small

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small

 (smôl)
adj. small·er, small·est
1.
a. Being below average in size: a small car.
b. Being below average in quantity or extent: a small donation; a small project.
2. Limited in importance or significance; trivial: a small matter.
3. Having limited position, influence, or status; minor: "A crowd of small writers had vainly attempted to rival Addison" (Thomas Macaulay).
4. Unpretentious; modest: made a small living; helped the cause in my own small way.
5. Not fully grown; very young: a small child.
6. Narrow in outlook; petty: a small mind.
7. Having been belittled; humiliated: Their comments made me feel small.
8. Diluted; weak. Used of alcoholic beverages.
9. Lacking force or volume: a small voice.
10. Lowercase: Type the password in small letters.
adv.
1. In small pieces: Cut the meat up small.
2. Without loudness or forcefulness; softly.
3. In a small manner.
n.
1. A part that is smaller or narrower than the rest: the small of the back.
2. smalls
a. Small things considered as a group.
b. Chiefly British Small items of clothing.

[Middle English smal, from Old English smæl.]

small′ish adj.
small′ness n.
Synonyms: small, diminutive, little, miniature, minuscule, minute2, petite, tiny, wee1
These adjectives mean being notably below the average in size or magnitude: a small house; diminutive in stature; little hands; a miniature camera; a minuscule amount of rain; minute errors; a petite figure; tiny feet; a wee puppy.
Antonym: large

small

(smɔːl)
adj
1. comparatively little; limited in size, number, importance, etc
2. of little importance or on a minor scale: a small business.
3. lacking in moral or mental breadth or depth: a small mind.
4. modest or humble: small beginnings.
5. of low or inferior status, esp socially
6. (of a child or animal) young; not mature
7. unimportant, trivial: a small matter.
8. not outstanding: a small actor.
9. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) of, relating to, or designating the ordinary modern minuscule letter used in printing and cursive writing. Compare capital113 See also lower case
10. lacking great strength or force: a small effort.
11. in fine particles: small gravel.
12. (Brewing) obsolete (of beer, etc) of low alcoholic strength
adv
13. into small pieces: you have to cut it small.
14. in a small or soft manner
15. feel small to be humiliated or inferior
n
16. the small an object, person, or group considered to be small: do you want the small or the large?.
17. a small slender part, esp of the back
18. (Clothing & Fashion) (plural) informal chiefly Brit items of personal laundry, such as underwear
[Old English smæl; related to Old High German smal, Old Norse smali small cattle]
ˈsmallish adj
ˈsmallness n

small

(smɔl)

adj.andadv. -er, -est,
n. adj.
1. of limited size; not big; little: a small box.
2. slender or narrow: a small waist.
3. not large as compared with others of the same kind: a small elephant.
4. (of an alphabetical letter) lowercase.
5. not great in amount, extent, duration, etc.: a small salary.
6. of low numerical value.
7. carrying on some activity on a limited scale: a small business.
8. of minor importance: a small problem.
9. humble or modest: small circumstances.
10. mean-spirited; petty: a small, miserly man.
11. (of sound or the voice) having little volume.
12. very young: a small boy.
13. diluted; weak.
adv.
14. in a small manner, esp. modestly or frugally.
15. into small pieces.
16. Archaic. in low tones; softly.
n.
17. a person or thing that is small.
18. a small or narrow part, as of the back.
19. the small, people without wealth or influence: Democracy benefits the great and the small.
20. smalls, small goods or products.
21.
a. a size of garments for persons of less than average dimensions, weight, etc.
b. a garment in this size.
22. smalls, Brit.
a. underclothes.
b. household linen.
Idioms:
feel small, to be ashamed or mortified.
[before 900; Middle English smale (adj., n., and adv.), Old English smæl, c. Old Frisian smel, Old Saxon, Old High German smal, Gothic smals small]
small′ish, adj.
small′ness, n.

small

large

The following adjectives are used to indicate how small or large something is. They are arranged from 'smallest' to 'largest'.

