external


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Related to external: External locus of control

ex·ter·nal

 (ĭk-stûr′nəl)
adj.
1. Relating to, existing on, or connected with the outside or an outer part; exterior.
2. Suitable for application to the outside: external paints.
3. Existing independently of the mind.
4. Acting or coming from the outside: external pressures.
5. Of or relating chiefly to outward appearance; superficial: "An internal sense of righteousness dwindles into an external concern for reputation" (A.R. Gurney, Jr.).
6. Of or relating to foreign affairs or foreign countries: the country's minister of external affairs.
n.
1. An exterior part or surface.
2. externals
a. Outer circumstances.
b. Outward appearances: was charming as far as the externals went.

[Middle English, from Latin externus, outward, from exter; see eghs in Indo-European roots.]

ex·ter′nal·ly adv.

external

(ɪkˈstɜːnəl)
adj
1. of, situated on, or suitable for the outside; outer
2. coming or acting from without: external evidence from an independent source.
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or involving foreign nations; foreign
4. (Medicine) of, relating to, or designating a medicine that is applied to the outside of the body
5. (Anatomy) anatomy situated on or near the outside of the body: the external ear.
6. (Education) education denoting assessment by examiners who are not employed at the candidate's place of study
7. (Education) Austral and NZ (of a student) studying a university subject extramurally
8. (Philosophy) philosophy (of objects, etc) taken to exist independently of a perceiving mind
n
9. (often plural) an external circumstance or aspect, esp one that is superficial or inessential
10. (Education) Austral and NZ a student taking an extramural subject
[C15: from Latin externus outward, from exterus on the outside, from ex out of]
exˈternally adv

ex•ter•nal

(ɪkˈstɜr nl)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to the outside or outer part; outer: an external surface.
2. to be applied to the outside of a body.
3. situated or being outside something; acting or coming from without: external influences.
4. pertaining to outward appearance: external acts of worship.
5. pertaining to or concerned with foreign countries: external affairs; external commerce.
6. of or pertaining to the world of things, considered as independent of the mind.
n.
7. the outside; outer surface; exterior.
8. externals, external features; outward appearance; superficialities.
[1400–50; see extern, -al1]
ex•ter′nal•ly, adv.

exterior

external
1. 'exterior'

The exterior of a building or vehicle is the outside part of it.

The church is famous for its exterior.
You're supposed to keep your car exterior in good condition.

Exterior is often used as an adjective in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building or vehicle.

The aerial can be fixed to an exterior wall.
...the exterior bodywork.
2. 'external'

External can be used in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building.

...external walls.
...external doorways.

External can be used in front of other nouns to refer to things which happen, come from, or exist outside a place or area of activity.

Kindly observers may suggest that Novar is being hit by external factors outside its control.
They did it in response to external pressures.

You cannot use exterior in this way.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.external - outward features; "he enjoyed the solemn externals of religion"
characteristic, feature - a prominent attribute or aspect of something; "the map showed roads and other features"; "generosity is one of his best characteristics"
Adj.1.external - happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; "the external auditory canal"; "external pressures"
outside - relating to or being on or near the outer side or limit; "an outside margin"
internal - happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface; "internal organs"; "internal mechanism of a toy"; "internal party maneuvering"
2.external - coming from the outside; "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"
extrinsic - not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside; "extrinsic evidence"; "an extrinsic feature of the new building"; "that style is something extrinsic to the subject"; "looking for extrinsic aid"
3.external - from or between other countries; "external commerce"; "international trade"; "developing nations need outside help"
foreign - of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own); "foreign trade"; "a foreign office"
4.external - purely outward or superficial; "external composure"; "an external concern for reputation"- A.R.Gurney,Jr.
outward - relating to physical reality rather than with thoughts or the mind; "a concern with outward beauty rather than with inward reflections"

external

adjective
2. foreign, international, alien, exotic, exterior, extraneous, extrinsic the commissioner for external affairs
foreign home, domestic, interior, intrinsic
3. outside, visiting, independent, extramural The papers are checked by external examiners.
outside inside, interior

external

adjective
Appearing as such but not necessarily so:
Translations
خارِجيخَارِجيّ
externí
eksternudvendigydre
ulkoinen
vanjskieksterniizvanjski
külsõleg
utanverîur, ytri; útvortis
外部の
외부의
išoriškai
ārējs
extern
zunanji
extern
ที่ใช้ภายนอก
dışdış dışarıdan uygulanan
bên ngoài

external

[eksˈtɜːnl]
A. ADJ
1. (= outer) [wall, surface] → externo, exterior; [appearance, injury, gills, skeleton] → externo
"for external use only" (Med) → de uso tópico or externo
2. (= outside) [world, influences, factor] → externo
3. (= foreign) [affairs, relations] → exterior
B. N externalslas apariencias fpl
to judge by externalsjuzgar por las apariencias
C. CPD external account Ncuenta f con el exterior
external audit Nauditoría f externa
external debt Ndeuda f externa, deuda f exterior
external degree N (Brit) (Univ) → licenciatura f por libre
external examination Nexamen m externo
external examiner Nexaminador(a) m/f externo/a
external student N (Brit) (Univ) → alumno/a m/f externo/a, alumno/a m/f libre
external trade Ncomercio m exterior

