family


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fam·i·ly

 (făm′ə-lē, făm′lē)
n. pl. fam·i·lies
1.
a. A fundamental social group in society typically consisting of one or two parents and their children.
b. The children of one of these groups: She raised a large family.
c. A group of persons related by descent or marriage: My whole family, including my cousins, gets together once a year. See Usage Note at collective noun.
2. People in the same line of descent; lineage: comes from an old Virginia family.
3. A locally independent organized crime unit, as of the Cosa Nostra.
4.
a. A group of like things; a class: the family of brass instruments.
b. A group of individuals derived from a common stock: the family of human beings.
5. Biology A taxonomic category of related organisms ranking below an order and above a genus. A family usually consists of several genera.
6. Linguistics A group of languages descended from the same parent language, such as the Indo-European language family.
7. Mathematics A set of functions or surfaces that can be generated by varying the parameters of a general equation.
8. Chemistry
a. A group of elements with similar chemical properties.
b. A vertical column in the periodic table of elements.
9. Physics Any of the three generations of elementary fermions.
adj.
1. Of or having to do with a family: family problems.
2. Being suitable for a family: family movies.
Idiom:
in the family way
Pregnant.

[Middle English familie, from Latin familia, household, servants of a household, from famulus, servant.]

family

(ˈfæmɪlɪ; ˈfæmlɪ)
n, pl -lies
1. (Sociology)
a. a primary social group consisting of parents and their offspring, the principal function of which is provision for its members
b. (as modifier): family quarrels; a family unit.
2. one's wife or husband and one's children
3. one's children, as distinguished from one's husband or wife
4. (Genetics) a group of persons related by blood; a group descended from a common ancestor. Compare extended family
5. all the persons living together in one household
6. any group of related things or beings, esp when scientifically categorized
7. (Biology) biology any of the taxonomic groups into which an order is divided and which contains one or more genera. Felidae (cat family) and Canidae (dog family) are two families of the order Carnivora
8. (Biology) ecology a group of organisms of the same species living together in a community
9. (Linguistics) a group of historically related languages assumed to derive from one original language
10. (Law) chiefly US an independent local group of the Mafia
11. (Mathematics) maths a group of curves or surfaces whose equations differ from a given equation only in the values assigned to one or more constants in each curve: a family of concentric circles.
12. (General Physics) physics the isotopes, collectively, that comprise a radioactive series
13. in the family way informal pregnant
[C15: from Latin familia a household, servants of the house, from famulus servant]

fam•i•ly

(ˈfæm ə li, ˈfæm li)

n., pl. -lies,
adj. n.
1. parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not.
2. the children of one person or one couple collectively.
3. the spouse and children of one person.
4. any group of persons closely related by blood, as parents, children, uncles, aunts, and cousins.
5. all those persons considered as descendants of a common progenitor.
6. a group of persons who form a household, esp. under one head.
7. the staff, or body of assistants, of an official: the presidential family.
8. a group of related things: the halogen family of elements.
9. a group of people who are generally not blood relations but who share common attitudes, interests, or goals.
10. Biol. the usual major subdivision of an order or suborder in the classification of plants, animals, fungi, etc., usu. consisting of several genera.
11. Ling. the largest category into which languages related by common origin can be classified with certainty. Compare stock (def. 12), subfamily (def. 2).
12. a local unit of the Mafia or Cosa Nostra.
adj.
13. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a family: a family trait.
14. belonging to or used by a family.
15.
a. suitable or appropriate for adults and children: a family amusement park.
b. not containing obscene language: a family newspaper.
Idioms:
in a or the family way, pregnant.
[1350–1400; Middle English familie < Latin familia]
usage: See collective noun.

fam·i·ly

(făm′ə-lē)
A group of organisms ranking above a genus and below an order. See Table at taxonomy.

family

- First referred to the servants of a household and then to both the servants and the descendants of a common ancestor. It comes from Latin familia, "household; household servants," which came from another Latin term, famulus, "servant." It was not until 1667 that the term was used specifically for parents and their children.
See also related terms for servants.

