filarial


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to filarial: Filarial infection

fi·lar·i·a

 (fə-lâr′ē-ə)
n. pl. fi·lar·i·ae (-ē-ē′)
Any of various slender, threadlike nematode worms of the superfamily Filarioidea that are parasitic in vertebrates and are often transmitted as larvae by mosquitoes and other biting insects. Infestation with different species of filariae cause diseases such as lymphatic filariasis (which can lead to elephantiasis) and onchocerciasis.

[New Latin Fīlāria, former genus name, from Latin fīlum, thread; see gwhī- in Indo-European roots.]

fi·lar′i·al (-ē-əl), fi·lar′i·an (-ē-ən) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.filarial - related to or infested with or transmitting parasitic worms especially filaria
References in periodicals archive ?
Killing adult worms is considered as a superior filarial control strategy (WHO recommends new drug discovery directed to this strategy) since killing one adult worm will prevent production of thousands of mf that circulate in blood and are responsible for transmission of infection (mosquitoes that transmit infection take-up mf only during their blood meal).
Yong 2013 Molecular phylogeny of filarial worms (Nematoda: Filarioidea).
The topics include harnessing genomic technologies to explore the molecular biology of liver flukes, identifying and profiling nematicidal compounds in veterinary parasitology, drugs and targets to perturb the symbiosis of Wolbachia and filarial nematodes, the preclinical development of a human hookworm vaccine, new approaches to antigen discovery and promising new candidates for schistosomiasis vaccines, and vaccines against cestode parasites.
Some species transmit filarial nematodes, whereas others vector several economically important viral diseases such as Oropouche, blue-tongue, equine encephalitis, epizootic hemorrhagic disease, African horse sickness, Akabane and bovine ephemeral fever (Mellor et al.
Helminth infections include filarial diseases, onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) caused by parasitic worms, which inflict the heaviest socioeconomic burden of all the neglected tropical diseases and affect millions in poverty-stricken areas.
Dictyocaulus filarial for first time reported by Rafae and Alavi in 1963 in Iran.
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) is an interstitial lung disease that results from an exaggerated immune response to filarial parasites Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi (1).
Mapping the presence of Wolbachia pipientis on the phylogeny of filarial nematodes: evidence for symbiont loss during evolution.
9) CTS has also been reported with a filarial infection alone (10) and in a combined case of loiasis, schistosomiasis, and trypanosomiasis.
Wolbachia may soon become more newsworthy, as they are essential symbionts of the major pathogenic filarial nematode parasites of humans, including Onchocerca volvulus, which causes river blindness.
Lymphangiosarcoma associated with chronic filarial lymphedema.
Moreover, major filarial research should have to address the obstacles to eliminate LF and the outcome of post-MDA surveillance of various active LF elimination programmes.