foul

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foul

 (foul)
adj. foul·er, foul·est
1.
a. Offensive to the senses; revolting: "a foul little creature with greedy eyes and slobbering mouth" (J.R.R. Tolkien).
b. Having a bad odor or taste: foul breath; food that tasted foul.
c. Rotten or putrid: foul meat.
2.
a. Containing dirt, impurities, or other foreign matter; foul water.
b. Clogged or bestrewn with unwanted material: The bay is foul with old sunken vessels.
c. Overgrown or encrusted with weeds, barnacles, or other organisms. Used of a ship's bottom.
d. Entangled or enwrapped: a foul anchor.
3.
a. Morally detestable; wicked: foul deeds.
b. Vulgar or obscene: foul language.
c. Violating accepted standards or rules; dishonorable: used foul means to gain power.
4.
a. Very disagreeable or displeasing; horrid: a foul movie.
b. Inclement or unfavorable: in fair weather or foul.
c. Irritable or upset: in a foul mood.
5.
a. Sports Contrary to the rules of a game or sport: a foul boxing punch.
b. Baseball Outside the foul lines: a foul fly ball.
6. Marked with editorial changes or corrections: foul copy.
7. Archaic Ugly; unattractive.
n.
1. Abbr. F
a. Sports An infraction or a violation of the rules of play.
b. Baseball A foul ball.
2. An entanglement or a collision.
3. An instance of clogging or obstructing.
4. A foul copy of a document.
adv.
In a foul manner.
v. fouled, foul·ing, fouls
v.tr.
1. To make dirty or foul; pollute. See Synonyms at contaminate.
2. To bring into dishonor; besmirch.
3. To clog or obstruct.
4. To entangle or catch (a rope, for example).
5. To encrust (a ship's hull) with foreign matter, such as barnacles.
6.
a. Sports To commit a foul against.
b. Baseball To hit (a ball) outside the foul lines.
v.intr.
1. To become foul.
2.
a. Sports To commit a foul.
b. Baseball To hit a ball outside the foul lines: fouled twice and then struck out; fouled out to the catcher.
3. To become entangled or twisted: The anchor line fouled on a rock.
4. To become clogged or obstructed.
Phrasal Verbs:
foul out
Sports To be put out of a game for exceeding the number of permissible fouls.
foul up
To blunder or cause to blunder because of mistakes or poor judgment.

[Middle English, from Old English fūl; see pū̆- in Indo-European roots.]

foul′ly adv.
foul′ness n.

foul

(faʊl)
adj
1. offensive to the senses; revolting
2. offensive in odour; stinking
3. charged with or full of dirt or offensive matter; filthy
4. (of food) putrid; rotten
5. morally or spiritually offensive; wicked; vile
6. obscene; vulgar: foul language.
7. not in accordance with accepted standards or established rules; unfair: to resort to foul means.
8. (esp of weather) unpleasant or adverse
9. blocked or obstructed with dirt or foreign matter: a foul drain.
10. (Nautical Terms) entangled or impeded: a foul anchor.
11. (Nautical Terms) (of the bottom of a vessel) covered with barnacles and other growth that slow forward motion
12. informal unsatisfactory or uninteresting; bad: a foul book.
13. archaic ugly
n
14. (Team Sports, other than specified) sport
a. a violation of the rules
b. (as modifier): a foul shot; a foul blow.
15. (Baseball) something foul
16. an entanglement or collision, esp in sailing or fishing
vb
17. to make or become dirty or polluted
18. (Nautical Terms) to become or cause to become entangled or snarled
19. (tr) to disgrace or dishonour
20. to become or cause to become clogged or choked
21. (Nautical Terms) (tr) nautical (of underwater growth) to cling to (the bottom of a vessel) so as to slow its motion
22. (Team Sports, other than specified) (tr) sport to commit a foul against (an opponent)
23. (Baseball) (tr) baseball to hit (a ball) in an illegal manner
24. (Team Sports, other than specified) (intr) sport to infringe the rules
25. (tr) (of an animal, esp a dog) to defecate on: do not let your dog foul the footpath.
26. (Nautical Terms) to collide with (a boat, etc)
adv
27. in a foul or unfair manner
28. to come into conflict with
29. (Nautical Terms) nautical to come into collision with
[Old English fūl; related to Old Norse fūll, Gothic fūls smelling offensively, Latin pūs pus, Greek puol pus]
ˈfoully adv

