1]
ex•tend′i•ble, ex•tend′a•ble, adj.
ex•tend`i•bil′i•ty, ex•tend`a•bil′i•ty, n.

extend

, extent - Are based on Latin pandere, "stretch."
See also related terms for stretching.

extend


Past participle: extended
Gerund: extending

Imperative
extend
extend
Present
I extend
you extend
he/she/it extends
we extend
you extend
they extend
Preterite
I extended
you extended
he/she/it extended
we extended
you extended
they extended
Present Continuous
I am extending
you are extending
he/she/it is extending
we are extending
you are extending
they are extending
Present Perfect
I have extended
you have extended
he/she/it has extended
we have extended
you have extended
they have extended
Past Continuous
I was extending
you were extending
he/she/it was extending
we were extending
you were extending
they were extending
Past Perfect
I had extended
you had extended
he/she/it had extended
we had extended
you had extended
they had extended
Future
I will extend
you will extend
he/she/it will extend
we will extend
you will extend
they will extend
Future Perfect
I will have extended
you will have extended
he/she/it will have extended
we will have extended
you will have extended
they will have extended
Future Continuous
I will be extending
you will be extending
he/she/it will be extending
we will be extending
you will be extending
they will be extending
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been extending
you have been extending
he/she/it has been extending
we have been extending
you have been extending
they have been extending
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been extending
you will have been extending
he/she/it will have been extending
we will have been extending
you will have been extending
they will have been extending
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been extending
you had been extending
he/she/it had been extending
we had been extending
you had been extending
they had been extending
Conditional
I would extend
you would extend
he/she/it would extend
we would extend
you would extend
they would extend
Past Conditional
I would have extended
you would have extended
he/she/it would have extended
we would have extended
you would have extended
they would have extended
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.extend - extend in scope or range or area; "The law was extended to all citizens"; "widen the range of applications"; "broaden your horizon"; "Extend your backyard"
increase - make bigger or more; "The boss finally increased her salary"; "The university increased the number of students it admitted"
broaden - make broader; "broaden the road"
territorialise, territorialize - extend by adding territory
globalise, globalize - make world-wide in scope or application; "Markets are being increasingly globalized"
expand, extend - expand the influence of; "The King extended his rule to the Eastern part of the continent"
stretch - extend the scope or meaning of; often unduly; "Stretch the limits"; "stretch my patience"; "stretch the imagination"
2.extend - stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"
be - occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; "Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back"; "What is behind this behavior?"
come - extend or reach; "The water came up to my waist"; "The sleeves come to your knuckles"
ray, radiate - extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center; "spokes radiate from the hub of the wheel"; "This plants radiate spines in all directions"
range, run - change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull"
go deep, go far - extend in importance or range; "His accomplishments go far"
extend to, reach, touch - to extend as far as; "The sunlight reached the wall"; "Can he reach?" "The chair must not touch the wall"
3.extend - span an interval of distance, space or time; "The war extended over five years"; "The period covered the turn of the century"; "My land extends over the hills on the horizon"; "This farm covers some 200 acres"; "The Archipelago continues for another 500 miles"
cover - hold within range of an aimed firearm
be - occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; "Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back"; "What is behind this behavior?"
span, traverse, cross, sweep - to cover or extend over an area or time period; "Rivers traverse the valley floor", "The parking lot spans 3 acres"; "The novel spans three centuries"
sweep - cover the entire range of
overlap - extend over and cover a part of; "The roofs of the houses overlap in this crowded city"
overspread, spread - spread across or over; "A big oil spot spread across the water"
ridge - extend in ridges; "The land ridges towards the South"
constellate, dot, stud - scatter or intersperse like dots or studs; "Hills constellated with lights"
4.extend - make available; provide; "extend a loan"; "The bank offers a good deal on new mortgages"
offer, extend - offer verbally; "extend my greetings"; "He offered his sympathy"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
