freeze


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freeze

 (frēz)
v. froze (frōz), fro·zen (frō′zən), freez·ing, freez·es
v.intr.
1.
a. To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
b. To acquire a surface or coat of ice from cold: The lake froze over in January. Bridges freeze before the adjacent roads.
2. To become clogged or jammed because of the formation of ice: The pipes froze in the basement.
3. To be at that degree of temperature at which ice forms: It may freeze tonight.
4. To be killed or harmed by cold or frost: They almost froze to death. Mulch keeps garden plants from freezing.
5. To be or feel uncomfortably cold: Aren't you freezing without a coat?
6.
a. To become fixed, stuck, or attached by or as if by frost: The lock froze up with rust.
b. To stop functioning properly, usually temporarily: My computer screen froze when I opened the infected program.
7.
a. To become motionless or immobile, as from surprise or attentiveness: I heard a sound and froze in my tracks.
b. To become unable to act or speak, as from fear: froze in front of the audience.
8. To become rigid and inflexible; solidify: an opinion that froze into dogma.
v.tr.
1.
a. To convert into ice.
b. To cause ice to form upon.
c. To cause to congeal or stiffen from extreme cold: winter cold that froze the ground.
2. To preserve (foods, for example) by subjecting to freezing temperatures.
3. To damage, kill, or make inoperative by cold or by the formation of ice.
4. To make very cold; chill.
5. To immobilize, as with fear or shock.
6. To chill with an icy or formal manner: froze me with one look.
7. To stop the motion or progress of: The negotiations were frozen by the refusal of either side to compromise; froze the video in order to discuss the composition of the frame.
8.
a. To fix (prices or wages, for example) at a given or current level.
b. To prohibit further manufacture or use of.
c. To prevent or restrict the exchange, withdrawal, liquidation, or granting of by governmental action: freeze investment loans during a depression; froze foreign assets held by US banks.
9. To anesthetize by chilling.
10. Sports To keep possession of (a ball or puck) so as to deny an opponent the opportunity to score.
n.
1.
a. The act of freezing.
b. The state of being frozen.
2. A spell of cold weather; a frost.
3. A restriction that forbids a quantity from rising above a given or current level: a freeze on city jobs; a proposed freeze on the production of nuclear weapons.
Phrasal Verb:
freeze out
To shut out or exclude, as by cold or unfriendly treatment: The others tried to freeze me out of the conversation.
Idiom:
freeze (someone's) blood
To affect with terror or dread; horrify: a scream that froze my blood.

[Middle English fresen, from Old English frēosan; see preus- in Indo-European roots.]

freez′a·ble adj.
Word History: Describing the landscape of Hell in Book II of Paradise Lost, Milton depicts "a frozen Continent ... beat with perpetual storms ... the parching Air Burns frore, and cold performs th' effect of Fire." It is evident from these lines that frore has some relationship to frozen, but what exactly is it? The Modern English paradigm for the verb freeze is freeze, froze, frozen, with a z throughout. However, in Old English, the principal parts were frēosan, frēas, froren. The r in the past participle froren is from a prehistoric s that became r by Verner's Law, a sound shift that changed s in certain positions into r. (The effects of Verner's Law can also be seen in such Modern English pairs as was and were, and lose and (love-)lorn.) During the Middle English period, a new past participle frosen was created using the s from the first two principal parts; this survives as frozen nowadays. The older participle, spelled froren or frore in Middle English, lived on as a poetic word for "cold," but well before Milton's day it had become archaic in the standard language.

freeze

(friːz)
vb, freezes, freezing, froze (frəʊz) or frozen (ˈfrəʊzən)
1. to change (a liquid) into a solid as a result of a reduction in temperature, or (of a liquid) to solidify in this way, esp to convert or be converted into ice
2. (when: intr, sometimes foll by over or up) to cover, clog, or harden with ice, or become so covered, clogged, or hardened: the lake froze over last week.
3. to fix fast or become fixed (to something) because of the action of frost
4. (tr) to preserve (food) by subjection to extreme cold, as in a freezer
5. to feel or cause to feel the sensation or effects of extreme cold
6. to die or cause to die of frost or extreme cold
7. to become or cause to become paralysed, fixed, or motionless, esp through fear, shock, etc: he froze in his tracks.
8. (Film) (tr) to cause (moving film) to stop at a particular frame
9. to decrease or cause to decrease in animation or vigour
10. to make or become formal, haughty, etc, in manner
11. (Economics) (tr) to fix (prices, incomes, etc) at a particular level, usually by government direction
12. (Banking & Finance) (tr) to forbid by law the exchange, liquidation, or collection of (loans, assets, etc)
13. (Commerce) (tr) to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or use of (something specified)
14. (tr) to stop (a process) at a particular stage of development
15. (Medicine) (tr) informal to render (tissue or a part of the body) insensitive, as by the application or injection of a local anaesthetic
16. informal chiefly (foll by: onto) US to cling
n
17. the act of freezing or state of being frozen
18. (Physical Geography) meteorol a spell of temperatures below freezing point, usually over a wide area
19. (Economics) the fixing of incomes, prices, etc, by legislation
20. another word for frost
sentence substitute
chiefly US a command to stop still instantly or risk being shot
[Old English frēosan; related to Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan, Latin prūrīre to itch; see frost]
ˈfreezable adj