foul

(faʊl)

adj. foul•er, foul•est,
adj.
1. grossly offensive to the senses: a foul smell.
2. polluted: foul air.
3. muddy; dirty.
4. clogged with foreign matter: a foul gas jet.
5. inclement: foul weather.
6. impeding navigation, as the wind.
7. morally offensive: a foul deed.
8. profane; obscene: foul language.
9. contrary to the rules or practices, as in a sport.
10. pertaining to a foul ball or a foul line in baseball.
11. obstructed; entangled: a foul anchor.
12. marked with corrections and changes: foul manuscripts.
adv.
13. in a foul manner.
14. into foul territory: The ball went foul.
n.
15. a collision; entanglement: a foul between racing sculls.
16. a violation of the rules of a sport or game.
v.t.
18. to defile; soil.
19. to clog; obstruct.
20. to collide with.
21. to cause to become entangled or caught, as a rope.
22. to dishonor: Scandal fouled his good name.
23. to hit (a pitched ball) foul.
v.i.
24. to come into collision.
25. to become entangled or clogged.
26. to commit a foul in a sport or game.
27. to hit a foul ball.
28. foul out,
a. (of a baseball batter) to make an out by hitting a foul ball that is caught.
b. to be expelled from a basketball game for having committed more fouls than are allowed.
29. foul up, to bungle things.
[before 900; Middle English ful, foul, Old English fūl]
foul′ly, adv.
foul′ness, n.

foul


Past participle: fouled
Gerund: fouling

Imperative
foul
foul
Present
I foul
you foul
he/she/it fouls
we foul
you foul
they foul
Preterite
I fouled
you fouled
he/she/it fouled
we fouled
you fouled
they fouled
Present Continuous
I am fouling
you are fouling
he/she/it is fouling
we are fouling
you are fouling
they are fouling
Present Perfect
I have fouled
you have fouled
he/she/it has fouled
we have fouled
you have fouled
they have fouled
Past Continuous
I was fouling
you were fouling
he/she/it was fouling
we were fouling
you were fouling
they were fouling
Past Perfect
I had fouled
you had fouled
he/she/it had fouled
we had fouled
you had fouled
they had fouled
Future
I will foul
you will foul
he/she/it will foul
we will foul
you will foul
they will foul
Future Perfect
I will have fouled
you will have fouled
he/she/it will have fouled
we will have fouled
you will have fouled
they will have fouled
Future Continuous
I will be fouling
you will be fouling
he/she/it will be fouling
we will be fouling
you will be fouling
they will be fouling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been fouling
you have been fouling
he/she/it has been fouling
we have been fouling
you have been fouling
they have been fouling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been fouling
you will have been fouling
he/she/it will have been fouling
we will have been fouling
you will have been fouling
they will have been fouling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been fouling
you had been fouling
he/she/it had been fouling
we had been fouling
you had been fouling
they had been fouling
Conditional
I would foul
you would foul
he/she/it would foul
we would foul
you would foul
they would foul
Past Conditional
I would have fouled
you would have fouled
he/she/it would have fouled
we would have fouled
you would have fouled
they would have fouled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.foul - an act that violates the rules of a sportfoul - an act that violates the rules of a sport
foul ball - (baseball) a ball struck with the bat so that it does not stay between the lines (the foul lines) that define the width of the playing field
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
infringement, violation - an act that disregards an agreement or a right; "he claimed a violation of his rights under the Fifth Amendment"
personal foul - a foul that involves unnecessarily rough contact (as in basketball or football)
technical foul, technical - (basketball) a foul that can be assessed on a player or a coach or a team for unsportsmanlike conduct; does not usually involve physical contact during play
