extinguish


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ex·tin·guish

 (ĭk-stĭng′gwĭsh)
tr.v. ex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
1. To cause (a fire or light) to stop burning or shining; put out.
2. To put an end to or make extinct; destroy: "Her death extinguished the dream of family that was closest to his heart" (Karen Lystra). See Synonyms at annihilate.
3. Psychology To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).

[Latin exstinguere : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + stinguere, to quench; see steig- in Indo-European roots.]

ex·tin′guish·a·ble adj.
ex·tin′guish·ment n.

extinguish

(ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ)
vb (tr)
1. to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
2. to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
3. archaic to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
4. (Commerce) law to discharge (a debt)
[C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench]
exˈtinguishable adj
exˈtinguisher n
exˈtinguishment n

ex•tin•guish

(ɪkˈstɪŋ gwɪʃ)

v.t.
1. to cause to stop burning; put out: to extinguish a fire.
2. to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate: to extinguish hope.
3. to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
4. Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
[1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2]
ex•tin′guish•a•ble, adj.
ex•tin′guish•ment, n.

extinguish


Past participle: extinguished
Gerund: extinguishing

Imperative
extinguish
extinguish
Present
I extinguish
you extinguish
he/she/it extinguishes
we extinguish
you extinguish
they extinguish
Preterite
I extinguished
you extinguished
he/she/it extinguished
we extinguished
you extinguished
they extinguished
Present Continuous
I am extinguishing
you are extinguishing
he/she/it is extinguishing
we are extinguishing
you are extinguishing
they are extinguishing
Present Perfect
I have extinguished
you have extinguished
he/she/it has extinguished
we have extinguished
you have extinguished
they have extinguished
Past Continuous
I was extinguishing
you were extinguishing
he/she/it was extinguishing
we were extinguishing
you were extinguishing
they were extinguishing
Past Perfect
I had extinguished
you had extinguished
he/she/it had extinguished
we had extinguished
you had extinguished
they had extinguished
Future
I will extinguish
you will extinguish
he/she/it will extinguish
we will extinguish
you will extinguish
they will extinguish
Future Perfect
I will have extinguished
you will have extinguished
he/she/it will have extinguished
we will have extinguished
you will have extinguished
they will have extinguished
Future Continuous
I will be extinguishing
you will be extinguishing
he/she/it will be extinguishing
we will be extinguishing
you will be extinguishing
they will be extinguishing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been extinguishing
you have been extinguishing
he/she/it has been extinguishing
we have been extinguishing
you have been extinguishing
they have been extinguishing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been extinguishing
you will have been extinguishing
he/she/it will have been extinguishing
we will have been extinguishing
you will have been extinguishing
they will have been extinguishing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been extinguishing
you had been extinguishing
he/she/it had been extinguishing
we had been extinguishing
you had been extinguishing
they had been extinguishing
Conditional
I would extinguish
you would extinguish
he/she/it would extinguish
we would extinguish
you would extinguish
they would extinguish
Past Conditional
I would have extinguished
you would have extinguished
he/she/it would have extinguished
we would have extinguished
you would have extinguished
they would have extinguished
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.extinguish - put an end to; kill; "The Nazis snuffed out the life of many Jewish children"
do away with, eliminate, get rid of, extinguish - terminate, end, or take out; "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"; "Socialism extinguished these archaic customs"; "eliminate my debts"
stamp - destroy or extinguish as if by stamping with the foot; "Stamp fascism into submission"; "stamp out tyranny"
put out, smother - deprive of the oxygen necessary for combustion; "smother fires"
2.extinguish - put out, as of fires, flames, or lightsextinguish - put out, as of fires, flames, or lights; "Too big to be extinguished at once, the forest fires at best could be contained"; "quench the flames"; "snuff out the candles"
stub - extinguish by crushing; "stub out your cigarette now"
douse, put out - put out, as of a candle or a light; "Douse the lights"
black out - obliterate or extinguish; "Some life-forms were obliterated by the radiation, others survived"
ignite, light - cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat; "Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"; "Light a cigarette"
3.extinguish - extinguish by crushing; "stub out your cigar"
terminate, end - bring to an end or halt; "She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"; "The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I"
4.extinguish - terminate, end, or take out; "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"; "Socialism extinguished these archaic customs"; "eliminate my debts"
cancel out, wipe out - wipe out the effect of something; "The new tax effectively cancels out my raise"; "The `A' will cancel out the `C' on your record"
decouple - reduce or eliminate the coupling of (one circuit or part to another)
decouple - eliminate airborne shock waves from (an explosive)
obliterate - do away with completely, without leaving a trace
knock out - eliminate; "knock out a target"
drown - get rid of as if by submerging; "She drowned her trouble in alcohol"
cut out - delete or remove; "Cut out the extra text"; "cut out the newspaper article"
prune, rationalize, rationalise, cut - weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; "We had to lose weight, so we cut the sugar from our diet"
extinguish, snuff out - put an end to; kill; "The Nazis snuffed out the life of many Jewish children"
exclude, leave out, omit, leave off, except, take out - prevent from being included or considered or accepted; "The bad results were excluded from the report"; "Leave off the top piece"
destroy, destruct - do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of; "The fire destroyed the house"
5.extinguish - kill in large numbers; "the plague wiped out an entire population"
decimate - kill one in every ten, as of mutineers in Roman armies
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"

