Tan argues that Hester's ongoing resistance to the state's attempt to bring her into alignment with its behavioral norms models a form of citizenship that is "maternal/natural" and that [califs] into question the desirability of national intimacy and the efficacy of filiopietistic
forms of legislative and judicial rule" (31).
More than a little filiopietistic
, these early works avoided mentioning the new Jewish immigrants because their stories did not seem to fit the defensive political goals that energized the journal's leaders in its early years.
Though studies of Philadelphia's elite are nothing new, ranging back to the filiopietistic
genealogies of the nineteenth century to Carl and Jessica Bridenbaugh's classic works in the mid-twentieth century, few studies have put, as Sarah Fatherly does, gender as central to that elite culture.
For example, in the nineteenth century, historians tended to adopt a filiopietistic
approach towards the New England Puritans.
The approach of Once Jews is pronouncedly filiopietistic
, framed by both traditional Jewish values and dated models of historiography.
Many of these studies have a filiopietistic
flavor, as Wilberforce is held up as a model of evangelical spirituality (his True Christianity became a bestseller), social activism, and political engagement.
Far from filiopietistic
and simplistic, this work documents less than savory characters and behavior, and the hardships of what has become almost a mystical and nostalgic view of the small town Jewish experience.
This is a two-fold enterprise: the reader is introduced to an American social reality where German names, words, and habits exist matter-of-factly, free from prejudice and filiopietistic
Juliani is aware and critical of earlier filiopietistic
studies on Philadelphian ethnic groups, yet he also has an appreciation for the enormous amount of information that these studies have accumulated and preserved for the historical record.
The fact that Roberts's book on Nauvoo was republished in 1965 (the same year that Robert Bruce Flanders published his Nauvoo: Kingdom on the Mississippi [Urbana: U of Illinois P], the starting point for a modern, more critical and less filiopietistic
interpretation of early Mormon history), makes his centrality to the historiographic tradition under review here even more palpable.
Finally, one may question the purpose of this filiopietistic
Much of the material that appeared in the Society's publications was written by amateurs and was openly filiopietistic
, with numerous articles on colonial graveyards and early merchants designed to show that Jews were really American after all.