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Related to filoviruses: Marburg virus


 (fē′lō-vī′rəs, fĭl′ō-)
Any of a family of filamentous single-stranded RNA viruses, including the Ebola and Marburg viruses, that cause hemorrhagic fevers in humans and other primates and spread by contact with infected body fluids.

[Latin fīlum, thread; see gwhī- in Indo-European roots + virus.]


(Medicine) any member of a family of viruses that includes the agents responsible for Ebola virus disease and Marburg disease
[C20: from Latin filum thread + virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.filovirus - animal viruses belonging to the family Filoviridae
Ebola virus - a filovirus that causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
Marburg virus - a filovirus that causes Marburg disease; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Reporternews, Marburg, like other filoviruses, can be spread by contact with blood, bodily fluids or tissues or contact with contaminated objects.
Yet it remains unclear which species are the definitive reservoirs of filoviruses.
The Einstein researchers will explore whether this approach works against disease-causing viruses that are not filoviruses.
Tuttle emphasizes his frustration with the unanswered question: why are there so few outbreaks of highly lethal diseases caused by coronaviruses or filoviruses every year given the abundance and geographic distribution of their presumed bat hosts?
The model now explicitly accounts for nine pathogens, including bacterial and viral diseases, in addition to previously modeled influenza, coronaviruses (such as those responsible for SARS and MERS), and filoviruses (including Ebola and Marburg).
The filoviruses, EVD and MVD viruses, are known to cause highly fatal HF in humans and non-human primates.
Additionally, the D-peptide target is >95% conserved across all filoviruses, opening the possibility that this class of inhibitors will also be effective against the closely related Marburg virus.
7,8) Filoviruses form filamentous viral particles (see Figure 1).
The filoviruses, including Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus have been linked to bats.
There are no studies in Latin America on Ebola, but if the evolution of the filovirus is as old as American bats (500 million years), one could speculate that some filoviruses might be present in the Neotropics.
However, bats also are reservoirs for a number of high-consequence zoonoses, including paramyxoviruses, filoviruses, and lyssaviruses (1).
While filoviruses, in particular, have "gone Hollywood"--portrayed in movies and books because of their spectacular virulence and mysterious origins--they also are cause for fear of their being used as biological weapons, which has spurred a resurgence of research to produce vaccines and improve diagnosis.