Family

 an assembly of objects with some common feature; a body of servants in a house; the members of a family. See also clan, set.
Examples: family of curves, 1741; of gladiators; of languages, 1875; of legends; of myths; of servants, 1722; of thieves, 1749; of yews, 1731.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.family - a social unit living togetherfamily - a social unit living together; "he moved his family to Virginia"; "It was a good Christian household"; "I waited until the whole house was asleep"; "the teacher asked how many people made up his home"
broken home - a family in which the parents have separated or divorced
conjugal family, nuclear family - a family consisting of parents and their children and grandparents of a marital partner
extended family - a family consisting of the nuclear family and their blood relatives
foster family - the family of a fosterling
foster home - a household in which an orphaned or delinquent child is placed (usually by a social-service agency)
menage a trois - household for three; an arrangement where a married couple and a lover of one of them live together while sharing sexual relations
social unit, unit - an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; "the coach said the offensive unit did a good job"; "after the battle the soldier had trouble rejoining his unit"
2.family - primary social groupfamily - primary social group; parents and children; "he wanted to have a good job before starting a family"
kin group, kindred, kinship group, clan, kin, tribe - group of people related by blood or marriage
mates, couple, match - a pair of people who live together; "a married couple from Chicago"
man and wife, married couple, marriage - two people who are married to each other; "his second marriage was happier than the first"; "a married couple without love"
child, kid - a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; "they had three children"; "they were able to send their kids to college"
parent - a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian
sib, sibling - a person's brother or sister
3.family - a collection of things sharing a common attributefamily - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
substitution class, paradigm - the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole
brass family - (music) the family of brass instruments
violin family - (music) the family of bowed stringed instruments
woodwind family - (music) the family of woodwind instruments
stamp - a type or class; "more men of his stamp are needed"
sex - either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided; "the war between the sexes"
declension - a class of nouns or pronouns or adjectives in Indo-European languages having the same (or very similar) inflectional forms; "the first declension in Latin"
conjugation - a class of verbs having the same inflectional forms
denomination - a class of one kind of unit in a system of numbers or measures or weights or money; "he flashed a fistful of bills of large denominations"
histocompatibility complex - a family of fifty or more genes on the sixth human chromosome that code for proteins on the surfaces of cells and that play a role in the immune response
superphylum - (biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and below a class or subclass
4.family - people descended from a common ancestorfamily - people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
people - members of a family line; "his people have been farmers for generations"; "are your people still alive?"
homefolk - the people of your home locality (especially your own family); "he wrote his homefolk every day"
house - aristocratic family line; "the House of York"
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
gens, name - family based on male descent; "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"
blood line, bloodline, ancestry, lineage, pedigree, stemma, line of descent, parentage, blood, origin, descent, stock, line - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
5.family - a person having kinship with another or othersfamily - a person having kinship with another or others; "he's kin"; "he's family"
affine - (anthropology) kin by marriage
relative, relation - a person related by blood or marriage; "police are searching for relatives of the deceased"; "he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
6.family - (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera; "sharks belong to the fish family"
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Filoviridae - a family of threadlike RNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
bacteria family - a family of bacteria
protoctist family - any of the families of Protoctista
Endamoebidae, family Endamoebidae - a large family of endoparasitic amebas that invade the digestive tract
fish family - any of various families of fish
chordate family - any family in the phylum Chordata
bird family - a family of warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrates characterized by feathers and forelimbs modified as wings
amphibian family - any family of amphibians
reptile family - a family of reptiles
arthropod family - any of the arthropods
mammal family - a family of mammals
coelenterate family - a family of coelenterates
ctenophore family - a family of ctenophores
worm family - a family of worms
mollusk family - a family of mollusks
family Panorpidae, Panorpidae - a family of insects of the order Mecoptera
Bittacidae, family Bittacidae - a family of predacious tropical insects of the order Mecoptera
echinoderm family - a family of echinoderms
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group - animal or plant group having natural relations
order - (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more families
form family - (biology) an artificial taxonomic category for organisms of which the true relationships are obscure
subfamily - (biology) a taxonomic category below a family
tribe - (biology) a taxonomic category between a genus and a subfamily
genus - (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
moss family - a family of mosses
liliopsid family, monocot family - family of flowering plants having a single cotyledon (embryonic leaf) in the seed
dicot family, magnoliopsid family - family of flowering plants having two cotyledons (embryonic leaves) in the seed which usually appear at germination
fungus family - includes lichen families
plant family - a family of plants
fern family - families of ferns and fern allies
7.family - a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activitiesfamily - a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities
gangdom, gangland, organized crime - underworld organizations
Cosa Nostra, Maffia, Mafia - a crime syndicate in the United States; organized in families; believed to have important relations to the Sicilian Mafia
8.family - an association of people who share common beliefs or activitiesfamily - an association of people who share common beliefs or activities; "the message was addressed not just to employees but to every member of the company family"; "the church welcomed new members into its fellowship"
association - a formal organization of people or groups of people; "he joined the Modern Language Association"
koinonia - Christian fellowship or communion with God or with fellow Christians; said in particular of the early Christian community

