food


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food

 (fo͞od)
n.
1. Material, usually of plant or animal origin, that contains or consists of essential body nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals, and is ingested and assimilated by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
2. A specified kind of nourishment: breakfast food; plant food.
3. Nourishment eaten in solid form: food and drink.
4. Something that nourishes or sustains in a way suggestive of physical nourishment: food for thought.

[Middle English fode, from Old English fōda; see pā- in Indo-European roots.]

food

(fuːd)
n
1. (Biology) any substance containing nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, that can be ingested by a living organism and metabolized into energy and body tissue.
2. (Cookery) nourishment in more or less solid form as opposed to liquid form: food and drink.
3. anything that provides mental nourishment or stimulus: food for thought.
[Old English fōda; related to Old Frisian fōdia to nourish, feed, Old Norse fœthi, Gothic fōdeins food; see feed, fodder]
ˈfoodless adj

food

(fud)

n.
1. any nourishing substance eaten, drunk, or otherwise taken into the body to sustain life, provide energy, promote growth, etc.
2. more or less solid nourishment, as distinguished from liquids.
3. a particular kind of solid nourishment: a breakfast food; dog food.
4. whatever supplies nourishment to organisms: plant food.
5. anything serving for consumption or use: food for thought.
[before 1000; Middle English fode, Old English fōda]
food′less, adj.
food′less•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.food - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissuefood - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
vitellus, yolk - nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg)
solid food, food - any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment; "food and drink"
comfort food - food that is simply prepared and gives a sense of wellbeing; typically food with a high sugar or carbohydrate content that is associated with childhood or with home cooking
comestible, eatable, edible, pabulum, victual, victuals - any substance that can be used as food
fare - the food and drink that are regularly served or consumed
food product, foodstuff - a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
aliment, alimentation, nourishment, nutriment, sustenance, victuals, nutrition - a source of materials to nourish the body
commissariat, provisions, viands, victuals, provender - a stock or supply of foods
feed, provender - food for domestic livestock
manna from heaven, miraculous food, manna - (Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
beverage, drinkable, potable, drink - any liquid suitable for drinking; "may I take your beverage order?"
water - a liquid necessary for the life of most animals and plants; "he asked for a drink of water"
soul food - food traditionally eaten by African-Americans in the South
micronutrient - a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)
chyme - a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum
culture medium, medium - (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro-organisms
2.food - any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment; "food and drink"
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
leftovers - food remaining from a previous meal; "he had leftovers for dinner last night"
fresh food, fresh foods - food that is not preserved by canning or dehydration or freezing or smoking
convenience food - any packaged dish or food that can be prepared quickly and easily as by thawing or heating
chocolate - a food made from roasted ground cacao beans
baked goods - foods (like breads and cakes and pastries) that are cooked in an oven
loaf - a quantity of food (other than bread) formed in a particular shape; "meat loaf"; "sugar loaf"; "a loaf of cheese"
meat - the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food
alimentary paste, pasta - shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg
health food - any natural or prepared food popularly believed to promote good health
junk food - food that tastes good but is high in calories having little nutritional value
breakfast food - any food (especially cereal) usually served for breakfast
garden truck, green goods, green groceries, produce - fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market
coconut, coconut meat - the edible white meat of a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries
dika bread - somewhat astringent paste prepared by grinding and heating seeds of the African wild mango; a staple food of some African peoples
fish - the flesh of fish used as food; "in Japan most fish is eaten raw"; "after the scare about foot-and-mouth disease a lot of people started eating fish instead of meat"; "they have a chef who specializes in fish"
seafood - edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
butter - an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use
yoghourt, yoghurt, yogurt - a custard-like food made from curdled milk
cheese - a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk
slop - (usually plural) weak or watery unappetizing food or drink; "he lived on the thin slops that food kitchens provided"
solid - matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure
3.food - anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
pabulum - insipid intellectual nourishment

