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a. The category of literature, drama, film, or other creative work whose content is imagined and is not necessarily based on fact.
b. Works in this category: the fiction of Virginia Woolf.
c. A work within this category: the shorter fictions of Faulkner.
a. Narrative, explanatory material, or belief that is not true or has been imagined or fabricated: The notion that he was at the scene of the crime is pure fiction.
b. A narrative, explanation, or belief that may seem true but is false or fabricated: "Neutrality is a fiction in an unneutral world" (Howard Zinn).
3. Law A verbal contrivance that is in some sense inaccurate but that accomplishes a purpose, as in the treatment of husband and wife as one person or a corporation as an entity.

[Middle English ficcioun, from Old French fiction, from Latin fictiō, fictiōn-, from fictus, past participle of fingere, to form; see dheigh- in Indo-European roots.]

fic′tion·al adj.
fic′tion·al′i·ty (-shə-năl′ĭ-tē) n.
fic′tion·al·ly adv.


the quality of being fictional
References in periodicals archive ?
She has published on FID, (unnatural) narrative communication, ekphrasis, fictionality (latest in Narrative 25.
Unnatural Narrative as a whole establishes four clear goals at its beginning, namely, 1) to provide a full elucidation of the theory of unnatural narratives; 2) to trace the history of unnatural narratives from antiquity to the present; 3) to provide some analyses of unnatural texts; 4) and to address a number of pressing theoretical questions, such as the question of fictionality that authors of unnatural works repeatedly foreground (xiii).
David Copperfield demonstrates the instability and fictionality of the voice or "presence" (33).
The separation between "factual" (refering to reality) and "fictional" (referring to the imaginary) texts is a very complicated issue in general and especially in Arabic literature, where a concept of "fiction" (in the sense of referring not to reality but to the imaginary) had not been developed in premodern times and fictionality was often understood through indirect clues (cf.
Mathias Herweg, mostly relying on his own study Wege zur Verbindlichkeit (2010), alerts us one more time to the phenomenon of hybridization in late medieval romances and the problematization of the concept of fictionality.
While they vary in subject matter and in their respective doses of fictionality, all the texts in the study aim to provoke a sense of pity and horror in their readers, depicting conspirators with which readers are meant to identify, even as the sociopolitical upheaval threatened by the revolt they plot provokes fear and anxiety.
Calame would argue that wherever they are found, they attain a literary status because of their fictionality, thus presuming the nature of literature as fiction, a thesis already prepared by the Canadian critic Northrop Frye who is drawing upon Karl Jung, considers literary forms as major archetypes reflected in the seasons of the Western climate--Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn (Fall).
Wyatt shows how Florio' s language manuals placed the dialogue in a recognizable social setting, and creatively engaged with current cultural debates and issues involving the transfer of Italian culture into England (the threatre, the issue of poetry and fictionality, the courtesy ideal, the publication of Italian books in England).
As an analytical tool, liminality thus also proves useful to general inquiries about the nature of fictionality and, of more immediate interest, about the ways in which the construction of the fictional (that is, the processes involved in fictionalizing) may achieve self-reflexive textual representation.
With its comparatist's focus and theoretical basis, Francoise Lavocat's collection of essays is a sharp new look at a familiar but poorly understood concept: fictionality.
Black in fact undermines her own argument about the "raw form" of Woolf's feminism, when she emphasizes the fictionality of Three Guineas, and the impossibility of identifying "real life" referents for the societies named in the text.
Some blur those boundaries deliberately, some blur them inadvertently; some insist on their fictionality, on their departure from the experiences of their authors; others insist on their claims to represent those experiences; and so on.