foreshortening


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fore·short·en

 (fôr-shôr′tn)
tr.v. fore·short·ened, fore·short·en·ing, fore·short·ens
1. To shorten the lines of (an object) in a drawing or other representation so as to produce an illusion of projection or extension in space.
2. To reduce the length of; curtail or abridge.

foreshortening

(fɔːˈʃɔːtnɪŋ)
n
1. the representation of a line, form, object, etc as shorter than actual length in order to give an illusion of recession or projection, in accordance with the laws of linear perspective
2. the shortening or condensing of something

foreshortening

Reducing or distorting in order to represent three-dimensional space as perceived by the eye, according to the rules of perspective.
Translations

foreshortening

[fɔːˈʃɔːtnɪŋ] Nescorzo m

foreshortening

References in classic literature ?
Then all shadows disappear, the foreshortening of perspective disappears, and all proofs become white-- a disagreeable fact: for this strange region would have been marvelous if reproduced with photographic exactness.
Indeed, except in respect of staring about him (a branch of the public service to which the pictorial cherub is much addicted), this domestic cherub discharged as many odd functions as his prototype; with the difference, say, that he performed with a blacking-brush on the family's boots, instead of performing on enormous wind instruments and double-basses, and that he conducted himself with cheerful alacrity to much useful purpose, instead of foreshortening himself in the air with the vaguest intentions.
For these two men on the tower were left alone with the most terrible aspect of Gothic; the monstrous foreshortening and disproportion, the dizzy perspectives, the glimpses of great things small and small things great; a topsy-turvydom of stone in the mid-air.
Within the framework of the forum, we plan to consider the development of the agro-industrial complex of the Moscow region in the foreshortening of the country, the development of rural areas in the region, ways to increase the profitability of agricultural producers and farmers, improve the mechanisms for state support to agriculture in the Moscow region," Andrei Razin said.
The best way to learn how is by doing it from live models in drawing classes, but it is essential to commit to memory some basic facts about proportions, muscle groups, the big differences between male and female bodies, and foreshortening.
Chapter Two, Picture-making Techniques, includes composition basics, perspective, foreshortening, and more.
Moreover, in high relief regions, foreshortening and even layover may occur due to the unproportioned relationship between the slant range and ground range.
Bal needs this idea to support her contagion/homeopathy metaphor, so she bolsters it by arguing that the reductive definition of foreshortening in conventional art history doesn't account for its putative existence outside of the realm of linear perspective: "With foreshortening," she writes, "the mode of the artwork shifts away from representation, with all its illusions, into a realm of performance that binds the work to the viewer.
In theory, positions closer to the body should have less foreshortening in the sagittal plane as shown in figure 2; that is, L1 should be greater than L2.
According to Robinson, this difference between a flat surface and the roadwheel creates several tire effects that must be considered: A foreshortening of the tire contact patch (or "footprint") resulting in higher overall footprint contact pressures and tire stresses; a change in shape of the footprint itself, i.
But it also, I fear, signals a foreshortening of historical perspective.
From the use of light and dark and foreshortening poses to superhero dynamics and action, this goes far beyond your typical 'how to draw comics' approach.