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These nouns denote the agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger. Fear is the most general term: a morbid fear of snakes; was filled with fear as the car skidded off the road. Fright is sudden, intense, usually momentary fear: "Pulling open the door, she started back in fright at the unknown face before hers" (Donna Morrissey).
Dread is visceral fear, especially in anticipation of something dangerous or unpleasant: felt a mounting dread as the battle approached; approached the oral exam with dread. Terror is intense, overpowering fear: "And now at the dead hour of the night ... so strange a noise as this excited me to uncontrollable terror" (Edgar Allan Poe).
Horror is a combination of fear and aversion or repugnance: reacted with horror to the news of the atrocities. Panic is sudden frantic fear, often affecting many people at the same time: The shoppers fled in panic at the sound of gunshots. Alarm is anxious concern caused by the first realization of danger or a setback: I watched with alarm as the sky darkened. Trepidation and apprehension are more formal terms for dread: "I awaited the X-ray afterward with trepidation" (Atul Gawande)."Now there were just the two of them ... and they were headed for the hospital ... and she was what calmed his apprehension and allowed him to be brave" (Philip Roth).
2. an abnormal fear of everything. Also panphobia, pantaphobia, pantophobia. — panophobe, n. — panophobic, adj.
2. a fear of phobias.
- Afraid, as children in the dark —Dante Gabriel Rossetti
- An air of terrifying finality, like the clap of doom —Herbert Lieberman
- (A vague, uncatalogued) apprehension, as cold and disquieting as a first snowflake smudging the window of a warm and complacent room —Derek Lambert
- As courage imperils life, fear protects it —Leonardo Da Vinci
- As easily daunted as an elephant in the presence of a mouse —Ben Ames Williams
- Brute terrors, like the scurrying of rats in a deserted attic, filled the more remote chambers of his brain —Robert Louis Stevenson
- Cowardice, like alcoholism, is a lifelong condition —Susan Walton, New York Times/Hers, June 4, 1987
The cowardice Walton is comparing to alcoholism is that which drives the person who always does what is expected and when.
- Cowardly as the hyena —Beryl Markham
- His cowardice … fixed him like an invisible cement, or like a nail —Cynthia Ozick
- Dreaded (her) like fire —Alexander Pushkin
- The dread in his lungs lay heavy as cold mud —Peter Matthiessen
- An eddy of fear swirled around her, like dust rising off the floor in some barren drafty place —Cornell Woolrich
- Fear … a little like the fear of a lover who realizes that he is falling out of love —May Sarton
- Fear … came and went like the throb of a nerve in an open tooth —James Warner Bellah
- Fear … clutching at his heart … as if tigers were tearing him —Willa Cather
- Fear … compressed me like a vise —Aharon Appelfeld
- Fear fell [on crowd] like the shadow of a cloud —John Greenleaf Whittier
- Fear … gnaws like pain —Dame Edith Sitwell
- Fearing them as much … as a nervous child with memory filled with ghost-stories fears a dark room —W. H. Hudson
- Fear is like a cloak which old men huddle about their love, as if to keep it warm —William Wordsworth
- Fear … lay on me like a slab of stone —Norman Mailer
- (In my body is a) fear like metal —Marilyn Hacker
- The fear of failure … blew like a Siberian wind on our unprotected backs —John Le Carré
- Fear oozed out (of the woods), as out of a cracked bottle —Dorothy Canfield Fisher
- Fear ran through him like a sickness —Brian Moore
- Fears … fell from him like dreams from a man waking up in bed —G. K. Chesterton
- Fear … sat heavy in the center of his body like a ball of badly digested food —George Garrett
- Fears came scurrying out from their hiding places like mice —Paige Mitchell
- Fear … seized all his bones like water —Hugh Walpole
- Fear shot through me like a jolt of electricity —Sue Grafton
- Fear spread like a common chill —Paige Mitchell
See Also: SPREADING
- The fear [of death]… stood silent behind them like an inflexible and cold-eyed taskmaster —Joseph Conrad
- Fear stuck in his throat like a cotton hook —Charles Johnson
- Fear swelled like some terrible travail —Heinrich Böll
- Fear tangled his legs like a barricade —Harris Downey
- Fear tastes like a rusty knife —John Cheever
- Fear trills like an alarm bell you cannot shut off —John Updike
