familiar


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fa·mil·iar

 (fə-mĭl′yər)
adj.
1. Often encountered or seen: a familiar landmark. See Synonyms at common.
2. Having fair knowledge; acquainted: Are you familiar with these roads?
3. Of established friendship; intimate: We are on familiar terms.
4. Natural and unstudied; informal: lectured in a familiar style.
5. Taking undue liberties; presumptuous: Students should not be familiar toward an instructor.
6. Familial.
7. Domesticated; tame. Used of animals.
n.
1. A close friend or associate.
2. An attendant spirit, often taking animal form.
3. One who performs domestic service in the household of a high official.
4. A person who frequents a place.

[Middle English, from Old French familier, from Latin familiāris, domestic, from familia, family; see family.]

fa·mil′iar·ly adv.

familiar

(fəˈmɪlɪə)
adj
1. well-known; easily recognized: a familiar figure.
2. frequent or customary: a familiar excuse.
3. (foll by: with) acquainted
4. friendly; informal
5. close; intimate
6. more intimate than is acceptable; presumptuous
7. an archaic word for familial
n
8. (Classical Myth & Legend) Also called: familiar spirit a supernatural spirit often assuming animal form, supposed to attend and aid a witch, wizard, etc
9. (Roman Catholic Church) a person, attached to the household of the pope or a bishop, who renders service in return for support
10. (Roman Catholic Church) an officer of the Inquisition who arrested accused persons
11. a friend or frequent companion
[C14: from Latin familiāris domestic, from familia family]
faˈmiliarly adv
faˈmiliarness n

fa•mil•iar

(fəˈmɪl yər)

adj.
1. commonly or generally known or seen: a familiar sight.
2. well-acquainted: to be familiar with a subject.
3. informal: to write in a familiar style.
4. closely personal: to be on familiar terms.
5. unduly intimate: The duchess complained of familiar servants.
6. domesticated; tame.
7. of or pertaining to a family or household.
n.
8. a familiar friend or associate.
9. a supernatural spirit or demon supposed to attend a person or another demon, often in the form of an animal.
10. a domestic employed by a bishop, seminary, etc.
[1300–50; Middle English famulier < Middle French < Latin familiāris of a household (see family, -ar1)]
fa•mil′iar•ly, adv.
fa•mil′iar•ness, n.
syn: familiar, confidential, intimate suggest a friendly relationship between persons, based on frequent association, common interests, etc. familiar suggests an easygoing and unconstrained relationship between persons who are well-acquainted: on familiar terms with one's neighbors. confidential implies a sense of mutual trust that extends to the sharing of confidences and secrets: a confidential adviser. intimate connotes a very close and warm relationship characterized by empathy and sharing of private thoughts: intimate letters to a friend.

familiar

1. 'familiar'

If someone or something is familiar, you recognize them because you have seen, heard, or experienced them before.

There was something familiar about him.
Gradually I began to recognize familiar faces.
2. 'familiar to'

If something is familiar to you, you know it well.

His name is familiar to millions of people.
This problem will be familiar to many parents.
3. 'familiar with'

If you know or understand something well, you can say that you are familiar with it.

I am of course familiar with your work.
These are statements which I am sure you are familiar with.

familiar

A low-ranking demon given to a witch by the Devil for the purpose of strengthening the witch’s power. In medieval times familiars were commonly thought to be animals such as cats, dogs, rabbits and toads. In shamanism, a familiar is a spirit who protects a shaman from illness and unfriendly forces and is also known as a totemic animal, guardian spirit, power animal, or tutelary spirit.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.familiar - a person attached to the household of a high official (as a pope or bishop) who renders service in return for supportfamiliar - a person attached to the household of a high official (as a pope or bishop) who renders service in return for support
servant, retainer - a person working in the service of another (especially in the household)
2.familiar - a friend who is frequently in the company of anotherfamiliar - a friend who is frequently in the company of another; "drinking companions"; "comrades in arms"
date, escort - a participant in a date; "his date never stopped talking"
friend - a person you know well and regard with affection and trust; "he was my best friend at the university"
playfellow, playmate - a companion at play
tovarich, tovarisch - a comrade (especially in Russian communism)
3.familiar - a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard
disembodied spirit, spirit - any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings
Adj.1.familiar - well known or easily recognized; "a familiar figure"; "familiar songs"; "familiar guests"
known - apprehended with certainty; "a known quantity"; "the limits of the known world"; "a musician known throughout the world"; "a known criminal"
unfamiliar - not known or well known; "a name unfamiliar to most"; "be alert at night especially in unfamiliar surroundings"
2.familiar - within normal everyday experience; common and ordinary; not strange; "familiar ordinary objects found in every home"; "a familiar everyday scene"; "a familiar excuse"; "a day like any other filled with familiar duties and experiences"
strange, unusual - being definitely out of the ordinary and unexpected; slightly odd or even a bit weird; "a strange exaltation that was indefinable"; "a strange fantastical mind"; "what a strange sense of humor she has"
3.familiar - (usually followed by `with') well informed about or knowing thoroughly; "conversant with business trends"; "familiar with the complex machinery"; "he was familiar with those roads"
informed - having much knowledge or education; "an informed public"; "informed opinion"; "the informed customer"
4.familiar - having mutual interests or affections; of established friendship; "on familiar terms"; "pretending she is on an intimate footing with those she slanders"
close - close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance"