family

noun
1. relations, people, children, issue, relatives, household, folk (informal), offspring, descendants, brood, kin, nuclear family, progeny, kindred, next of kin, kinsmen, ménage, kith and kin, your nearest and dearest, kinsfolk, your own flesh and blood His family are completely behind him, whatever he decides.
2. children, kids (informal), offspring, little ones, munchkins (informal, chiefly U.S.), littlies (Austral. informal) Are you going to have a family?
4. species, group, class, system, order, kind, network, genre, classification, subdivision, subclass foods in the cabbage family, such as Brussels sprouts
Related words
adjective familial
Quotations
"You don't choose your family. They are God's gift to you, as you are to them" [Desmond Tutu address at enthronement as archbishop of Cape Town]
"The family - that dear octopus from whose tentacles we never quite escape" [Dodie Smith Dear Octopus]
"All happy families are alike, but every unhappy one is unhappy in its own way" [Leo Tolstoy Anna Karenina]
Proverbs
"Blood is thicker than water"

family

noun
1. A group of usually related people living together as a unit:
2. A group of people sharing common ancestry:
3. One's relatives collectively:
4. One's ancestors or their character or one's ancestral derivation:
adjective
Of or relating to the family or household:
Translations
أُسْرَهعائِلَةعائِلَهفَصيلَه نَباتيَّه أو حَيَوانيَّهنَسْل، آل
родасемеенсемейство
rodinarodinnýčeleďdruhtřída
familiefamilie-slægt=-familieæt
familioparenco
perhesukuheimo
ख़ानदानपरिवार
obiteljporodicarodsvojtafamilija
családcsaládiházi
ættfjölskyldaskyldmenniættingiættingjar
家族
가족
genealogijos medisgiminėgimstamumo reguliavimasšeimašeimyna
bērni un sievadzimtaģimeneģimenes-saime
čeľaďrodinný
družinarod
familjhushållbörd
ครอบครัว
خاندان
gia đinhgia đình