freeze

(friz)

v. froze, fro•zen, freez•ing,
n. v.i.
1. to become hardened into ice or into a solid body; change from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
2. to become hard or stiffened because of loss of heat.
3. to suffer the effects or sensation of intense cold: We froze until the heat came on.
4. to be of the degree of cold at which water freezes: It may freeze tonight.
5. to lose warmth of feeling: My heart froze at the news.
6. to become speechless or immobilized.
7. to stop suddenly and remain motionless: I froze in my tracks.
8. to become obstructed by the formation of ice: The water pipes froze.
9. to die or be injured because of frost or cold.
10. to become fixed to something by or as if by the action of frost.
11. to become unfriendly, secretive, or aloof (often fol. by up).
12. to become temporarily inoperable; cease to function (often fol. by up): The new software makes my computer freeze.
v.t.
13. to change from a fluid to a solid form by loss of heat; congeal.
14. to form ice on the surface of.
15. to harden or stiffen (an object containing moisture) by cold.
16. to quick-freeze.
17. to subject to freezing temperature.
18. to cause to suffer the effects of intense cold.
19. to chill with fear.
20. to immobilize with fright or alarm.
21. to kill by frost or cold: A late snow froze the buds.
22. to fix fast with ice: a sled frozen to a sidewalk.
23. to obstruct or close by the formation of ice: Cold had frozen the pipes.
24. to fix (rents, prices, etc.) at a specific amount, usu. by government order.
25. to stop or limit production, use, or development of: an agreement to freeze nuclear weapons.
26. to prevent (assets) from being liquidated or collected.
27. to render (a part of the body) insensitive to pain or slower in its functioning by artificial means.
28. to discourage by unfriendly or aloof behavior.
29. to photograph (a moving subject) at a shutter speed fast enough to produce an unblurred, seemingly motionless image.
30. to stop by means of a freeze-frame mechanism.
31. to maintain possession of (a ball or puck) for as long as possible usu. without trying to score.
32. freeze out, to exclude or compel to withdraw from participation, esp. by cold treatment or severe competition.
33. freeze over, to become coated with ice.
n.
34. an act or instance of freezing.
35. the state of being frozen.
36. a period of very cold weather.
37. a legislative action to control prices, rents, production, etc.
38. a decision by one or more nations to stop or limit production or development of weapons.
[before 1000; Middle English fresen, Old English frēosan]
freez′a•ble, adj.

freeze

(frēz)
To change from a liquid to a solid state by cooling or being cooled to the freezing point.