5.extend - thrust or extend outextend - thrust or extend out; "He held out his hand"; "point a finger"; "extend a hand"; "the bee exserted its sting"
hyperextend - extend a joint beyond its normal range; "Don't hyperextend your elbow"
gesticulate, gesture, motion - show, express or direct through movement; "He gestured his desire to leave"
6.extend - reach outward in space; "The awning extends several feet over the sidewalk"
be - occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; "Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back"; "What is behind this behavior?"
7.extend - offer verbally; "extend my greetings"; "He offered his sympathy"
pay, give - convey, as of a compliment, regards, attention, etc.; bestow; "Don't pay him any mind"; "give the orders"; "Give him my best regards"; "pay attention"
extend, offer - make available; provide; "extend a loan"; "The bank offers a good deal on new mortgages"
8.extend - extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body; "Stretch your legs!"; "Extend your right arm above your head"
tense up, tense, strain - cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"
spread-eagle - stretch out completely; "They spread-eagled him across the floor"
crane, stretch out - stretch (the neck) so as to see better; "The women craned their necks to see the President drive by"
9.extend - expand the influence of; "The King extended his rule to the Eastern part of the continent"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
extend, broaden, widen - extend in scope or range or area; "The law was extended to all citizens"; "widen the range of applications"; "broaden your horizon"; "Extend your backyard"
10.extend - lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer; "We prolonged our stay"; "She extended her visit by another day"; "The meeting was drawn out until midnight"
carry, extend - continue or extend; "The civil war carried into the neighboring province"; "The disease extended into the remote mountain provinces"
lengthen - make longer; "Lengthen this skirt, please"
extend - prolong the time allowed for payment of; "extend the loan"
temporise, temporize - draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time; "The speaker temporized in order to delay the vote"
spin out, spin - prolong or extend; "spin out a visit"
11.extend - extend or stretch out to a greater or the full lengthextend - extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; "Unfold the newspaper"; "stretch out that piece of cloth"; "extend the TV antenna"
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form
extend - open or straighten out; unbend; "Can we extend the legs of this dining table?"
12.extend - cause to move at full gallop; "Did you gallop the horse just now?"
horseback riding, riding - travel by being carried on horseback
equitation, horseback riding, riding - the sport of siting on the back of a horse while controlling its movements
ride, sit - sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions; "She never sat a horse!"; "Did you ever ride a camel?"; "The girl liked to drive the young mare"
13.extend - open or straighten out; unbend; "Can we extend the legs of this dining table?"
straighten, straighten out - make straight
stretch out, unfold, stretch, extend - extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; "Unfold the newspaper"; "stretch out that piece of cloth"; "extend the TV antenna"
14.extend - use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't strain your mind too much"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"
overextend, overstrain - strain excessively; "He overextended himself when he accepted the additional assignment"
task, tax - use to the limit; "you are taxing my patience"
15.extend - prolong the time allowed for payment of; "extend the loan"
carry, extend - continue or extend; "The civil war carried into the neighboring province"; "The disease extended into the remote mountain provinces"
prolong, protract, draw out, extend - lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer; "We prolonged our stay"; "She extended her visit by another day"; "The meeting was drawn out until midnight"
16.extend - continue or extend; "The civil war carried into the neighboring province"; "The disease extended into the remote mountain provinces"
continue - exist over a prolonged period of time; "The bad weather continued for two more weeks"
prolong, protract, draw out, extend - lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer; "We prolonged our stay"; "She extended her visit by another day"; "The meeting was drawn out until midnight"
extend - prolong the time allowed for payment of; "extend the loan"
17.extend - increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance; "stretch the soup by adding some more cream"; "extend the casserole with a little rice"
increase - make bigger or more; "The boss finally increased her salary"; "The university increased the number of students it admitted"
adulterate, dilute, debase, load, stretch - corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones; "adulterate liquor"

