extreme


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ex·treme

 (ĭk-strēm′)
adj.
1. Most remote in any direction; outermost or farthest: the extreme edge of the field.
2. Being in or attaining the greatest or highest degree; very intense: extreme pleasure; extreme pain.
3. Being far beyond the norm: an extreme conservative. See Synonyms at excessive.
4. Of the greatest severity; drastic: took extreme measures to conserve fuel.
5. Biology
a. Characterized by severe, usually oxygen-poor environmental conditions.
b. Having an affinity for such conditions: an extreme microorganism.
6. Sports
a. Very dangerous or difficult: extreme rafting.
b. Participating or tending to participate in a very dangerous or difficult sport: an extreme skier.
7. Archaic Final; last.
n.
1. The greatest or utmost degree or point.
2. Either of the two things situated at opposite ends of a range: the extremes of boiling and freezing.
3. An extreme condition.
4. An immoderate, drastic expedient: resorted to extremes in the emergency.
5. Mathematics
a. The first or last term of a ratio or a series.
b. A maximum or minimum value of a function.
6. Logic The major or minor term of a syllogism.
Idiom:
in the extreme
To an extreme degree: eccentric in the extreme.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin extrēmus; see eghs in Indo-European roots.]

ex·treme′ly adv.
ex·treme′ness n.

extreme

(ɪkˈstriːm)
adj
1. being of a high or of the highest degree or intensity: extreme cold; extreme difficulty.
2. exceeding what is usual or reasonable; immoderate: extreme behaviour.
3. very strict, rigid, or severe; drastic: an extreme measure.
4. (prenominal) farthest or outermost in direction: the extreme boundary.
5. (Physical Geography) meteorol of, relating to, or characteristic of a continental climate
n
6. the highest or furthest degree (often in the phrases in the extreme, go to extremes)
7. (often plural) either of the two limits or ends of a scale or range of possibilities: extremes of temperature.
8. (Mathematics) maths
a. the first or last term of a series or a proportion
b. a maximum or minimum value of a function
9. (Logic) logic the subject or predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism
[C15: from Latin extrēmus outermost, from exterus on the outside; see exterior]
exˈtremeness n

ex•treme

(ɪkˈstrim)

adj. -trem•er, -trem•est,
n. adj.
1. going well beyond the ordinary or average: extreme measures.
2. exceedingly great in degree: extreme joy.
3. farthest from the center or middle.
4. utmost in direction or distance.
5. immoderate; radical: extreme fashions.
6. last; final: extreme hopes.
7. Chiefly Sports. extremely dangerous or difficult: extreme skiing.
n.
8. a very high degree: cautious to an extreme.
9. one of two things as different from each other as possible: the extremes of joy and grief.
10. an extreme act, measure, or condition: the extreme of poverty.
11. Math.
a. the first or the last term, as of a proportion or series.
b. a relative maximum or relative minimum value of a function in a given region.
12. the subject or the predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Latin extrēmus, superlative of exterus outward. See exterior]
ex•treme′ly, adv.
ex•treme′ness, n.

ex·treme

(ĭk-strēm′)
Either the first or fourth term of a proportion of four terms. In the proportion 2/3 = 4/6 , the extremes are 2 and 6. Compare mean.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extreme - the furthest or highest degree of somethingextreme - the furthest or highest degree of something; "he carried it to extremes"
degree, level, grade - a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality; "a moderate grade of intelligence"; "a high level of care is required"; "it is all a matter of degree"
2.extreme - the point located farthest from the middle of something
extremity - the outermost or farthest region or point
apex, acme, vertex, peak - the highest point (of something); "at the peak of the pyramid"
Adj.1.extreme - of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensityextreme - of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity; "extreme cold"; "extreme caution"; "extreme pleasure"; "utmost contempt"; "to the utmost degree"; "in the uttermost distress"
intense - possessing or displaying a distinctive feature to a heightened degree; "intense heat"; "intense anxiety"; "intense desire"; "intense emotion"; "the skunk's intense acrid odor"; "intense pain"; "enemy fire was intense"
2.extreme - far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree; "an extreme example"; "extreme temperatures"; "extreme danger"
immoderate - beyond reasonable limits; "immoderate laughter"; "immoderate spending"
3.extreme - beyond a norm in views or actions; "an extreme conservative"; "an extreme liberal"; "extreme views on integration"; "extreme opinions"
immoderate - beyond reasonable limits; "immoderate laughter"; "immoderate spending"
4.extreme - most distant in any direction; "the extreme edge of town"
distant - separated in space or coming from or going to a distance; "distant villages"; "the sound of distant traffic"; "a distant sound"; "a distant telephone call"

extreme

adjective
1. great, high, highest, greatest, worst, supreme, acute, severe, maximum, intense, ultimate, utmost, mother of all (informal), uttermost people living in extreme poverty
great common, average, traditional, ordinary, reasonable, moderate, modest, mild, unremarkable
2. severe, radical, strict, harsh, stern, rigid, dire, drastic, uncompromising, unbending The scheme was rejected as being too extreme.
4. farthest, furthest, far, final, last, ultimate, remotest, terminal, utmost, far-off, faraway, outermost, most distant, uttermost the room at the extreme end of the corridor
farthest nearest
noun
1. limit, end, edge, opposite, pole, ultimate, boundary, antithesis, extremity, acme a `middle way' between the extremes of success and failure
in the extreme extremely, very, highly, greatly, particularly, severely, terribly, ultra, utterly, unusually, exceptionally, extraordinarily, intensely, tremendously, markedly, awfully (informal), acutely, exceedingly, excessively, inordinately, uncommonly, to a fault, to the nth degree, to or in the extreme The television series has proved controversial in the extreme.

