fortify


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for·ti·fy

 (fôr′tə-fī′)
v. for·ti·fied, for·ti·fy·ing, for·ti·fies
v.tr.
To make strong, as:
a. To strengthen and secure (a position) with fortifications.
b. To reinforce by adding material.
c. To impart physical strength or endurance to; invigorate.
d. To give emotional, moral, or mental strength to; encourage: Prayer fortified us during our crisis.
e. To strengthen or enrich (food, for example), as by adding vitamins.
v.intr.
To build fortifications.

[Middle English fortifien, from Old French fortifier, from Late Latin fortificāre : Latin fortis, strong; see bhergh- in Indo-European roots + Latin -ficāre, -fy.]

for′ti·fi′a·ble adj.
for′ti·fi′er n.
for′ti·fy′ing·ly adv.

fortify

(ˈfɔːtɪˌfaɪ)
vb (mainly tr) , -fies, -fying or -fied
1. (Fortifications) (also intr) to make (a place) defensible, as by building walls, digging trenches, etc
2. to strengthen physically, mentally, or morally
3. to strengthen, support, or reinforce (a garment, structure, etc)
4. (Brewing) to add spirits or alcohol to (wine), in order to produce sherry, port, etc
5. (Cookery) to increase the nutritious value of (a food), as by adding vitamins and minerals
6. to support or confirm: to fortify an argument with facts.
[C15: from Old French fortifier, from Late Latin fortificāre, from Latin fortis strong + facere to make]
ˈfortiˌfiable adj
ˈfortiˌfier n
ˈfortiˌfyingly adv

for•ti•fy

(ˈfɔr təˌfaɪ)

v. -fied, -fy•ing. v.t.
1. to increase the defenses of: to fortify a besieged town.
2. to furnish with a means of standing strain or wear: to fortify cotton with nylon.
3. to impart strength or vigor to.
4. to increase the effectiveness of, as by additional ingredients.
5. to strengthen mentally or morally: fortified by faith.
6. to confirm or corroborate: to fortify an argument with facts.
v.i.
7. to set up fortifications.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French fortifier < Late Latin fortificāre < Latin forti(s) strong]
for′ti•fi`a•ble, adj.
for′ti•fi`er, n.
for′ti•fy`ing•ly, adv.

fortify


Past participle: fortified
Gerund: fortifying

Imperative
fortify
fortify
Present
I fortify
you fortify
he/she/it fortifies
we fortify
you fortify
they fortify
Preterite
I fortified
you fortified
he/she/it fortified
we fortified
you fortified
they fortified
Present Continuous
I am fortifying
you are fortifying
he/she/it is fortifying
we are fortifying
you are fortifying
they are fortifying
Present Perfect
I have fortified
you have fortified
he/she/it has fortified
we have fortified
you have fortified
they have fortified
Past Continuous
I was fortifying
you were fortifying
he/she/it was fortifying
we were fortifying
you were fortifying
they were fortifying
Past Perfect
I had fortified
you had fortified
he/she/it had fortified
we had fortified
you had fortified
they had fortified
Future
I will fortify
you will fortify
he/she/it will fortify
we will fortify
you will fortify
they will fortify
Future Perfect
I will have fortified
you will have fortified
he/she/it will have fortified
we will have fortified
you will have fortified
they will have fortified
Future Continuous
I will be fortifying
you will be fortifying
he/she/it will be fortifying
we will be fortifying
you will be fortifying
they will be fortifying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been fortifying
you have been fortifying
he/she/it has been fortifying
we have been fortifying
you have been fortifying
they have been fortifying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been fortifying
you will have been fortifying
he/she/it will have been fortifying
we will have been fortifying
you will have been fortifying
they will have been fortifying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been fortifying
you had been fortifying
he/she/it had been fortifying
we had been fortifying
you had been fortifying
they had been fortifying
Conditional
I would fortify
you would fortify
he/she/it would fortify
we would fortify
you would fortify
they would fortify
Past Conditional
I would have fortified
you would have fortified
he/she/it would have fortified
we would have fortified
you would have fortified
they would have fortified
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.fortify - make strong or strongerfortify - make strong or stronger; "This exercise will strengthen your upper body"; "strengthen the relations between the two countries"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
vitalise, vitalize - make more lively or vigorous; "The treatment at the spa vitalized the old man"
ruggedise, ruggedize - produce in a version designed to withstand rough usage; "Detroit ruggedized the family car"
substantiate - solidify, firm, or strengthen; "The president's trip will substantiate good relations with the former enemy country"
restrengthen - make strong again
brace up, undergird - make secure underneath; "undergird the ship"
confirm - make more firm; "Confirm thy soul in self-control!"
reenforce, reinforce - make stronger; "he reinforced the concrete"
buttress - make stronger or defensible; "buttress your thesis"
stabilise, stabilize, steady, brace - support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace; "brace your elbows while working on the potter's wheel"
batten - secure with battens; "batten down a ship's hatches"
batten, batten down, secure - furnish with battens; "batten ships"
2.fortify - enclose by or as if by a fortification
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
trench - fortify by surrounding with trenches; "He trenched his military camp"
embattle - fortify by furnishing with battlements for defense; "an embattled castle"
3.fortify - prepare oneself for a military confrontation; "The U.S. is girding for a conflict in the Middle East"; "troops are building up on the Iraqi border"
re-arm, rearm - arm anew; "After the war, the defeated country was not allowed to rearm"
forearm - arm in advance of a confrontation
4.fortify - add nutrients to; "fortified milk"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
add - make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of; "We added two students to that dorm room"; "She added a personal note to her letter"; "Add insult to injury"; "Add some extra plates to the dinner table"
5.fortify - add alcohol to (beverages); "the punch is spiked!"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"

fortify

verb
1. protect, defend, secure, strengthen, reinforce, support, brace, garrison, shore up, augment, buttress, make stronger, embattle British soldiers working to fortify an airbase
2. strengthen, add alcohol to All sherry is made from wine fortified with brandy.

