file


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fi·lé

 (fē′lā, fĭ-lā′)
n.
Powdered sassafras leaves used to thicken and season soups, stews, and gumbos.

[Louisiana French, from French, past participle of filer, to spin thread (from its effect when added to hot liquids), from Old French; see file1.]

file 1

 (fīl)
n.
1. A container, such as a cabinet or folder, for keeping papers in order.
2. A collection of papers or published materials kept or arranged in convenient order.
3. Computers A collection of data or program records stored as a unit with a single name.
4.
a. A line of persons, animals, or things positioned one behind the other.
b. A line of troops or military vehicles so positioned.
5. Games Any of the rows of squares that run forward and backward between players on a playing board in chess or checkers.
6. Archaic A list or roll.
v. filed, fil·ing, files
v.tr.
1. To put or keep (papers, for example) in useful order for storage or reference.
2. To enter (a legal document) as an official record.
3. To send or submit (copy) to a newspaper.
4. To initiate (a lawsuit): file a complaint; file charges.
v.intr.
1. To march or walk in a line.
2. To put items in a file.
3. To make application; apply: filed for a job with the state; file for a divorce.
4. To enter one's name in a political contest: filed for Congress.
Idiom:
on file
In or as if in a file for easy reference: We will keep your résumé on file.

[From Middle English filen, to put documents on file, from Old French filer, to spin thread, to put documents on a thread, from Late Latin fīlāre, to spin, draw out in a long line, from Latin fīlum, thread; see gwhī- in Indo-European roots.]

click for a larger image
file2
left to right: double-cut flat file, single-cut round file, and single-cut half-round file

file 2

 (fīl)
n.
1. Any of several hardened steel tools with cutting ridges for forming, smoothing, or reducing especially metallic surfaces.
2. A nail file.
3. Chiefly British A crafty or artful person.
tr.v. filed, fil·ing, files
To smooth, reduce, or remove with or as if with a file.

[Middle English, from Old English fīl; see peig- in Indo-European roots.]

file 3

 (fīl)
tr.v. filed, fil·ing, files Archaic
To sully or defile.

[Middle English filen, from Old English fȳlan; see pū̆- in Indo-European roots.]

file

(faɪl)
n
1. a folder, box, etc, used to keep documents or other items in order
2. the documents, etc, kept in this way
3. documents or information about a specific subject, person, etc: we have a file on every known thief.
4. an orderly line or row
5. (Military) a line of people in marching formation, one behind another. Compare rank16
6. (Chess & Draughts) any of the eight vertical rows of squares on a chessboard
7. (Computer Science) computing a named collection of information, in the form of text, programs, graphics, etc, held on a permanent storage device such as a magnetic disk
8. obsolete a list or catalogue
9. Canadian a group of problems or responsibilities, esp in government, associated with a particular topic: the environment file.
10. on file recorded or catalogued for reference, as in a file
vb
11. to place (a document, letter, etc) in a file
12. (tr) to put on record, esp to place (a legal document) on public or official record; register
13. (Law) (tr) to bring (a suit, esp a divorce suit) in a court of law
14. (Journalism & Publishing) (tr) to submit (copy) to a newspaper or news agency
15. (intr) to march or walk in a file or files: the ants filed down the hill.
[C16 (in the sense: string on which documents are hung): from Old French filer, from Medieval Latin fīlāre; see filament]
ˈfiler n

file

(faɪl)
n
1. (Tools) a hand tool consisting essentially of a steel blade with small cutting teeth on some or all of its faces. It is used for shaping or smoothing metal, wood, etc
2. rare slang Brit a cunning or deceitful person
vb
(Tools) (tr) to shape or smooth (a surface) with a file
[Old English fīl; related to Old Saxon fīla, Old High German fīhala file, Greek pikros bitter, sharp]
ˈfiler n

file

(faɪl)
vb
(tr) obsolete to pollute or defile
[Old English fӯlan; related to Middle Low German vülen; see defile1, filth, foul]

file1

(faɪl)

n., v. filed, fil•ing. n.
1. a container in which papers, letters, etc., are arranged in convenient order.
2. a collection of papers, records, etc., arranged in convenient order.
3. a collection of related computer data or program records stored by name.
4. a line of persons or things arranged one behind another (disting. from rank).
5. a list or roll.
6. one of the vertical lines of squares on a chessboard.
v.t.
7. to place in a file.
8. to arrange (papers, records, etc.) in convenient order for storage or reference.
9. to transmit (a news story), as by wire.
10. to initiate (legal proceedings).
v.i.
11. to march in a file or line, one after another.
12. to make application: to file for a job.
Idioms:
on file, filed for easy retrieval.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French filer to string documents on a thread or wire, Old French: to wind or spin thread « Latin fīlum thread, string]
fil′er, n.