extreme

adjective
1. Most distant or remote, as from a center:
2. Of the greatest possible degree, quality, or intensity:
3. Exceeding a normal or reasonable limit:
4. Holding especially political views that deviate drastically and fundamentally from conventional or traditional beliefs:
Slang: far-out.
noun
1. The ultimate point to which an action, thought, discussion, or policy is carried:
2. Either of the two points at the ends of a spectrum or range:
Translations
أقْصىدَرَجَه قُصْوىشَدِيدعَظيم، شَديدمُتَطَرِّف
extrémníextrém
ekstremstorvældigyderliggåendeyderlighed
äärimmäinenextremeliiallinentörkeä
ekstreman
legszélsõ
ákafleguröfgarróttækur, öfgakenndurviî endamörk/ystu mörk; ystur; róttækur
極度の
극도의
aukščiausias laipsnisekstremali situacijaekstremistasekstremistinisekstremizmas
ārkārtīgsekstrēms, galējsgalējībagalējs
extreemextremeuitersteultiemultieme
extrémextrémistickýnajkrajnejší
skrajen
extremextremt
ที่สุด
aşırıaşırı uççok büyüken yüksek derece
آخری
cực đoan

extreme

[ɪksˈtriːm]
A. ADJ
1. (= very great) [heat, danger, poverty, discomfort] → extremo; [care, caution] → sumo, extremo; [sorrow, anger] → profundo, enorme
a matter of extreme importanceuna cuestión de suma importancia
in extreme old ageen or a una edad muy avanzada
2. (= exceptional) [case, circumstances] → extremo
3. (= radical) [views, opinion] → extremista; [behaviour] → extremado; [method, action, measure] → extremo
the extreme left/right (Pol) → la extrema izquierda/derecha
to be extreme in one's opinionstener opiniones extremistas
there's no need to be so extremeno es necesario llegar a esos extremos
4. (= furthest) [point,] → extremo
the extreme oppositeel extremo opuesto
winds from the extreme northvientos de la región más septentrional
the room at the extreme end of the corridorla habitación al final del todo del pasillo
B. Nextremo m
she's a woman of extremeses una mujer de extremos
to be driven to extremesverse obligado a tomar medidas extremas
to go to extremestomar medidas extremas
to go to any extremellegar a cualquier extremo
to go from one extreme to the otherpasar de un extremo al otro
to take or carry sth to extremesllevar algo al extremo
extremes of temperaturelas temperaturas extremas
in the extreme (frm) → en extremo, en sumo grado
C. CPD extreme sports NPLdeportes mpl de aventura, deportes mpl extremos
extreme unction N (Rel) → extremaunción f

extreme

[ɪkˈstriːm]
adj
(= very great) [poverty, caution] → extrême
(pejorative) (= excessive) → extrême
(= far) [north, south, end] → extrême
the extreme left → l'extrême gauche f
the extreme right → l'extrême droite f
n
(= end of spectrum) → extrême m
the extremes of success and failure → les limites du succès et de l'échec
at the other extreme → à l'autre extrémité
to go from one extreme to the other → passer d'un extrême à l'autre
in the extreme (= to a great degree) → à l'extrême extremes
npl
(= wide variations) → extrêmes mpl
extremes of temperature → différences fpl extrêmes de température
(= excess) to go to extremes → pousser les choses à l'extrême
to go to the extremes of doing sth → aller jusqu'à faire qch
to take sth to extremes → pousser qch à l'extrême

extreme

adj
caution, courage, pleasure, kindness, simplicityäußerste(r, s); discomfort, sensitivity, concern, joy, dangergrößte(r, s); example, conditions, behaviour, temperaturesextrem; (Pol) right, left, viewsextrem; measures, methoddrastisch; difficulty, pressureungeheuer; rudenessmaßlos; povertybitterste(r, s); to proceed with extreme cautionmit äußerster Vorsicht vorgehen; to suffer extreme discomfortgrößte Beschwerden haben; in extreme old agein äußerst hohem Alter; of extreme importance/urgencyäußerst wichtig/dringend; extreme caseExtremfall m; extreme left-wing anarchistslinksextremistische Anarchisten; fascists of the extreme rightextrem rechts stehende Faschisten; the weather was pretty extremees herrschten recht extreme Wetterbedingungen; the extreme unction (Rel) → die Letzte Ölung
(= furthest) end, tip, edge, north, southäußerste(r, s); the room at the extreme end of the corridordas Zimmer ganz am Ende des Korridors; at the extreme left of the pictureganz links im Bild
nExtrem nt; the extremes of happiness and despairhöchstes Glück und tiefste Verzweiflung; between these two extremeszwischen diesen beiden Extremen; extremes of temperatureextreme Temperaturen pl; in the extremeim höchsten Grade; it is bewildering in the extremees ist höchst or im höchsten Grade verwirrend; to go from one extreme to the othervon einem Extrem ins andere fallen; to go to extremeses übertreiben; I wouldn’t go to that extremeso weit würde ich nicht gehen; to take or carry something to extremesetw bis zum Extrem treiben; to drive somebody to extremesjdn zum Äußersten treiben