  • microscopic, infinitesimal
    ...microscopic fibres of protein.
    ...mineral substances present in infinitesimal amounts in the soil.
  • tiny, minute, miniature, diminutive, minuscule
    Though she was tiny, she had a very loud voice.
    Only a minute amount is needed.
    He looked like a miniature version of his handsome and elegant big brother.
    She noticed a diminutive figure standing at the entrance.
    Rolls Royce are still British-owned their sales are miniscule.
  • small, little
    The window was far too small for him to get through.
    We sat around a little table, eating and drinking wine.
  • medium-sized, average-sized
    ...a medium-sized saucepan.
    Most average-sized women just aren't born to be ultra tiny.
  • large, big, great
    He was a large man with thick dark hair.
    The car was too big to fit into our garage.
    ...a great hall as long and high as a church.
  • huge, enormous, massive
    ...a tiny little woman with huge black glasses.
    The main bedroom is enormous.
    There was evidence of massive fraud.
  • vast, immense, gigantic, colossal
    ...farmers who own vast stretches of land.
    ...an immense cloud of smoke.
    Britain faces a gigantic problem over the disease.
    There has been a colossal waste of public money.

small

little

Small and little are both used to say that someone or something is not large. There are some important differences in the ways these words are used.

1. position in clause

Small can be used in front of a noun, or after a verb such as be.

They escaped in small boats.
She is small for her age.

Little is normally used only in front of nouns. You can talk about 'a little town', but you do not say 'The town is little'.

She bought a little table with a glass top.
I picked up a little piece of rock.
2. used with grading adverbs

You can use words like quite and rather in front of small.

Quite small changes in climate can have enormous effects.
She cut me a rather small piece of cake.

Don't use these words in front of 'little'.

You can use very and too in front of small.

The trees are full of very small birds.
They are living in houses which are too small.

'Very' or 'too' are not usually used in front of little when it is an adjective, except when you are talking about a young child. You don't say, for example, 'I have a very little car', but you can say 'She was a very little girl.'

3. comparatives and superlatives

Small has the comparative and superlative forms smaller and smallest.

His apartment is smaller than his other place.
She rented the smallest car she could.

The comparative form littler and the superlative form littlest are mostly used in spoken English and to talk about young children.

The littler kids had been sent to bed.
You used to be the littlest boy in the school.
4. used with other adjectives

You can use other adjectives in front of little.

They gave me a funny little hat.
She was a pretty little girl.

Be Careful!
You don't normally use other adjectives in front of 'small'.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.small - the slender part of the back
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
back, dorsum - the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine; "his back was nicely tanned"
2.small - a garment size for a small person
size - the property resulting from being one of a series of graduated measurements (as of clothing); "he wears a size 13 shoe"
Adj.1.small - limited or below average in number or quantity or magnitude or extent; "a little dining room"; "a little house"; "a small car"; "a little (or small) group"
big, large - above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent; "a large city"; "set out for the big city"; "a large sum"; "a big (or large) barn"; "a large family"; "big businesses"; "a big expenditure"; "a large number of newspapers"; "a big group of scientists"; "large areas of the world"
2.small - limited in size or scopesmall - limited in size or scope; "a small business"; "a newspaper with a modest circulation"; "small-scale plans"; "a pocket-size country"
limited - small in range or scope; "limited war"; "a limited success"; "a limited circle of friends"
3.small - (of children and animals) young, immature; "what a big little boy you are"; "small children"
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"
4.small - slight or limited; especially in degree or intensity or scope; "a series of death struggles with small time in between"
archaicism, archaism - the use of an archaic expression
slight, little - (quantifier used with mass nouns) small in quantity or degree; not much or almost none or (with `a') at least some; "little rain fell in May"; "gave it little thought"; "little time is left"; "we still have little money"; "a little hope remained"; "there's slight chance that it will work"; "there's a slight chance it will work"
5.small - low or inferior in station or qualitysmall - low or inferior in station or quality; "a humble cottage"; "a lowly parish priest"; "a modest man of the people"; "small beginnings"
inferior - of or characteristic of low rank or importance
6.small - lowercase; "little a"; "small a"; "e.e.cummings's poetry is written all in minuscule letters"
lowercase - relating to small (not capitalized) letters that were kept in the lower half of a compositor's type case; "lowercase letters; a and b and c etc"
7.small - (of a voice) faint; "a little voice"; "a still small voice"
soft - (of sound) relatively low in volume; "soft voices"; "soft music"
8.small - have fine or very small constituent particles; "a small misty rain"
fine - of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles; "wood with a fine grain"; "fine powdery snow"; "fine rain"; "batiste is a cotton fabric with a fine weave"; "covered with a fine film of dust"
9.small - not large but sufficient in size or amountsmall - not large but sufficient in size or amount; "a modest salary"; "modest inflation"; "helped in my own small way"
moderate - being within reasonable or average limits; not excessive or extreme; "moderate prices"; "a moderate income"; "a moderate fine"; "moderate demands"; "a moderate estimate"; "a moderate eater"; "moderate success"; "a kitchen of moderate size"; "the X-ray showed moderate enlargement of the heart"
10.small - made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth)small - made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth); "her comments made me feel small"
decreased, reduced - made less in size or amount or degree
Adv.1.small - on a small scale; "think small"
big - on a grand scale; "think big"