file2

(faɪl)

n., v. filed, fil•ing. n.
1. a metal tool, esp. of steel, having rough surfaces for reducing or smoothing metal, wood, etc.
v.t.
3. to reduce, smooth, or remove with or as if with a file.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English fīl, fēol, c. Old Saxon fīla, Old High German fī(ha)la]
fil′er, n.

file3

(faɪl)

v.t. filed, fil•ing. Archaic.
to defile; corrupt.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English fȳlan to befoul, defile, derivative of fūl foul]

fi•lé

(fɪˈleɪ, ˈfi leɪ)

n.
a powder made from the ground leaves of the sassafras tree, used as a thickener and flavoring, esp. in Creole soups and gumbos.
[1800–10, Amer.; < Louisiana French; literally, twisted, ropy, stringy]

File

 a collection of papers arranged in order; a line, queue, or row of people; animals or things standing or placed one behind each other; a small number of soldiers.
Examples: file of letters, 1666; of slanderous lies, 1581; of newspapers, 1806; of papers, 1525; of soldiers [two deep], 1598.

file


Past participle: filed
Gerund: filing

Imperative
file
file
Present
I file
you file
he/she/it files
we file
you file
they file
Preterite
I filed
you filed
he/she/it filed
we filed
you filed
they filed
Present Continuous
I am filing
you are filing
he/she/it is filing
we are filing
you are filing
they are filing
Present Perfect
I have filed
you have filed
he/she/it has filed
we have filed
you have filed
they have filed
Past Continuous
I was filing
you were filing
he/she/it was filing
we were filing
you were filing
they were filing
Past Perfect
I had filed
you had filed
he/she/it had filed
we had filed
you had filed
they had filed
Future
I will file
you will file
he/she/it will file
we will file
you will file
they will file
Future Perfect
I will have filed
you will have filed
he/she/it will have filed
we will have filed
you will have filed
they will have filed
Future Continuous
I will be filing
you will be filing
he/she/it will be filing
we will be filing
you will be filing
they will be filing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been filing
you have been filing
he/she/it has been filing
we have been filing
you have been filing
they have been filing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been filing
you will have been filing
he/she/it will have been filing
we will have been filing
you will have been filing
they will have been filing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been filing
you had been filing
he/she/it had been filing
we had been filing
you had been filing
they had been filing
Conditional
I would file
you would file
he/she/it would file
we would file
you would file
they would file
Past Conditional
I would have filed
you would have filed
he/she/it would have filed
we would have filed
you would have filed
they would have filed

file

An amount of data handled as a unit and stored under a single name.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.file - a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept togetherfile - a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together
computer file - (computer science) a file maintained in computer-readable form
mug book, mug file - a file of mug shots (pictures of criminals that are kept on file by the police)
record - anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events; "the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques"
tickler, tickler file - a file of memoranda or notices that remind of things to be done
2.file - a line of persons or things ranged one behind the otherfile - a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other
snake dance - a group advancing in a single-file serpentine path
column - a line of units following one after another
line - a formation of people or things one behind another; "the line stretched clear around the corner"; "you must wait in a long line at the checkout counter"
3.file - office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in orderfile - office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order
card index, card catalog, card catalogue - an alphabetical listing of items (e.g., books in a library) with a separate card for each item
office furniture - furniture intended for use in an office
vertical file - a file in which records are stored upright on one edge
4.file - a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal
blunt file - a file with parallel edges
flat file - a file with two flat surfaces
haft, helve - the handle of a weapon or tool
hand tool - a tool used with workers' hands
nailfile - a small flat file for shaping the nails
wood file, rasp - a coarse file with sharp pointed projections
rat-tail file - a thin round file shaped like the tail of a rat
round file - a file with a circular cross section; used to file the inside of holes
taper file - a file with converging edges
Verb1.file - record in a public office or in a court of law; "file for divorce"; "file a complaint"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
trademark - register the trademark of; "The company trademarked their new gadget"
register - record in writing; enter into a book of names or events or transactions
2.file - smooth with a file; "file one's fingernails"
smooth, smoothen - make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing; "smooth the surface of the wood"
3.file - proceed in line; "The students filed into the classroom"
march, process - march in a procession; "They processed into the dining room"
file in - enter by marching in a file
file out - march out, in a file
4.file - file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife"
accuse, criminate, incriminate, impeach - bring an accusation against; level a charge against; "The neighbors accused the man of spousal abuse"
impeach - charge (a public official) with an offense or misdemeanor committed while in office; "The President was impeached"
5.file - place in a container for keeping records; "File these bills, please"
record, enter, put down - make a record of; set down in permanent form

