ferment


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fer·ment

 (fûr′mĕnt′)
n.
1. Something, such as a yeast, bacterium, mold, or enzyme, that causes fermentation.
2. Fermentation.
3.
a. A state of agitation or of turbulent change or development.
b. An agent that precipitates or is capable of precipitating such a state; a catalyst.
v. (fər-mĕnt′) fer·ment·ed, fer·ment·ing, fer·ments
v.tr.
1. To produce by or as if by fermentation.
2. To cause to undergo fermentation.
3. To make turbulent; excite or agitate.
v.intr.
1. To undergo fermentation.
2. To be in an excited or agitated state; seethe.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin fermentum; see bhreu- in Indo-European roots.]

fer·ment′a·bil′i·ty n.
fer·ment′a·ble adj.

ferment

n
1. (Biochemistry) any agent or substance, such as a bacterium, mould, yeast, or enzyme, that causes fermentation
2. (Biochemistry) another word for fermentation
3. commotion; unrest
vb
4. (Biochemistry) to undergo or cause to undergo fermentation
5. to stir up or seethe with excitement
[C15: from Latin fermentum yeast, from fervēre to seethe]
ferˈmentable adj
ferˌmentaˈbility n
ferˈmenter n
Usage: See at foment

fer•ment

(n. ˈfɜr mɛnt; v. fərˈmɛnt)

n.
1. any of a group of living organisms, as yeasts, molds, and certain bacteria, that cause fermentation.
2. an enzyme that catalyzes the anaerobic breakdown of molecules that yield energy.
4. agitation or excitement; commotion: artistic ferment; political ferment.
v.t.
5. to act upon as a ferment.
6. to cause to undergo fermentation.
7. to inflame or excite; foment.
v.i.
8. to be fermented; undergo fermentation.
9. to seethe with agitation or excitement.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin fermentum yeast, fermentāre to cause to rise; akin to barm, Latin fervēre to boil]
fer•ment′a•ble, adj.
fer•ment`a•bil′i•ty, n.
fer•ment′er, fer•men′tor, n.

Ferment

 a tumult of agitation; an assembly of people affected by such a tumult, 1672.

ferment


Past participle: fermented
Gerund: fermenting

Imperative
ferment
ferment
Present
I ferment
you ferment
he/she/it ferments
we ferment
you ferment
they ferment
Preterite
I fermented
you fermented
he/she/it fermented
we fermented
you fermented
they fermented
Present Continuous
I am fermenting
you are fermenting
he/she/it is fermenting
we are fermenting
you are fermenting
they are fermenting
Present Perfect
I have fermented
you have fermented
he/she/it has fermented
we have fermented
you have fermented
they have fermented
Past Continuous
I was fermenting
you were fermenting
he/she/it was fermenting
we were fermenting
you were fermenting
they were fermenting
Past Perfect
I had fermented
you had fermented
he/she/it had fermented
we had fermented
you had fermented
they had fermented
Future
I will ferment
you will ferment
he/she/it will ferment
we will ferment
you will ferment
they will ferment
Future Perfect
I will have fermented
you will have fermented
he/she/it will have fermented
we will have fermented
you will have fermented
they will have fermented
Future Continuous
I will be fermenting
you will be fermenting
he/she/it will be fermenting
we will be fermenting
you will be fermenting
they will be fermenting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been fermenting
you have been fermenting
he/she/it has been fermenting
we have been fermenting
you have been fermenting
they have been fermenting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been fermenting
you will have been fermenting
he/she/it will have been fermenting
we will have been fermenting
you will have been fermenting
they will have been fermenting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been fermenting
you had been fermenting
he/she/it had been fermenting
we had been fermenting
you had been fermenting
they had been fermenting
Conditional
I would ferment
you would ferment
he/she/it would ferment
we would ferment
you would ferment
they would ferment
Past Conditional
I would have fermented
you would have fermented
he/she/it would have fermented
we would have fermented
you would have fermented
they would have fermented
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ferment - a state of agitation or turbulent change or developmentferment - a state of agitation or turbulent change or development; "the political ferment produced new leadership"; "social unrest"
Sturm und Drang, upheaval, turbulence - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence"
2.ferment - a substance capable of bringing about fermentation
substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
3.ferment - a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substancesferment - a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol
bottom fermentation - a slow kind of alcoholic fermentation at a temperature low enough that the yeast cells can sink to the bottom of the fermenting liquid; used in the production of lager
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
top fermentation - a violent kind of alcoholic fermentation at a temperature high enough to carry the yeast cells to the top of the fermenting liquid; used in the production of ale; "top fermentation uses a yeast that ferments at higher temperatures than that used for bottom fermentation"
vinification - the process whereby fermentation changes grape juice into wine
Verb1.ferment - be in an agitated or excited state; "The Middle East is fermenting"; "Her mind ferments"
seethe, boil - be in an agitated emotional state; "The customer was seething with anger"
2.ferment - work up into agitation or excitement; "Islam is fermenting Africa"
fire up, stir up, wake, heat, ignite, inflame - arouse or excite feelings and passions; "The ostentatious way of living of the rich ignites the hatred of the poor"; "The refugees' fate stirred up compassion around the world"; "Wake old feelings of hatred"
3.ferment - cause to undergo fermentation; "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content"; "The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"
convert - change the nature, purpose, or function of something; "convert lead into gold"; "convert hotels into jails"; "convert slaves to laborers"
sour, ferment, turn, work - go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked"; "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
vinify - convert a juice into wine by fermentation; "vinify grape juice"
4.ferment - go sour or spoilferment - go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked"; "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
ferment, work - cause to undergo fermentation; "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content"; "The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"

