fasting


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

fast 1

 (făst)
adj. fast·er, fast·est
1. Acting, moving, or capable of acting or moving quickly; swift.
2.
a. Accomplished in relatively little time: a fast visit.
b. Acquired quickly with little effort and sometimes unscrupulously: made a fast buck scalping tickets.
3. Quick to understand or learn; mentally agile: a class for the faster students.
4. Indicating a time somewhat ahead of the actual time: The clock is fast.
5. Allowing rapid movement or action: a fast running track.
6. Designed for or compatible with a short exposure time: fast film.
7.
a. Disposed to dissipation; wild: ran with a fast crowd.
b. Flouting conventional moral standards; sexually promiscuous.
8. Resistant, as to destruction or fading: fast colors.
9. Firmly fixed or fastened: a fast grip.
10. Fixed firmly in place; secure: shutters that are fast against the rain.
11. Lasting; permanent: fast rules and regulations.
12. Deep; sound: in a fast sleep.
adv. faster, fastest
1. In a secure manner; tightly: hold fast.
2. To a sound degree; deeply: fast asleep.
3. In a rapid manner; quickly.
4. In quick succession: New ideas followed fast.
5. Ahead of the correct or expected time: a watch that runs fast.
6. In a dissipated, immoderate way: living fast.
7. Archaic Close by; near.
Idiom:
fast friend
A friend who is firm in loyalty: became fast friends after only knowing each other a few months.

[Middle English, from Old English fæst, firm, fixed; see past- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: fast1, rapid, swift, fleet2, speedy, quick, expeditious
These adjectives refer to something marked by great speed. Fast and rapid are often used interchangeably, though fast is more often applied to the person or thing in motion, and rapid to the activity or movement involved: a fast runner; rapid strides. Swift suggests smoothness and sureness of movement (a swift current), and fleet, lightness of movement (The cheetah is the fleetest of animals). Speedy refers to velocity (a speedy train) or to promptness or hurry (a speedy resolution to the problem). Quick most often applies to what takes little time or to what is prompt: a quick snack; your quick reaction. Expeditious suggests rapid efficiency: sent the package by the most expeditious means. See Also Synonyms at faithful.

fast 2

 (făst)
intr.v. fast·ed, fast·ing, fasts
1. To abstain from food.
2. To eat very little or abstain from certain foods, especially as a religious discipline.
n.
1. The act or practice of abstaining from or eating very little food.
2. A period of such abstention or self-denial.

[Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan; see past- in Indo-European roots.]

fasting

(ˈfɑːstɪŋ)
n
the act of fasting
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fasting - abstaining from foodfasting - abstaining from food      
abstinence - act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
dieting, diet - the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
hunger strike - a voluntary fast undertaken as a means of protest
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Translations
صِيام
půst
faste
böjtölés
fasta
oruç tutma

fasting

[ˈfɑːstɪŋ] n (= going without food) → jeûne mfast lane n (on road) the fast lane (in countries with right-hand drive)la voie de droite; (in countries with left-hand drive)la voie de gauchefast-moving [ˌfɑːstˈmuːvɪŋ] adj [car] → rapide; [industry, sector] → en évolution rapidefast track fast-track n
her career was on the fast track → elle progressait rapidement dans sa carrière
the fast track to sth → le plus court chemin vers qchfast-track [ˈfɑːsttræk]
vt
[+ pupil, student, employee] → faire suivre un programme accéléré à
(= bring forward) [+ date, event] → avancer
modif [promotion] → accéléré(e); [system, scheme] → accéléré(e)

fasting

nFasten nt

fasting

[fɑːstɪŋ] ndigiuno

fast2

(faːst) verb
to go without food, especially for religious or medical reasons. Muslims fast during the festival of Ramadan.
noun
a time or act of fasting. She has just finished two days' fast.
ˈfasting noun

fas·ting

n. ayuno.

fasting

adj en ayunas; — blood glucose glucemia en ayunas (form), azúcar en la sangre en ayunas; n ayuno, (el) ayunar; Fasting for a day won’t do you any harm..Ayunar por un día no le hará ningún daño
References in classic literature ?
Next morning early, leaving Queequeg shut up with Yojo in our little bedroom --for it seemed that it was some sort of Lent or Ramadan, or day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer with Queequeg and Yojo that day; how it was I never could find out, for, though I applied myself to it several times, I never could master his liturgies and XXXIX Articles --leaving Queequeg, then, fasting on his tomahawk pipe, and Yojo warming himself at his sacrificial fire of shavings, I sallied out among the shipping.
And now, mother," said he, turning to Rachel, "hurry thy preparations for these friends, for we must not send them away fasting.
Then, if he complains that he cannot eat it, he is said to be satisfied neither full nor fasting, and is whipped for being hard to please
I must be responsible for the circumstance, sir," replied Miss Temple: "the breakfast was so ill prepared that the pupils could not possibly eat it; and I dared not allow them to remain fasting till dinner-time.
Fasting and reflection seemed to have brought him to a better spirit.
Besides these Dervishes, were other three who had rushed into another sect, which mended matters with a jargon about "the Centre of Truth:" holding that Man had got out of the Centre of Truth--which did not need much demonstration--but had not got out of the Circumference, and that he was to be kept from flying out of the Circumference, and was even to be shoved back into the Centre, by fasting and seeing of spirits.
While Isaac thus stood an outcast in the present society, like his people among the nations, looking in vain for welcome or resting place, the pilgrim who sat by the chimney took compassion upon him, and resigned his seat, saying briefly, ``Old man, my garments are dried, my hunger is appeased, thou art both wet and fasting.
This, the student was to swallow upon a fasting stomach, and for three days following, eat nothing but bread and water.
He had the mysterious juruparis of the Rio Negro Indians, that women are not allowed to look at and that even youths may not see till they have been subjected to fasting and scourging, and the earthen jars of the Peruvians that have the shrill cries of birds, and flutes of human bones such as Alfonso de Ovalle heard in Chile, and the sonorous green jaspers that are found near Cuzco and give forth a note of singular sweetness.