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Any of various game birds of several genera in the family Phasianidae, especially Francolinus, found in Africa and Asia.

[French, from Italian francolino.]


(Animals) any African or Asian partridge of the genus Francolinus
[C17: from French, from Old Italian francolino, of unknown origin]


(ˈfræŋ kə lɪn)

any Eurasian or African partridge of the genus Francolinus.
[1585–95; < French < Italian francolino, of obscure orig.]
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References in classic literature ?
At this he fell to with greater relish than if they had given him francolins from Milan, pheasants from Rome, veal from Sorrento, partridges from Moron, or geese from Lavajos, and turning to the doctor at supper he said to him, "Look here, senor doctor, for the future don't trouble yourself about giving me dainty things or choice dishes to eat, for it will be only taking my stomach off its hinges; it is accustomed to goat, cow, bacon, hung beef, turnips and onions; and if by any chance it is given these palace dishes, it receives them squeamishly, and sometimes with loathing.
Alectoris chukar, Alectoris rufa, Alectoris, barbara, Alectoris philbyi), francolins (Francolinus francolinus), hares (Lepus europaeus), mouflons (Ovis orientalis, Ovis gmelini, Ovis musimon, Ovis ammon), raccoons (Procyon lotor), opossums (Didelphis virginiana, and Trichosurus vulpecula) and badgers (Meles meles and Memphitis memphitis).
They are attracted to pet animals such as poultry, francolins, quails, partridges, pigeons and rabbits," said Khan.
Ticks on crested francolins, Francolinus sephaena, and on the vegetation on a farm in Limpopo Province, South Africa.
May the francolins of the mountains wear cornelian beards
Next to arrive were the helmeted guinea fowl and red-billed francolins, walking rather than flying to the waterhole in typical upland game bird fashion.
At these meals it is prohibited to serve partridge, pheasant, peacock, francolins, baby doves, and no more than three non-gilded dishes may be served.
Since the noise barriers were erected hundreds of birds including partridges, francolins, sparrows and others have been found dead next to the barriers because they would fly directly into them," the Game Fund said.
Terrestrial crabs, carabid, drilid and lampyrid beetles, and snail eating birds, such as coucals, francolins and guineafowl, are potential predators, as are the larger lizards (e.