file

1
noun
1. folder, case, portfolio, binder a file of insurance papers
2. dossier, record, information, data, documents, case history, report, case We have files on people's tax details.
3. document, program to span a file across more than one disk
4. line, row, chain, string, column, queue, procession A file of soldiers, spaced and on both sides.
verb
1. arrange, order, classify, put in place, slot in (informal), categorize, pigeonhole, put in order Papers are filed alphabetically.
2. register, record, enter, log, put on record They have filed formal complaints.
3. march, troop, parade, walk in line, walk behind one another They filed into the room and sat down.

file

2
verb smooth, shape, polish, rub, refine, scrape, rasp, burnish, rub down, abrade shaping and filing nails

file

noun
A group of people or things arranged in a row:
Translations
مِبْرَدمَلَفمَلَف في الحاسوبمَلَفّيَبْرُد
pilníkpilovatsouborpořadačrejstřík
filfilesagsmappearkiveregå i række
dosierofajlifajlilovico
arhiivimaesitamafailkolonnliin
arkistoidaviilaviilatakansiotallentaa
datotekafasciklpohranitispisturpija
adatállományfájl
einföld röî, fylkingganga , marséraleggja inn kæruòjölskjalamappa
ファイルファイルするやすりやすりをかける
줄질하다철하다파일
failas
aktu vākifailsierindaiesniegtiešūt
fişier
ísť v zástupenázov počítačového súborupilníkpilovaťsúbor informácií
datotekapilapilitivrstakartoteka
turpijaтурпија
arkiverafilfilaarkiv
แฟ้มเอกสารจัดเข้าแฟ้มตะไบ
giũalưu hồ sơtập hồ sơ

file

1 [faɪl]
A. N (= tool) → lima f; (for nails) → lima f (de uñas)
B. VT (also file down, file away) → limar

file

2 [faɪl]
A. N
1. (= folder) → carpeta f; (= dossier) → archivo m, carpeta f, expediente m; (eg loose-leaf file) → archivador m, clasificador m; (= bundle of papers) → legajo m; (= filing system) → fichero m
the fileslos archivos
the Lucan fileel expediente Lucan
police filesarchivos policiales
to close the file on sthdar carpetazo a algo
to have sth on filetener algo archivado
to have a file on sbtener fichado a algn
2. (Comput) → fichero m, archivo m
to open/close a fileabrir/cerrar un fichero or archivo
B. VT
1. (also file away) [+ notes, information, work] → archivar; (under heading) → clasificar
2. (= submit) [+ claim, application, complaint] → presentar
to file a petition for divorceentablar pleito de divorcio
to file a suit against sb (Jur) → entablar pleito or presentar una demanda contra algn
C. CPD file clerk N (US) → archivero/a m/f
file name N (Comput) → nombre m de fichero, nombre m de archivo
file server N (Jur) → portador(a) m/f de notificaciones judiciales
file for VI + PREP (Jur) to file for divorceentablar pleito de divorcio
to file for bankruptcypresentar una declaración de quiebra
to file for custody (of children)reclamar la custodia (de los hijos)

file

3 [faɪl]
A. N (= row) → fila f, hilera f
in single fileen fila india
B. VI to file in/outentrar/salir en fila
to file pastdesfilar
they filed past the generaldesfilaron ante el general