freeze


Past participle: frozen
Gerund: freezing

Imperative
freeze
freeze
Present
I freeze
you freeze
he/she/it freezes
we freeze
you freeze
they freeze
Preterite
I froze
you froze
he/she/it froze
we froze
you froze
they froze
Present Continuous
I am freezing
you are freezing
he/she/it is freezing
we are freezing
you are freezing
they are freezing
Present Perfect
I have frozen
you have frozen
he/she/it has frozen
we have frozen
you have frozen
they have frozen
Past Continuous
I was freezing
you were freezing
he/she/it was freezing
we were freezing
you were freezing
they were freezing
Past Perfect
I had frozen
you had frozen
he/she/it had frozen
we had frozen
you had frozen
they had frozen
Future
I will freeze
you will freeze
he/she/it will freeze
we will freeze
you will freeze
they will freeze
Future Perfect
I will have frozen
you will have frozen
he/she/it will have frozen
we will have frozen
you will have frozen
they will have frozen
Future Continuous
I will be freezing
you will be freezing
he/she/it will be freezing
we will be freezing
you will be freezing
they will be freezing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been freezing
you have been freezing
he/she/it has been freezing
we have been freezing
you have been freezing
they have been freezing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been freezing
you will have been freezing
he/she/it will have been freezing
we will have been freezing
you will have been freezing
they will have been freezing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been freezing
you had been freezing
he/she/it had been freezing
we had been freezing
you had been freezing
they had been freezing
Conditional
I would freeze
you would freeze
he/she/it would freeze
we would freeze
you would freeze
they would freeze
Past Conditional
I would have frozen
you would have frozen
he/she/it would have frozen
we would have frozen
you would have frozen
they would have frozen
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.freeze - the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solidfreeze - the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid
chilling, cooling, temperature reduction - the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature
freeze-drying, lyophilisation, lyophilization - a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
icing, frost - the formation of frost or ice on a surface
phase change, phase transition, physical change, state change - a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
2.freeze - weather cold enough to cause freezing
cold weather - a period of unusually cold weather
3.freeze - an interruption or temporary suspension of progress or movement; "a halt in the arms race"; "a nuclear freeze"
pause - temporary inactivity
4.freeze - fixing (of prices or wages etc) at a particular level; "a freeze on hiring"
restriction, limitation - an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
hiring freeze - a freeze on hiring
price freeze - a freeze of prices at a given level
wage freeze - a freeze of wages at a given level
Verb1.freeze - stop moving or become immobilized; "When he saw the police car he froze"
settle on, fixate - become fixed (on); "Her eyes fixated on a point on the horizon"
stand still - remain in place; hold still; remain fixed or immobile; "Traffic stood still when the funeral procession passed by"
2.freeze - change to ice; "The water in the bowl froze"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
glaciate - become frozen and covered with glaciers
freeze down, freeze out, freeze - change from a liquid to a solid when cold; "Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit"
boil - come to the boiling point and change from a liquid to vapor; "Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius"
3.freeze - be cold; "I could freeze to death in this office when the air conditioning is turned on"
suffer - feel unwell or uncomfortable; "She is suffering from the hot weather"
4.freeze - cause to freeze; "Freeze the leftover food"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
deep freeze - store in a deep-freeze, as for conservation; "deep-freeze the food"
ice - cause to become ice or icy; "an iced summer drink"
flash-freeze, quick-freeze - freeze rapidly so as to preserve the natural juices and flavors; "quick-freeze the shrimp"
5.freeze - stop a process or a habit by imposing a freeze on it; "Suspend the aid to the war-torn country"
break, interrupt - terminate; "She interrupted her pregnancy"; "break a lucky streak"; "break the cycle of poverty"
6.freeze - be very cold, below the freezing point; "It is freezing in Kalamazoo"
7.freeze - change from a liquid to a solid when cold; "Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
freeze - change to ice; "The water in the bowl froze"
solidify - become solid; "The metal solidified when it cooled"
8.freeze - prohibit the conversion or use of (assets); "Blocked funds"; "Freeze the assets of this hostile government"
withhold, keep back - hold back; refuse to hand over or share; "The father is withholding the allowance until the son cleans his room"
unfreeze, unblock, release, free - make (assets) available; "release the holdings in the dictator's bank account"
9.freeze - anesthetize by cold
surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation - a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; "they will schedule the operation as soon as an operating room is available"; "he died while undergoing surgery"
anaesthetise, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anesthetize, put under, put out - administer an anesthetic drug to; "The patient must be anesthetized before the operation"; "anesthetize the gum before extracting the teeth"
10.freeze - suddenly behave coldly and formally; "She froze when she saw her ex-husband"
behave, act, do - behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; "You should act like an adult"; "Don't behave like a fool"; "What makes her do this way?"; "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"

freeze

verb
1. ice over or up, harden, stiffen, solidify, congeal, become solid, glaciate The ground froze solid.
2. deep freeze, cool, ice, chill, refrigerate, put in the freezer You can freeze the soup at this point.
3. chill, benumb The cold morning froze my fingers.
4. stop, stop dead, stop suddenly, stop in your tracks She froze when the beam of the flashlight struck her.
5. fix, hold, limit, hold up, peg Wages have been frozen and workers laid off.
6. suspend, stop, shelve, curb, cut short, discontinue They have already frozen their aid programme.
noun
1. cold snap, frost, freeze-up The trees were damaged by a freeze in December.
2. fix, hold, halt, suspension, standstill A wage freeze was imposed on all staff.
freeze someone out exclude, leave out, force out, shut out, refuse, remove, reject, ignore, eliminate, rule out, get rid of, boycott, expel, put out, throw out, oust, keep out, drive out, pass over, eject, evict, ostracize, send to Coventry, give the cold-shoulder to He's freezing me out because he knows I'm no good.
Translations
تتجَمَّد الأسْعارتَجَمُّديَتَجَمَّديَتَجَمَّدُيَجْمَدُ مِن البَرد، يَموت مِن البَرد
mrznoutzmrazitmrázmrazitzmrznout
frysenedfrysestivnefrostvejr
frosti
pakastaajäätyäjähmettyäsulkujäädyttää
smrznutizalediti
befagyasztfagyásmegfagymegfagyasztmélyhűtőbe tesz
frjósa, frystafrjósa, kólnafrostfrystafrysta laun/verî
・・・を冷凍する凍る
얼다얼리다
labai šaltasledinisšaltispeigassušaldytas
aizsaltiesaldētnosaltpārvērsties ledūsals
congelaîngheţa
mrznúť
okamnetizamrznitizmrznitizmrzovati
frysa
แช่แข็งกลายเป็นน้ำแข็ง
dondurmakdonmakdondon makdonakalmak
заморожуватизаморожуватися
đông lạiđông lạnh

