fail


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fail

 (fāl)
v. failed, fail·ing, fails
v.intr.
1. To prove deficient or lacking; perform ineffectively or inadequately: failed to fulfill their promises; failed in their attempt to reach the summit.
2.
a. To be unsuccessful: an experiment that failed.
b. To be unsuccessful in being acted upon: an idea that failed to be accepted by the board.
3. To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum.
4. To prove insufficient in quantity or duration; give out: The water supply failed during the drought.
5. To decline, as in strength or effectiveness: The light began to fail.
6. To cease functioning properly: The engine failed.
7. To give way or be made otherwise useless as a result of excessive strain: The rusted girders failed and caused the bridge to collapse.
8. To become bankrupt or insolvent: Their business failed during the last recession.
v.tr.
1. To disappoint or prove undependable to: Our sentries failed us.
2. To abandon; forsake: His strength failed him.
3. To omit to perform (an expected duty, for example): We must not fail our obligation to the earthquake victims.
4. To leave undone; neglect: failed to wash the dishes.
5.
a. To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum in (a course, for example): failed algebra twice.
b. To give such a grade of failure to (a student): failed me in algebra.
6. To be detected by (a drug test) as having used a banned substance.
n.
1. A failing grade: The student received a fail on the final paper.
2. Informal Something that does not achieve the desired result; a failure: My first attempt to make flourless cookies was a big fail.
Idiom:
without fail
1. With no chance of failure: Be here at noon without fail.
2. Every single time: "Always we get a good rain on Labor Day, without fail—like clockwork" (Rick Bass). "Whenever he returned to his hut, almost without fail some money was missing from the basket" (Paul Theroux).

[Middle English failen, from Old French faillir, from Vulgar Latin *fallīre, variant of Latin fallere, to deceive.]

fail

(feɪl)
vb
1. to be unsuccessful in an attempt (at something or to do something)
2. (intr) to stop operating or working properly: the steering failed suddenly.
3. (Education) to judge or be judged as being below the officially accepted standard required for success in (a course, examination, etc)
4. (tr) to prove disappointing, undependable, or useless to (someone)
5. (tr) to neglect or be unable (to do something)
6. (intr) to prove partly or completely insufficient in quantity, duration, or extent
7. (intr) to weaken; fade away
8. (Commerce) (intr) to go bankrupt or become insolvent
n
9. (Education) a failure to attain the required standard, as in an examination
10. without fail definitely; with certainty
[C13: from Old French faillir, ultimately from Latin fallere to disappoint; probably related to Greek phēlos deceitful]

fail

(fel)
n
Scot a turf; sod
[perhaps from Scottish Gaelic fàl]

fail

(feɪl)

v.i.
1. to fall short of success or achievement in something expected, attempted, desired, or approved: The experiment failed.
2. to receive less than the passing grade or mark in an examination, class, or course of study.
3. to be or become deficient or lacking; fall short.
4. to lose strength or vigor; become weak.
5. to stop functioning or operating.
6. to dwindle, pass, or die away.
7. to become unable to meet or pay debts or business obligations; become insolvent or bankrupt.
8. (of a building member, structure, machine part, etc.) to break, bend, or be otherwise destroyed or made useless because of an excessive load.
v.t.
9. to be unsuccessful in the performance or completion of: He failed to do his duty.
10. to prove of no use or help to: His friends failed him.
11. to receive less than a passing grade or mark in.
12. to declare (a person) unsuccessful in a test or course of study; give less than a passing grade to.
n.
13. a stockbroker's inability to deliver or receive security within the required time after sale or purchase.
14. Obs. failure as to performance, occurrence, etc.
Idioms:
without fail, with certainty; positively.
[1175–1225; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French faillir < Latin fallere to deceive, disappoint]

