extract


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ex·tract

 (ĭk-străkt′)
tr.v. ex·tract·ed, ex·tract·ing, ex·tracts
1. To draw or pull out, often with great force or effort: extract a wisdom tooth; used tweezers to extract the splinter.
2. To obtain despite resistance: extract a promise.
3. To obtain from a substance by chemical or mechanical action, as by pressure, distillation, or evaporation.
4. To remove for separate consideration or publication; excerpt.
5.
a. To derive or obtain (information, for example) from a source.
b. To deduce (a principle or doctrine); construe (a meaning).
c. To derive (pleasure or comfort) from an experience.
6. Mathematics To determine or calculate (the root of a number).
n. (ĕk′străkt′)
Something extracted, especially:
a. A passage from a literary work; an excerpt.
b. A concentrated preparation of the essential constituents of a food, flavoring, or other substance; a concentrate: maple extract.

[Middle English extracten, from Latin extrahere, extract- : ex-, ex- + trahere, to draw.]

ex·tract′a·ble, ex·tract′i·ble adj.
ex·trac′tor n.

extract

vb (tr)
1. to withdraw, pull out, or uproot by force
2. to remove or separate
3. to derive (pleasure, information, etc) from some source or situation
4. to deduce or develop (a doctrine, policy, etc)
5. informal to extort (money, etc)
6. (Chemistry) to obtain (a substance) from a mixture or material by a chemical or physical process, such as digestion, distillation, the action of a solvent, or mechanical separation
7. (Journalism & Publishing) to cut out or copy out (an article, passage, quotation, etc) from a publication
8. (Mathematics) to determine the value of (the root of a number)
n
9. something extracted, such as a part or passage from a book, speech, etc
10. (Chemistry) a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a material: beef extract; yeast extract.
11. (Pharmacology) pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle
[C15: from Latin extractus drawn forth, from extrahere, from trahere to drag]
exˈtractable adj
exˌtractaˈbility n
Usage: Extract is sometimes wrongly used where extricate would be better: he will find it difficult extricating (not extracting) himself from this situation

ex•tract

(v. ɪkˈstrækt; n. ˈɛk strækt)

v.t.
1. to pull or draw out, usu. with special effort: to extract a tooth.
2. to draw forth; educe: to extract information.
3. to derive; obtain: extracted satisfaction from her success.
4. to take or copy out (excerpts), as from a book.
5. to gain with determined effort: to extract a secret from someone.
6. to separate or obtain from a mixture, as by pressure, distillation, or treatment with solvents.
7. to determine (the root of a quantity).
n.
8. something extracted.
9. a passage taken from a written work; excerpt.
10. a solid, viscid, or liquid substance containing the essence or active substance of a food, plant, or drug in concentrated form: beef extract; vanilla extract.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere to pull out]
ex•tract′a•ble, adj.
ex•tract`a•bil′i•ty, n.

