is another significant factor with negative influence on the strength of post-conflict growth.
1999) focus on linguistic differences and find that ethnolinguistic fractionalization
results in more government intervention, less efficient government, and lower levels of public goods provision, findings that square nicely with those of Easterly (2001).
Keywords: Ethnic cohesion, fractionalization
s (2003) widely used measure of ethnolinguistic fractionalization
(ELF), which indicates the probability that two individuals, chosen at random, belong to different ethnolinguistic groups.
All of this speaks to a world torn by devolution and fractionalization
This article examines 122 developing states that vary in terms of their level of ethnic and religious fractionalization
, which can affect their level of democratic development and political stability.
4) In addition to those already mentioned, data on ethnic, linguistic, and religious fractionalization
from Alesina et al.
1, 14 (2001) (noting fears that fractionalization
The decline of the Black Power movement, as well as the fractionalization
of the black student body impacted the black student movement, yet it left a tangible legacy at the University of Illinois in a way that demonstrated "the power of a social movement in an institution.
In my own research, I have found that democratization does not necessarily create initial economic costs in low-income countries in settings characterized by a high degree of ethno-linguistic fractionalization
According to Laakso and Taagepera, "the effective number of parties is the number of hypothetical equal-size parties that would have the same total effect on fractionalization
of the system as have the actual parties of unequal size" (Laakso & Taagepera, 1979).
the party in government, fractionalization
of government, and years until elections).