frighten


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Related to frighten: frighten away, frighten off

fright·en

 (frīt′n)
v. fright·ened, fright·en·ing, fright·ens
v.tr.
1. To fill with fear; alarm.
2. To drive or force by arousing fear: The suspect was frightened into confessing.
v.intr.
To become afraid: told ghost stories to campers who frightened easily.

fright′en·er n.
fright′en·ing·ly adv.
Synonyms: frighten, scare, alarm, terrify, terrorize, startle, panic
These verbs mean to cause a person to experience fear. Frighten and the more informal scare are the most widely applicable: "The Count's mysterious warning frightened me at the time" (Bram Stoker).We scared each other telling ghost stories before bed.
Alarm implies a state of fearful anxiety, often brought on suddenly: The sight of the approaching shark alarmed the swimmers.
Terrify implies overwhelming, often paralyzing fear: "It is the coming of death that terrifies me" (Oscar Wilde).
To terrorize is to strike fear into another, often for purposes of coercion: "The decent citizen was terrorized into paying public blackmail" (Arthur Conan Doyle).
Startle suggests a momentary fright that may cause a sudden, involuntary movement of the body: The clap of thunder startled us.
Panic implies sudden frantic fear that often impairs self-control and rationality: The realistic radio drama panicked the listeners who tuned in after it had begun.

frighten

(ˈfraɪtən)
vb (tr)
1. to cause fear in; terrify; scare
2. to drive or force to go (away, off, out, in, etc) by making afraid
ˈfrightened adj
ˈfrightening adj
ˈfrighteningly adv

fright•en

(ˈfraɪt n)

v.t.
1. to make afraid or fearful; throw into a fright; terrify; scare.
2. to drive by scaring (usu. fol. by away, off, etc.): to frighten away pigeons from the roof.
v.i.
3. to become frightened: a timid child who frightens easily.
[1660–70]
fright′en•a•ble, adj.
fright′en•er, n.
fright′en•ing•ly, adv.

frighten

frightened
1. 'frighten'

If something frightens you, it makes you feel afraid.

Rats and mice don't frighten me.

Frighten is almost always a transitive verb. Don't say that someone 'frightens'. If you want to say that someone is afraid because of something that has happened or that might happen, you say that they are frightened.

Miriam was too frightened to tell her family what had happened.
He told the children not to be frightened.
For more information, see afraid - frightened
2. 'frightening'

Don't confuse frightened with frightening. Something that is frightening causes you to feel fear.

It was a very frightening experience.
It is frightening to think what damage could be done.

frighten


Past participle: frightened
Gerund: frightening

Imperative
frighten
frighten
Present
I frighten
you frighten
he/she/it frightens
we frighten
you frighten
they frighten
Preterite
I frightened
you frightened
he/she/it frightened
we frightened
you frightened
they frightened
Present Continuous
I am frightening
you are frightening
he/she/it is frightening
we are frightening
you are frightening
they are frightening
Present Perfect
I have frightened
you have frightened
he/she/it has frightened
we have frightened
you have frightened
they have frightened
Past Continuous
I was frightening
you were frightening
he/she/it was frightening
we were frightening
you were frightening
they were frightening
Past Perfect
I had frightened
you had frightened
he/she/it had frightened
we had frightened
you had frightened
they had frightened
Future
I will frighten
you will frighten
he/she/it will frighten
we will frighten
you will frighten
they will frighten
Future Perfect
I will have frightened
you will have frightened
he/she/it will have frightened
we will have frightened
you will have frightened
they will have frightened
Future Continuous
I will be frightening
you will be frightening
he/she/it will be frightening
we will be frightening
you will be frightening
they will be frightening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been frightening
you have been frightening
he/she/it has been frightening
we have been frightening
you have been frightening
they have been frightening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been frightening
you will have been frightening
he/she/it will have been frightening
we will have been frightening
you will have been frightening
they will have been frightening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been frightening
you had been frightening
he/she/it had been frightening
we had been frightening
you had been frightening
they had been frightening
Conditional
I would frighten
you would frighten
he/she/it would frighten
we would frighten
you would frighten
they would frighten
Past Conditional
I would have frightened
you would have frightened
he/she/it would have frightened
we would have frightened
you would have frightened
they would have frightened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.frighten - cause fear infrighten - cause fear in; "The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"; "Ghosts could never affright her"
bluff - frighten someone by pretending to be stronger than one really is
stimulate, stir, shake up, excite, shake - stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of; "These stories shook the community"; "the civil war shook the country"
awe - inspire awe in; "The famous professor awed the undergraduates"
terrify, terrorise, terrorize - fill with terror; frighten greatly
intimidate - make timid or fearful; "Her boss intimidates her"
alarm, horrify, appal, appall, dismay - fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified us"
consternate - fill with anxiety, dread, dismay, or confusion; "After the terrorist attack, people look consternated"
spook - frighten or scare, and often provoke into a violent action; "The noise spooked the horse"
daunt, frighten away, frighten off, scare away, scare off, pall, scare, dash - cause to lose courage; "dashed by the refusal"
2.frighten - drive out by frightening
chase away, dispel, drive away, drive off, drive out, run off, turn back - force to go away; used both with concrete and metaphoric meanings; "Drive away potential burglars"; "drive away bad thoughts"; "dispel doubts"; "The supermarket had to turn back many disappointed customers"

frighten

verb scare, shock, alarm, terrify, cow, appal, startle, intimidate, dismay, daunt, unnerve, petrify, unman, terrorize, scare (someone) stiff, put the wind up (someone) (informal), scare the living daylights out of (someone) (informal), make your hair stand on end (informal), get the wind up, make your blood run cold, throw into a panic, scare the bejesus out of (informal), affright (archaic), freeze your blood, make (someone) jump out of his skin (informal), throw into a fright Most children are frightened by the sight of blood.
encourage, comfort, calm, reassure, soothe, hearten, allay, assuage
frighten something or someone off or away scare off, startle, put the wind up (someone) (informal), throw into a fright He fired into the air to frighten them off.