small

adjective
1. little, minute, tiny, slight, mini, miniature, minuscule, diminutive, petite, teeny, puny, pint-sized (informal), pocket-sized, undersized, teeny-weeny, Lilliputian, teensy-weensy, pygmy or pigmy She is small for her age.
little great, big, large, huge, massive, vast, enormous, immense, mega (slang), colossal, stellar (informal), sizable or sizeable
2. intimate, close, private a small select group of friends
3. young, little, growing up, junior, wee, juvenile, youthful, immature, unfledged, in the springtime of life What were you like when you were small?
4. unimportant, minor, trivial, insignificant, little, lesser, petty, trifling, negligible, paltry, piddling (informal) No detail was too small to escape her attention.
unimportant major, important, significant, serious, powerful, vital, urgent, weighty, appreciable
5. modest, small-scale, humble, unpretentious, small-time shops, restaurants and other small businesses
modest grand, large-scale
6. soft, low, quiet, inaudible, low-pitched, noiseless a very small voice
7. foolish, uncomfortable, humiliated, crushed, stupid, ashamed, deflated, mortified This may be just another of her schemes to make me feel small.
8. meagre, inadequate, insufficient, scant, measly, scanty, limited, inconsiderable a diet of one small meal a day
meagre substantial, generous, ample, considerable
Quotations
"Small is beautiful" [Professor E.F. Schumacher title of book]
Proverbs
"The best things come in small packages"

small

adjective
1. Notably below average in amount, size, or scope:
2. Contemptibly unimportant:
Slang: measly.
Idiom: of no account.
3. Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
4. Not yet large in size because of incomplete growth:
5. Not broad or elevated in scope or understanding:
6. Not irritating, strident, or loud:
Translations
حَرْف صَغيرصَغيرصَغِيرطَفيف، ضَعيف
малък
malýmladýpramalýdrobný
lilleikke megen
junamalgranda
pieninuori
malmalen
kicsikis
kecil
lítilllítill, ekki mikilllítill, smársmár
小さい
작은
iuvenisparvus
atrodyti menkamjaustis menkammažasmažasismažasis ekranas
mazaismazsnelielsnesvarīgsniecīgs
mictânăr
majhen
mal
litenung
เล็ก
nhỏ bétiểu

small

[smɔːl]
A. ADJ (smaller (compar) (smallest (superl)))
1. (= not big) [object, building, room, animal, group] → pequeño, chico (LAm); (in height) → bajo, pequeño, chaparro (LAm); [family, population] → pequeño, poco numeroso; [audience] → reducido, poco numeroso; [stock, supply] → reducido, escaso; [waist] → estrecho; [clothes] → de talla pequeña; [meal] → ligero; [coal] → menudo
the dress is too small for herel vestido le viene pequeño or chico
the smaller of the twoel menor (de los dos)
with a small "e"con "e" minúscula
to have a small appetiteno ser de mucho comer, comer poco
to become smaller = to get or grow smaller
to break/cut sth up smallromper algo en trozos pequeños/cortar algo en trocitos
to get or grow smaller [income, difficulties, supply, population, amount] → disminuir, reducirse; [object] → hacerse más pequeño
mobile phones are getting smallerlos teléfonos móviles son cada vez más pequeños
until the small hourshasta altas horas de la noche
to be small in size [country] → ser pequeño; [animal, object] → ser de pequeño tamaño; [room] → ser de dimensiones reducidas
in small lettersen minúsculas
this house makes the other one look smallesta casa hace que la otra se quede pequeña
to make o.s. smallachicarse
to make sth smaller [+ income, difficulties, supply, population, amount] → reducir algo; [+ object, garment] → reducir algo de tamaño, hacer algo más pequeño
the smallest room (euph, hum) → el excusado
to be small beer or > small potatoes (US) → ser poca cosa
it was small beer compared to the money he was getting beforeno era nada or era poca cosa comparado con lo que ganaba antes
see also world A1
see also wee 1
2. (= minor) [problem, mistake, job, task] → pequeño, de poca importancia; [contribution] → pequeño; [difference, change, increase, improvement] → pequeño, ligero
to start in a small wayempezar desde abajo
3. (= inconsequential)
to feel smallsentirse insignificante
to make sb look smallrebajar a algn
she said in a small voicedijo con un hilo de voz
4. (= young) [child, baby] → pequeño, chico (esp LAm)
when we were smallcuando éramos pequeños or chicos
5. (frm) (= slight, scant) → poco
to be small comfort or consolation (to sb)servir de poco consuelo (a algn)
to be of small concern (to sb)importar poco (a algn)
to have small hope of successtener pocas esperanzas de éxito
a matter of small importanceun asunto de poca importancia
see also measure A6
see also wonder A2
B. N
1.
the small of the backla región lumbar
2. smalls (Brit) (= underwear) → ropa fsing interior or (esp LAm) íntima
C. ADV
don't think too smallpiensa más a lo grande
try not to write so smallintenta no escribir con una letra tan pequeña
D. CPD small ad N (Brit) → anuncio m por palabras
small arms NPLarmas fpl ligeras de bajo calibre
small business Npequeña empresa f
the small businessman Nel pequeño empresario
small capitals NPL (Typ) (also small caps) → versalitas fpl
small change Nsuelto m, cambio m, calderilla f, sencillo m (LAm), feria f (Mex)
small claims court Ntribunal m de instancia (que se ocupa de asuntos menores)
small end N (Aut) → pie m de biela
small fry N to be small fryser de poca monta
small intestine Nintestino m delgado
small investor Npequeño/a inversionista mf
small print Nletra f menuda
small screen Npequeña pantalla f, pantalla f chica (LAm)
small talk Ncharla f, charloteo m
to make small talkcharlar, charlotear
SMALL