extract


Past participle: extracted
Gerund: extracting

Imperative
extract
extract
Present
I extract
you extract
he/she/it extracts
we extract
you extract
they extract
Preterite
I extracted
you extracted
he/she/it extracted
we extracted
you extracted
they extracted
Present Continuous
I am extracting
you are extracting
he/she/it is extracting
we are extracting
you are extracting
they are extracting
Present Perfect
I have extracted
you have extracted
he/she/it has extracted
we have extracted
you have extracted
they have extracted
Past Continuous
I was extracting
you were extracting
he/she/it was extracting
we were extracting
you were extracting
they were extracting
Past Perfect
I had extracted
you had extracted
he/she/it had extracted
we had extracted
you had extracted
they had extracted
Future
I will extract
you will extract
he/she/it will extract
we will extract
you will extract
they will extract
Future Perfect
I will have extracted
you will have extracted
he/she/it will have extracted
we will have extracted
you will have extracted
they will have extracted
Future Continuous
I will be extracting
you will be extracting
he/she/it will be extracting
we will be extracting
you will be extracting
they will be extracting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been extracting
you have been extracting
he/she/it has been extracting
we have been extracting
you have been extracting
they have been extracting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been extracting
you will have been extracting
he/she/it will have been extracting
we will have been extracting
you will have been extracting
they will have been extracting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been extracting
you had been extracting
he/she/it had been extracting
we had been extracting
you had been extracting
they had been extracting
Conditional
I would extract
you would extract
he/she/it would extract
we would extract
you would extract
they would extract
Past Conditional
I would have extracted
you would have extracted
he/she/it would have extracted
we would have extracted
you would have extracted
they would have extracted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extract - a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
beef tea, Bovril - an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
black catechu, catechu - extract of the heartwood of Acacia catechu used for dyeing and tanning and preserving fishnets and sails; formerly used medicinally
solution - a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution; "he used a solution of peroxide and water"
pancreatin - extract from the pancreas of animals that contains pancreatic enzymes; used to treat pancreatitis and other conditions involving insufficient pancreatic secretions
2.extract - a passage selected from a larger work; "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"
passage - a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
chrestomathy - a selection of passages from different authors that is compiled as an aid in learning a language
analecta, analects - a collection of excerpts from a literary work
clipping, newspaper clipping, press clipping, press cutting, cutting - an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine; "he searched through piles of letters and clippings"
track, cut - a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact disc; "he played the first cut on the cd"; "the title track of the album"
quotation, quote, citation - a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
Verb1.extract - remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; "pull weeds"; "extract a bad tooth"; "take out a splinter"; "extract information from the telegram"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
wring out, squeeze out - extract (liquid) by squeezing or pressing; "wring out the washcloth"
demodulate - extract information from a modulated carrier wave
thread - remove facial hair by tying a fine string around it and pulling at the string; "She had her eyebrows threaded"
pull out, draw, get out, pull, take out - bring, take, or pull out of a container or from under a cover; "draw a weapon"; "pull out a gun"; "The mugger pulled a knife on his victim"
2.extract - get despite difficulties or obstacles; "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions"
obtain - come into possession of; "How did you obtain the visa?"
3.extract - deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning); "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"
construe, interpret, see - make sense of; assign a meaning to; "What message do you see in this letter?"; "How do you interpret his behavior?"
4.extract - extract by the process of distillation; "distill the essence of this compound"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
moonshine - distill (alcohol) illegally; produce moonshine
distill, distil - undergo the process of distillation
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
5.extract - separate (a metal) from an ore
mining, excavation - the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth
separate - divide into components or constituents; "Separate the wheat from the chaff"
6.extract - obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"
ream - squeeze the juice out (of a fruit) with a reamer; "ream oranges"
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
7.extract - take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy
choose, pick out, select, take - pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives; "Take any one of these cards"; "Choose a good husband for your daughter"; "She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her"
8.extract - calculate the root of a number
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
compute, calculate, cipher, cypher, figure, reckon, work out - make a mathematical calculation or computation

extract

verb
1. obtain, take out, distil, squeeze out, draw out, express, separate out, press out Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges.
2. take out, draw, pull, remove, withdraw, pull out, bring out He extracted a small notebook from his pocket.
3. pull out, remove, take out, draw, uproot, pluck out, extirpate She has to have a tooth extracted at 3 today.
4. elicit, get, obtain, force, draw, gather, derive, exact, bring out, evoke, reap, wring, glean, coerce, wrest He tried to extract further information from the witness.
5. select, quote, cite, abstract, choose, cut out, reproduce, cull, copy out material extracted from a range of texts
6. develop, obtain, derive, evolve, gather, elicit, glean, deduce, educe an idea he had extracted from Theodore Schwenk's `Sensitive Chaos'
noun
1. passage, selection, excerpt, cutting, clipping, abstract, quotation, citation He read us an extract from his latest novel.
2. essence, solution, concentrate, juice, distillation, decoction, distillate fragrances taken from plant extracts

extract

verb
1. To remove from a fixed position:
2. To collect (something) bit by bit:
Translations
إقْتِباس، مُقْتَطَفخُلاصَهيَسْتَخْلِصيَقْتَطِفيَقْتَلِع، يَسْتَخْرِج
extraktvýtažek
ekstrakthale udhive ududdraguddrage
katkelmaotepoimiasyntyperäuuttaa
eszenciakivonatol
draga út/úr, toga útseyîi, kjarni, krafturútdrátturvelja úrvinna
ekstrahuotiekstraktasišspaustiištraukimasrinkti
ekstrahētekstraktsizdabūtizdalītizdibināt
extrahovaťvypísať si

extract

[ˈekstrækt]
A. N (from book, film) → extracto m, fragmento m (Pharm) → extracto m (Culin) [of beef, yeast] → extracto m, concentrado m
extracts from "Don Quijote" (as book) → selecciones fpl del "Quijote"
B. [ɪksˈtrækt] VT
1. (= take out) [+ cork, tooth] → sacar; [+ bullet] (from wound) → extraer; [+ mineral] → extraer, obtener; [+ juice] → exprimir
2. (= obtain) [+ information, money] → obtener, sacar; [+ confession] → sacar, arrancar
3. (= select) (from book etc) → seleccionar
4. (Math) → extraer