frighten

verb
To fill with fear:
Archaic: fright.
Idioms: make one's blood run cold, make one's hair stand on end, scare silly, scare the daylights out of.
Translations
خشّىيُرْعِبُيُرْعِب، يُذْعِر
děsitpolekatvystrašit
gøre bangeskræmme
erschreckenAngst machen
pelästyttääpelottaasäikyttää
prestrašiti
hræîa
怖がらせる
겁을 주다
nastrašiť
prestrašiti
skrämma
ทำให้ตกใจ
làm sợ hãi

frighten

[ˈfraɪtn] VTasustar
to be frightenedtener miedo (of a) don't be frightened!¡no te asustes!
she is easily frightenedse asusta con facilidad, es asustadiza
to frighten sb into doing sthconvencer a algn con amenazas de que haga algo
I was frightened out of my wits or to deathestaba aterrorizado
frighten away frighten off VT + ADVespantar, ahuyentar

frighten

[ˈfraɪtən] vteffrayer, faire peur à
Horror films frighten him → Les films d'horreur lui font peur.
to frighten sb into doing sth → faire faire qch à qn par l'intimidation
to frighten the life out of sb, to frighten the wits out of sb → faire une peur bleue à qn
frighten away
vt [+ birds, children] → faire fuir, effaroucher
frighten off
vt [+ people] → chasser

frighten

vt (= give a sudden fright)erschrecken, Angst einjagen (+dat); (= make scared)Angst machen (+dat), → Angst einjagen (+dat); (idea, thought)ängstigen, Angst or Furcht einflößen (+dat); I’m not easily frightenedich fürchte mich nicht so schnell, ich habe nicht so schnell Angst; (with threats etc) → so schnell or leicht kann man mir keine Angst machen; to be frightened by somethingvor etw (dat)erschrecken; to frighten somebody into agreeing to somethingjdm solche Angst machen, dass er/sie einer Sache (dat)zustimmt; to frighten the life out of somebodyjdn zu Tode erschrecken
vi she doesn’t frighten easilyso leicht fürchtet sie sich nicht; (with threats etc) → so schnell or leicht kann man ihr keine Angst machen

frighten

[ˈfraɪtn] vtspaventare, far paura a
to frighten sb out of their wits → far morire qn dallo spavento
to be frightened of sth → avere paura di qc
he was frightened into doing it → l'ha fatto per paura
I was frightened to death → ero morto di paura
frighten away frighten off vt + adv (birds, children) → scacciare (facendogli paura)

fright

(frait) noun
1. a sudden fear. the noise gave me a terrible fright.
2. a person who looks ridiculous. She looks a fright in those clothes.
stage frightstageˈfrighten verb
to make (someone) afraid. She was frightened by a large dog.
ˈfrightened adjective
ˈfrightful adjective
1. terrible or frightening. I had a frightful experience.
2. very bad. He is a frightful liar.
ˈfrightening adjective
ˈfrightfully adverb
very. He's frightfully clever.
take fright
to become frightened usually suddenly and quickly. She took fright and ran away.

frighten

يُرْعِبُ děsit skræmme erschrecken τρομάζω asustar pelästyttää effrayer prestrašiti spaventare 怖がらせる 겁을 주다 bangmaken skremme przestraszyć assustar пугать skrämma ทำให้ตกใจ korkutmak làm sợ hãi 惊恐

frighten

vt asustar
References in classic literature ?
cried Jo, taking her by the shoulders, and looking fierce enough to frighten a much braver child than Amy.
I had some thoughts of asking you to take an airship along, but it might frighten the Indians, and I shall have to depend on them for guides, as well as for porters.
Sir, he had better raise this siege, to go and sit down before Edward if he wishes to frighten his enemy with words.
She didn't know I was in the room, and when I asked her in a quiet, a very quiet voice, with the most restrained manner possible, what she was doing with the paper--she turned around as if she had been caught stealing, and looked quite angry--asked me why I should frighten her so!
Why, her face--I've seen it, for I dug her garden for her one year--her face is enough to frighten the Old Nick himself, if he had ever so great a mind to trade with her.
It pained, and at the same time amused me, to behold the terrors that attended my advent, to see a furrowed cheek, weather-beaten by half a century of storm, turn ashy pale at the glance of so harmless an individual as myself; to detect, as one or another addressed me, the tremor of a voice which, in long-past days, had been wont to bellow through a speaking-trumpet, hoarsely enough to frighten Boreas himself to silence.
He would delight them equally by his anecdotes of witchcraft, and of the direful omens and portentous sights and sounds in the air, which prevailed in the earlier times of Connecticut; and would frighten them woefully with speculations upon comets and shooting stars; and with the alarming fact that the world did absolutely turn round, and that they were half the time topsy-turvy!
Flora luminously considered; after which, with her little divine smile: "Because I don't like to frighten you
As it is, parts of her back country are enough to frighten one, they look so bony.
To gally, or gallow, is to frighten excessively --to confound with fright.
There are nervous couples, whom these frighten, and who cry, "Nusfok
I meant to work this racket more and more, as time wore on, if nothing occurred to frighten me.