fast


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fast 1

 (făst)
adj. fast·er, fast·est
1. Acting, moving, or capable of acting or moving quickly; swift.
2.
a. Accomplished in relatively little time: a fast visit.
b. Acquired quickly with little effort and sometimes unscrupulously: made a fast buck scalping tickets.
3. Quick to understand or learn; mentally agile: a class for the faster students.
4. Indicating a time somewhat ahead of the actual time: The clock is fast.
5. Allowing rapid movement or action: a fast running track.
6. Designed for or compatible with a short exposure time: fast film.
7.
a. Disposed to dissipation; wild: ran with a fast crowd.
b. Flouting conventional moral standards; sexually promiscuous.
8. Resistant, as to destruction or fading: fast colors.
9. Firmly fixed or fastened: a fast grip.
10. Fixed firmly in place; secure: shutters that are fast against the rain.
11. Firm in loyalty: fast friends. See Synonyms at faithful.
12. Lasting; permanent: fast rules and regulations.
13. Deep; sound: in a fast sleep.
adv. faster, fastest
1. In a secure manner; tightly: hold fast.
2. To a sound degree; deeply: fast asleep.
3. In a rapid manner; quickly.
4. In quick succession: New ideas followed fast.
5. Ahead of the correct or expected time: a watch that runs fast.
6. In a dissipated, immoderate way: living fast.
7. Archaic Close by; near.

[Middle English, from Old English fæst, firm, fixed; see past- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: fast1, rapid, swift, fleet2, speedy, quick, expeditious
These adjectives refer to something marked by great speed. Fast and rapid are often used interchangeably, though fast is more often applied to the person or thing in motion, and rapid to the activity or movement involved: a fast runner; rapid strides. Swift suggests smoothness and sureness of movement (a swift current), and fleet, lightness of movement (The cheetah is the fleetest of animals). Speedy refers to velocity (a speedy train) or to promptness or hurry (a speedy resolution to the problem). Quick most often applies to what takes little time or to what is prompt: a quick snack; your quick reaction. Expeditious suggests rapid efficiency: sent the package by the most expeditious means. See Also Synonyms at faithful.

fast 2

 (făst)
intr.v. fast·ed, fast·ing, fasts
1. To abstain from food.
2. To eat very little or abstain from certain foods, especially as a religious discipline.
n.
1. The act or practice of abstaining from or eating very little food.
2. A period of such abstention or self-denial.

[Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan; see past- in Indo-European roots.]

fast

(fɑːst)
adj
1. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; swift
2. accomplished in or lasting a short time: fast work; a fast visit.
3. (prenominal) adapted to or facilitating rapid movement: the fast lane of a motorway.
4. requiring rapidity of action or movement: a fast sport.
5. (Horology) (of a clock, etc) indicating a time in advance of the correct time
6. given to an active dissipated life
7. of or characteristic of such activity: a fast life.
8. not easily moved; firmly fixed; secure
9. firmly fastened, secured, or shut
10. steadfast; constant (esp in the phrase fast friends)
11. (Athletics (Track & Field)) sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it
12. (Dyeing) that will not fade or change colour readily: a fast dye.
13. (Dyeing)
a. proof against fading: the colour is fast to sunlight.
b. (in combination): washfast.
14. (Photography) photog
a. requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given density: a fast film.
b. permitting a short exposure time: a fast shutter.
15. (Cricket) cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly
16. informal glib or unreliable; deceptive: a fast talker.
17. archaic sound; deep: a fast sleep.
18. informal a deceptive or unscrupulous trick (esp in the phrase pull a fast one)
19. fast worker a person who achieves results quickly, esp in seductions
adv
20. quickly; rapidly
21. soundly; deeply: fast asleep.
22. firmly; tightly
23. in quick succession
24. (Horology) in advance of the correct time: my watch is running fast.
25. in a reckless or dissipated way
26. fast by fast beside archaic close or hard by; very near
27. play fast and loose informal to behave in an insincere or unreliable manner
interj
(Archery) archery (said by the field captain to archers) stop shooting!
[Old English fæst strong, tight; related to Old High German festi firm, Old Norse fastr]