fail


Past participle: failed
Gerund: failing

Imperative
fail
fail
Present
I fail
you fail
he/she/it fails
we fail
you fail
they fail
Preterite
I failed
you failed
he/she/it failed
we failed
you failed
they failed
Present Continuous
I am failing
you are failing
he/she/it is failing
we are failing
you are failing
they are failing
Present Perfect
I have failed
you have failed
he/she/it has failed
we have failed
you have failed
they have failed
Past Continuous
I was failing
you were failing
he/she/it was failing
we were failing
you were failing
they were failing
Past Perfect
I had failed
you had failed
he/she/it had failed
we had failed
you had failed
they had failed
Future
I will fail
you will fail
he/she/it will fail
we will fail
you will fail
they will fail
Future Perfect
I will have failed
you will have failed
he/she/it will have failed
we will have failed
you will have failed
they will have failed
Future Continuous
I will be failing
you will be failing
he/she/it will be failing
we will be failing
you will be failing
they will be failing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been failing
you have been failing
he/she/it has been failing
we have been failing
you have been failing
they have been failing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been failing
you will have been failing
he/she/it will have been failing
we will have been failing
you will have been failing
they will have been failing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been failing
you had been failing
he/she/it had been failing
we had been failing
you had been failing
they had been failing
Conditional
I would fail
you would fail
he/she/it would fail
we would fail
you would fail
they would fail
Past Conditional
I would have failed
you would have failed
he/she/it would have failed
we would have failed
you would have failed
they would have failed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.fail - fail to do something; leave something undone; "She failed to notice that her child was no longer in his crib"; "The secretary failed to call the customer and the company lost the account"
lose track - fail to keep informed or aware; "She has so many books, she just lost track and cannot find this volume"
strike out - put out or be put out by a strikeout; "Oral struck out three batters to close the inning"
default, default on - fail to pay up
choke - fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation; "The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience"
muff - fail to catch, as of a ball
miss - fail to attend an event or activity; "I missed the concert"; "He missed school for a week"
2.fail - be unsuccessfulfail - be unsuccessful; "Where do today's public schools fail?"; "The attempt to rescue the hostages failed miserably"
take it on the chin - undergo failure or defeat
miss - fail to reach or get to; "She missed her train"
overreach - fail by aiming too high or trying too hard
bobble, bodge, bollix, bollix up, bollocks, bollocks up, botch, botch up, bumble, bungle, flub, fluff, foul up, fuck up, louse up, mess up, mishandle, muck up, ball up, spoil, muff, screw up, fumble, blow - make a mess of, destroy or ruin; "I botched the dinner and we had to eat out"; "the pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement"
strike out - be unsuccessful in an endeavor; "The candidate struck out with his health care plan"
fall - suffer defeat, failure, or ruin; "We must stand or fall"; "fall by the wayside"
shipwreck - suffer failure, as in some enterprise
fall flat, fall through, founder, flop - fail utterly; collapse; "The project foundered"
bring home the bacon, deliver the goods, succeed, win, come through - attain success or reach a desired goal; "The enterprise succeeded"; "We succeeded in getting tickets to the show"; "she struggled to overcome her handicap and won"
3.fail - disappoint, prove undependable tofail - disappoint, prove undependable to; abandon, forsake; "His sense of smell failed him this time"; "His strength finally failed him"; "His children failed him in the crisis"
disappoint, let down - fail to meet the hopes or expectations of; "Her boyfriend let her down when he did not propose marriage"
4.fail - stop operating or functioning; "The engine finally went"; "The car died on the road"; "The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"; "The coffee maker broke"; "The engine failed on the way to town"; "her eyesight went after the accident"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
break - render inoperable or ineffective; "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"
croak, decease, die, drop dead, buy the farm, cash in one's chips, give-up the ghost, kick the bucket, pass away, perish, snuff it, pop off, expire, conk, exit, choke, go, pass - pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; "She died from cancer"; "The children perished in the fire"; "The patient went peacefully"; "The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102"
go down, crash - stop operating; "My computer crashed last night"; "The system goes down at least once a week"
blow out, burn out, blow - melt, break, or become otherwise unusable; "The lightbulbs blew out"; "The fuse blew"
misfire - fail to fire or detonate; "The guns misfired"
malfunction, misfunction - fail to function or function improperly; "the coffee maker malfunctioned"
5.fail - be unable; "I fail to understand your motives"
bring off, carry off, manage, negociate, pull off - be successful; achieve a goal; "She succeeded in persuading us all"; "I managed to carry the box upstairs"; "She pulled it off, even though we never thought her capable of it"; "The pianist negociated the difficult runs"
6.fail - judge unacceptable; "The teacher failed six students"
pass judgment, evaluate, judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
flunk, flush it, bomb, fail - fail to get a passing grade; "She studied hard but failed nevertheless"; "Did I fail the test?"
pass - accept or judge as acceptable; "The teacher passed the student although he was weak"
7.fail - fail to get a passing gradefail - fail to get a passing grade; "She studied hard but failed nevertheless"; "Did I fail the test?"
fail - fall short in what is expected; "She failed in her obligations as a good daughter-in-law"; "We must not fail his obligation to the victims of the Holocaust"
fail - judge unacceptable; "The teacher failed six students"
make it, pass - go successfully through a test or a selection process; "She passed the new Jersey Bar Exam and can practice law now"
8.fail - fall short in what is expected; "She failed in her obligations as a good daughter-in-law"; "We must not fail his obligation to the victims of the Holocaust"
flunk, flush it, bomb, fail - fail to get a passing grade; "She studied hard but failed nevertheless"; "Did I fail the test?"
9.fail - become bankrupt or insolvent; fail financially and close; "The toy company went bankrupt after the competition hired cheap Mexican labor"; "A number of banks failed that year"
10.fail - prove insufficient; "The water supply for the town failed after a long drought"
11.fail - get worse; "Her health is declining"
decline, worsen - grow worse; "Conditions in the slum worsened"