food

noun nourishment, cooking, provisions, fare, board, commons, table, eats (slang), stores, feed, diet, meat, bread, menu, tuck (informal), tucker (Austral. & N.Z. informal), rations, nutrition, cuisine, tack (informal), refreshment, scoff (slang), nibbles, grub (slang), foodstuffs, subsistence, kai (N.Z. informal), larder, chow (informal), sustenance, nosh (slang), daily bread, victuals, edibles, comestibles, provender, nosebag (slang), pabulum (rare), nutriment, vittles (obsolete or dialect), viands, aliment, eatables (slang), survival rations, F%D (S.M.S.) Enjoy your food!
food for thought mental nourishment, mental stimulation, food for the mind His speech offers much food for thought.
Related words
adjective alimentary
noun gastronomy
like sitomania
fear sitophobia
Quotations
"We lived for days on nothing but food and water" [W.C. Fields]
"Food first, then morality" [Bertolt Brecht The Threepenny Opera]
"Tell me what you eat and I will tell you what you are" [Anthelme Brillat-Savarin Physiologie du Gout]
"There is not one kind of food for all men. You must and you will feed those faculties which you exercise. The laborer whose body is weary does not require the same food with the scholar whose brain is weary" [Henry David Thoreau letter to Harrison Blake]
"After a good dinner one can forgive anybody, even one's own relatives" [Oscar Wilde]
"There is no love sincerer than the love of food" [George Bernard Shaw Man and Superman]
"Sharing food with another human being is an intimate act that should not be indulged in lightly" [M.F.K. Fisher An Alphabet for Gourmets]
"On the Continent people have good food; in England people have good table manners" [George Mikes How to be an Alien]
"[If the people have no bread] let them eat cake" [Marie-Antoinette]
"Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God" Bible: St. Matthew
Proverbs
"Half a loaf is better than no bread"
"You cannot have your cake and eat it"
"What's sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander"
"An apple a day keeps the doctor away"
see apples, beans and other pulses, biscuits, breads, cakes and pastries, cheeses, desserts and sweet dishes, herbs, spices, and seasonings, mushrooms and other edible fungi, nuts, potatoes, rice and other cereals, sauces, seafood, types and cuts of meat, types of curry, types of fruit, types of meal, types of pasta, types of pastry, vegetables

Savoury dishes

angels-on-horseback, avgolemono, baked beans, beef bourguinon or boeuf bourguignonne, beef stroganoff, bhaji, blanquette de veau, blintz, Bombay duck, bouchée, brawn, bredie, bridie or Forfar bridie, broth, bruschetta, bubble and squeak, burgoo, burrito, calzone, Caesar salad, canapé, casserole, cassoulet, cauliflower cheese, cheeseburger, chicken Kiev, chilli con carne, chips, chop suey, chow mein, clam chowder, club sandwich, cock-a-leekie or cockie-leekie, coddle, consommé, corn chowder, Cornish pasty, cottage pie, coulibiaca or koulibiaca, couscous, crêpe, croquette, crostini, croute, crowdie, Cullen skink, curry, curry puff, daube, devils-on-horseback, dolmades, doner kebab, eggs Benedict, enchilada, escargot, faggot, fajitas, falafel, fish and chips or (Scot.) fish supper, fish cake, fish finger, flan, foo yong, fondue, forcemeat, frankfurter, French toast, fricassee, fry or fry-up, galantine, game chips, gefilte fish or gefüllte fish, goulash, guacamole, haggis, hamburger, hash, hominy grits or grits, hotchpotch, hotpot, hummus, houmus, or humous, jambalaya, jugged hare, Irish stew, kebab, kedgeree, keftedes, kishke, knish, kofta, kromesky, laksa, Lancashire hotpot, lasagne, laver bread, lobscouse, lobster Newburg, lobster thermidor, macaroni cheese, madrilène, manicotti, matelote or matelotte, meat loaf, minestrone, mirepoix, mixed grill, mock turtle soup, moussaka, mousse, mulligatawny, nachos, nasi goreng, navarin, olla podrida, omelette or (esp. U.S.) omelet, open sandwich, osso bucco, paella, pakora, palm-oil chop, pastitsio, pakora, paté, patty, pease pudding, pepper pot, pie, pilau, pilaf, pilaff, pilao, or pilaw, pirogi, pirozhki, pizza, ploughman's lunch, polenta, porridge, pot-au-feu, pot pie, pot roast, pottage, prairie oyster, prawn cracker, quenelle, quiche, quiche lorraine, Quorn (trademark), ragout, raita, ramekin, ratatouille, ravioli, red pudding, rijsttafel, risotto, rissole, roast, rojak, roulade, salad, salade niçoise, salmagundi or salmagundy, salmi or salmis, salpicon, samosa, sandwich, sarmie (S. African), sashimi, satay, sauerbraten, sauerkraut, sausage roll, scaloppine or scaloppini, scampi, schnitzel, Scotch broth, Scotch egg, Scotch pie or mutton pie, scouse, scrambled eggs, shepherd's pie, shish kebab, skirlie, smorgasbord, smørrebrød, soba, sosatie, soufflé, soup, souvlakia, Spanish rice, spanokopita, spring roll, steak-and-kidney pie, steak-and-kidney pudding, steak pie, steak tartare, stew, stir-fry, stottie, succotash, suet pudding, surf 'n' turf, sukiyaki, sushi, taco, tagine, tamale, taramasalata, tartlet, teriyaki, thali, timbale, toad-in-the-hole, toast, tofu, tomalley, tortilla, tyropitta, tzatziki or tsatsiki, udon, veggieburger or vegeburger, vichyssoise, vol-au-vent, Waldorf salad, Welsh rabbit or rarebit, white pudding, won ton, Yorkshire pudding

