Antibody duration, following a humoral immune response to West Nile virus (WNV) infection, is poorly understood in free-ranging
Keeping your chickens locked in a coop can have some benefits, but for chickens to reach their full potential usefulness the best type of living situation is to be allowed full or partial free-ranging
But the idea of happy, free-ranging
chickens--with the resultant more nutritious eggs--was appealing, so we decided free-ranging
was the only way to go.
Infection with frog virus 3 (FV3), the type species of the genus Ranavirus, results in edema, hemorrhage, and necrosis of lymphoid tissue, hematopoietic tissue, liver, spleen, and renal tubules (3,5); mortality rates in free-ranging
amphibians are >90% (6).
and The Wilds in Ohio are involved in an effort to return free-ranging
Takhi to Mongolia.
Frozen blood samples from 13 species of free-ranging
birds (n = 65) and captive Chilean flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis) (n = 46) housed outdoors in the Chicago area were screened for Plasmodium.
In Puerto Rico, risk for transmission of B-virus from free-ranging
rhesus monkeys to humans has become a serious challenge.
Studies have shown that nearly all free-ranging
cats -- even the well-fed ones -- kill wildlife.
We hypothesized that birds submitted to wildlife rehabilitation centers would have a similar prevalence of antibody to WNV as free-ranging
CWD was first recognized in captive Mule Deer in Colorado (3) and subsequently described in the free-ranging
cervid populations of Colorado and Wyoming (1); prevalence in these disease-endemic areas varies spatially and among the three sympatric cervid species (4).
Influenza A virus monitoring in urban and free-ranging
pigeon populations in Germany, 2006-2008.
Expansion of ecotourism-based industries, changes in land-use practices, and escalating competition for resources have increased contact between free-ranging
wildlife and humans.