foundation


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Related to foundation: bootstrap, Building foundation

foun·da·tion

 (foun-dā′shən)
n.
1. The act of founding, especially the establishment of an institution with provisions for future maintenance.
2. The basis on which a thing stands, is founded, or is supported. See Synonyms at base1.
3.
a. Funds for the perpetual support of an institution; an endowment.
b. An institution founded and supported by an endowment.
4. A cosmetic used as a base for facial makeup.
5. A woman's supporting undergarment, such as a corset or girdle. Also called foundation garment.

[Middle English fundacioun, from Latin fundātiō, fundātiōn-, from fundātus, past participle of fundāre, to lay the groundwork for; see found1.]

foun·da′tion·al adj.

foundation

(faʊnˈdeɪʃən)
n
1. that on which something is founded; basis
2. (Building) (often plural) a construction below the ground that distributes the load of a building, wall, etc
3. the base on which something stands
4. the act of founding or establishing or the state of being founded or established
5. (Banking & Finance)
a. an endowment or legacy for the perpetual support of an institution such as a school or hospital
b. on the foundation entitled to benefit from the funds of a foundation
6. an institution supported by an endowment, often one that provides funds for charities, research, etc
7. (Law) the charter incorporating or establishing a society or institution and the statutes or rules governing its affairs
8. (Clothing & Fashion) a cosmetic in cream or cake form used as a base for make-up
9. (Clothing & Fashion) See foundation garment
10. (Card Games) cards a card on which a sequence may be built
founˈdational adj
founˈdationally adv
founˈdationary adj

foun•da•tion

(faʊnˈdeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the basis or groundwork of anything: the moral foundation of both society and religion.
2. the natural or prepared ground or base on which some structure rests.
3. the lowest division of a building, wall, or the like.
4. the act of founding.
5. the state of being founded.
6. an institution financed by a donation or legacy, as to aid research, education, or the arts.
7. an endowment for such an institution.
8. a facial cosmetic used as the undercoating for other makeup; base.
[1350–1400; Middle English foundacioun < Latin fundā(re) to found2]
foun•da′tion•al, adj.
foun•da′tion•al•ly, adv.
foun•da′tion•ar′y, adj.
syn: See base1.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.foundation - the basis on which something is grounded; "there is little foundation for his objections"
relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
basis, footing, ground - a relation that provides the foundation for something; "they were on a friendly footing"; "he worked on an interim basis"
grass roots - the essential foundation or source; "the problem was attacked at the grass roots"
2.foundation - an institution supported by an endowment
financial institution, financial organisation, financial organization - an institution (public or private) that collects funds (from the public or other institutions) and invests them in financial assets
charity - a foundation created to promote the public good (not for assistance to any particular individuals)
3.foundation - lowest support of a structurefoundation - lowest support of a structure; "it was built on a base of solid rock"; "he stood at the foot of the tower"
bed - a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track; "the track bed had washed away"
raft foundation - a foundation (usually on soft ground) consisting of an extended layer of reinforced concrete
structure, construction - a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; "the structure consisted of a series of arches"; "she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons"
support - supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation; "the statue stood on a marble support"
4.foundation - education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of knowledge; "he lacks the foundation necessary for advanced study"; "a good grounding in mathematics"
education - knowledge acquired by learning and instruction; "it was clear that he had a very broad education"
5.foundation - the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"
explanation - thought that makes something comprehensible
meat and potatoes - the fundamental part; "successful negotiation is the meat and potatoes of arbitration"
supposal, supposition, assumption - a hypothesis that is taken for granted; "any society is built upon certain assumptions"
6.foundation - a woman's undergarment worn to give shape to the contours of the body
corset, stays, girdle - a woman's close-fitting foundation garment
roll-on - a woman's foundation garment rolled on to the hips
undergarment, unmentionable - a garment worn under other garments
7.foundation - the act of starting something for the first timefoundation - the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; "she looked forward to her initiation as an adult"; "the foundation of a new scientific society"
commencement, start, beginning - the act of starting something; "he was responsible for the beginning of negotiations"
authorship, paternity - the act of initiating a new idea or theory or writing; "the authorship of the theory is disputed"

foundation

noun
1. basis, heart, root, mainstay, beginning, support, ground, rest, key, principle, fundamental, premise, starting point, principal element Best friends are the foundation of my life.
2. (often plural) substructure, underpinning, groundwork, bedrock, base, footing, bottom vertical or lateral support for building foundations
4. justification, grounds, basis, warrant, reason The allegations were without foundation.