fortify

verb
1. To prepare (oneself) for action:
2. To make firmer in a particular conviction or habit:
Translations
مُقَوّى، غَنييُحَصِّن، يُقَوّي
opevnitzesílit
befæsteberigeforskansetilsætte
styrkjavíggirîa
didinti maistingumąįtvirtinimasspirituotivitaminizuoti
nocietinātnostiprinātstiprināt
opevniťzvýšiť percento alkoholu
etkisini artırmaksağlamlaştırmak

fortify

[ˈfɔːtɪfaɪ] VT
1. (Mil) → fortificar; (= strengthen) → fortalecer
2. (fig) [+ person] → fortalecer
to fortify sb in a beliefconfirmar la opinión que tiene algn
to fortify o.sfortalecerse
3. (= enrich) [+ food] → enriquecer; [+ wine] → encabezar
fortified winevino m encabezado

fortify

[ˈfɔːrtɪfaɪ] vt
[+ place] → fortifier
[+ wine] → corser
[+ person] → donner du courage à
to fortify o.s. → se donner du courage

fortify

vt (Mil) townbefestigen; winemit zuckerreichem Most vergären; foodanreichern; personbestärken; (food, drink)stärken; fortified placebefestigte Stellung; have a drink to fortify younehmen Sie einen Schluck zur Stärkung

fortify

[ˈfɔːtɪˌfaɪ] vt (Mil) → fortificare (fig) (person) → rinvigorire, rafforzare; (enrich, food) → arricchire

fortify

(ˈfoːtifai) verb
1. to prepare (a building, city etc) for an attack by strengthening and arming it. The king fortified the castle against the attacking armies.
2. to strengthen or enrich (eg food, drink). Sherry is a fortified wine.
ˌfortifiˈcation (-fi-) noun
1. walls etc built to strengthen an army, city, nation etc against attack. Fortifications surrounded the city.
2. the act of fortifying.

fortify

v. fortalecer, fortificar.

fortify

vt (pret & pp -fied) (food) enriquecer
References in classic literature ?
She once more took my hand in both her own, holding it as tight as if to fortify me against the increase of alarm I might draw from this disclosure.
But then the Church came to the front, with an axe to grind; and she was wise, subtle, and knew more than one way to skin a cat -- or a nation; she invented "divine right of kings," and propped it all around, brick by brick, with the Beatitudes -- wrenching them from their good purpose to make them fortify an evil one; she preached (to the commoner) humility, obedience to superiors, the beauty of self-sacrifice; she preached
Crupp could only lay her hand upon her nankeen bosom, and fortify herself against returning pain with sips of her medicine.
She wrapped herself closely in her veil, and sat down at a distance from the couch of the wounded knight, with her back turned towards it, fortifying, or endeavouring to fortify her mind, not only against the impending evils from without, but also against those treacherous feelings which assailed her from within.
But of all there were none he liked so well as those of the famous Feliciano de Silva's composition, for their lucidity of style and complicated conceits were as pearls in his sight, particularly when in his reading he came upon courtships and cartels, where he often found passages like "the reason of the unreason with which my reason is afflicted so weakens my reason that with reason I murmur at your beauty;" or again, "the high heavens, that of your divinity divinely fortify you with the stars, render you deserving of the desert your greatness deserves.
All the preceding classes that got the upper hand, sought to fortify their already acquired status by subjecting society at large to their conditions of appropriation.
It is long since we have had a good dinner; and I, for my part, have a somewhat hazardous expedition for this evening, and shall not be sorry, I confess, to fortify myself with a few glasses of good old Burgundy.
In the second case one can say nothing except to encourage such princes to provision and fortify their towns, and not on any account to defend the country.
As it would be necessary to remain some time in this neighborhood, that both men and horses might repose, and recruit their strength; and as it was a region full of danger, Captain Bonneville proceeded to fortify his camp with breastworks of logs and pickets.
High up against the horizon were the huge conical masses of hill, like giant mounds intended to fortify this region of corn and grass against the keen and hungry winds of the north; not distant enough to be clothed in purple mystery, but with sombre greenish sides visibly specked with sheep, whose motion was only revealed by memory, not detected by sight; wooed from day to day by the changing hours, but responding with no change in themselves--left for ever grim and sullen after the flush of morning, the winged gleams of the April noonday, the parting crimson glory of the ripening summer sun.
She would rather die than own the truth; and she hoped, by a little reflection, to fortify herself beyond betraying it.
Also, we fortify thee against the chances of the Road.