extreme

[ɪksˈtriːm]
1. adjestremo/a; (sorrow, anger) → profondo/a
the extreme left/right (Pol) → l'estrema sinistra/destra
the extreme end of sth → l'estremità di qc
there's no need to be so extreme → non c'è bisogno di essere così drastico
2. nestremo
extremes of temperature → gli estremi mpl della scala termica
dangerous in the extreme → estremamente pericoloso/a
to go/be driven to extremes → arrivare/essere spinto/a agli estremi

extreme

(ikˈstriːm) adjective
1. very great, especially much more than usual. extreme pleasure; He is in extreme pain.
2. very far or furthest in any direction, especially out from the centre. the extreme south-western tip of England; Politically, he belongs to the extreme left.
3. very violent or strong; not ordinary or usual. He holds extreme views on education.
noun
1. something as far, or as different, as possible from something else. the extremes of sadness and joy.
2. the greatest degree of any state, especially if unpleasant. The extremes of heat in the desert make life uncomfortable.
exˈtremely adverb
very. extremely kind.
exˈtremism noun
the holding of views which are as far from being moderate as possible.
exˈtremist noun, adjective
exˈtremity (-ˈstre-) plural exˈtremities noun
1. the farthest point. The two poles represent the extremities of the earth's axis.
2. an extreme degree; the quality of being extreme. Their suffering reached such extremities that many died.
3. a situation of great danger or distress. They need help in this extremity.
4. the parts of the body furthest from the middle eg the hands and feet.
in the extreme
very. dangerous in the extreme.
to extremes
very far, especially further than is thought to be reasonable. She can never express an opinion without going to extremes.

extreme

شَدِيد extrémní ekstrem extrem ακραίος extremo äärimmäinen extrême ekstreman estremo 極度の 극도의 extreem ekstrem ekstremalny extremo экстремальный extrem ที่สุด aşırı cực đoan 极端的

extreme

a. extremo-a, excesivo-a; último-a;
adv. extremadamente, excesivamente; sumamente.
References in classic literature ?
Then I am quite satisfied with the experiment, and fancy that we shall not have to repeat it, only don't go to the other extreme and delve like slaves.
The old man with his absurdly boyish mind had a dozen long boards on the wheelbarrow, and, as he hurried along the road, balanced the load with extreme nicety.
Her Armand was disproportionately young and slight, a handsome youth, perplexed in the extreme.
Madame Ratignolle hoped that Robert would exercise extreme caution in dealing with the Mexicans, who, she considered, were a treacherous people, unscrupulous and revengeful.
At that instant of extreme danger, a dark hand and glancing knife appeared before him; the Indian released his hold, as the blood flowed freely from around the severed tendons of the wrist; and while Duncan was drawn backward by the saving hand of Uncas, his charmed eyes still were riveted on the fierce and disappointed countenance of his foe, who fell sullenly and disappointed down the irrecoverable precipice.
Though we defended ourselves, and repulsed the enemy, yet this unhappy affair scattered our cattle, brought us into extreme difficulty, and so discouraged the whole company, that we retreated forty miles, to the settlement on Clench river.
It is time that the good Colonel came forth to greet his friends; else we shall be apt to suspect that he has taken a sip too much of his Canary wine, in his extreme deliberation which cask it were best to broach in honor of the day
Looking at him merely as an animal -- and there was very little else to look at -- he was a most satisfactory object, from the thorough healthfulness and wholesomeness of his system, and his capacity, at that extreme age, to enjoy all, or nearly all, the delights which he had ever aimed at or conceived of.
Therefore I could patch up nothing, and it was too extreme an effort to squeeze beside him into the pew: he would be so much more sure than ever to pass his arm into mine and make me sit there for an hour in close, silent contact with his commentary on our talk.
Its extreme down-town is the battery, where that noble mole is washed by waves, and cooled by breezes, which a few hours previous were out of sight of land.
Furthermore, you are now to consider that only in the extreme, lower, backward sloping part of the front of the head, is there the slightest vestige of bone; and not till you get near twenty feet from the forehead do you come to the full cranial development.
The poor soul had expended all her little energies on this farewell feast,--had killed and dressed her choicest chicken, and prepared her corn-cake with scrupulous exactness, just to her husband's taste, and brought out certain mysterious jars on the mantel-piece, some preserves that were never produced except on extreme occasions.