file

[ˈfaɪl]
n
(= dossier) → dossier m
Have we got a file on the suspect? → Est-ce que nous avons un dossier sur le suspect?
to keep a file of sth → avoir un dossier sur qch
to be on file → être fiché(e)
on sb's file → dans le dossier de qn
(= folder) → dossier m, chemise f
She keeps all her letters in a cardboard file → Elle garde toutes ses lettres dans une chemise en carton.
(= binder) → classeur m
(COMPUTING)fichier m
(= tool) → lime f
(= line) → file f
in single file → à la file, en file
vt
[+ nails, wood] → limer
to file one's nails → se limer les ongles
[+ papers] → classer
(LAW) [+ claim] → faire enregistrer
to file a suit against sb → intenter un procès à qn
[+ complaint] → déposer
vi (LAW) to file for divorce → demander le divorce
to file for bankruptcy → déposer son bilan
file away
vt sep [+ document] → classer
file in
vientrer l'un derrière l'autre
file into
vt fus
to file into a room → entrer l'un derrière l'autre dans une pièce
file out
visortir l'un derrière l'autre
file out of
vt fus
to file out of a room → sortir l'un derrière l'autre d'une pièce
file past
vidéfiler
vt fus
to file past sth → défiler devant qchfile manager n (COMPUTING)gestionnaire m de fichiersfile name n (COMPUTING)nom m de fichierfile-sharing [ˈfaɪlʃɛərɪŋ] (COMPUTING)
npartage m de fichiers
modif [application, program, software, service, network, company] → de partage de fichiers

file

:
file attribute
n (Comput) → Dateiattribut nt
file cabinet
n (US) → Aktenschrank m
filecard
nKarteikarte f
file clerk
n (US) → Angestellte(r) mfin der Registratur
file management
n (Comput) → Dateiverwaltung f
file manager
n (Comput) → Dateimanager m
file name
n (Comput) → Dateiname m
file number
nAktenzeichen nt
file server
n (Comput) → Fileserver m, → Dateiserver m
file sharing
n (Internet) → File-Sharing nt
file size
n (Comput) → Dateigröße for -umfang m

file

1
n (= tool)Feile f
vtfeilen; to file one’s (finger)nailssich (dat)die Fingernägel feilen

file

2
n
(= holder)(Akten)hefter m, → Aktenordner m; (for card index) → Karteikasten m; would you fetch it from the fileskönnten Sie es bitte aus der Ablage holen; it’s in the files somewheredas muss irgendwo bei den Akten sein
(= documents, information)Akte f(on sb über jdn, on sth zu etw); on fileaktenkundig, bei den Akten; have we got that on file?haben wir das bei den Akten?; to open or start a file on somebody/somethingeine Akte über jdn/zu etw anlegen; to have/keep a file on somebody/somethingeine Akte über jdn/zu etw haben/führen; to keep somebody/something on filejds Unterlagen/die Unterlagen über etw (acc)zurückbehalten; to close the file on somebody/somethingjds Akte/die Akte zu einer Sache schließen; the Kowalski filedie Akte Kowalski
(Comput) → Datei f, → File nt; data on filegespeicherte Daten; to have something on fileetw im Computer gespeichert haben; to activate/insert a fileeine Datei aufrufen/einfügen; to attach a fileeine Datei (als Attachment) anhängen
(TV) → Archivbilder pl
vt
(= put in file) lettersablegen, abheften; (Comput) textabspeichern; it’s filed under “B”das ist unter „B“ abgelegt
(Press) reporteinsenden
(Jur) complainteinreichen, erheben; (law)suitanstrengen; to file a petition with a courteinen Antrag bei Gericht einreichen
vi to file for divorcedie Scheidung einreichen; to file for bankruptcyKonkurs anmelden; to file for custody (of the children)das Sorgerecht (für die Kinder) beantragen

file

3
n (= row)Reihe f; in Indian or single fileim Gänsemarsch; (Mil) → in Reihe ? rank1
vi to file inhereinmarschieren or -kommen; they filed out of the classroomsie gingen hintereinander or nacheinander aus dem Klassenzimmer; the procession filed under the archwaydie Prozession zog unter dem Torbogen hindurch; they filed through the turnstilesie kamen nacheinander durch das Drehkreuz; the troops filed past the generaldie Truppen marschierten or defilierten am General vorbei; the children filed past the headmasterdie Kinder gingen in einer Reihe am Direktor vorbei

file

1 [faɪl]
1. n (folder) → cartella, cartellina; (ring binder) → raccoglitore m; (dossier) → pratica, incartamento; (in cabinet) → scheda (Comput) → archivio, file m inv
2. vt
a. (also file away) (notes, information, papers) → raccogliere; (under heading) → archiviare
b. (Law) (claim, application, complaint) → presentare
to file a suit against sb (Law) → intentare causa contro qn

file

2 [faɪl]
1. n (tool) → lima; (for nails) → limetta
2. vt (metal, wood) → limare
to file one's nails → limarsi le unghie

file

3 [faɪl]
1. n (row) → fila
in single file → in fila indiana
2. vi to file in/outentrare/uscire in fila
to file past (sth/sb) → sfilare (davanti a qc/qn), marciare in fila (davanti a qc/qn)

file1

(fail) noun
a line of soldiers etc walking one behind the other.
verb
to walk in a file. They filed across the road.
in single file
(moving along) singly, one behind the other. They went downstairs in single file.