fail

verb
1. be unsuccessful, founder, fall flat, come to nothing, fall, miss, go down, break down, flop (informal), be defeated, fall short, fall through, fall short of, fizzle out (informal), come unstuck, run aground, miscarry, be in vain, misfire, fall by the wayside, go astray, come to grief, come a cropper (informal), bite the dust, go up in smoke, go belly-up (slang), come to naught, lay an egg (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), go by the board, not make the grade (informal), go down like a lead balloon (informal), turn out badly, fall flat on your face, meet with disaster, be found lacking or wanting He was afraid the revolution they had started would fail.
be unsuccessful grow, pass, succeed, triumph, strengthen, thrive, flourish, bloom, prosper, have legs (informal)
2. disappoint, abandon, desert, neglect, omit, let down, forsake, turn your back on, be disloyal to, break your word, forget We waited twenty-one years, don't fail us now.
3. stop working, stop, die, give up, break down, cease, stall, cut out, malfunction, conk out (informal), go on the blink (informal), go phut The lights mysteriously failed.
4. wither, perish, sag, droop, waste away, shrivel up In fact many food crops failed because of the drought
5. go bankrupt, crash, collapse, fold (informal), close down, go under, go bust (informal), go out of business, be wound up, go broke (informal), go to the wall, go into receivership, go into liquidation, become insolvent, smash So far this year, 104 banks have failed.
6. decline, fade, weaken, deteriorate, dwindle, sicken, degenerate, fall apart at the seams, be on your last legs (informal) He was 58 and his health was failing rapidly.
7. give out, disappear, fade, dim, dwindle, wane, gutter, languish, peter out, die away, grow dim, sink Here in the hills, the light failed more quickly
8. not pass, be unsuccessful, flunk (informal), screw up (informal), wash out, underperform, not make the grade, not come up to scratch, underachieve, not come up to the mark (informal) I lived in fear of failing my end-of-term exams.

fail

verb
1. To prove deficient or insufficient:
2. To be unsuccessful:
Informal: fall down, flop.
Slang: bomb.
Idioms: fail of success, fall short.
3. To receive less than a passing grade:
Informal: flunk.
4. To not do (something necessary):
5. To lose strength or power:
Informal: fizzle (out).
6. To cease functioning properly:
Slang: conk out.
7. To make or become unusable or inoperative:
Slang: bust.
8. To undergo sudden financial failure:
Informal: fold.
Idioms: go belly up, go bust, go on the rocks, go to the wall.
Translations
أخفقيُخَيِّب ، يَخْذُليَضعُف، يَهِنيَفْشَليَفْشَلُ
selhatneuspětpřestatpropadnoutselhávat
dumpefejlemislykkesslå fejlsvigte
edutunurjumaseiskuma
epäonnistua
ne uspjeti
megbuktatnem sikerül
bilabregîastfellamistakast; falla
失敗する矢敗する
실패하다
desum
ko nors nepadarymasko nors nepadarytineabejotinainepavykus gautinesant
bremzes nenostrādājaciest neveiksmiizgāztizkristneizdoties
nechať prepadnúť
ne uspetispodleteti
misslyckas
ล้มเหลว
başarısız olmakbırakmakbozulmakdüş kırıklığına uğratmakyetmemek
thất bại

fail

[feɪl]
A. VI
1. (= not succeed) [candidate in examination] → suspender; [plan] → fracasar, no dar resultado; [show, play] → fracasar; [business] → quebrar; [remedy] → fallar, no surtir efecto; [hopes] → frustrarse, malograrse
to fail by five votesperder por cinco votos
to fail in one's dutyfaltar a su deber, no cumplir con su obligación
2. [light] → irse, apagarse; [crops] → perderse; [health, sight, voice] → debilitarse; [strength] → acabarse; [engine, brakes, mechanism] → fallar, averiarse; [water supply] → acabarse; [power supply] → cortarse, fallar
the light was failingiba anocheciendo
B. VT
1. [+ exam, subject] → suspender; [+ candidate] → suspender (a)
a failed painterun pintor fracasado
2. (= let down) [+ person] → fallar (a); [memory, strength] → fallar
don't fail me!¡no me falles!, ¡no faltes!
his strength failed himle fallaron las fuerzas
his heart failed himse encontró sin ánimo
his courage failed himle faltó valor
words fail me!¡no encuentro palabras!
3. (= not succeed) to fail to be electedno lograr ser elegido
to fail to win a prizeno obtener un premio
4. (= omit, neglect) to fail to do sthno hacer algo, dejar de hacer algo
don't fail to visit herno deje de visitarla
5. (= be unable) I fail to see why/whatno veo or alcanzo a ver por qué/qué
C. N
1. without failsin falta
2. (Univ) → suspenso m (in en)

