DNA

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DNA
A. adenine
T. thymine
C. cytosine
G. guanine

DNA

 (dē′ĕn-ā′)
n.
A nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in cells and some viruses, consisting of two long chains of nucleotides twisted into a double helix and joined by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine. DNA sequences are replicated by the cell prior to cell division and may include genes, intergenic spacers, and regions that bind to regulatory proteins.

[d(eoxyribo)n(ucleic) a(cid).]

DNA

n
(Biochemistry) deoxyribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that is the main constituent of the chromosomes of all organisms (except some viruses). The DNA molecule consists of two polynucleotide chains in the form of a double helix, containing phosphate and the sugar deoxyribose and linked by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine. DNA is self-replicating, plays a central role in protein synthesis, and is responsible for the transmission of hereditary characteristics from parents to offspring. See also genetic code
abbreviation for
did not attend

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely long, double-stranded nucleic acid molecule arranged as a double helix that is the main constituent of the chromosome and that carries the genes as segments along its strands: found chiefly in the chromatin of cells and in many viruses.
[1930–35]
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DNA

(dē′ĕn-ā′)
Short for deoxyribonucleic acid. The nucleic acid that is the genetic material determining the makeup of all living cells and many viruses. It consists of two strands of nucleotides linked together in a structure resembling a ladder twisted into a spiral. In eukaryotic cells, the DNA is contained mainly in the nucleus and mitochondria. DNA can replicate itself and synthesize RNA. Compare RNA. See Note at gene.
Did You Know? One of the wonders of nature is that the complexity and diversity of life can be contained in a molecule with a relatively simple structure. Deoxyribonucleic acid, commonly called DNA, exists mainly in the nucleus and mitochondria of each cell in an organism. It consists of two long strands linked together in a structure resembling a ladder twisted into a spiral, called a double helix. Each rung is made up of two chemical bases, called nucleotides, that are joined together by hydrogen bonds. There are four kinds of nucleotides in a DNA molecule: cytosine, guanine, adenine, and thymine—C, G, A, and T, for short. Specific sequences of these bases, known as genes, form codes that contain all of an organism's genetic information. When other components of a cell "read" this code, they produce proteins, the building blocks of life.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid.
See also: Heredity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helixDNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
operon - a segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenine, A - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
cDNA, complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
episome - DNA that is not incorporated into the genome but is replicated together with the genome (especially in bacterial cells)
cytosine, C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
coding DNA, exon - sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures; "exons are interspersed with introns"
intron, noncoding DNA - sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
junk DNA - stretches of DNA that do not code for genes; "most of the genome consists of junk DNA"
recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid, recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
sticky end - an end of DNA in which one strand of the double helix extends a few units beyond the other
jumping gene, transposon - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
guanine, G - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
T, thymine - a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
DNA
DNA
DNA
DNA
DNK
DNA
디옥시리보핵산
DNA
รหัสทางพันธุกรรม
DNA

DNA

A. N ABBR =deoxyribonucleic acidADN m
B. CPD DNA fingerprinting, DNA profiling Nidentificación f mediante el análisis del ADN
DNA testing Npruebas fpl del ADN

DNA

[ˌdiːɛnˈeɪ] (=deoxyribonucleic acid)
nADN m
modif [analysis, database, evidence, profile, sample] → d'ADNDNA fingerprinting nanalyse f de l'empreinte génétiqueDNA sequence nséquence f d'ADNDNA test ntest m ADNDNA testing ntests mpl ADN

DNA

abbr of de(s)oxyribonucleic acidDNS f

DNA

:
DNA fingerprinting, DNA profiling
DNA test
n (Med) → Gentest m
DNA testing
nDNS-Tests pl

DNA

[diːɛnˈeɪ] n abbr =deoxyribonucleic acidDNA m

DNA

الـحِمْضُ النَوَوِيّ DNA DNA DNS DNA ADN DNA ADN DNK DNA DNA 디옥시리보핵산 DNA DNA DNA ADN, DNA ДНК DNA รหัสทางพันธุกรรม DNA DNA 脱氧核糖核酸

DNA

V. deoxyribonucleic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Functional analysis of Yorkshire pig fecal DNA extracts revealed that carbohydrate metabolism-associated bacteria reach 13% of the swine metagenome [11].
2011) suggest combining aging by measurements with fecal DNA for estimating demographic parameters in ungulate species.
Recent studies have used fecal DNA to identify individuals, evaluate kinship, and describe distributions and sex ratios in wild populations (Taberlet et al.
Fecal DNA versus fecal occult blood for colorectal-cancer screening in an average-risk population.
A study showed the effects of dietary polyphenols on the human GIT microbiota in human healthy control subjects who consumed red wine (272 mL per day), de-alcoholized red wine (272 mL per day), or gin (100 mL per day) for 20 days and had their total fecal DNA assessed from stool collected at baseline and after treatment (Queipo-Ortuno et al.
However, the scientists found enough residual DNA in the charred trunk and fecal DNA in nearby soil to identify the animals as Mops condylurus, long-tailed insect-eating bats that were previously suspected in an outbreak of the Sudan strain of Ebola virus, which is related to the Zaire strain that has infected more than 20,000 West Africans.
Burke and many other experts recommend CRC prevention tests, such as colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy (an endoscopic view of the lower third of the colon), in place of cancer detection tests, like fecal DNA or immunochemical tests.
The blood test should not be confused with newer, more expensive stool tests that are more accurate but not yet widely available (the fecal immunochemical tests and fecal DNA tests).
To determine if particular bacterial species correlate with rheumatoid arthritis, the researchers sequenced the so-called 16S gene on 44 fecal DNA samples from newly diagnosed patients with rheumatoid arthritis prior to immune-suppressive treatment; 26 samples from patients with chronic, treated rheumatoid arthritis; 16 samples from patients with psoriatic arthritis (characterized by red, flaky skin in conjunction with joint inflammation); and 28 samples from healthy individuals.