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 (fē′lō-vī′rəs, fĭl′ō-)
Any of a family of filamentous single-stranded RNA viruses, including the Ebola and Marburg viruses, that cause hemorrhagic fevers in humans and other primates and spread by contact with infected body fluids.

[Latin fīlum, thread; see gwhī- in Indo-European roots + virus.]


(Medicine) any member of a family of viruses that includes the agents responsible for Ebola virus disease and Marburg disease
[C20: from Latin filum thread + virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.filovirus - animal viruses belonging to the family Filoviridae
Ebola virus - a filovirus that causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
Marburg virus - a filovirus that causes Marburg disease; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
References in periodicals archive ?
Marburg virus is in the same filovirus family as Ebola.
spelaea bats were previously predicted to be filovirus hosts (15), and sequences of novel filoviruses have been discovered in E.
9m four year NIH grant, Dr Lai will develop a broadly neutralizing antibody therapy for Ebola and extend that strategy to Marburg virus, a deadly filovirus that is distantly related to Ebola.
Tambien trasmitidos por mosquitos son los Alfavirus chikungunya y EEV El virus del Ebola pertenece a la familia de los Filovirus y se transmite entre humanos por contacto con sangre y otras secreciones contaminadas.
Their efforts led to a new class of small molecule compounds that target filovirus egress.
A meta-analysis of the risk factors for transmission of Ebola or Marburg virus disease found that transmission of any African filovirus is unlikely except through close contact, especially during the most severe stages of acute illness.
Recommendations for infection control while providing care to patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola haemorrhagic fever are provided in: Interim infection control recommendations for care of patients with suspected or confirmed Filovirus (Ebola, Marburg) haemorrhagic fever, March 2008.
This new filovirus is endemic in France, Portugal, and Spain, and its genome differs from that of Marburg virus by 50% or more at the nucleotide level.
The emergence of the Ebola virus, a hemorrhagic disease caused by a filovirus, was first reported in the United States in Dallas, TX, in Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person to die of Ebola in this country.
The Ebola virus is a filovirus that is believed to be harboured by specific bat species in the affected regions.
There are no studies in Latin America on Ebola, but if the evolution of the filovirus is as old as American bats (500 million years), one could speculate that some filoviruses might be present in the Neotropics.