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 (fē′dā-ĭz-əm, fī′dē-)
Reliance on faith alone rather than scientific reasoning or philosophy in questions of religion.

[Probably from French fidéïsme, from Latin fidēs, faith; see bheidh- in Indo-European roots.]

fi′de·ist n.
fi′de·is′tic adj.


(Theology) the theological doctrine that religious truth is a matter of faith and cannot be established by reason. Compare natural theology
[C19: from Latin fidēs faith]
ˈfideist n
ˌfideˈistic adj


(ˈfi deɪˌɪz əm, ˈfaɪ di-)

exclusive reliance in religious matters upon faith, with consequent rejection of appeals to science or philosophy.
[1880–85; (< French fidéisme) < Latin fide-, s. of fidēs faith + -ism]
fi′de•ist, n.
fi`de•is′tic, adj.


a reliance, in a search for religious truth, on faith alone. — fideist, n. — fideistic. adj.
See also: Faith
References in periodicals archive ?
Blaise Pascal was a French fideistic philosopher who proposed a wager to his colleagues who did not believe in God.
Second, of course none of these considerations in themselves entail theism or the deification of necessarily existing reality, hence the need for the ontological or some other theistic argument or for fideistic commitment in order to defend the reasonableness of theistic belief.
The Erasmian tradition of interpreting Homer as an eirenic and fideistic skeptic is developed in chapter two with respect to its parodic and, at times, ludic implications.
Despite its self-presentation, scientism is a fideistic claim about the whole of reality.
53) It is an ethical stance independent of fideistic, philosophical, and even sdentine constructions, in which Montale had little faith, as he observes in an interview shortly after the book's publication.
Given the fearsome crags and thin air of this fideistic territory, it should come as no surprise that Wiman claims "art is .
Chapter ten challenges the prevailing interpretation of Ockham as a careless fideist, finding in him instead a robust theological speculation whose fideistic conclusions are motivated by a concern to specify the epistemic status of theological conclusions.
Religious Jews have been compelled either to retreat to a fideistic dogmatism which ignores modern scholarship, or to seek a new rationale for their theological commitments.
the individual maintains that faith is a miracle or a gift from God; the individual ignores reason or understanding altogether holding to a fideistic view; the individual's belief is a personal decision to not reason or understand; or, in the extreme, the individual's believing is characterized by Kierkegaard's (116) Existentialist Philosophy of Faith--a leap of faith by virtue of the absurd).
The fideistic consequences of this position were rejected in post-Reformation English institutions, whose main defense against skepticism (gradually altering law, science and religion) made the criterion of truth reasonable (as opposed to absolute) certainty, offered empirical evidence and systematic testing of the rehability of witnesses as the method of reaching a probable conclusion, and backed this method with the general rules of consistent experience.
6) There Israel has pointed to the influence of three tolerationist doctrines: Baruch de Spinoza's defense of freedom of conscience in Tractatus theolagica-politicus (1670) and Tractatus paliticus (1677); Pierre Bayle's fideistic notion of toleration in Pensees diverses (1683) and Commentaire philosophique (1686); and John Locke's cautious defense of freedom of worship in his three letters concerning toleration (1689-92).
Secondly, his participational Christian model is neither adequate nor viable in a modern society, because it overextends theological claims and does not escape fideistic, theocratic, relativist, nor 'violent' tendencies.