familiar

adjective
2. friendly, close, dear, intimate, confidential, amicable, chummy (informal), buddy-buddy (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), palsy-walsy (informal) the old familiar relationship
friendly cold, formal, distant, detached, aloof, unfriendly
4. disrespectful, forward, bold, presuming, intrusive, presumptuous, impudent, overfamiliar, overfree The driver of that taxi-cab seemed to me familiar to the point of impertinence.
familiar with acquainted with, aware of, introduced to, conscious of, at home with, no stranger to, informed about, abreast of, knowledgeable about, versed in, well up in, proficient in, conversant with, on speaking terms with, in the know about, au courant with, au fait with only too familiar with the problems

familiar

adjective
1. Occurring quite often:
2. Having good knowledge of:
Idiom: up on.
3. Very closely associated:
Informal: thick.
Slang: tight.
Idiom: hand in glove with.
4. Indicating intimacy and mutual trust:
noun
A person whom one knows well, likes, and trusts:
Informal: bud, buddy.
Slang: sidekick.
Translations
مَألوفمَأْلُوفمُطَّلِعٌ على، ذو مَعْرِفَةٍ بوَدود، يَتَخَطّى حُدود اللياقَه
známýdůvěrnýintimníobeznámený
bekendtfamiliærfortroligintimvelkendt
tuttuläheinentuttavallinen
poznat
jártas
ágengur, nærgöngullkunnuglegurvel aî sér í
よく知られている
잘 알려져 있는
familiariaifamiliarumasfamiliarusnusimanymassupažindinimas
familiārslabi zināmspazīstamstuvs
dôverne známyoboznámený
seznanjenznan
förtrolig
คุ้นเคย
quen thuộc

familiar

[fəˈmɪlɪəʳ] ADJ
1. (= well-known) [face, person, place] → conocido, familiar
his voice sounds familiarme suena (familiar) su voz
it doesn't sound familiarno me suena
to be on familiar ground (fig) → estar en su elemento, dominar la materia
2. (= common) [experience, complaint, event] → corriente, común
it's a familiar feelinges un sentimiento común
3. (= well-acquainted) to be familiar withestar familiarizado con, conocer
to make o.s. familiar withfamiliarizarse con
4. (= intimate) [tone of voice etc] → íntimo, de confianza; [language etc] → familiar (pej) (= over-intimate) → fresco, que se toma demasiadas confianzas
to be on familiar terms with sbtener confianza con algn
he got too familiarse tomó demasiadas confianzas

familiar

[fəˈmɪljər] adj
(= well-known) [person, voice, place, surroundings] → familier/ière
a familiar face → un visage familier
a familiar figure → un personnage bien connu
She's a familiar figure at the races
BUT C'est une habituée des courses.
to be a familiar sight → être bien connu(e)
to be familiar to sb → être connu(e) de qn
(= acquainted) to be familiar with sth → bien connaître qch
I'm familiar with his work → Je connais bien ses œuvres.
to make o.s. familiar with sth → se familiariser avec qch
to be on familiar terms with sb → avoir des relations cordiales avec qn
(= informal) [language, tone] → familier/ière
to be too familiar with sb → se montrer trop familier envers qn

familiar

adj
(= usual, well-known) surroundings, sight, scenegewohnt, vertraut; figure, voicevertraut; street, person, feelingbekannt; phrase, title, songgeläufig, bekannt; complaint, event, protesthäufig; (= customary) form, course, patternüblich; his face is familiardas Gesicht ist mir bekannt; surrounded by familiar facesvon vertrauten Gesichtern umgeben; the problems are all too familiardie Probleme sind nur allzu vertraut; to be/seem familiar to somebodyjdm bekannt sein/vorkommen; it looks very familiares kommt mir sehr bekannt vor; to sound familiarsich bekannt anhören (to sb jdm); that sounds familiardas habe ich doch schon mal gehört; to be on familiar groundBescheid wissen; to follow a familiar pattern (visit) → $fan outwie gewohnt verlaufen; (negotiations) → den gewohnten Verlauf nehmen; (interview) → wie üblich ablaufen
(= conversant) I am familiar with the word/the towndas Wort/die Stadt ist mir bekannt or (more closely) → vertraut; I’m not familiar with computer languageich bin mit der Computersprache nicht vertraut; are you familiar with these modern techniques?wissen Sie über diese modernen Techniken Bescheid?; is he familiar with our customs?ist er mit unseren Bräuchen vertraut?; to make somebody familiar with somethingjdn mit etw vertraut machen
(= friendly) tonefamiliär; greetingfreundschaftlich; gesturefamiliär, vertraulich; (= overfriendly)familiär, plumpvertraulich; the familiar form of addressdie Anrede für Familie und Freunde, die vertraute Anrede; to be on familiar terms with somebodymit jdm auf vertrautem Fuß stehen; we’re all on pretty familiar termswir haben ein ziemlich ungezwungenes Verhältnis zueinander; familiar languageUmgangssprache f; familiar expressionsumgangssprachliche Ausdrücke pl; they’re not the kind of people one wishes to become too familiar withmit solchen Leuten möchte man sich nicht unbedingt näher einlassen
n
(liter, = friend) → Vertraute(r) mf (liter)
(of witch etc)Hausgeist m

