flavanol


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Related to flavanol: Flavonoids

fla·va·nol

 (flā′və-nôl′, -nōl′)
n.
Any of various flavonoids, such as catechin, that have a hydroxyl group attached to the carbon at position three on the heterocyclic ring and are found especially in tea, grapes, apples, and cocoa.

flavanol

(ˈfleɪvəˌnɒl)
n
a type of flavonoid found in cocoa
References in periodicals archive ?
on flavanol concentration in plasma (10 of 31 studies) or on major antioxidants contributing to AC, were often missing.
Cocoa is particularly rich in flavanol, a type of polyphenol that has been associated with improved satiety and mood, a lower risk of diabetes, and better skin, heart, brain, and nerve health.
While the effects tended to be fairly subtle in young, healthy study participants, several studies noted that long-term cocoa flavanol consumption in elderly study participants helped them quite a bit.
Researchers from the University of L'Aquila in Italy suggested that a chemical in chocolate called flavanol can counteract the effects of sleep deprivation and could therefore help people with insomnia.
In other words: what happens to your brain up to a few hours after you eat cocoa flavanols, and what happens when you sustain such a cocoa flavanol enriched diet for a prolonged period of time?
gov/pubmed/15190043) Previous research proposes cocoa and cocoa-containing foods, like dark chocolate, possess heart health benefits because their high flavanol content promotes the healthy function of blood vessels.
These reactions determine the formation of anthocyanin-ethyl flavanol compounds, which are unstable and may undergo cleavage of the ethyl bridge with consequent liberation of monomeric anthocyanins.
The authors said: "Our study highlights the urgent need for large, long-term trials that improve our understanding of how the benefits of cocoa flavanol intake on cardiometabolic biomarkers may be translated into clinical outcomes.
Cocoa flavanol supplementation influences skin conditions of photo-aged women: a 24week double-blind, randomized, controlled trial.
Its wide array of benefits are mostly attributed to its high content of phenolic compounds, flavanol glycosides and other phytonutrients.
The health-promoting effects of green tea are mainly attributed to catechins such as (-)-epicatechin and (-)-epigallocatechingallate [EGCG] that belong to a family of compounds known as flavanol polyphenols that comprise 30-50% of the solids in green tea and 90% of the total flavonoids (Balentine et al.
Cacao is combined with sugar and cocoa butter to make dark chocolate--the higher the percentage of cacao in the mix, the lower the sugar content, higher the flavanol content, and greater the health benefits.