With slight variations to suit local conditions, the nao was known as a fluyt
in Holland, a hulk in Germany, and a carrack in the Mediterranean.
was a recent breakthrough in Dutch shipbuilding design that sailed faster, carried more cargo and needed less crew than conventional ships of the time.
Owned by the Dutch East India Company, the Fluyt
ship carried silk, spices, tea, Japanese and Chinese porcelain as well as nearly 180,000 pieces of Dutch golden ducats.