fail

[ˈfeɪl]
vt
(= be unsuccessful in) [+ exam, test] → échouer à, rater
I failed the history exam → J'ai échoué à l'examen d'histoire., J'ai raté l'examen d'histoire.
to fail one's driving test → échouer à son permis de conduire, rater son permis de conduire
(in exam, test) [+ candidate] → recaler
(= let down) [+ person] [courage, memory] → faire défaut à; [imagination] → faire défaut à; [system] → décevoir; [person] → décevoir
Our leaders have failed us → Nos dirigeants nous ont déçus.
vi
(= not pass) (in exam, test)échouer
In our class, no one failed → Dans notre classe, personne n'a échoué.
(= be unsuccessful) [activity, attempt, plan, remedy] → échouer; [business, organization] → échouer; [system] → échouer; [marriage, relationship] → échouer
(= neglect, omit) to fail to do sth → ne pas faire qch, négliger de faire qch
She failed to return her library books → Elle n'a pas rendu ses livres à la bibliothèque.
(= be unable) to fail to do sth [person] → ne pas parvenir à faire qch; [thing]
The bomb failed to explode → La bombe n'a pas explosé.
[supplies] → manquer; [eyesight] → baisser; [health] → s'affaiblir
[light] → baisser
[brakes] → lâcher
My brakes failed → Mes freins ont lâché.
n
without fail → sans faute

fail

vi
(= be unsuccessful)keinen Erfolg haben; (in mission, life etc) → versagen, scheitern; (campaign, efforts, negotiations, plan, experiment, marriage)fehlschlagen, scheitern; (undertaking, attempt)fehlschlagen, misslingen, missglücken; (applicant, application)nicht angenommen werden; (election candidate, Theat: play) → durchfallen; (business)eingehen; (charm, attempts at persuasion etc)vergeblich or umsonst sein; he failed in his attempt to take control of the companysein Versuch, die Leitung der Firma zu übernehmen, schlug fehl or blieb erfolglos or missglückte; he failed in his application for the postseine Bewerbung wurde nicht angenommen; to fail in one’s dutyseine Pflicht nicht tun; to fail by 5 votes (motion)mit 5 Stimmen Mehrheit abgelehnt werden; (person)um 5 Stimmen geschlagen werden; if all else failswenn alle Stricke reißen; to fail miserably or dismallykläglich scheitern
(= not pass exam)durchfallen; he failed in Latiner fiel in Latein durch
(= fall short) where he/the essay fails is in not being detailed enoughsein Fehler/der Fehler des Aufsatzes ist, dass er nicht ausführlich genug ist; this report fails in that it comes up with no clear proposalsdieser Bericht lässt es an klaren Vorschlägen fehlen; where you fail is that you lack relevant experienceIhnen fehlt es an der notwendigen Erfahrung
(= grow feeble, health) → sich verschlechtern; (hearing, eyesight)nachlassen; (invalid)schwächer werden; he is failing fastsein Zustand verschlechtert sich zusehends
(= stop working, be cut off etc, generator, battery, radio, electricity, pump, engine) → ausfallen; (brakes)versagen; (supply, wind)ausbleiben; (heart etc)versagen, aussetzen; the crops failedes gab ein Missernte; (completely) → die Ernte fiel aus
vt
candidatedurchfallen lassen; subjectdurchfallen in (+dat); to fail an exameine Prüfung nicht bestehen, durch eine Prüfung fallen; to fail Latinin Latein durchfallen
(= let down, person, memory) → im Stich lassen; (= not live up to sb’s expectations)enttäuschen; his heart failed himsein Herz setzte aus; words fail memir fehlen die Worte
to fail to do somethingetw nicht tun; (= neglect)(es) versäumen, etw zu tun; she failed to lose weightes gelang ihr nicht abzunehmen; he failed to win support for his proposaler konnte keine Unterstützung für seinen Vorschlag finden; she never fails to amaze mesie versetzt mich immer wieder in Erstaunen; I fail to see whyes ist mir völlig unklar, warum; (indignantly) → ich sehe gar nicht ein, warum; I failed to understand how/what …ich konnte nicht verstehen, wie/was …
n
without failganz bestimmt, auf jeden Fall; (= inevitably)garantiert, grundsätzlich
(= failed candidate, exam) there were ten failszehn sind durchgefallen or durchgerasselt (inf); she got a fail in historyin Geschichte ist sie hängen geblieben (inf)or durchgefallen