file2

(fail) noun
1. a folder, loose-leaf book etc to hold papers.
2. a collection of papers on a particular subject (kept in such a folder).
3. in computing, a collection of data stored eg on a disc.
verb
1. to put (papers etc) in a file. He filed the letter under P.
2. to bring (a suit) before a law court. to file (a suit) for divorce.
ˈfilename noun
the name that someone gives to a computer file.
ˈfiling cabinet noun
a piece of furniture with drawers etc for holding papers.

file3

(fail) noun
a steel tool with a rough surface for smoothing or rubbing away wood, metal etc.
verb
to cut or smooth with a file. She filed her nails.
ˈfilings noun plural
pieces of wood, metal etc rubbed off with a file. iron filings.

file

مِبْرَد, مَلَفّ, يَبْرُدُ بـِمِبْرَد, يَحْفَظُ في مَلَفّ pilník, pilovat, šanon, založit arkivere, fil, file, sagsmappe abheften, Aktenordner, Feile, feilen αρχειοθετώ, λίμα, λιμάρω, ντοσιέ archivar, archivo, lima, limar arkistoida, kansio, viila, viilata classer, dossier, lime, limer pohraniti, spis, turpija, turpijati archiviare, lima, limare, raccoglitore ファイル, ファイルする, やすり, やすりをかける, 줄질하다, 철하다, 파일 dossier, opslaan, vijl, vijlen arkivere, fil, file, mappe pilnik, plik, spiłować, złożyć do akt arquivar, arquivo, lima, limar архивировать, напильник, папка, шлифовать arkivera, fil, fila แฟ้มเอกสาร, จัดเข้าแฟ้ม, ตะไบ dosya, dosyalamak, eğe, törpülemek giũa, lưu hồ sơ, tập hồ sơ 归档保存, 档案, 用锉刀锉, 锉刀

file

n. [instrument] lima; [record] expediente, ficha;
v. limar; registrar.

file

n lima; (chart) historia clínica, historial médico, expediente clínico or médico (esp. Mex); nail — lima de or para uñas; vt limar; to — one’s nails limar(se) las uñas
References in classic literature ?
They followed their leader singly, and in that well-known order which has obtained the distinguishing appellation of "Indian file.
The five millionaires of Devil's Ford had just turned the corner of the straggling street, and were approaching in single file.
The rank and file, however, were either foisted upon the city, or else lived off the population directly.
Whoever comes here has to walk single file between those two rocks, in fair range of your pistols, boys, d'ye see?
A common and natural result of an undue respect for the law is, that you may see a file of soldiers, colonel, captain, corporal, privates, powder-monkeys, and all, marching in admirable order over hill and dale to the wars, against their wills, ay, against their common sense and consciences, which makes it very steep marching indeed, and produces a palpitation of the heart.
Chains led from their fettered feet and their manacled hands to a sole-leather belt about their waists; and all except the children were also linked together in a file six feet apart, by a single chain which led from collar to collar all down the line.
On a summer afternoon in the Castle gardens, I have seen six students march solemnly into the grounds, in single file, each carrying a bright Chinese parasol and leading a prodigious dog by a string.
They ALWAYS make their pens out of the hardest, toughest, troublesomest piece of old brass candlestick or some- thing like that they can get their hands on; and it takes them weeks and weeks and months and months to file it out, too, because they've got to do it by rub- bing it on the wall.
She had him out at daylight every morning, stood him up in the wood- shed and drowned him with a deluge of cold water; then she scrubbed him down with a towel like a file, and so brought him to; then she rolled him up in a wet sheet and put him away under blank- ets till she sweated his soul clean and "the yel- low stains of it came through his pores" -- as Tom said.
About night we landed at one of them little Missouri towns high up toward Iowa, and had supper at the tavern, and got a room upstairs with a cot and a double bed in it, but I dumped my bag under a deal table in the dark hall while we was moving along it to bed, single file, me last, and the landlord in the lead with a tallow candle.
Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimly lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; afterwards she called out -
I have nothing in common with the clumsy rank and file of my profession, who convict themselves, before recorders and magistrates, of the worst of all offenses -- incurable stupidity in the exercise of their own vocation.