fast

(fɑːst)
vb
(intr) to abstain from eating all or certain foods or meals, esp as a religious observance
n
a. an act or period of fasting
b. (as modifier): a fast day.
[Old English fæstan; related to Old High German fastēn to fast, Gothic fastan]
ˈfaster n

fast1

(fæst, fɑst)

adj. and
adv. -er, -est,
n. adj.
1. moving or able to move, operate, function, or take effect quickly; quick; swift; rapid: a fast horse; a fast typist.
2. done in or taking comparatively little time: a fast race; fast work.
3. adapted to, allowing, productive of, or imparting rapid movement: a hull with fast lines.
4. able to understand or respond quickly: a fast mind.
5.
a. (of a timepiece) indicating a time in advance of the correct time.
b. noting or according to daylight-saving time.
6. characterized by unrestrained or immoral conduct, esp. in sexual relations; wanton; loose: a fast crowd.
7. characterized by extreme energy and activity, esp. in the pursuit of pleasure: leading a fast life.
8. resistant (often used in combination): acid-fast.
9. firmly fixed in place; not easily moved; secure.
10. held or caught firmly: an animal fast in a trap.
11. firmly tied, as a knot.
12. closed and made secure, as a door, gate, or shutter.
13. such as to have securely: to lay fast hold on a thing.
14. firm in adherence; loyal; devoted: fast friends.
15. permanent, lasting, or unchangeable: a fast color.
16.
a. (of money, profits, etc.) made quickly or easily and sometimes deviously.
b. cleverly quick and manipulative in making money: a fast operator.
17. Photog.
a. (of a lens) able to transmit a relatively large amount of light in a relatively short time.
b. (of a film) requiring a relatively short exposure to attain a given density.
18. Horse Racing.
a. (of a track condition) completely dry.
b. (of a track surface) very hard.
adv.
19. quickly, swiftly, or rapidly.
20. in quick succession.
21. tightly; firmly: to hold fast.
22. soundly: fast asleep.
23. in a wild or dissipated way; recklessly.
24. ahead of the correct or announced time.
25. Archaic. close; near: fast by.
n.
26. a fastening for a door, window, or the like.
Idioms:
pull a fast one, to engage in unexpectedly unfair or deceitful behavior to achieve one's goal.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English fæst firm]
syn: See quick.

fast2

(fæst, fɑst)

v.i.
1. to abstain from all food.
2. to eat only sparingly or of certain kinds of food, esp. as a religious observance.
v.t.
3. to cause to abstain from food; put on a fast: to fast a patient before surgery.
n.
4. an abstinence from food, or a limiting of one's food, esp. when voluntary and as a religious observance.
5. a day or period of fasting.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English fæstan; c. Old Frisian festia, Old High German fastēn, Old Norse fasta, Gothic fastan; akin to fast1]

fast3

(fæst, fɑst)

n.
a chain or rope for mooring a vessel.
[1670–80; alter., by association with fast1, of late Middle English fest, perhaps n. use of fest, past participle of festen to fasten, or < Old Norse festr mooring rope]