- Fear worked like yeast in my thoughts, and the fermentation brought to the surface, in great gobs of scum, the images of disaster —Evelyn Waugh
- Fear wrapped itself around his chest like a wide leather strap tightened by a maniac —François Camoin
- Feeling as if an ice pick had been plunged into his liver —Peter Benchley
- (I had) a feeling in my knees like a steering wheel with a shimmy —Rex Stout
- Feel like clammy fingers were poking at my very heart —Borden Deal
- Feel like a tight-rope walk high over hell —Kenneth Fearing
- Feels fear, like a water bubble in his throat —Jessie Schell
- Felt a chill … like swimming into a cold pocket in a lake —Tobias Wolff
- Felt a driblet of fear … like a glug of water backing up the momentarily opened drain and polluting the bath with a dead spider, three lice, a rat turd, and things he couldn’t stand to name or look at —Bernard Malamud
- Felt like a deer stepping out before the rifle of the hunter —Piers Anthony
- Felt like a nightmare that had yet to be dreamt —Stanislaw J. Lem
- Felt (the beginning of) panic, like a giant hand squeezing my heart —Frank Conroy
- Felt panicky, like he was in a bad dream where he did and said all the wrong things and couldn’t stop —Dan Wakefield
- Felt the chill of mortality … like a toddler gifted with some scraping edge of adult comprehension —Penelope Gilliatt
See Also: DEATH
- Felt the sick, oppressive crush of dread, like pinpoint ashes —Sylvia Berkman
- A foreboding, dusky and cold like the room, crept to her side —Hugh Walpole
- Frightened as Macbeth before the ghost of Banquo —Louis Veuillot
- Frightened as though he had suddenly found himself at the edge of a precipice —Honore dé Balzac
- Frightened … like a man who is told he has a mortal illness, yet can cure it by jumping off a fifty-foot cliff into the water. “No,” he says, “I’ll stay in bed. I’d rather die.” —Norman Mailer
- Frightening … like one of those films where ghostly hands suddenly reach in and switch off all the lights —Robert E. Sherwood
- Fright stabbed his stomach like a sliver of glass —Arthur Miller
- Full of dread and timidness as conscripts to a firing squad doing —Richard Ford
- Gives me the creeps … like petting snakes —Raymond Chandler
- Glances round him like a lamb at a convocation of wolves —T. Coraghessan Boyle
- (Mildred’s) heart leapt with relief like a bird in her breast —Noël Coward
- A hiss of terror, like air whistling out of a punctured tire —Cornell Woolrich
- Horror should rise up like a clot of blood in the throat —Dylan Thomas
- [A group of children] huddled in a corner … like so many wide-eyed, trembling mice —Gregory McDonald
- I carry a scared silence with me like my smell —W. D. Snodgrass
- I pretend that my right foot is like a bottle. I pour my fears down into the toes and cork the whole thing at the ankle, so none of my fears can escape into the rest of me —Dorothy B. Francis
- My heart begins to pound like a thief s with the police after him —Isaac Bashevis Singer
- My heart in my throat like a wad of sour grease —George Garrett
- Panic, like a rabbit in front of the dogs —Peter Meinke
- Panic rose as thick as honey in my throat —R. Wright Campbell
- Panic shook her … as awful as if she had been tottering on a cliff in a roaring wind —Belva Plain
- Panic that was like asphyxiation —Penelope Gilliatt
- Ran terror-stricken, as if death were pursuing me —Aharon Megged
- Scared as a piss ant —Anon
- Scared … like a rabbit that spies a dog —Shelby Hearon
- Shivered with fear like a thin dog in the cold —Stephen Vincent Benét
- Take fear for granted like a drunken uncle —George Garrett
- Terrifying, like a Samurai sword in motion —Robert Silverberg
- Terrifying … like fingers clamped upon your throat —Beryl Markham
- Terror ebbed like water from a basin —Julia O’Faolain
- Terror … filled me as the sound of an explosion would fill a room —Scott Spencer
- The terror inside him acted like radar —James Mitchell
- Terror [of some hard to accomplish task] mocked, like some distant mountain peak —John Fowles
- Terrors that brushed her like a curtain windblown against her back —Andre Dubus
- (They) trail their fear behind them like a heavy shadow —Heinrich Böll
(See also ANXIETY.)
have one’s heart in one’s mouth To be frightened or scared, fearful or afraid, anxious or tense. The allusion is to the supposed leaping of the heart into the mouth upon experiencing a sudden jolt or start.