foundation

noun
1. The act of founding or establishing:
2. The lowest or supporting part or structure:
3. That on which something immaterial, such as an argument or a charge, rests:
base, basis, footing, fundament, ground (often used in plural), groundwork, underpinning (often used in plural).
4. A fundamental principle or underlying concept:
base, basis, cornerstone, fundament, fundamental, root, rudiment (often used in plural).
5. A justifying fact or consideration:
Translations
أساس، قاعِدَهإقامة، إنشاء، تأسيسمُؤَسَّسَه خَيْرِيَّه
nadacezaloženízákladzáklady
fondfundamentgrundlæggelseoprettelse
peruspääomaperustaperustaminenperustussäätiö
grunnur, undirstaîasjóîur, stofnunstofnun
nadácia
temeljiustanovitev

foundation

[faʊnˈdeɪʃən]
A. N
1. (= act) → fundación f, establecimiento m
2. (fig) (= basis) → fundamento m, base f
the story is without foundationla historia carece de fundamento
3. foundations (Archit) → cimientos mpl
to lay the foundations (also fig) → echar los cimientos (of de)
4. (= organization) → fundación f
5. (= make-up) → maquillaje m de fondo, base f
B. CPD foundation course Ncurso m preparatorio
foundation cream Ncrema f de base
foundation garment Ncorsé m
foundation stone N (Brit) → primera piedra f (fig) → piedra f angular

foundation

[faʊnˈdeɪʃən]
n
(= establishment) [organization] → fondation f
(= base) → fondement m
(= basis) → fondement m
without foundation [rumour, story] → sans fondement
(= organization) → fondation f
(also foundation cream) → fond m de teint foundations
npl
[building] → fondations fpl
to lay the foundations (fig)jeter les fondements, poser les fondementsfoundation course n (British)cycle m préparatoire (dans une université)foundation stone n
to lay the foundation stone → poser la première pierre

foundation

n
(= act of founding, of business, colony) → Gründung f; (of town, school)Gründung f, → Errichtung f
(= institution)Stiftung f; research foundationForschungsstiftung f
foundations pl (Build, of house etc) → Fundament nt; (of road)Unterbau m
(fig: = basis) → Grundlage f; to be without foundation (rumours, allegations) → jeder Grundlage entbehren; (fears) → unbegründet sein; to rock or shake something to its foundationsetw bis in seine Grundfesten erschüttern
(= make-up)Grundierungscreme f

foundation

:
foundation cream
nGrundierungscreme f
Foundation Day
n (Austral) gesetzlicher Feiertag in Australien zur Erinnerung an die Landung der Briten am 26. Januar 1788
foundation garment
nMieder nt
foundation stone
nGrundstein m

foundation

[faʊnˈdeɪʃn] n
a. (founding, organization) → fondazione f
b. foundations npl (Archit) → fondamenta fpl
to lay the foundations → gettare le fondamenta (fig) → gettare le basi
c. (basis) → fondamento, base f
d. (justification) the story is without foundationla storia è infondata

found2

(faund) verb
1. to start or establish. The school was founded by the king.
2. (with on/upon) to base on. The story was founded upon fact.
founˈdation noun
1. the act of founding. the foundation of a new university.
2. the base on which something is built. First they laid the foundations, then they built the walls.
3. an amount of money to be used for a special purpose or the organization that manages it. The British Foundation for Cancer Research.
ˈfounder noun
a person who founds a school, college, organization etc. We commemorate the founder of the school.
ˈfounding noun
The founding of the organization took place a long time ago.
ˈfounding ˈfather noun
1. the first or one of the first founders of an organization, a school of thought etc. the founding father of psychoanalysis.
2. The Founding Fathers of the United States of America were the people who drew up its constitution.
References in classic literature ?
He helped her in many ways, proving himself a true friend, and Jo was happy, for while her pen lay idle, she was learning other lessons besides German, and laying a foundation for the sensation story of her own life.
After the water has been suffered so to have its will, for a time, like a headstrong man, it is gathered together by the hand that made it, and a few rods below you may see it all, flowing on steadily toward the sea, as was foreordained from the first foundation of the 'arth
The foundation of their airy castles lay already before them in the strip of rich alluvium on the river bank, where the North Fork, sharply curving round the base of Devil's Spur, had for centuries swept the detritus of gulch and canyon.
With a brief sketch, therefore, of the circumstances amid which the foundation of the house was laid, and a rapid glimpse at its quaint exterior, as it grew black in the prevalent east wind,--pointing, too, here and there, at some spot of more verdant mossiness on its roof and walls,--we shall commence the real action of our tale at an epoch not very remote from the present day.
And besides, when a man is elevated in that odd fashion, he has no proper foundation for his superior altitude.
Now, between Sam and Aunt Chloe there had existed, from ancient times, a sort of chronic feud, or rather a decided coolness; but, as Sam was meditating something in the provision department, as the necessary and obvious foundation of his operations, he determined, on the present occasion, to be eminently conciliatory; for he well knew that although "Missis' orders" would undoubtedly be followed to the letter, yet he should gain a considerable deal by enlisting the spirit also.
Who has not seen in imagination, when looking into the sunset sky, the gardens of the Hesperides, and the foundation of all those fables?
You don't reckon it's going to take thirty-seven years to dig out through a DIRT foundation, do you?
You remember the beaver which a naturalist tells us "busied himself as earnestly in constructing a dam in a room up three pair of stairs in London as if he had been laying his foundation in a lake in Upper Canada.
Going to live at Baltimore laid the foundation, and opened the gateway, to all my subsequent prosperity.
She had already satisfied herself that he thought Harriet a beautiful girl, which she trusted, with such frequent meetings at Hartfield, was foundation enough on his side; and on Harriet's there could be little doubt that the idea of being preferred by him would have all the usual weight and efficacy.
In such a case, a plain and open avowal of his difficulties would have been more to his honour I think, as well as more consistent with his general character;--but I will not raise objections against any one's conduct on so illiberal a foundation, as a difference in judgment from myself, or a deviation from what I may think right and consistent.

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