fail

[feɪl]
1. vi
a. (gen) → fallire; (in exam, candidate) → essere respinto/a or bocciato/a; (show, play) → essere un fiasco
to fail in one's duty → mancare al proprio dovere
b. (power, light, supplies) → mancare; (crops) → andare perduto/a; (sight, light) → indebolirsi; (strength, health) → venire a mancare; (engine) → fermarsi; (brakes) → non funzionare
2. vt
a. (exam, subject) → non superare, essere bocciato/a in; (candidate) → respingere, bocciare, rimandare
b. (subj, person, memory, nerve) → abbandonare, mancare a
don't fail me! → non deludermi!
his courage failed him → gli è mancato il coraggio
words fail me! → mi mancano le parole!
c. to fail to do sth (neglect) → non fare qc, mancare di fare qc; (be unable) → non riuscire a fare qc
I fail to see why/what → non vedo perché/che cosa
3. n without failsenza fallo, senz'altro

fail

(feil) verb
1. to be unsuccessful (in); not to manage (to do something). They failed in their attempt; I failed my exam; I failed to post the letter.
2. to break down or cease to work. The brakes failed.
3. to be insufficient or not enough. His courage failed (him).
4. (in a test, examination etc) to reject (a candidate). The examiner failed half the class.
5. to disappoint. They did not fail him in their support.
ˈfailing noun
a fault or weakness. He may have his failings, but he has always treated his children well.
preposition
if (something) fails or is lacking. Failing his help, we shall have to try something else.
ˈfailure (-jə) noun
1. the state or act of failing. She was upset by her failure in the exam; failure of the electricity supply.
2. an unsuccessful person or thing. He felt he was a failure.
3. inability, refusal etc to do something. his failure to reply.
without fail
definitely or certainly. I shall do it tomorrow without fail.

fail

يَفْشَلُ neuspět slå fejl scheitern αποτυγχάνω fracasar, no + infinitivo epäonnistua échouer ne uspjeti fallire 失敗する 실패하다 falen mislykkes zawieść falhar потерпеть неудачу misslyckas ล้มเหลว başarısız olmak thất bại 失败

fail

v. [to be deficient] fallar, faltar; dejar de;
without ___sin falta.

fail

vi fracasar, fallar
References in classic literature ?
Meg bathed the insulted hand with glycerine and tears, Beth felt that even her beloved kittens would fail as a balm for griefs like this, Jo wrathfully proposed that Mr.
She was afraid that if she did not do the thing at once her courage would fail.
Such an innovation on the silence and retirement of the forest could not fail to enlist the ears of those who journeyed at so short a distance in advance.
Perhaps you are right, though I fail to discover anything serious in the attentions of young Kearney to Jessie--or--whoever it may be--to me.
But, in after days, when the frenzy of that hideous epoch had subsided, it was remembered how loudly Colonel Pyncheon had joined in the general cry, to purge the land from witchcraft; nor did it fail to be whispered, that there was an invidious acrimony in the zeal with which he had sought the condemnation of Matthew Maule.
His spirit could never, I conceive, have been characterized by an uneasy activity; it must, at any period of his life, have required an impulse to set him in motion; but once stirred up, with obstacles to overcome, and an adequate object to be attained, it was not in the man to give out or fail.
In this same New Bedford there stands a Whaleman's Chapel, and few are the moody fishermen, shortly bound for the Indian Ocean or Pacific, who fail to make a Sunday visit to the spot.
But as the colossal skull embraces so very large a proportion of the entire extentof the skeleton; as it is by far the most complicated part; and as nothing is to be repeated concerning it in this chapter, you must not fail to carry it in your mind, or under your arm, as we proceed, otherwise you will not gain a complete notion of the general structure we are about to view.
Once every ten minutes or so they would fail to begin again, but instead would sink back exhausted; a circumstance which invariably brought on a painful and terrifying scene, that made the fat policeman stir uneasily in his sleeping place behind the door.
Lecount could not fail to see that she had been thus far met and baffled successfully at every point.
An impartial view of the matter cannot fail to result in a conviction, that each, as far as possible, ought to depend on itself for its own preservation.
I have failed at Bombay, and I have failed at Calcutta; if I fail at Hong Kong, my reputation is lost: Cost what it may, I must succeed