fast


Past participle: fasted
Gerund: fasting

Imperative
fast
fast
Present
I fast
you fast
he/she/it fasts
we fast
you fast
they fast
Preterite
I fasted
you fasted
he/she/it fasted
we fasted
you fasted
they fasted
Present Continuous
I am fasting
you are fasting
he/she/it is fasting
we are fasting
you are fasting
they are fasting
Present Perfect
I have fasted
you have fasted
he/she/it has fasted
we have fasted
you have fasted
they have fasted
Past Continuous
I was fasting
you were fasting
he/she/it was fasting
we were fasting
you were fasting
they were fasting
Past Perfect
I had fasted
you had fasted
he/she/it had fasted
we had fasted
you had fasted
they had fasted
Future
I will fast
you will fast
he/she/it will fast
we will fast
you will fast
they will fast
Future Perfect
I will have fasted
you will have fasted
he/she/it will have fasted
we will have fasted
you will have fasted
they will have fasted
Future Continuous
I will be fasting
you will be fasting
he/she/it will be fasting
we will be fasting
you will be fasting
they will be fasting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been fasting
you have been fasting
he/she/it has been fasting
we have been fasting
you have been fasting
they have been fasting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been fasting
you will have been fasting
he/she/it will have been fasting
we will have been fasting
you will have been fasting
they will have been fasting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been fasting
you had been fasting
he/she/it had been fasting
we had been fasting
you had been fasting
they had been fasting
Conditional
I would fast
you would fast
he/she/it would fast
we would fast
you would fast
they would fast
Past Conditional
I would have fasted
you would have fasted
he/she/it would have fasted
we would have fasted
you would have fasted
they would have fasted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fast - abstaining from foodfast - abstaining from food      
abstinence - act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
dieting, diet - the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
hunger strike - a voluntary fast undertaken as a means of protest
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Verb1.fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
diet - follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons; "He has high blood pressure and must stick to a low-salt diet"
desist, refrain, abstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
2.fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
diet - eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight
desist, refrain, abstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
Adj.1.fast - acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; "fast film"; "on the fast track in school"; "set a fast pace"; "a fast car"
sudden - happening without warning or in a short space of time; "a sudden storm"; "a sudden decision"; "a sudden cure"
hurried - moving rapidly or performed quickly or in great haste; "a hurried trip to the store"; "the hurried life of a city"; "a hurried job"
slow - not moving quickly; taking a comparatively long time; "a slow walker"; "the slow lane of traffic"; "her steps were slow"; "he was slow in reacting to the news"; "slow but steady growth"
2.fast - (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time; "my watch is fast"
slow - (used of timepieces) indicating a time earlier than the correct time; "the clock is slow"
3.fast - at a rapid tempo; "the band played a fast fox trot"
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
slow - at a slow tempo; "the band played a slow waltz"
4.fast - (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; "a fast road"; "grass courts are faster than clay"
smooth - having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities; "smooth skin"; "a smooth tabletop"; "smooth fabric"; "a smooth road"; "water as smooth as a mirror"
5.fast - resistant to destruction or fading; "fast colors"
imperviable, impervious - not admitting of passage or capable of being affected; "a material impervious to water"; "someone impervious to argument"
6.fast - unrestrained by convention or morality; "Congreve draws a debauched aristocratic society"; "deplorably dissipated and degraded"; "riotous living"; "fast women"
immoral - deliberately violating accepted principles of right and wrong
7.fast - hurried and brief; "paid a flying visit"; "took a flying glance at the book"; "a quick inspection"; "a fast visit"
hurried - moving rapidly or performed quickly or in great haste; "a hurried trip to the store"; "the hurried life of a city"; "a hurried job"
8.fast - securely fixed in place; "the post was still firm after being hit by the car"
fixed - securely placed or fastened or set; "a fixed piece of wood"; "a fixed resistor"
9.fast - unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or causefast - unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause; "a firm ally"; "loyal supporters"; "the true-hearted soldier...of Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison; "fast friends"
faithful - steadfast in affection or allegiance; "years of faithful service"; "faithful employees"; "we do not doubt that England has a faithful patriot in the Lord Chancellor"
10.fast - (of a photographic lens or emulsion) causing a shortening of exposure time; "a fast lens"
causative - producing an effect; "poverty as a causative factor in crime"
Adv.1.fast - quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form); "how fast can he get here?"; "ran as fast as he could"; "needs medical help fast"; "fast-running rivers"; "fast-breaking news"; "fast-opening (or fast-closing) shutters"
2.fast - firmly or closely; "held fast to the rope"; "her foot was stuck fast"; "held tight"