Verb1.foul - hit a foul ball
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
foul out - baseball: hit a ball such that it is caught from an out in foul territory
hit - cause to move by striking; "hit a ball"
2.foul - make impure; "The industrial wastes polluted the lake"
infect, taint - contaminate with a disease or microorganism
begrime, bemire, colly, dirty, grime, soil - make soiled, filthy, or dirty; "don't soil your clothes when you play outside!"
3.foul - become or cause to become obstructedfoul - become or cause to become obstructed; "The leaves clog our drains in the Fall"; "The water pipe is backed up"
gum up - stick together as if with gum; "the inside of the pipe has gummed up"
obturate, occlude, close up, impede, obstruct, jam, block - block passage through; "obstruct the path"
crap up - become obstructed or chocked up; "The drains clogged up"
choke up, lug, stuff, block - obstruct; "My nose is all stuffed"; "Her arteries are blocked"
silt, silt up - become chocked with silt; "The river silted up"
4.foul - commit a foul; break the rules
play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"
hack - kick on the shins
hack - kick on the arms
5.foul - spot, stain, or pollutefoul - spot, stain, or pollute; "The townspeople defiled the river by emptying raw sewage into it"
attaint, disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, shame - bring shame or dishonor upon; "he dishonored his family by committing a serious crime"
6.foul - make unclean; "foul the water"
begrime, bemire, colly, dirty, grime, soil - make soiled, filthy, or dirty; "don't soil your clothes when you play outside!"
7.foul - become soiled and dirty
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
Adj.1.foul - highly offensivefoul - highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust; "a disgusting smell"; "distasteful language"; "a loathsome disease"; "the idea of eating meat is repellent to me"; "revolting food"; "a wicked stench"
offensive - unpleasant or disgusting especially to the senses; "offensive odors"
2.foul - offensively malodorous; "a foul odor"; "the kitchen smelled really funky"
3.foul - violating accepted standards or rulesfoul - violating accepted standards or rules; "a dirty fighter"; "used foul means to gain power"; "a nasty unsporting serve"; "fined for unsportsmanlike behavior"
unfair, unjust - not fair; marked by injustice or partiality or deception; "used unfair methods"; "it was an unfair trial"; "took an unfair advantage"
4.foul - (of a baseball) not hit between the foul lines
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
fair - (of a baseball) hit between the foul lines; "he hit a fair ball over the third base bag"
5.foul - (of a manuscript) defaced with changesfoul - (of a manuscript) defaced with changes; "foul (or dirty) copy"
illegible - (of handwriting, print, etc.) not legible; "illegible handwriting"
6.foul - characterized by obscenity; "had a filthy mouth"; "foul language"; "smutty jokes"
dirty - (of behavior or especially language) characterized by obscenity or indecency; "dirty words"; "a dirty old man"; "dirty books and movies"; "boys telling dirty jokes"; "has a dirty mouth"
7.foul - disgustingly dirty; filled or smeared with offensive matter; "as filthy as a pigsty"; "a foul pond"; "a nasty pigsty of a room"
dirty, soiled, unclean - soiled or likely to soil with dirt or grime; "dirty unswept sidewalks"; "a child in dirty overalls"; "dirty slums"; "piles of dirty dishes"; "put his dirty feet on the clean sheet"; "wore an unclean shirt"; "mining is a dirty job"; "Cinderella did the dirty work while her sisters preened themselves"
8.foul - especially of a ship's lines etcfoul - especially of a ship's lines etc; "with its sails afoul"; "a foul anchor"
tangled - in a confused mass; "pushed back her tangled hair"; "the tangled ropes"