Position of "pequeño"
 Pequeño usually follows the noun when making implicit or explicit comparison with something bigger:
He picked out a small melon Escogió un melón pequeño At that time, Madrid was a small city En aquella época Madrid era una ciudad pequeña
 When used more subjectively with no attempt at comparison, pequeño usually precedes the noun:
But there's one small problem... Pero existe un pequeño problema... She lives in the little village of La Granada Vive en el pequeño pueblo de La Granada

small

[ˈsmɔːl]
adj
(in size, amount)petit(e)
a small amount of milk → une petite quantité de lait
to get smaller [number, amount] → diminuer; [swelling, lump, pile] → diminuer
to make sth smaller [+ amount, income] → diminuer qch; [+ object, garment] → rapetisser qch
(= minor, unimportant) → petit(e)
He made a lot of small mistakes → Il a fait beaucoup de petites erreurs.
(= young) [child] → petit(e)
When I was small → Quand j'étais petit.
She has two small children
BUT Elle a deux jeunes enfants.
[letter] → minuscule
n
the small of the back → le creux des reinssmall ads npl (British) (in newspaper)petites annonces fplsmall arms nplarmes fpl légèressmall business npetite entreprise fsmall change npetite monnaie fsmall claims court ntribunal m d'instance (s'occupant d'affaires mineures)small fry nmenu fretin m

small

adj (+er)
klein; supply, stockklein, gering; waistschmal; (= not much) reason, desirewenig, gering; effortgering; small in sizevon geringer Größe, klein; a small number of peopleeine geringe Anzahl von Leuten; the smallest possible number of booksso wenig Bücher wie möglich; to have a small appetitekeinen großen Appetit haben; it’s written with a small “e”es wird mit kleinem „e“ geschrieben; small shareholderKleinaktionär(in) m(f); no small successein beachtlicher Erfolg; to feel small (fig)sich (ganz) klein (und hässlich) vorkommen; to look small (fig)schlecht aussehen or dastehen; he/it made me feel pretty smallda kam ich mir ziemlich klein vor; to be of small concern to somebodyjdn nur wenig betreffen
(= unimportant, minor)klein; present, sumklein, bescheiden; importance, consequencegering; a few small matters/problemsein paar Kleinigkeiten; to be of no small consequencenicht unbeträchtliche Folgen haben; this is no small matterdas ist keine Kleinigkeit; to help/contribute in a small waybescheidene Hilfe/einen bescheidenen Beitrag leisten; to start in a small waybescheiden or klein anfangen
(= quiet) voiceleise; to say something in a small voiceetw mit leiser Stimme sagen
(fig: = mean, petty) personkleinlich
n
the small of the backdas Kreuz
smalls pl (Brit inf) → Unterwäsche f
adv to chop something up smalletw klein hacken