fast

1
adjective
1. quick, flying, winged, rapid, fleet, hurried, accelerated, swift, speedy, brisk, hasty, nimble, mercurial, sprightly, nippy (Brit. informal) She walked at a fast pace.
quick slow, leisurely, plodding, slow moving, unhurried
3. indelible, lasting, permanent The fabric was ironed to make the colours fast.
5. close, lasting, firm, permanent, constant, devoted, loyal, faithful, stalwart, staunch, steadfast, unwavering The men had always been fast friends.
adverb
2. firmly, staunchly, resolutely, steadfastly, determinedly, unwaveringly, unchangeably We can only try to hold fast to our principles.
3. securely, firmly, tightly, fixedly She held fast to the stair rail.
4. fixedly, firmly, soundly, deeply, securely, tightly The tanker is stuck fast on the rocks.
6. sound, soundly, deeply When he went to bed, she was already fast asleep.

fast

2
verb
1. go hungry, abstain, go without food, deny yourself, practise abstention, refrain from food or eating She had fasted to lose weight.
noun
1. fasting, diet, abstinence The fast is broken, traditionally with dates and water.

fast

adjective
1. Characterized by great celerity:
Informal: hell-for-leather.
Idiom: quick as a bunny.
2. Accomplished in very little time:
4. Marked by an absence of conventional restraint in sexual behavior; sexually unrestrained:
5. Permanently resistive to fading:
6. Persistently holding to something:
7. Firmly settled or positioned:
8. Adhering firmly and devotedly, as to a person, a cause, or a duty:
adverb
Translations
السّاعه مُتَقَدِّمَهبِسُرْعَةبِسُرْعَهثابِتسَرِيع
rychlýpůstrychlestálobarevnýstátý
hurtighurtigtfasteforanfastgjort
fastirapidarapide
روزه
nopeanopeastipaastopaastotapikaisesti
brzbrzo
böjtböjtölés
fastahraîur, fljóturhraîur; hraîskreiîurhrattkirfilega festur
しっかりしたしっかりと速い速く
빠른빨리
ātrāksātrgaitas-ātriātrsciešs
grăbitiuterapid
postiť sapriviazanýstálofarebný
hitropostpostiti setrdenhiter
snabbsnabbtdjupdjuptfärgäkta
เร็วอย่างรวดเร็ว
hızlıileriileri gitmişoruçoruç tutmak
nhanh

fast

1 [fɑːst]
A. ADJ (faster (compar) (fastest (superl)))
1. (= speedy) → rápido (Phot) [film] → de alta sensibilidad
he's a fast workeres un trabajador (muy) rápido
he's a fast talkeres un pretencioso
he was too fast for mecorrió más que yo (fig) → se me adelantó
fast and furiousvertiginoso
to pull a fast one on sbjugar una mala pasada a algn
2. [clock] → adelantado
my watch is five minutes fastmi reloj está or va cinco minutos adelantado
3. (Sport) [pitch] → seco y firme; [court] → rápido
4. (= dissipated) [person] → lanzado, fresco; [life] → disoluto, disipado
5. (= firm) → fijo, firme
to make sth fastsujetar algo
to make a rope fastatar bien una cuerda
to make a boat fastamarrar una barca
fast friendsíntimos amigos
6. [colour, dye] → que no destiñe
B. ADV
1. (= quickly) → rápidamente, deprisa
as fast as I canlo más rápido posible
he ran off as fast as his legs would carry himse fue corriendo a toda velocidad
how fast can you type?¿a qué velocidad escribes a máquina?
don't speak so fasthabla más despacio
faster!¡más (rápido)!
not so fast! (interrupting) → ¡un momento!
he'll do it fast enough if you offer him moneyse dará más prisa si le ofreces dinero
the rain was falling fastllovía mucho
as fast as I finished them he wrapped them upa medida que yo los terminaba él los envolvía
to play fast and loose withjugar con
2. (= firmly) → firmemente
fast asleepprofundamente dormido
to hold fastagarrarse bien (fig) → mantenerse firme
to stand fastmantenerse firme
tie it fastátalo bien
it's stuck fastestá bien pegado; [door] → está atrancado or atascado
to be stuck fast in the mudquedar atascado en el lodo
to be stuck fast in a doorwayhaberse quedado atascado en una puerta
C. CPD fast food Ncomida f rápida, platos mpl preparados
fast food restaurant Nestablecimiento m or restaurante m de comida rápida; (selling hamburgers) → hamburguesería f
fast track N (fig) → vía f rápida
to be on the fast track to sthir por la vía rápida hacia algo
fast train Ntren m rápidoIntercity m (Sp), Talgo m (Sp)
see also lane, fast-track

