foiled


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foil 1

 (foil)
tr.v. foiled, foil·ing, foils
1. To prevent from being successful; thwart: The alarm system foiled the thieves' robbery attempt.
2. To obscure or confuse (a trail or scent) so as to evade pursuers.
n. Archaic
1. A repulse; a setback.
2. The trail or scent of an animal.

[Middle English foilen, to trample, defile, variant of filen, to defile; see file3.]

foil 2

 (foil)
n.
1. Metal that has been formed into a thin, flexible sheet: aluminum foil.
2. A thin layer of polished metal placed under a displayed gem to lend it brilliance.
3. One that stands in contrast to and emphasizes the distinctive characteristics of another: "I am resolved my husband shall not be a rival, but a foil to me" (Charlotte Brontë).
4. The reflective metal coating on the back of a glass mirror.
5. Architecture A curvilinear, often lobelike figure or space formed between the cusps of intersecting arcs, found especially in Gothic tracery and Moorish ornament.
6.
a. An airfoil.
b. Nautical A hydrofoil.
tr.v. foiled, foil·ing, foils
1. To cover or back with foil.
2. To wrap (strands of hair) in pieces of foil in order to isolate them after bleach or color has been applied.
3. To set off by contrast.

[Middle English, from Old French foille, from Latin folia, pl. of folium, leaf; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

foil 3

 (foil)
n.
1. A fencing sword having a usually circular guard and a thin, flexible four-sided blade with a button on the tip to prevent injury.
2. often foils The art or sport of fencing with such a sword: a contest at foils.

[Origin unknown.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.foiled - disappointingly unsuccessful; "disappointed expectations and thwarted ambitions"; "their foiled attempt to capture Calais"; "many frustrated poets end as pipe-smoking teachers"; "his best efforts were thwarted"
unsuccessful - not successful; having failed or having an unfavorable outcome
References in classic literature ?
Tell him that our conversation at the inn of the Red Dovecot was overheard by these four men; tell him that after his departure one of them came up to me and took from me by violence the safe-conduct which he had given me; tell him they warned Lord de Winter of my journey to England; that this time they nearly foiled my mission as they foiled the affair of the studs; tell him that among these four men two only are to be feared--D'Artagnan and Athos; tell him that the third, Aramis, is the lover of Madame de Chevreuse--he may be left alone, we know his secret, and it may be useful; as to the fourth, Porthos, he is a fool, a simpleton, a blustering booby, not worth troubling himself about.
I reflected that French paper was bad, and that, foiled of my purpose, I need not burden myself with a purchase that I did not need.
Foiled in this, he brought from the shrubbery a plank, which he leant against the top of the door and then climbed up with great dexterity.
But this time Mazarin was foiled in his expectation: he read nothing upon the face of Athos, not even the respect he was accustomed to see on all faces.