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1. Any of several naturally occurring water-soluble compounds of the vitamin B complex that function in the metabolism of nucleic acids and amino acids and are found in leafy greens, fresh fruits, legumes, liver, and eggs, or are produced in the body by metabolism of folic acid. Folate deficiency during pregnancy can lead to neural tube defects in newborns.
2. Folic acid or any of various derivatives and reduced forms of folic acid.

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Noun1.folate - a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
B complex, B vitamin, B-complex vitamin, vitamin B, vitamin B complex, B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
References in periodicals archive ?
TEHRAN (FNA)- Folates can stimulate stem cell proliferation independently of their role as vitamins, according to a new study that used an in vitro culture and animal model system in their findings.
Bacterial Folates Provide an Exogenous Signal for C.
1) Once called vitamin B9, it is more commonly referred to as folate (though there are multiple folates) or folacin.
Folates are water-soluble B vitamins that offer a number of health benefits, which are supported by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) approved health claims.
of Animal Science said that they were very surprised to see that there was an almost 30 per cent increase in birth defects in the litters sired by fathers whose levels of folates were insufficient and severe skeletal abnormalities were also found in the offspirings, that included both cranio-facial and spinal deformities.
Although the human body cannot synthesize folate or folic acid, during periods of chronic supplementation the body can store folates, primarily in the liver and in red blood cells (RBCs).
These observations complement recent data published by the same authors, which demonstrate an increase in serum and erythrocyte folates, and no change in serum cobalamin in NHANES samples during the same time period (5).
Folates of the vitamin B family play an important role in the metabolism of amino and nucleic acids.
More likely explanations include 1) changes over time in the proportion of women taking supplements containing folic acid, 2) decreased consumption of foods rich in natural folates or foods fortified with folic acid (i.
Naturally occurring folates, found in leafy vegetables, legumes, and fruits, are believed to be beneficial even at higher intakes.
Folates are tripartite molecules, composed of pterin, p-aminobenzoate (pABA), and glutamate moieties (Fig.
Different folates are absorbed by the body at different rates, and not all folate consumed is absorbed by the body.