familiar

[fəˈmɪljəʳ] adj
a. (well-known, face, person, place) → conosciuto/a, familiare; (common, experience, complaint, event) → comune
her face looks familiar → la sua faccia non mi è nuova
to be on familiar ground (fig) → trovarsi sul proprio terreno
b. (well-acquainted) to be familiar (with sb/sth)conoscere bene (qn/qc)
to make o.s. familiar with → familiarizzarsi con, acquistare dimestichezza con
c. (language) → familiare; (intimate, tone of voice) → di eccessiva confidenza
to be on familiar terms with → essere in confidenza con
to get too familiar with sb (pej) → prendersi troppa confidenza con qn

familiar

(fəˈmiljə) adjective
1. well-known. The house was familiar to him; She looks very familiar (to me).
2. (with with) knowing about. Are you familiar with the plays of Shakespeare?
3. too friendly. You are much too familiar with my wife!
faˈmiliarly adverb
faˌmiliˈarity (-liˈӕ-) plural faˌmiliˈarities noun
1. the state of being familiar. I was surprised by her familiarity with our way of life.
2. an act of (too) friendly behaviour. You must not allow such familiarities.
faˈmiliarize, faˈmiliarise verb
(with with) to make something well known to (someone). You must familiarize yourself with the rules.
faˌmiliariˈzation, faˌmiliariˈsation noun

familiar

مَأْلُوف známý bekendt bekannt οικείος familiar tuttu familier poznat familiare よく知られている 잘 알려져 있는 bekend fortrolig znajomy familiar знакомый förtrolig คุ้นเคย bildik quen thuộc 熟悉的
References in classic literature ?
The first sound in the morning was her voice as she went about the house singing like a lark, and the last sound at night was the same cheery sound, for the girls never grew too old for that familiar lullaby.
I had never before looked up at the sky when there was not a familiar mountain ridge against it.
After simpering in a small way, like one whose modesty prohibited a more open expression of his admiration of a witticism that was perfectly unintelligible to his hearers, he continued, "It is not prudent for any one of my profession to be too familiar with those he has to instruct; for which reason I follow not the line of the army; besides which, I conclude that a gentleman of your character has the best judgment in matters of wayfaring; I have, therefore, decided to join company, in order that the ride may be made agreeable, and partake of social communion.
I was exceedingly familiar and friendly with them, always appearing as chearful and satisfied as possible, and they put great confidence in me.
Lying thus, wide awake, she fell into a dreamy reminiscence of the past, hearing snatches of old melody in the moving pines, fragments of sentences, old words, and familiar epithets in the murmuring wind at her ear, and even the faint breath of long-forgotten kisses on her cheek.
The street is Pyncheon Street; the house is the old Pyncheon House; and an elm-tree, of wide circumference, rooted before the door, is familiar to every town-born child by the title of the Pyncheon Elm.
As he drew near the town, he took an impression of change from the series of familiar objects that presented themselves.
Though at the time I but ill comprehended not a few of his words, yet subsequent disclosures, when I had become more familiar with his broken phraseology, now enable me to present the whole story such as it may prove in the mere skeleton I give.
The whitewashed walls; the little pews where well-known figures entered with a subdued rustling, and where first one well-known voice and then another, pitched in a peculiar key of petition, uttered phrases at once occult and familiar, like the amulet worn on the heart; the pulpit where the minister delivered unquestioned doctrine, and swayed to and fro, and handled the book in a long accustomed manner; the very pauses between the couplets of the hymn, as it was given out, and the recurrent swell of voices in song: these things had been the channel of divine influences to Marner--they were the fostering home of his religious emotions--they were Christianity and God's kingdom upon earth.
T is of Aucassin and Nicolete," she replied, with something in her voice which seemed to imply that the tender old story would be familiar to me.
There Robin blew the old familiar call, which all had known and loved so well.
Some other security, therefore, was to be sought for; and what better security would the case admit, than that of selecting and appealing to some simple and familiar portion of time, as a standard for measuring the danger of innovations, for fixing the national sentiment, and for uniting the patriotic exertions?