Having their heart at their very mouth for fear, they did not believe that it was Jesus. (Nicholas Udall, Erasmus upon the New Testament, translated 1548)
make the hair stand on end To terrify, to scare or frighten, to fill with fear. The allusion is to the way an animal’s hair, especially that on the back of the neck, involuntarily stiffens and becomes erect in the face of danger.
As for the particulars, I’m sure they’d make your hair stand on end to hear them. (Frances Burney, Evelina, 1778)
shake in one’s shoes To be petrified, terrified, panic-stricken; to be scared out of one’s wits. The expression is often applied figuratively to corporate as well as individual bodies.
It had set the whole Liberal party “shaking in its shoes.” (Punch, March 15, 1873)
Variations are quake or shake in one’s boots.
shake like an aspen leaf To tremble, quake; to shiver, quiver. This metaphor derives from the aspen tree with its delicate leaves perched atop long flexible stems that flutter even in the slightest breeze. The expression was used as early as 1386 by Chaucer in his Canterbury Tales.
Fear can be a noun or a verb.
Fear is an unpleasant feeling that you have when you think you are in danger.
You do not say that someone 'feels fear'. You say that they are afraid or are frightened.
If you fear someone or something, you are afraid of them.
Past participle: feared
|Noun||1.||fear - an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight)|
emotion - any strong feeling
creeps - a feeling of fear and revulsion; "he gives me the creeps"
frisson, quiver, shudder, tingle, chill, thrill, shiver - an almost pleasurable sensation of fright; "a frisson of surprise shot through him"
horror - intense and profound fear
hysteria - excessive or uncontrollable fear
stage fright - fear that affects a person about to face an audience
apprehension, apprehensiveness, dread - fearful expectation or anticipation; "the student looked around the examination room with apprehension"
intimidation - the feeling of being intimidated; being made to feel afraid or timid
cold sweat - the physical condition of concurrent perspiration and chill; associated with fear
|2.||fear - an anxious feeling; "care had aged him"; "they hushed it up out of fear of public reaction"|
anxiety - a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune
|3.||fear - a feeling of profound respect for someone or something; "the fear of God"; "the Chinese reverence for the dead"; "the French treat food with gentle reverence"; "his respect for the law bordered on veneration"|
emotion - any strong feeling
|Verb||1.||fear - be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event; "I fear she might get aggressive"|
worry - be worried, concerned, anxious, troubled, or uneasy; "I worry about my job"
|2.||fear - be afraid or scared of; be frightened of; "I fear the winters in Moscow"; "We should not fear the Communists!"|
panic - be overcome by a sudden fear; "The students panicked when told that final exams were less than a week away"
|3.||fear - be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement; "I fear I won't make it to your wedding party"|
regret - express with regret; "I regret to say that you did not gain admission to Harvard"
|4.||fear - be uneasy or apprehensive about; "I fear the results of the final exams"|
|5.||fear - regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of; "Fear God as your father"; "We venerate genius"|
esteem, respect, value, prise, prize - regard highly; think much of; "I respect his judgement"; "We prize his creativity"
worship - show devotion to (a deity); "Many Hindus worship Shiva"
"Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" [Franklin D. Roosevelt Inaugural Address]
"I cannot do this. This is too much for me. I shall ruin myself if I take this risk. I cannot take the leap, it's impossible. All of me will be gone if I do this and I cling to myself" [J.N. Figgis]
"Perfect love casteth out fear" Bible: 1 John
"Perfect fear casteth out love" [Cyril Connolly]
he has overcome his fear of dogs → ha superado su miedo a los perros
to be in fear of or for one's life → temer por su propia vida
workers at the plant frequently went in fear of their lives → a menudo los trabajadores de la fábrica temían por su vida
to live in fear of sth/sb → vivir atemorizado por algo/algn
she lives in fear of being found out → vive atemorizada de que la descubran
to have no fear → no tener ningún miedo
have no fear! (archaic) (= don't be afraid) → ¡pierde cuidado!