small

:
small ads
pl (Brit) → Kleinanzeigen pl
small arms
plHandfeuerwaffen pl
small beer
n (old)Dünnbier nt; he’s very small (inf)er ist ein kleiner Fisch (inf)
small-bore
adjkleinkalibrig
small business
nKleinunternehmen nt
small businessman
nKleinunternehmer m
small capitals
plKapitälchen pl
small change
nKleingeld nt
small claims court
nZivilgericht nt (für Bagatellfälle)
small fry
pl (= unimportant people)kleine Fische pl (inf)
smallholder
nKleinbauer m, → Kleinbäuerin f
smallholding
small hours
plfrüher Morgen; in the (wee) smallin den frühen Morgenstunden
small intestine
nDünndarm m

small

:
small letter
small-minded
adj person, attitudeengstirnig
small-mindedness

small

:
small potatoes
pl (esp US fig inf) → kleine Fische pl (inf)
smallpox
nPocken pl, → Blattern pl (old)
smallpox vaccination
small print
n the smalldas Kleingedruckte; in smallklein gedruckt
small-scale
adj map, modelin verkleinertem Maßstab; project, studyklein angelegt; war, conflictbegrenzt; small farmersKleinbauern pl; small industryKleinindustrie f; small integration (Comput) → niedriger Integrationsgrad
small screen
n (TV) on the smallauf dem Bildschirm
small-sized
adjklein
small talk
noberflächliche Konversation, Smalltalk m, → Small Talk m; she has no smalloberflächliche or höfliche Konversation liegt ihr nicht; to make smallplaudern, Smalltalk or Small Talk machen; to engage in or make small with somebodyhöflich mit jdm Konversation machen
small-time
adj (inf)mickerig (inf), → armselig; crookklein; small politician/reporterSchmalspurpolitiker(in) m(f)/-reporter(in) m(f)
small-town
adjKleinstadt-, kleinstädtisch; small lifeKleinstadtleben nt; small Americadie amerikanische Provinz

small

[smɔːl]
1. adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl))) (gen, in size, number) → piccolo/a; (in height) → basso/a; (stock, supply, population) → scarso/a; (waist) → sottile; (meal) → leggero/a; (letter) → minuscolo/a; (minor, unimportant) → da poco, insignificante; (increase, improvement) → piccolo/a, leggero/a
when we were small → quando eravamo piccoli
there was only a small audience → c'era poco pubblico
this house makes the other one look small → questa casa fa sembrare piccola l'altra
the smallest possible number of books → il minor numero di libri possibile
the smallest details → i minimi dettagli
to have a small appetite → avere poco or scarso appetito
in a small voice → con un filo di voce
to feel small (fig) → sentirsi umiliato/a or sminuito/a
to get or grow smaller (stain, town) → rimpicciolire (debt, organization, numbers) → ridursi
to make smaller (amount, income) → ridurre (garden, object, garment) → rimpicciolire
to have small hope of success → avere scarse speranze di successo
to have small cause or reason to do sth → non avere molti motivi per fare qc
to start in a small way → cominciare da poco
a small shopkeeper → un(a) piccolo/a negoziante
2. n
a. the small of the backle reni
b. npl smalls (fam) (underwear) → biancheria intima

small

(smoːl) adjective
1. little in size, degree, importance etc; not large or great. She was accompanied by a small boy of about six; There's only a small amount of sugar left; She cut the meat up small for the baby.
2. not doing something on a large scale. He's a small businessman.
3. little; not much. You have small reason to be satisfied with yourself.
4. (of the letters of the alphabet) not capital. The teacher showed the children how to write a capital G and a small g.
small ads
advertisements in the personal columns of a newspaper.
small arms
weapons small and light enough to be carried by a man. They found a hoard of rifles and other small arms belonging to the rebels.
small change
coins of small value. a pocketful of small change.
small hours
the hours immediately after midnight. He woke up in the small hours.
ˈsmallpox noun
a type of serious infectious disease in which there is a severe rash of large, pus-filled spots that usually leave scars.
small screen
television, not the cinema. This play is intended for the small screen.
ˈsmall-time adjective
(of a thief etc) not working on a large scale. a small-time crook/thief.
feel/look small
to feel or look foolish or insignificant. He criticized her in front of her colleagues and made her feel very small.

small

صَغِير malý lille klein μικρός pequeño pieni petit malen piccolo 小さい 작은 klein liten mały pequeno маленький liten เล็ก küçük nhỏ bé 小的

small

a. pequeño-a;
smallercomp. más pequeño;
smallestsup. el menor, el más pequeño.

small

adj pequeño, chico; to get smaller (tumor, etc.) encogerse, achicarse; n— of the back parte baja de la espalda
References in periodicals archive ?
Its riding position is neutral and although this is a 1,100cc motorcycle it feels small and compact with plenty of ground clearance.