ferment

noun
verb
1. brew, froth, concoct, effervesce, work, rise, heat, boil, bubble, foam, seethe, leaven red wine made from grapes left to ferment for three weeks
2. stir up, excite, provoke, rouse, agitate, inflame, incite They tried to ferment political unrest.
3. smoulder, seethe, fester, heat, boil, foment His anger still ferments after a decade. see foment

ferment

verb
To be in a state of emotional or mental turmoil:
noun
1. An agent that stimulates or precipitates a reaction, development, or change:
2. A state of uneasiness and usually resentment brewing to an eventual explosion:
Translations
في غَلَيانيُثير، يُهَيِّجيَخْتَمِر
kvasitneklidpůsobitvyvolávatkvas
fermenteregæregærende uroophidseblive ophidset
käyttääkuohuntakuohuttaalietsoanostattaa
erjesztforrongásmegerjeszt
æsagerjauppnám
fermentacijafermentuotiraugintirūgimasrūgti
celt nemierunemiersraudzētrūgtsatraukt
kvasiť
fermenterajäsa
çıkarmakheyecanmayala maktelâşyaratmak

ferment

[ˈfɜːment]
A. N
1. (= leaven) → fermento m; (= process) → fermentación f
2. (fig) (= excitement) → agitación f, conmoción f
in a (state of) fermenten un estado de agitación, conmocionado
B. [fəˈment] VT (lit) → hacer fermentar (fig) → fomentar
C. [fəˈment] VI (lit) → fermentar

ferment

[fərˈmɛnt]
vi [liquid, substance] → fermenter
vt [+ substance] → faire fermenter
[ˈfɜːrmɛnt] nagitation f, effervescence f
to be in ferment → être en ébullition
political ferment → agitation politique

ferment

n
(= fermentation)Gärung f; (= substance)Ferment nt, → Gärstoff m
(fig)Unruhe f, → Erregung f; the city was in fermentes brodelte or gärte in der Stadt
vi (lit, fig)gären; (plan also)(aus)reifen
vt (lit)fermentieren, zur Gärung bringen; (fig)anwachsen lassen

ferment

[n ˈfɜːmɛnt; vb fəˈmɛnt]
1. n (excitement) → eccitazione f, agitazione f, fermento
to be in a state of ferment → essere in fermento or in uno stato di agitazione
2. vtfar fermentare (fig) → fomentare
3. vifermentare

ferment

(fəˈment) verb
1. to (make something) go through a particular chemical change (as when yeast is added to dough in the making of bread). Grape juice must be fermented before it becomes wine.
2. to excite or be excited. He is the kind of person to ferment trouble.
(ˈfəːment) noun
a state of excitement. The whole city was in a ferment.
ˌfermenˈtation (fəːmen-) noun
the chemical change occurring when something ferments or is fermented.

fer·ment

n. fermento.
1. sustancia o agente que activa la fermentación;
2. producto de fermentación;
v. fermentar, hacer fermentar.
References in classic literature ?
Jesse Bentley went along under the trees with his head bowed and with his mind in a ferment.
When she took the paste out to bake it, she left smears of dough sticking to the sides of the measure, put the measure on the shelf behind the stove, and let this residue ferment.
Nobody knows how many rebellions besides political rebellions ferment in the masses of life which people earth.
All the village and all who heard of it were amazed at the affair; I was aghast, Anselmo thunderstruck, her father full of grief, her relations indignant, the authorities all in a ferment, the officers of the Brotherhood in arms.
Were the experiment to be seriously made, though it required some effort to view it seriously even in fiction, I leave it to be decided by the sample of opinions just exhibited, whether, with all their enmity to their predecessors, they would, in any one point, depart so widely from their example, as in the discord and ferment that would mark their own deliberations; and whether the Constitution, now before the public, would not stand as fair a chance for immortality, as Lycurgus gave to that of Sparta, by making its change to depend on his own return from exile and death, if it were to be immediately adopted, and were to continue in force, not until a BETTER, but until ANOTHER should be agreed upon by this new assembly of lawgivers.
Yet this spiritual ferment was not sufficiently strong wholly to undo me.
Meantime, the purpose of the Governor, in disturbing the peace of the town at a period when the slightest commotion might throw the country into a ferment, was almost the universal subject of inquiry, and variously explained.
During their absence the whole population of the place were in a ferment, and nothing was talked of but 'pehee, pehee' (fish, fish).
Perkins now communicate to the late lodger whose appearance is the signal for a general rally, it is in one continual ferment to discover everything, and more.
No; they wish the pure wheat, and will die but it shall not ferment.
There was nothing notable in the event which thus set the bells and the bourgeois of Paris in a ferment from early morning.
There would be such a ferment, sir, that I do not hesitate to say that within a week of the publication of that letter this country would be involved in a great war.