family

[ˈfæmɪlɪ]
A. N (= close relatives, group of animals) → familia f
she's one of the familyes como de la familia
do you have any family? (= relatives) → ¿tiene usted parientes?; (= children) → ¿tiene usted hijos?
to run in the familyser cosa de familia
to be in the family way (o.f.) → estar en estado de buena esperanza
to get or put a girl in the family way (o.f.) → dejar encinta a una joven
B. CPD [jewels] → de la familia; [dinner, resemblance] → de familia; [Bible] → familiar
family allowance N (Brit) (formerly) → ayuda f familiar
family business Nnegocio m familiar
family butcher Ncarnicero m doméstico
family credit N (Brit) → ayuda f familiar
Family Division N (Brit) (Jur) sala del High Court que entiende de derecho de familia
family doctor Nmédico/a m/f de cabecera
family friend Namigo/a m/f de la familia
family hotel Nhotel m familiar
family income Ningresos mpl familiares
family life Nvida f doméstica
family man N (= having family) → padre m de familia; (= home-loving) → hombre m casero or de su casa
family name Napellido m
family pet Nanimal m doméstico
family planning Nplanificación f familiar
family planning clinic Ncentro m de planificación familiar
family practice N (US) (Med) (= work) → medicina f general; (= place) → consulta f
family therapy Nterapia f familiar
family tree Nárbol m genealógico

family

[ˈfæmli ˈfæmɪli]
n (= relatives) → famille f
the Cooke family → la famille Cooke
a family of five → une famille de cinq personnes
to start a family → fonder une famille
modif [background, history] → familial(e); [income, budget] → familial(e); [car] → familial(e); [holiday] → en famille; [relationship, ties] → de famille; [member] → de la famille; [home] → de famille; [business, firm] → familial
the family dog → le chien de la famille family album, family friend, family lifefamily album n (= photo album) → album m de famillefamily allowance n (British)allocations fpl familialesfamily circle ncercle m familialfamily credit n (British)complément m familialFamily Crisis Intervention Unit n (US)police-secours f (intervenant en cas de drames familiaux)family doctor nmédecin mf de famillefamily friend nami(e) m/f de la famillefamily life nvie f de famillefamily man n [family men] (pl)
he's a family man → il aime la vie de famillefamily-minded [ˌfæmɪliˈmaɪndɪd] adj
to be family-minded → avoir le sens de la famillefamily name nnom m de famillefamily planning nplanning m familialfamily planning clinic ncentre m de planning familialfamily practitioner n (US)généraliste mffamily room n
(US) (in house)salle f de séjour (réservée à la famille plutôt qu'aux invités)
(British) (in pub) salle autorisée aux enfants; (in hotel)chambre f familialefamily-size packet npaquet m familialfamily tree narbre m généalogiquefamily values nplvaleurs fpl familiales

family

n
Familie f; (including cousins, aunts etc) → Verwandtschaft f; (= lineage)Familie f, → Haus nt, → Geschlecht nt (geh); to start a familyeine Familie gründen; they plan to add to their familysie planen Familienzuwachs; has he any family?hat er Familie?; it runs in the familydas liegt in der Familie; of good familyaus guter Familie, aus gutem Hause; he’s one of the familyer gehört zur Familie; with just the immediate familyim engsten Familienkreis; a family of foureine vierköpfige Familie
(of plants, animals, languages etc)Familie f; the family of mandie Menschheit
attrFamilien-; family businessFamilienunternehmen nt; a family friendein Freund/eine Freundin des Hauses or der Familie; the family housedas Haus der Familie; a family houseein Einfamilienhaus nt; the family silverdas Tafelsilber; she’s in the family way (inf)sie ist in anderen Umständen; family conferenceFamilienrat m; family resemblanceFamilienähnlichkeit f; family valuesFamilienwerte pl, → familiäre Werte pl