fast

[ˈfɑːst]
adj
(= quick) [runner, car, progress, pace] → rapide
a fast car → une voiture rapide
to pull a fast one on sb → rouler qn fast bowler
[clock] to be fast → avancer
my watch is 5 minutes fast → ma montre avance de 5 minutes
[dye, colour] → grand teint inv
(= firm, securely in place) [door] → bien fermé(e); [rope] → bien attaché(e)
to make a boat fast (British)amarrer un bateau
adv
(= quickly) [move, run, work, drive, act, think, grow] → vite
He can run fast → Il court vite.
How fast were you driving?
BUT À quelle vitesse allais-tu?.
This is fast becoming the most popular brand
BUT Cette marque est sur le point de devenir la plus populaire.
He is fast approaching his 40th birthday
BUT La quarantaine approche à grands pas.
as fast as I can → aussi vite que je peux fast-growing, fast-moving, fast-flowing
(= firmly, securely) to be stuck fast → être coincé(e)
to hold sth fast (= grip tightly) → s'agripper à qch
to hold fast to sth (fig) [+ beliefs, values] → s'accrocher à qch
to stand fast (= be firm) → tenir bon
fast asleep → profondément endormi
He's fast asleep → Il est profondément endormi.
n (= period without food) → jeûne m
vi (= go without food) → jeûnerfast bowler n (CRICKET)lanceur/euse m/f rapidefast-breeder reactor nréacteur m surgénérateur

fast

:
fastback
n (→ Wagen mmit) → Fließheck nt
fast-breeder reactor

fast

:
fast forward
n (on tape deck) → Vorspultaste f
fast-forward
vtivorspulen

fast

1
adj (+er)
(= quick)schnell; she’s a fast runner/readersie kann schnell laufen/lesen; he’s a fast worker (lit)er arbeitet schnell; (fig)er geht mächtig ran (inf); to pull a fast one (on somebody) (inf)jdn übers Ohr hauen (inf); the fast lifedas hektische Leben; fast train (Brit) → D-Zug m
to be fast (clock, watch)vorgehen; to be five minutes fastfünf Minuten vorgehen
tennis court, squash ball etcschnell
(Phot) filmhochempfindlich; lenslichtstark
(fig: = immoral) behaviour, personlocker, flott, ausschweifend (pej); fast womanleichtlebige Frau
adv
(fig) to live fastflott or locker leben
(old) to follow fast on somethingdicht auf etw (acc)folgen

fast

2
adj
(= firm, secure)fest; to make a boat fastein Boot festmachen
colour, dyefarbecht
(= staunch) friendgut
adv
(= firmly, securely)fest; to stick fastfestsitzen; (with glue) → festkleben; to stand faststandhaft or fest bleiben; to stand fast by somebody(treu) zu jdm stehen; to stand fast by somethingan etw (dat)festhalten; to hold fast to somethingan etw (dat)festhalten; to play fast and loose with somebodymit jdm ein falsches or doppeltes Spiel treiben
(= soundly) to be fast asleeptief or fest schlafen

fast

3
vi (= not eat)fasten
nFasten nt; (= period of fasting)Fastenzeit f; fast dayFasttag m; to break one’s fastdas Fasten brechen