foul

adjective
1. dirty, rank, offensive, nasty, disgusting, unpleasant, revolting, contaminated, rotten, polluted, stinking, filthy, tainted, grubby, repellent, squalid, repulsive, sullied, grimy, nauseating, loathsome, unclean, impure, grotty (slang), fetid, grungy (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), putrid, malodorous, noisome, scuzzy (slang, chiefly U.S.), skanky (slang), mephitic, olid, yucky or yukky (slang) foul, polluted water
dirty clear, clean, pure
3. bad, nasty, unpleasant, filthy, vile, angry, furious He has a foul temper.
4. stormy, bad, wild, rough, wet, unpleasant, rainy, murky, windy, foggy, disagreeable, blustery The weather was foul, with heavy hail and snow.
verb
2. clog, block, jam, choke The pipe was fouled with grain.
3. entangle, catch, twist, snarl, ensnare, tangle up The freighter fouled its propeller in fishing nets.
foul something up bungle, spoil, botch, mess up, cock up (Brit. slang), fuck up (offensive taboo slang), make a mess of, mismanage, make a nonsense of, muck up (slang), bodge (informal), make a pig's ear of (informal), put a spanner in the works (Brit. informal), flub (U.S. slang) There are risks that laboratories may foul up these tests.

foul

adjective
1. Extremely unpleasant to the senses or feelings:
2. Having an unpleasant odor:
Informal: smelly.
3. Heavily soiled; very dirty or unclean:
4. Offensive to accepted standards of decency:
Slang: raunchy.
verb
1. To make physically impure:
2. To twist together so that separation is difficult:
phrasal verb
foul up
To harm irreparably through inept handling; make a mess:
Informal: bollix up, muck up.
Idiom: make a muck of.
Translations
غير مُريح، سيِّء، معاكِسفاسِد، كريهمُخَالَفَةمُخالفَه لِقوانين اللعبوَسِخ
faulfaulovathnusnýodpornýohavný
forseelsemodbydeligsvine tilækelbryde reglerne
epäpuhdashäijyinhottavaliatalikainen
prekršajzagađen
rossz szagúszabálytalanságot követ elszemélyi hiba
andstyggilegurbrjóta ábrotfúll, viîbjóîsleguróhreinka
いやなファウル
더러운반칙
nešvarus reikalasprasižengtipražangateršti
nekrietnsnotraipītpārkāpt spēles noteikumuspiegružotpiesārņot
faulfaulovať
gnusenprekršekslab
foulillaluktande
เหม็นเน่าการทำผิดกติกา
faulfaul yapmakiğrençkirlikural dışı hareket
sự chơi xấu

foul

[faʊl]
A. ADJ (fouler (compar) (foulest (superl)))
1. (= disgusting) [place] → asqueroso; [smell] → pestilente, fétido; [taste] → repugnante, asqueroso
2. (= bad) [water] → sucio, contaminado; [air] → viciado; [breath] → fétido
3. (= nasty) [weather] → de perros, malísimo
it's a foul dayhace un día de perros, hace un día malísimo
I've had a foul dayhe tenido un día malísimo, he tenido un día de perros
he was in a foul moodestaba de un humor de perros
you were foul to me yesterdayayer te portaste fatal conmigo
she has a foul tempertiene muy malas pulgas, tiene un genio de mil demonios
4. (= obscene) → ordinario, grosero
to use foul languagedecir groserías
to have a foul mouthser mal hablado
5. (= base, immoral) [lie, calumny, crime] → vil, terrible
6. (Sport) [shot, ball] → nulo; [blow, tackle] → sucio; [kick] → antirreglamentario
7. (in phrases) someone is sure to cry foules seguro que alguien dice que no hemos jugado limpio
to fall foul of sbponerse a malas con algn
to fall foul of the lawenfrentarse con la justiciavérselas con la ley
B. N (Sport) → falta f (on contra)
C. VT
1. (= pollute) [+ air] → viciar, contaminar; [+ water] → contaminar; (= dirty) → ensuciar
the dog fouled the pavementel perro ensució la acera
2. (Sport) [+ opponent] → cometer una falta contra
3. (= entangle) [+ fishing line, net, rope] → enredar
something had fouled the propellersalgo se había enredado en las hélices
the boat had fouled her anchorel ancla del barco se había atascado
4. (= block) [+ pipe] → atascar, obstruir
5. (Naut) (= hit) → chocar contra
D. VI
1. (Sport) → cometer faltas
2. (= become entangled) [fishing line, rope, nets] → enredarse
E. CPD foul play N (Sport) → jugada f antirreglamentaria, juego m sucio
the police suspect foul play (Jur) → la policía sospecha que se trata de un crimen
foul up
A. VT + ADV
1. (= spoil) [+ activity, event, plans] → dar al traste con, echar a perder
it's the little things that can foul up your planslos detalles son los que pueden dar al traste con or echar a perder los planes de uno
2. (= make a mess of) he has fouled up his examslos exámenes le han ido mal, ha metido la pata en los exámenes
B. VI + ADVmeter la pata

foul

[ˈfaʊl]
adj
[weather, smell, taste, food] → infect(e)
The weather was foul → Le temps était infect.
What a foul smell! → Quelle odeur infecte!
[air] → vicié(e); [room] → immonde
[mood] → massacrant(e); [temper] → sale
[day] → sale
foul luck → malchance f
[language] → ordurier/ière
[deed] → infâme
(= unfair) by fair means or foul → par n'importe quel moyen
n
(by player)faute f
Ferguson committed a foul → Ferguson a fait une faute.
a foul on sb → une faute sur qn
to cry foul → crier à l'injustice
vt
[+ football player] → commettre une faute sur
(= pollute) → polluer
(= dirty) → souiller
[dog] [+ pavement] → souiller
(= entangle) [+ anchor, propeller] → bloquer; [+ nets] → emmêler
adv
to fall foul of sb (mainly British)se mettre qn à dos
foul up
vt [+ traffic, roads] → bloquerfoul-mouthed [ˌfaʊlˈmaʊðd] adjgrossier/ièrefoul play n
(SPORT)jeu m irrégulier
(= murder)
Foul play is not suspected → On écarte l'hypothèse d'un meurtre.foul-smelling [ˌfaʊlˈsmɛlɪŋ] adjpuant(e)foul-tasting [ˌfaʊlˈteɪstɪŋ] adjinfect(e)foul-tempered [ˌfaʊlˈtɛmpərd] adj
to be foul-tempered → avoir un caractère de cochon foul-up [ˈfaʊlʌp] n (= bungle) → cafouillage m