extend

verb
1. spread out, reach, stretch, continue, carry on The territory extends over one fifth of Canada's land mass.
2. stretch, stretch out, spread out, unfurl, straighten out, unroll Stand straight with your arms extended at your sides.
3. last, continue, go on, stretch, carry on His playing career extended from 1894 to 1920.
4. protrude, project, stand out, bulge, stick out, hang, overhang, jut out His legs extended from the bushes.
5. reach, spread, go as far as His possessiveness extends to people as well as property.
6. widen, increase, develop, expand, spread, add to, enhance, supplement, enlarge, broaden, diversify, amplify, augment They have added three new products to extend their range.
widen cut, reduce, contract, restrict, decrease, condense, abbreviate, abridge
7. make longer, prolong, lengthen, draw out, spin out, elongate, drag out, protract They have extended the deadline by 24 hours.
make longer cut, limit, reduce, contract, restrict, decrease, shorten, curtail, take back, condense
8. offer, give, hold out, present, grant, advance, yield, reach out, confer, stretch out, stick out, bestow, impart, proffer, put forth `I'm Chuck,' the man said, extending his hand.
offer withdraw, take back
extend to something include, cover, affect, take in, embrace, incorporate, encompass The service also extends to wrapping gifts.

extend

verb
1. To move or arrange so as to cover a larger area:
expand, fan (out), open (out or up), outstretch, spread, stretch, unfold, unroll.
2. To make or become longer:
Mathematics: produce.
3. To make or become more comprehensive or inclusive:
4. To proceed on a certain course or for a certain distance:
5. To change or fluctuate within limits:
7. To put before another for acceptance:
Idioms: come forward with, lay at someone's feet, lay before.
8. To make (something) readily available:
Idiom: place at one's disposal.
9. To arrange for the extension of:
Translations
يُقَدِّميَمْتَد، يَصِل إلىيَمَدُّيُوَسِّع نِطاق، يُطيل
forlængegivestrækkeudbygge
megnagyobbít
bjóîalengja, stækkaná, teygja sigteygja úr, rétta fram
ilgintuvasilgismastaspapildomas telefonastam tikru mastu
izrādīt (draudzībuizstieptpaplašinātpastieptplesties
iztegnitipodaljšatirazprostirati se
büyütmeksunmakuzanmakuzatmak

extend

[ɪksˈtend]
A. VT
1. (= stretch out) [+ hand, arm] → extender; (to sb) → tender, alargar
2. (= offer) [+ one's friendship, help, hospitality] → ofrecer; [+ one's thanks, congratulations, condolences, welcome] → dar; [+ invitation] → enviar; [+ credit] → extender, otorgar
3. (= prolong) [+ road, line, visit] → prolongar
4. (= enlarge) [+ building] → ampliar; [+ knowledge, research] → ampliar, profundizar en; [+ powers, business] → ampliar, aumentar; [+ frontiers] → extender; [+ vocabulary] → enriquecer, aumentar
5. (= push to the limit) [+ athlete] → pedir el máximo esfuerzo a
that child is not sufficiently extendeda ese niño no se le exige el rendimiento que es capaz de dar
the staff is fully extendedel personal trabaja a pleno rendimiento
to extend o.strabajar al máximum, esforzarse
B. VI
1. [land, wall] to extend to or as far asextenderse a or hasta, llegar hasta
the farm extends over 40,000 hectaresla finca abarca unas 40.000 hectáreas
2. (fig) to extend toabarcar, incluir
does that extend to me?¿eso me incluye a mí?
3. [meeting] to extend to or intoprolongarse hasta
to extend forprolongarse por espacio de, prolongarse durante

extend

[ɪkˈstɛnd]
vt
[+ visit, visa] → prolonger; [+ time allowed] → prolonger; [+ contract] → prolonger
[+ deadline] → reporter, remettre
[+ building] → agrandir
(= offer) [+ invitation] → lancer; [+ credit] → accorder
to extend an offer of sth → proposer qch
(= hold out) [+ hand] → tendre
to extend sth to sb → tendre qch à qn
vi
[land, road] → s'étendre
(= continue) → se prolonger
a career that extended from 1894 to 1920 → une carrière qui a débuté en 1894 et s'est prolongée jusqu'en 1920
to extend into → se prolonger jusqu'à
to extend beyond sth (physically) [path, field] → s'étendre au-delà de qch (fig) (= be more than) → aller plus loin que qch
to extend from (= come out of) → dépasser de
extend to
vt fus (= include) → s'étendre à