fast

1 [fɑːst] (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
1. adj
a. (speedy) → veloce, svelto/a, rapido/a; (film) → ad alta sensibilità
fast train → rapido
he's a fast worker (fig) → non perde certo tempo
to pull a fast one on sb (fam) → giocare un brutto tiro a qn
b. (clock) to be fastandare avanti
my watch is 5 minutes fast → il mio orologio va avanti di 5 minuti
c. (dissipated, woman) → dissoluto/a; (life) → dissipato/a, dissoluto/a
d. (firm, friend) → devoto/a, fedele; (colour, dye) → resistente, che non stinge
to make a boat fast (Brit) → ormeggiare una barca
2. adv
a. (quickly) → in fretta, velocemente, rapidamente
as fast as I can → più in fretta possibile
he ran off as fast as his legs would carry him → è corso via come il vento or più veloce che poteva
how fast can you type? → a che velocità scrivi a macchina?
not so fast! → piano!
the rain was falling fast → pioveva forte or a dirotto
b. (firmly, stuck, held) → saldamente, bene
tie it fast → legalo bene
it's stuck fast (door) → è saldamente bloccato (nail, screw) → è completamente incastrato
fast asleep → profondamente addormentato/a

fast

2 [fɑːst]
1. ndigiuno
2. vidigiunare

fast1

(faːst) adjective
1. quick-moving. a fast car.
2. quick. a fast worker.
3. (of a clock, watch etc) showing a time in advance of the correct time. My watch is five minutes fast.
adverb
quickly. She speaks so fast I can't understand her.
ˈfastness noun
fast food(s)
food that can be quickly prepared, eg hamburgers etc.

fast2

(faːst) verb
to go without food, especially for religious or medical reasons. Muslims fast during the festival of Ramadan.
noun
a time or act of fasting. She has just finished two days' fast.
ˈfasting noun

fast3

(faːst) adjective
1. (of a dye) fixed; that will not come out of a fabric when it is washed.
2. firm; fixed. She made her end of the rope fast to a tree.
fast asleep
completely asleep. The baby fell fast asleep in my arms.

fast

بِسُرْعَة, سَرِيع rychle, rychlý hurtig, hurtigt schnell γρήγορα, γρήγορος deprisa, rápido nopea, nopeasti rapide, vite brz, brzo veloce, velocemente 速い, 速く 빠른, 빨리 snel fort, hurtig szybki, szybko rapidamente, rápido быстро, быстрый snabb, snabbt เร็ว, อย่างรวดเร็ว hızlı nhanh 很快地, 快速的

fast

n. ayuno;
v. ayunar, estar en ayunas;
a. [speed] rápido-a, ligero-a; [of a color] que tiene resistencia a un colorante:
___ asleepprofundamente dormido-a;
___ daydía de ayuno.

fast

adj rápido; fast-acting (fam) de acción rápida

fast

n ayuno; vi ayunar, no comer nada
References in classic literature ?
Poor Jo blushed till she couldn't blush any redder, and her heart began to beat uncomfortably fast as she thought what she had said.
Once on a hot day in August he tried but found it stuck fast and after that he forgot all about it.
as usual, but at once began to cry, talking very fast in her own language, pointing to her feet which were tied up in rags, and looking about accusingly at everyone.
His entrance awoke his wife, who was in bed and fast asleep when he came in.
No longer dreaded by her enemies, her servants were fast losing the confidence of self-respect.
I wonder, thought I, if this can possibly be a part of his Ramadan; do they fast on their hams that way in his native island.
Erskine was on the other side; and he then supported it by saying, that though the gentleman had originally harpooned the lady, and had once had her fast, and only by reason of the great stress of her plunging viciousness, had as last abandoned her; yet abandon her he did, so that she became a loose-fish; and therefore when a subsequent gentleman re-harpooned her, the lady then became that subsequent gentleman's property, along with whatever harpoon might have been found sticking in her.
Besides this he has to learn to wear a collar, a crupper, and a breeching, and to stand still while they are put on; then to have a cart or a chaise fixed behind, so that he cannot walk or trot without dragging it after him; and he must go fast or slow, just as his driver wishes.
By and by along comes part of a log raft -- nine logs fast together.
And often, if they saw a boat passing, they would come out in their fast sailing-ships and chase it.
After a time he began to wander about, going lippity-- lippity--not very fast, and looking all around.
I had a dim impression of scaffolding, but I was already going too fast to be conscious of any moving things.