foul

adj
(= disgusting) place, food, taste, breathekelhaft, widerlich; waterfaulig; airstickig; smellübel, ekelhaft
(= dreadful) behaviour, crimeabscheulich; temperübel; dayscheußlich (inf); he was really foul to herer war wirklich gemein or fies (inf)zu ihr; what a foul thing (for you) to say about my sisterwie kannst du nur so etwas Gemeines über meine Schwester sagen; she has a foul tempersie ist ein ganz übellauniger Mensch; to be in a foul mood or tempereine ganz miese Laune haben (inf); foul weatherscheußliches Wetter; (Naut) → Sturm m; foul luckgroßes Pech; foul deed (liter, hum)Schandtat f
(= offensive)anstößig; foul languageSchimpfwörter pl; to have a foul mouthein dreckiges Maul haben (inf)
(= dishonest, unfair)unredlich; (Sport: = against the rules) shotregelwidrig; tackleunerlaubt; (= not valid)ungültig; foul ball (Baseball) → ungültiger Schlag; to cry foulsich über unfaire Behandlung beschweren ? fair ADJ a
to fall or run foul of the law/authoritiesmit dem Gesetz/den Behörden in Konflikt geraten; to fall or run foul of somebodyes sich (dat)mit jdm verderben; to fall foul of a ship (Naut) → mit einem Schiff kollidieren or zusammenstoßen
vt
(= dirty, pollute) airverpesten; beachverschmutzen; (dog) pavementverunreinigen
(= become entangled in) mechanism, device, propellersich verfangen in (+dat); net, fishing lineverheddern; (= clog) pipeverstopfen; chimney, gun barrelblockieren
(Sport) → foulen
(Naut, = collide with) shiprammen
(= tarnish) personentehren; sb’s reputationbeflecken
vi
(= become entangled: rope, line) → sich verheddern (→ on, in +dat)
n (Sport) → Foul nt, → Regelverstoß m; technical/personal foul (Basketball) → technisches/persönliches Foul

foul

[faʊl]
1. adj (putrid, disgusting, smell, breath, taste) → disgustoso/a, rivoltante; (water, air) → puzzolente, fetido/a; (nasty, weather) → brutto/a, orribile; (mood) → nero/a; (obscene, language) → volgare, osceno/a; (deed) → infame
to use foul language → parlare sboccatamente
to fall foul of sb/the law → entrare in contrasto con qn/con la giustizia
2. n (Football) → fallo (Boxing) → colpo basso
3. vt
a. (pollute, air) → appestare
the dog fouled the pavement → il cane ha sporcato il marciapiede
b. (Sport) (opponenet) → commettere un fallo su
c. (entangle, anchor, propeller) → impigliare
foul up vt + adv (fam) (plan, project) → rovinare

foul

(faul) adjective
1. (especially of smell or taste) causing disgust. a foul smell.
2. very unpleasant; nasty. a foul mess.
noun
an action etc which breaks the rules of a game. The other team committed a foul.
verb
1. to break the rules of a game (against). He fouled his opponent.
2. to make dirty, especially with faeces. Dogs often foul the pavement.
foul play
a criminal act, especially involving murder. A man has been found dead and the police suspect foul play.

foul

مُخَالَفَة, وَسِخ faul, ohavný ækel, forseelse Foul, scheußlich ακάθαρτος, φάουλ falta, fétido, repugnante inhottava, virhe faute, infect prekršaj, zagađen disgustoso, fallo いやな, ファウル 더러운, 반칙 overtreding, smerig overtredelse, skitten sfaulowanie, śmierdzący falta, imundo, infração, sujo загрязненный, нарушение правил foul, illaluktande เหม็นเน่า, การทำผิดกติกา faul, kirli, sự chơi xấu 污秽的, 犯规