freeze

[friːz] (froze (pt) (frozen (pp)))
A. VT
1. (lit) [+ water] → helar; [+ food] → congelar
2. (fig) [+ prices, wages, assets] → congelar
B. VI
1. (gen) → helarse, congelarse
it will freeze tonightesta noche va a caer una helada
to freeze to deathmorirse de frío
2. (= be motionless) → quedarse inmóvil
freeze!¡no te muevas!
the smile froze on his lipsse le heló la sonrisa en los labios
C. N
1. (Met) → helada f
2. [of prices, wages etc] → congelación f
freeze out VT + ADV (fig) → marginar, excluir
freeze over VI + ADV [lake, river] → helarse; [windows, windscreen] → cubrirse de escarcha
the lake has frozen overel lago está helado
freeze up
A. VI + ADV [handle, pipes] → helarse, congelarse; [windows] → cubrirse de escarcha
B. VT + ADV we're frozen up at homeen casa se han helado las cañerías

freeze

[ˈfriːz]
vb [froze] [ˈfrəʊz] (pt) [frozen] [ˈfrəʊzən] (pp)
vi
[water, river, pond] → geler
The water had frozen → L'eau avait gelé.
[weather] → geler
I think it'll freeze tonight → Je pense qu'il va geler ce soir.
(= get very cold) [hands, fingers] → geler
(= become motionless) [person] → se figer
vt
[+ water, river, lake] → geler
[+ food] → congeler
She froze the rest of the raspberries → Elle a congelé le reste des framboises.
[+ prices, salaries] → bloquer, geler; [+ production] → bloquer; [+ account, assets] → bloquer
ngel m
[wages, prices] → blocage m
freeze out
vt
to freeze sb out of sth → exclure qn de qch
freeze over
vi
[river] → geler
[windscreen] → se couvrir de givre, se couvrir de glace
freeze up
vigelerfreeze-dried [ˌfriːzˈdraɪd] adjlyophilisé(e)freeze-frame [ˌfriːzˈfreɪm] n
(= picture) → arrêt m sur image
to watch sth in freeze-frame → regarder qch image par image freeze-frame buttonfreeze-frame button nbouton m arrêt sur image

freeze

vb: pret <froze>, ptp <frozen>
vi
(Met) → frieren; (water, liquids)gefrieren; (lakes, rivers)zufrieren; (pipes)einfrieren; it’ll freeze hard tonightes wird heute Nacht starken Frost geben; to freeze to death (lit)erfrieren; (fig)sich zu Tode frieren ? freezing, frozen
(fig) (blood)erstarren, gerinnen; (heart)aussetzen; (smile)erstarren, gefrieren; the sound made me freezedas Geräusch ließ mir das Blut in den Adern erstarren or gefrieren or gerinnen
(= keep still)in der Bewegung verharren or erstarren; he froze in his trackser blieb wie angewurzelt stehen; freeze!keine Bewegung!
(Cook) meat freezes wellFleisch lässt sich gut einfrieren
(Comput) → nicht mehr reagieren, sich aufhängen (inf)
vt
watergefrieren; (Med, Cook) → einfrieren
(Econ) assetsfestlegen; credit, wages, programme, prices, bank accounteinfrieren; (= stop) filmanhalten
(Med) woundvereisen
(fig) to freeze somebody with a lookjdm einen eisigen Blick zuwerfen
n
(Met) → Frost m; the big freezeder harte Frost
(Econ) → Stopp m; a wage(s) freeze, a freeze on wagesein Lohnstopp m; a freeze on nuclear weapons testingein Atomwaffenteststopp m