fear of heights → miedo m a las alturas
fear of flying → miedo m a volar
in fear and trembling → temblando de miedo
she was trembling with fear → estaba temblando de miedo
without fear or favour → con imparcialidad, imparcialmente
to put the fear of God into sb → meter el miedo en el cuerpo a algn
his worst fears were confirmed → sus mayores temores se vieron confirmados
there are fears that → se teme que + subjun
there are fears that he may be dead → se teme que esté muerto
there were fears that he would raise taxes → se temía que subiera los impuestos
I didn't go in for fear of disturbing them → no entré por temor or miedo a molestarles
she never goes out for fear that it will happen again → nunca sale por temor or miedo a que suceda de nuevo
there are grave fears for their safety → se teme enormemente por su seguridad
have no fear! (freq hum) (= don't worry) → ¡no se preocupe!
you need have no fear on that score → no tenga miedo en ese sentido
I do not fear death → no temo a la muerte, no tengo miedo a la muerte
he was feared and hated by his subjects → sus súbditos le temían y odiaban
to fear that → temer que + subjun
we feared that he would escape → temíamos que se escapara
they began to fear that he was dangerous → empezaron a temer que fuera peligroso
two people are missing and feared dead → hay dos personas desaparecidas y se teme que hayan muerto
to fear the worst → temer(se) lo peor
to fear that → temerse que
I fear that he won't come → me temo que no vendrá
I fear that you are right → me temo que tiene razón
I fear you may be right → me temo que tenga razón
I fear so/not → me temo que sí/no
to shake with fear → trembler de peur
to live without fear → vivre sans crainte
her worst fears were realized → ses pires craintes devinrent réalité
my greatest fear is that ... → ce que je redoute par-dessus tout, c'est que ...
fear of the dark → peur du noir
fear of spiders → peur des araignées
fear of heights → vertige m
fear of failure → peur de l'échec, crainte de l'échec
to be in fear of sth/sb → avoir peur de qch/qn, craindre qch/qn
to be in fear of one's life → craindre pour sa vie
fears are growing that ... → on craint de plus en plus que ...
for fear of → de peur de + infin, de peur que + subj
They did not mention it for fear of annoying him → Ils n'en ont pas parlé de peur de le contrarier., Ils n'en ont pas parlé de peur qu'il ne se contrarie.
You have nothing to fear → Vous n'avez rien à craindre.
a woman whom he disliked and feared → une femme qu'il n'aimait pas et qu'il craignait, une femme qu'il n'aimait pas et dont il avait peur
An epidemic of plague was feared
BUT On redoutait une épidémie de peste.
More than two million refugees have fled the area, fearing attack
BUT Plus de 2 millions de réfugiés ont fui la région, dans la crainte d'une attaque.
to be feared dead
Twenty people are feared dead after the explosion → Vingt personnes auraient perdu la vie dans l'explosion.
to fear (that) ... → craindre que ...
there are fears that ... → si teme che...
grave fears have arisen for ... → si nutrono seri timori per...
for fear of sb/of doing sth → per paura di qn/di fare qc
for fear that → per paura di (or che + sub)
to live in fear of sb/sth/doing sth → vivere con la paura di qn/qc/fare qc
to go in fear of one's life/of being discovered → temere per la propria vita/di essere scoperto/a
fear of heights → vertigini fpl
fear of enclosed spaces → claustrofobia
have no fear! → non temere!
in fear and trembling → tremante di paura
to put the fear of God into sb (fam) → far venire una paura del diavolo a qn
without fear nor favour → imparzialmente
no fear! (fam) → neanche per sogno!
there's no fear of that! → neanche per sogno!
there's not much fear of his coming → non c'è pericolo che venga
to fear the worst → temere il peggio
to fear that → temere di (or che +sub), avere paura di (or che +sub)
I fear I/he may be late → temo di essere in ritardo/che sia in ritardo
I fear so/not → temo di sì/di no, ho paura di sì/di no