extract

[ɪkˈstrækt]
vt
[+ substance] → extraire
(= get out) [+ object] → extraire
[+ tooth] → arracher
(= obtain) [+ money, promise] → soutirer; [+ information] → tirer, arracher
He was unable to extract any information from the men → Il n'a pas réussi à tirer de ces hommes la moindre information.
[ˈɛkstrækt] n
[book] → extrait m
an extract from the book → un extrait du livre
[plant, fruit] → extrait m
lemon extract → extrait de citron

extract

vt
(= take out)herausnehmen; cork etc(heraus)ziehen (from aus); juice, minerals, oil, DNA, energygewinnen (from aus); toothziehen, extrahieren (spec); bullet, foreign bodyentfernen; she extracted herself from his armssie befreite sich aus seinen Armen
(fig) information, secretsentlocken (from +dat); confession, moneyherausholen (from aus); permission, promise, concessionabringen (→ from +dat), → erlangen (from von); the meaning/moral of a bookherausarbeiten (from aus); he is able to extract himself from difficult situationser kann sich aus schwierigen Lagen befreien
(Math) square rootziehen
quotation, passageherausziehen, exzerpieren (geh)
n
(from book etc) → Auszug m, → Exzerpt nt
(Med, Cook) → Extrakt m

extract

[n ˈɛkstrækt; vb ɪksˈtrækt]
1. n (from book) → brano; (from film) → spezzone m (Culin, Chem) → estratto
2. vt to extract (from) (take out) → estrarre (da); (obtain, promise, confession, money) → estorcere a, strappare a; (select, from book) → stralciare (da)

extract

(ikˈstrӕkt) verb
1. to pull out, or draw out, especially by force or with effort. I have to have a tooth extracted; Did you manage to extract the information from her?
2. to select (passages from a book etc).
3. to take out (a substance forming part of something else) by crushing or by chemical means. Vanilla essence is extracted from vanilla beans.
(ˈekstrӕkt) noun
1. a passage selected from a book etc. a short extract from his novel.
2. a substance obtained by an extracting process. beef/yeast extract; extract of malt.
exˈtraction (-ʃən) noun
1. race or parentage. He is of Greek extraction.
2. (an) act of extracting eg a tooth.

ex·tract

n. extracto, producto concentrado;
alcoholic ______ alcohólico alérgico;
belladona ______ de belladonna;
equivalent ______ equivalente;
fluid ______ líquido;
hydroalcoholic ______ hidroalcohólico.

extract

n (pharm) extracto; grape seed — extracto de semilla de uva; pine bark — extracto de corteza de pino; vt (to take out) extraer, sacar
References in classic literature ?
The bat makes an opening in the skin with its sharp teeth and proceeds to extract the blood.
The eyes of Magua flashed fire; but suddenly recollecting the necessity of maintaining his presence of mind, he turned away in silent disdain, well assured that the sagacity of the Indians would not fail to extract the real merits of the point in controversy.
Such unintermitted strainings upon the planted iron must sooner or later inevitably extract it.
Formerly these had been sold as "Number Three Grade," but later on some ingenious person had hit upon a new device, and now they would extract the bone, about which the bad part generally lay, and insert in the hole a white-hot iron.
It was a barbed arrow-head in my breast; it tore me when I tried to extract it; it sickened me when remembrance thrust it farther in.
One state resembles setting a hungry man down to a single dish, on which he may concentrate his entire appetite and do it justice; the other, introducing him to a table laid out by French cooks: he can perhaps extract as much enjoyment from the whole; but each part is a mere atom in his regard and remembrance.
I sent him an extract from your father's last letter to me.
He looked up, for an instant at a time, when he was requested to do so; but, no persuasion would extract a word from him.
He was obliged to sit close to it, and brood over it, before he could extract the least sensation of warmth from such a handful of fuel.
While he was so engaged, he asked me what I would take with it; and on my replying 'Half a pint of sherry,'thought it a favourable opportunity, I am afraid, to extract that measure of wine from the stale leavings at the bottoms of several small decanters.
They took up several obviously wrong people, and they ran their heads very hard against wrong ideas, and persisted in trying to fit the circumstances to the ideas, instead of trying to extract ideas from the circumstances.
I suppose no boy of twenty really loves a WOMEN, but loves only his etherealised extract of woman, entirely free from earthy adulteration.

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