concentration in plasma (10 of 31 studies) or on major antioxidants contributing to AC, were often missing.
Cocoa is particularly rich in flavanol
, a type of polyphenol that has been associated with improved satiety and mood, a lower risk of diabetes, and better skin, heart, brain, and nerve health.
While the effects tended to be fairly subtle in young, healthy study participants, several studies noted that long-term cocoa flavanol
consumption in elderly study participants helped them quite a bit.
Researchers from the University of L'Aquila in Italy suggested that a chemical in chocolate called flavanol
can counteract the effects of sleep deprivation and could therefore help people with insomnia.
In other words: what happens to your brain up to a few hours after you eat cocoa flavanols
, and what happens when you sustain such a cocoa flavanol
enriched diet for a prolonged period of time?
gov/pubmed/15190043) Previous research proposes cocoa and cocoa-containing foods, like dark chocolate, possess heart health benefits because their high flavanol
content promotes the healthy function of blood vessels.
These reactions determine the formation of anthocyanin-ethyl flavanol
compounds, which are unstable and may undergo cleavage of the ethyl bridge with consequent liberation of monomeric anthocyanins.
The authors said: "Our study highlights the urgent need for large, long-term trials that improve our understanding of how the benefits of cocoa flavanol
intake on cardiometabolic biomarkers may be translated into clinical outcomes.
supplementation influences skin conditions of photo-aged women: a 24week double-blind, randomized, controlled trial.
Its wide array of benefits are mostly attributed to its high content of phenolic compounds, flavanol
glycosides and other phytonutrients.
The health-promoting effects of green tea are mainly attributed to catechins such as (-)-epicatechin and (-)-epigallocatechingallate [EGCG] that belong to a family of compounds known as flavanol
polyphenols that comprise 30-50% of the solids in green tea and 90% of the total flavonoids (Balentine et al.
Cacao is combined with sugar and cocoa butter to make dark chocolate--the higher the percentage of cacao in the mix, the lower the sugar content, higher the flavanol
content, and greater the health benefits.