extinguish

verb
1. put out, stifle, smother, blow out, douse, snuff out, quench It took about 50 minutes to extinguish the fire.
2. destroy, end, kill, remove, eliminate, obscure, abolish, suppress, wipe out, erase, eradicate, annihilate, put paid to, exterminate, expunge, extirpate The message extinguished her hopes of Richard's return.

extinguish

verb
1. To cause to stop burning or giving light:
3. To bring to an end forcibly as if by imposing a heavy weight:
4. Law. To put an end to, especially formally and with authority:
Translations
slukke
himmentääsammuttaatuhota
kiolt
slökkva, drepa í
gesintuvasužgesinti
izdzēstnodzēst
pogasitiugasniti

extinguish

[ɪksˈtɪŋgwɪʃ] VT [+ fire] → extinguir, apagar; [+ light, cigarette] → apagar (fig) [+ hope, faith] → destruir; (= suppress) [+ title] → suprimir

extinguish

[ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃ] vt
(= put out) [+ fire] → éteindre; [light] → éteindre
(= destroy) [hope] → anéantir, mettre fin à

extinguish

vt fire, candle(aus)löschen; cigaretteausmachen; lightlöschen; hopes, passionzerstören; debttilgen

extinguish

[ɪksˈtɪŋgwɪʃ] vt (frm) (fire) → estinguere, spegnere; (cigarette) → spegnere (fig) → annientare

extinguish

(ikˈstiŋgwiʃ) verb
to put out (a fire etc). Please extinguish your cigarettes.
exˈtinguisher noun
a spraying apparatus containing chemicals for putting out fire.

ex·tin·guish

vt. extinguir, apagar.
References in classic literature ?
Play fair, Teddy, or I'll never believe you again," she said, trying to extinguish the brilliant hopes that blazed up at a word of encouragement.
Notwithstanding the revolting horror of the exhibition, Munro and Heyward flew toward the festering heap, endeavoring, with a love that no unseemliness could extinguish, to discover whether any vestiges of those they sought were to be seen among the tattered and many-colored garments.
I hasped the window; I combed his black long hair from his forehead; I tried to close his eyes: to extinguish, if possible, that frightful, life-like gaze of exultation before any one else beheld it.
If she presumes to ask questions, extinguish her immediately.
Daughter of God and Man, accomplisht EVE, Those have thir course to finish, round the Earth, By morrow Eevning, and from Land to Land In order, though to Nations yet unborn, Ministring light prepar'd, they set and rise; Least total darkness should by Night regaine Her old possession, and extinguish life In Nature and all things, which these soft fires Not only enlighten, but with kindly heate Of various influence foment and warme, Temper or nourish, or in part shed down Thir stellar vertue on all kinds that grow On Earth, made hereby apter to receive Perfection from the Suns more potent Ray.
he added, pausing, ``ay, the curfew; which compels true men to extinguish their lights, that thieves and robbers may work their deeds in darkness
Why do you resist your good angel by suppressing those natural and sincere impulses which come to you often enough, and sometimes bring a look into your face that might tame a bear--a look which you hasten to extinguish as a thief darkens his lantern at the sound of a footstep.
It was strictly enjoined, that the project of starving you by degrees should be kept a secret; but the sentence of putting out your eyes was entered on the books; none dissenting, except Bolgolam the admiral, who, being a creature of the empress, was perpetually instigated by her majesty to insist upon your death, she having borne perpetual malice against you, on account of that infamous and illegal method you took to extinguish the fire in her apartment.
Extinguish the flames with the sand that you earned in payment of your faithful service.
The genius of republics (say they) is pacific; the spirit of commerce has a tendency to soften the manners of men, and to extinguish those inflammable humors which have so often kindled into wars.
Instead of their being "joined in affection" and free from all apprehension of different "interests," envy and jealousy would soon extinguish confidence and affection, and the partial interests of each confederacy, instead of the general interests of all America, would be the only objects of their policy and pursuits.
For tell me, where can you find a love like mine--a love which neither time, nor absence, not despair can extinguish, a love which contents itself with a lost ribbon, a stray look, or a chance word?