food

noun
2. That which sustains the mind or spirit:
Translations
kosvoedsel
jídlopotrava
madføde
manĝaĵo
ruokaelintarvikeravinto
hrana
élelmiszerennivalóétel
fæîa, næring
食べ物
식품
cibus
maistasmaisto parduotuvėmaisto produktasvirtuvės kombainas
ēdienspārtikapārtikas krājumiuztursbarība
alimenthranămâncare
jedlostrava
hrana
храна
matföda
chakula
อาหาร
thức ăn

food

[fuːd]
A. N (= things to eat) → comida f; (= food item) → alimento m; (for plants) → abono m
I've no food left in the houseno me queda comida en casa
we need to buy some foodhay que comprar cosas de comer
she gave him foodle dio de comer
the food at the hotel was terriblela comida en el hotel era fatal
the food is good hereaquí se come bien
he likes plain foodle gustan las comidas sencillas
the cost of foodel coste de la alimentación
to send food and clothingenviar alimentos y ropa
to be off one's foodestar desganado
to give food for thoughtser motivo de reflexión
see also cat B
B. CPD food additive Naditivo m alimenticio
food aid Nayuda f alimenticia
food chain Ncadena f alimenticia
food crop Ncosecha f de alimentos
food mixer Nbatidora f
food parcel Npaquete m de alimentos
food poisoning Nintoxicación f alimenticia
food prices NPLprecios mpl de los alimentos
food processing Npreparación f de alimentos
food processor Nrobot m de cocina
food product Nproducto m alimenticio, comestible m
food rationing Nracionamiento m de víveres
food science Nciencia f de la alimentación
food shop Ntienda f de comestibles
food stamp N (US) cupón para canjear por comida que reciben las personas de pocos recursos
food store N = food shop food subsidy Nsubvención f alimenticia
food supplies NPLvíveres mpl
food supply Nsuministro m de alimentos
food technology Ntecnología f de la alimentación
food value Nvalor m nutritivo FDA

food

[ˈfuːd] nnourriture f
lack of food → manque de nourriture
We need to buy some food
BUT Nous devons acheter à manger.
Enjoy your food! → Bon appétit!
frozen foods → surgelés mpl, aliments mpl surgelés
to be food for thought
It's food for thought → Ça donne à réfléchir.
to be off one's food → avoir perdu l'appétit cat food, dog foodfood additive nadditif m alimentairefood aid naide f alimentairefood allergy nallergie f alimentairefood chain nchaîne f alimentaire
to get into the food chain, to enter the food chain → entrer dans la chaîne alimentairefood colouring ncolorant m alimentairefood counter nrayon m alimentairefood fascist nobsédé(e) m/f de la diététique (personne intolérante vis-à-vis de ce que mangent les gens)food group ngroupe m d'aliments

food

n
Essen nt; (for animals) → Futter nt; (= nourishment)Nahrung f; (= foodstuff)Nahrungsmittel nt; (= groceries)Lebensmittel pl; the food is awful heredas Essen hier ist scheußlich; dog and cat foodHunde- und Katzenfutter; food and drinkEssen und Trinken; milk is a food rather than a drinkMilch ist eher ein Nahrungsmittel als ein Getränk; canned foodsKonserven pl; I haven’t any food in the houseich habe nichts zu essen im Haus; to be off one’s foodkeinen Appetit haben; they also do food at the pubin der Kneipe gibt es auch Essen; the very thought of food made her illwenn sie nur ans Essen dachte, wurde ihr schon schlecht
(fig)Nahrung f; food for thoughtStoff mzum Nachdenken