extend

vt
(= stretch out) armsausstrecken; to extend one’s handdie Hand ausstrecken; to extend one’s hand to somebodyjdm die Hand reichen; to extend a wire between two postseinen Draht zwischen zwei Pfosten spannen
(= prolong) street, line, visit, passport, holidays, deadline, leaseverlängern; her tender care doubtless extended his lifeihre liebevolle Pflege hat sein Leben zweifellos verlängert
(= enlarge) research, powers, franchiseausdehnen, erweitern; knowledgeerweitern, vergrößern; influenceausbauen; schemeausweiten; houseanbauen an (+acc); propertyvergrößern, erweitern; limitserweitern; frontiers of a countryausdehnen; to extend one’s leadseine Führung ausbauen; in an extended sense of the termim weiteren Sinne des Wortes
(= offer) (→ jdm) helpgewähren; hospitality, friendshiperweisen; invitation, thanks, condolences, congratulationsaussprechen; to extend a welcome to somebodyjdn willkommen heißen
(usu pass: = make demands on) person, pupil, athletefordern
vi
(wall, estate, garden)sich erstrecken, sich ausdehnen (to, as far as bis); (ladder, table)sich ausziehen lassen; (meetings etc: over period of time) → sich ausdehnen or hinziehen; a career that extended from 1974 to 1990eine Laufbahn, die sich von 1974 bis 1990 erstreckte
(= reach to) enthusiasm which extends even to the childrenBegeisterung, die sich sogar auf die Kinder überträgt; does that extend to (include) me?betrifft das auch mich?

extend

[ɪksˈtɛnd]
1. vt
a. (frm) (stretch out, hand, arm) → tendere; (offer, friendship, help, hospitality) → offrire; (thanks, condolences, welcome) → porgere; (invitation) → estendere (Fin) (credit) → accordare
b. (prolong, road, line, deadline) → prolungare; (visit) → protrarre; (enlarge, building, business, vocabulary) → ampliare; (knowledge, research) → approfondire; (powers) → estendere; (frontiers) → allargare
extended walk/trot (Horse-riding) → passo/trotto allungato
2. vi (land, wall) to extend to or as far asestendersi fino a
to extend to/for (term, meeting) → protrarsi fino a/per
the contract extends to/for ... → il contratto è valido fino a/per...

extend

(ikˈstend) verb
1. to make longer or larger. He extended his vegetable garden.
2. to reach or stretch. The school grounds extend as far as this fence.
3. to hold out or stretch out (a limb etc). He extended his hand to her.
4. to offer. May I extend a welcome to you all?
exˈtension (-ʃən) noun
1. an added part. He built an extension to his house; a two-day extension to the holiday; He has telephone extensions (= telephones) in every bedroom.
2. (a program by which) part of a university located somewhere else offers courses to people who are not fulltime students.
3. the process of extending.
4. a telephone that operates on the same line as another. They have a phone in the living-room and an extension in the bedroom.
exˈtensive (-siv) adjective
large in area or amount. extensive plantations; He suffered extensive injuries in the accident.

extend

vt, vi extender(se)
References in classic literature ?
The effort he had made to extend his land holdings had been suc- cessful and there were few farms in the valley that did not belong to him, but until David came he was a bitterly disappointed man.
The officers of the Norwegian church, he told us, had held a meeting and decided that the Norwegian graveyard could not extend its hospitality to Mr.
Encouraged and deluded by his success, David exerted all his powers to extend what he believed so holy an influence.
Yet the taste of the age, demanding whatever was elaborate in compositions of this kind, did not fail to extend its influence over our stern progenitors, who had cast behind them so many fashions which it might seem harder to dispense with.
His haunts are not confined to the valley, but extend at times to the adjacent roads, and especially to the vicinity of a church at no great distance.
The sperm whale, as with all other species of the Leviathan, but unlike most other fish, breeds indifferently at all seasons; after a gestation which may probably be set down at nine months, producing but one at a time; though in some few known instances giving birth to an Esau and Jacob: -- a contingency provided for in suckling by two teats, curiously situated, one on each side of the anus; but the breasts themselves extend upwards from that.
Any courtesy, sir, which it is in our power to extend is at the service of your excellent principal.
With large business sagacity and an executive capacity which must have been inherited from their father, they now proposed to extend their operations to a larger area and distribute soap to contiguous villages, if these villages could be induced to buy.
Our knowledge of the north did not extend farther than New York; and to go there, and be forever harassed with the frightful liability of being returned to slavery--with the certainty of being treated tenfold worse than before--the thought was truly a horrible one, and one which it was not easy to overcome.