freeze

:
freeze-dry
freeze-frame
n (Phot) → Standbild nt

freeze

[friːz] (froze (vb: pt) (frozen (pp)))
1. vt (water) → gelare; (food) → congelare; (industrially) → surgelare; (prices, assets, salaries) → bloccare, congelare
2. vi (Met) → gelare; (water, lake) → ghiacciare; (food) → congelarsi; (keep still) → bloccarsi
freezing fog → nebbia gelata
to freeze to death → morire assiderato/a
he froze in his tracks → si bloccò
freeze! → non muoverti!
3. n (Met) → gelata; (of prices, wages) → blocco
freeze over vi + adv (lake, river) → ghiacciarsi; (windows, windscreen) → coprirsi di ghiaccio
freeze up vi + advgelarsi

freeze

(friːz) past tense froze (frəuz) : past participle frozen (ˈfrəuzn) verb
1. to make into or become ice. It's so cold that the river has frozen over.
2. (of weather) to be at or below freezing-point. If it freezes again tonight all my plants will die.
3. to make or be very cold. If you had stayed out all night in the snow you might have frozen to death (= died of exposure to cold).
4. to make (food) very cold in order to preserve it. You can freeze the rest of that food and eat it later.
5. to make or become stiff, still or unable to move (with fear etc). She froze when she heard the strange noise.
6. to fix prices, wages etc at a certain level. If the situation does not improve, wages will be frozen again.
noun
a period of very cold weather when temperatures are below freezing-point. How long do you think the freeze will last?
ˈfreezer noun
a cabinet for keeping food at, or bringing it down to, a temperature below freezing-point.
ˈfreezing adjective
very cold. This room's freezing.
ˈfrozen adjective
ˈfreezing-point noun
the temperature at which a liquid becomes solid. The freezing-point of water is 0 centigrade.
freeze up
to stop moving or functioning because of extreme cold. The car engine froze up.

freeze

يَتَجَمَّدُ mrazit, mrznout fryse einfrieren, frieren παγώνω congelar, congelarse jäätyä, pakastaa congeler, geler smrznuti, zalediti congelare, gelare ・・・を冷凍する, 凍る 얼다, 얼리다 invriezen, vriezen fryse, nedfryse zamarznąć, zamrażać congelar замерзать, заморозить frysa แช่แข็ง, กลายเป็นน้ำแข็ง dondurmak, donmak đông lại, đông lạnh 冷冻, 冻结

freeze

n. helada; congelación;
___ driedliofilizado;
___ dryingliofilización;
vt. congelar, helar; congelarse, vr. helarse;
to ___ to deathmorirse de frio.

freeze

vt, vi (pret froze; pp frozen) congelar(se)
References in classic literature ?
After she died the man would go to work all day and leave them to shift for themselves--the neighbors would help them now and then, for they would almost freeze to death.
The ground covered with snow, and the atmosphere in that unsettled state between frost and thaw, which is of all others the most unfriendly for exercise, every morning beginning in rain or snow, and every evening setting in to freeze, she was for many days a most honourable prisoner.
In another day or two perhaps; this extreme mildness can hardly last longer--nay, perhaps it may freeze tonight
And that,' said Rosa Dartle, 'is so strong a claim, preferred by one so infamous, that if I had any feeling in my breast but scorn and abhorrence of you, it would freeze it up.
Then the animals packed up; and after they had turned off the water so the pipes wouldn't freeze, and put up the shutters, they closed the house and gave the key to the old horse who lived in the stable.
Anon out of the earth a Fabrick huge Rose like an Exhalation, with the sound Of Dulcet Symphonies and voices sweet, Built like a Temple, where PILASTERS round Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid With Golden Architrave; nor did there want Cornice or Freeze, with bossy Sculptures grav'n, The Roof was fretted Gold.
They were there, side by side, leaning forward simultaneously in one movement of entreaty and fear, communicating their terror to one another, taking a keen pleasure in feeling their blood freeze in their veins.
I dare not,' said the other, 'for if I were to put my hat on straight, there would come such a frost that the very birds in the sky would freeze and fall dead on the earth.
But his love of me is wonderful; I go further: I, who sicken and freeze at the mere thought of him, when I recall the abjection and passion of this attachment, and when I know how he fears my power to cut him off by suicide, I find it in my heart to pity him.
I felt a mortal cold freeze my stiffened and half-paralysed limbs.
It came on to freeze with a North wind blowing; the snow fell small and fine like hoar frost, and our shields were coated thick with rime.
The police belonging to the city being formed by the city itself, nothing threatening presented itself to disturb this concert of universal hatred or freeze the frequent scoffs of slanderous lips.