final cause


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Related to final cause: Formal cause

final cause

n
(Philosophy) philosophy the end or purpose of a thing or process, as opposed to its efficient cause. See cause7
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.final cause - (philosophy) the end or purpose of a thing or process
aim, intent, intention, purpose, design - an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions; "his intent was to provide a new translation"; "good intentions are not enough"; "it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs"; "he made no secret of his designs"
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
References in classic literature ?
For what every being is in its most perfect state, that certainly is the nature of that being, whether it be a man, a horse, or a house: besides, whatsoever produces the final cause and the end which we
1253a] desire, must be best; but a government complete in itself is that final cause and what is best.
Browning might say, as his wife said in an early preface, I never mistook pleasure for the final cause of poetry, nor leisure for the hour of the poet--as indeed he has himself said, to much the same effect, in a letter printed many years ago: I never pretended to offer such literature as should be a substitute for a cigar or a game at dominoes to an idle man.
He might dissect, anatomize, and give names; but, not to speak of a final cause, causes in their secondary and tertiary grades were utterly unknown to him.
The IDEA of good likewise disappears and is superseded by the conception of a personal God, who works according to a final cause or principle of goodness which he himself is.
It is now commonly admitted that the more immediate and final cause of the cuckoo's instinct is, that she lays her eggs, not daily, but at intervals of two or three days; so that, if she were to make her own nest and sit on her own eggs, those first laid would have to be left for some time unincubated, or there would be eggs and young birds of different ages in the same nest.
The Professor's indignation found in itself a final cause that absolved him from the sin of turning to destruction as the agent of his ambition.
It has occurred to me," said Arthur, "as a curious problem in Teleology-- the Science of Final Causes," he added, in answer to an enquiring look from Lady Muriel.
There is no evidence that either the idea of good or the conception of a perfect State were comprehended in the Socratic teaching, though he certainly dwelt on the nature of the universal and of final causes (cp.
Considered, indeed, in relation to the latter, whose mied was matured, she was altogether a mistake, and calculated to shock his trust in final causes, including the adaptation of fine young women to purplefaced bachelors.
Unlike his neo-Scholastic counterparts, Congar would often begin with the church's final cause, a tendency that aided him in generating ideas about the eschatological nature of the church and (what would come to be labeled) the universal call to holiness.
To take just one instance, Ferejohn considers formal causes so marginal to Aristotle's concerns in the Physics that although Aristotle "elects not to banish [form] from the realm of natural science altogether," he treats the appeal to form as merely "an alternative and less informative way of indicating" the final cause.