food

:
food additives
food aid
nLebensmittelhilfe f
food chain
nNahrungskette f; to get into the foodin die Nahrungskette gelangen
food combining
nTrennkost f
food court
n (US) → Imbiss-Bereich m (in einem Einkaufszentrum etc)

food

:
food parcel
nLebensmittelpaket nt
food poisoning
food processor
food rationing
nLebensmittelrationierung f
food safety
nLebensmittelsicherheit f
food stamp
n (US) → Lebensmittelmarke f
foodstuff
food value
nNährwert m

food

[fuːd] ncibo; (for plants) → fertilizzante m
I've no food left in the house → non c'è più niente da mangiare in casa
the food at the hotel is terrible → si mangia malissimo in albergo
to be off one's food (fam) → aver perso l'appetito
food for thought (fig) → qualcosa su cui riflettere

food

(fuːd) noun
what living things eat. Horses and cows eat different food from dogs.
food centre, food stall
a place where, a stall at which, food can be bought.
ˈfood-processor noun
an electric machine that mixes, chops etc food.
ˈfoodstuff noun
a material used for food. frozen foodstuffs.

food

طَعام jídlo mad Nahrung τροφή comida ruoka nourriture hrana cibo 食べ物 식품 eten mat żywność comida пища mat อาหาร yiyecek thức ăn 食物

food

n. alimento; comida;
dietetic ______ dietética;
___ additivesaditivos alimenticios;
___ contaminationcontaminación de ___ -s;
___ handlingmanipulación de ___ -s;
___ poisoningintoxicación alimenticia;
___ requirementsrequisitos alimenticios;
___ supplementsalimentos enriquecidos;
organic ______ orgánico.

food

n alimento(s), comida; baby — alimento(s) infantil(es), alimento(s) or comida para bebés; canned — alimento(s) enlatado(s), comida enlatada; fast — comida rápida; health — o natural — alimento(s) natural(es); junk — comida basura or chatarra; processed — alimento(s) procesado(s); [Note: comida is a mass noun in this context, but alimento is not and therefore requires a plural form when referring to more than one type of food.] [Nota: food, como la palabra comida, es un nombre no contable y por eso food puede referirse a un alimento o varios alimentos, según el contexto. A pesar de que sea un nombre no contable, la forma plural, foods, es de uso común y siempre significa varios alimentos.]
References in classic literature ?
There was plenty of food in the larder, and while Beth and Amy set the table, Meg and Jo got breakfast, wondering as they did why servants ever talked about hard work.
Everything could be put into small packages, including the tents and food supply.
His hazel eyes were little and shrewd, like his mother's, but more sly and suspicious; they fairly snapped at the food.
He was childishly gratified to discover her appetite, and to see the relish with which she ate the food which he had procured for her.
Filling it with water, he retired a short distance, to a place where the ground was more firm and dry; here he coolly seated himself, and after taking a long, and, apparently, a grateful draught, he commenced a very strict examination of the fragments of food left by the Hurons, which had hung in a wallet on his arm.
My food and lodging was, in common, with them, not so good indeed as I could desire, but necessity made every thing acceptable.
Your exercise depends on your strength, my dear," said he, "and your food somewhat on your appetite; but air you can absorb all the time.
A, lady--who had fed herself from childhood with the shadowy food of aristocratic reminiscences, and whose religion it was that a lady's hand soils itself irremediably by doing aught for bread,--this born lady, after sixty years of narrowing means, is fain to step down from her pedestal of imaginary rank.
I have heard him smack his lips over dinners, every guest at which, except himself, had long been food for worms.
For though other species of whales find their food above water, and may be seen by man in the act of feeding, the spermaceti whale obtains his whole food in unknown zones below the surface; and only by inference is it that any one can tell of what, precisely, that food consists.
I heard the master give the order, so I knew there was plenty of good food, and I thought I was well off.
Toward evening Jurgis came; he had heard the story from the children, and he brought some food and dry wraps, which made it a little easier.