external

[ɪkˈstɜːrnəl] adj [wall] → externe
for external use only (MEDICINE)à usage externe external affairsexternal affairs npl (POLITICS)affaires fpl extérieuresexternal examiner n (British)examinateur/trice m/f extérieur(e)

external

adj
(= outer) layer, covering, similarity etcäußere(r, s); dimensions, angle, diameterAußen-; injuryäußerlich; gillsaußen liegend; the external walls of the housedie Außenwände des Hauses; external appearanceAussehen nt; external surfaceAußenfläche f; external skeletonAußenskelett nt; for external use (Pharm) → zur äußerlichen Anwendung
(fig: = from outside) influence, factor, event, realityäußere(r, s), extern (geh); external pressuresDruck mvon außen; external causeäußerer Anlass; the external worlddie Außenwelt; to be external to somethingaußerhalb einer Sache liegen; (= not part of sth)nicht zu etw gehören; reasons both internal and external to the companyUrsachen, die sowohl innerhalb als auch außerhalb des Unternehmens zu finden sind
(= foreign) affairs, relations, policyauswärtig; the European commissioner for external affairsder EG-Kommissar für auswärtige Angelegenheiten; MI6, the external security serviceMI6, der militärische Abschirmdienst
(= independent) examiner, auditor, assessor, evaluatorextern
n externals
pl (form)Äußerlichkeiten pl

external

:
external borders
pl (of country)Landesgrenzen pl; (of area)Außengrenzen pl
external debt
external degree
n (Brit Univ) Abschluss nach einem Fernstudium

external

[ɛksˈtɜːnl]
1. adj (walls) → esterno/a; (appearance) → esteriore
external affairs (Pol) → affari mpl esteri
for external use only (Med) → solo per uso esterno
external examiner → esaminatore/trice esterno/a
external processes (Geol) → fenomeni mpl esogeni
2. n the externalsle apparenze

external

(ikˈstəːnl) adjective
of, for, from, or on, the outside. Chemists often label skin creams `For external use only'.
exˈternally adverb

external

خَارِجيّ externí ydre extern εξωτερικός externo ulkoinen externe vanjski esterno 外部の 외부의 extern ytre zewnętrzny externo внешний extern ที่ใช้ภายนอก dış bên ngoài 外部的

external

adj externo
References in classic literature ?
My lady," as her friends called her, sincerely desired to be a genuine lady, and was so at heart, but had yet to learn that money cannot buy refinement of nature, that rank does not always confer nobility, and that true breeding makes itself felt in spite of external drawbacks.
However, she was not seeking refreshment or help from any source, either external or from within.
Felicity, the companion of content, is rather found in our own breasts than in the enjoyment of external things; And I firmly believe it requires but a little philosophy to make a man happy in whatsoever state he is.
They could not help noticing that the men were more eager, annoyingly feverish, and self-asserting in their superior elegance and external show than their old associates were in their frank, unrestrained habits.
This character --which showed itself so strikingly in everything about him, and the effect of which we seek to convey to the reader--went no deeper than his station, habits of life, and external circumstances.
Conscious of his own infirmity -- that his tempered steel and elasticity are lost -- he for ever afterwards looks wistfully about him in quest of support external to himself.
And if you descend into the bowels of the various leviathans, why there you will not find distinctions a fiftieth part as available to the systematizer as those external ones already enumerated.
As the external difference between them is mainly observable in their heads; and as a head of each is this moment hanging from the Pequod's side; and as we may freely go from one to the other, by merely stepping across the deck: --where, I should like to know, will you obtain a better chance to study practical cetology than here?
In Tom's external situation, at this time, there was, as the world says, nothing to complain of Little Eva's fancy for him--the instinctive gratitude and loveliness of a noble nature--had led her to petition her father that he might be her especial attendant, whenever she needed the escort of a servant, in her walks or rides; and Tom had general orders to let everything else go, and attend to Miss Eva whenever she wanted him,--orders which our readers may fancy were far from disagreeable to him.
YOUR competence and MY wealth are very much alike, I dare say; and without them, as the world goes now, we shall both agree that every kind of external comfort must be wanting.
I am sure most people would have thought him an ugly man; yet there was so much unconscious pride in his port; so much ease in his demeanour; such a look of complete indifference to his own external appearance; so haughty a reliance on the power of other qualities, intrinsic or adventitious, to atone for the lack of mere personal attractiveness, that, in looking at him, one inevitably shared the indifference, and, even in a blind, imperfect sense, put faith in the confidence.
They DO live more in earnest, more in themselves, and less in surface, change, and frivolous external things.