family

:
family allowance
n (dated)˜ Kindergeld nt
family business
family butcher
n D. Crosby, Family ButcherD. Crosby, Fleischermeister; our/the familyunsere/die Stammfleischerei
family circle
n
(= family members)Familienkreis m
(US Theat) → zweiter Rang
family company
nFamilienunternehmen ntor -betrieb m
family credit
n (Brit) Sozialleistung für Geringverdiener, um das Familieneinkommen auf einen Mindestbetrag anzuheben
Family Division
n (Brit Jur) für Familienrecht zuständige Abteilung des obersten Gerichts, → ˜ Familiengericht nt
family doctor
nHausarzt m/-ärztin f
Family Health Services Authority
n (Brit) regionale Gesundheitsbehörde, → ˜ Gesundheitsamt nt
family hotel
nFamilienpension f
Family Income Supplement
n (dated)Beihilfe f(zum Lebensunterhalt) (für Familien)
family man
n (home-loving) → häuslich veranlagter Mann; (with a family) → Familienvater m
family name
nFamilienname m, → Nachname m
family planning
family planning clinic
nFamilienberatungsstelle f
family reunion
nFamilientreffen nt
family room
n
(esp US: in house) → Wohnzimmer nt
(Brit) (in pub) für Kinder zugelassener Raum in einem Lokal (in hotel) → Familienzimmer nt
family-size
adjin Haushaltsgröße; car, packetFamilien-; houseEinfamilien-
family tree
nStammbaum m

family

[ˈfæmɪlɪ]
1. n (gen) → famiglia
it runs in the family → è di famiglia
she's quite one of the family → è come se facesse parte della famiglia
2. adj (jewels, life, business) → di famiglia, familiare

family

(ˈfӕməli) plural ˈfamilies noun
1. (singular or plural) a man, his wife and their children. These houses were built for families; The (members of the) Smith family are all very athletic; (also adjective) a family holiday.
2. a group of people related to each other, including cousins, grandchildren etc. He comes from a wealthy family; (also adjective) the family home.
3. the children of a man and his wife. When I get married I should like a large family.
4. a group of plants, animals, languages etc that are connected in some way. In spite of its name, a koala bear is not a member of the bear family.
family planning
controlling or limiting the number of children that people have especially by using a means of contraception. a family planning clinic.
family tree
(a plan showing) a person's ancestors and relations.

family

عائِلَة rodina familie Familie οικογένεια familia perhe famille obitelj famiglia 家族 가족 gezin familie rodzina família семья familj ครอบครัว aile gia đình 家庭

fam·i·ly

n. familia;
___ manpadre de familia;
___ nameapellido;
___ practicepráctica de ___;
___ therapyterapia de ___.

family

adj familiar; n (pl -lies) familia; dysfunctional — familia disfuncional; extended — familia extendida; — member familiar mf; — planning planificación f familiar; — practice medicina familiar or de familia; — treeárbol genealógico or familiar
References in classic literature ?
You're a dear, and nothing else," answered Meg warmly, and no one contradicted her, for the `Mouse' was the pet of the family.
The tall dark girl came to see Doctor Reefy because she was in the family way and had become fright- ened.
Professor Bumper announced that he would see to it that the man's family did not want, and this seemed to give general satisfaction, especially to a brother who was with the party.
Once when he sat down to chat, he told us that in the immigrant car ahead there was a family from `across the water' whose destination was the same as ours.
It was on the first of May, in the year 1769, that I resigned my domestic happiness for a time, and left my family and peaceable habitation on the Yadkin River, in North-Carolina, to wander through the wilderness of America, in quest of the country of Kentucke, in company with John Finley, John Stewart, Joseph Holden, James Monay, and William Cool.
All his thoughts were there; he accepted the family because it was a part of Ona.
At Amherstberg they found the missionary with whom George and Eliza had taken shelter, on their first arrival in Canada; and through him were enabled to trace the family to Montreal.
They were scarcely ever without some friends staying with them in the house, and they kept more company of every kind than any other family in the neighbourhood.
And yet Captain Wragge had plainly declared that the name on his card would recall "a family matter" to Mrs.
His whole family, if I may so express it, were cleared for action.
He was not rich, although the wealth of his family had passed into a proverb, and I heard the phrase very often, `As rich as a Spada.
In The Ambitious Guest he has made use of the incident still told to travellers through the Notch, of the destruction of the Willey family in August, 1826.

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