functionalism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to functionalism: Conflict theory, Structural functionalism

func·tion·al·ism

 (fŭngk′shə-nə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The doctrine that the function of an object should determine its design and materials.
2. A doctrine stressing purpose, practicality, and utility.
3. Philosophy The doctrine in the philosophy of mind according to which mental states are defined by their causes and effects.

func′tion·al·ist′ adj. & n.

functionalism

(ˈfʌŋkʃənəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Architecture) the theory of design that the form of a thing should be determined by its use
2. any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose
3. (Psychology) psychol a system of thought based on the premise that all mental processes derive from their usefulness to the organism in adapting to the environment
ˈfunctionalist n, adj

func•tion•al•ism

(ˈfʌŋk ʃə nlˌɪz əm)

n.
1. (often cap.)
a. a design movement evolved esp. in the early 20th century, advocating that form and design be determined by practical issues, as materials, construction, and purpose, with aesthetic effect subordinated to functionality.
b. the doctrines and practices associated with this movement.
2. a school of psychology that emphasizes the adaptiveness of mental and behavioral processes.
3. Sociol. a theoretical orientation that views society as a system of interdependent parts whose functions contribute to the stability and survival of the system.
[1910–15]
func′tion•al•ist, n., adj.
func`tion•al•is′tic, adj.

functionalism

a philosophy of architectural design rather than a separate style, expressed in Louis Sullivan’s “form follows function” and Le Corbu-sier’s concept of a house as a machine for living in, under the premise that buildings ought to express construction, materials, and accommodation of purpose, usually with the assumption that the result would be aesthetically significant. Also called structuralism. — functionalist, n., adj.
See also: Architecture

functionalism

A school of sociological and anthropological thought which considers social institutions such as religion within the context of the social system as a whole.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.functionalism - a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment
scientific theory - a theory that explains scientific observations; "scientific theories must be falsifiable"
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
2.functionalism - any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Translations
funkisfunktionalismi
fonctionnalisme

functionalism

[ˈfʌŋkʃnəlɪzəm] Nfuncionalismo m

functionalism

[ˈfʌŋkʃənəlɪzəm] n [design] → fonctionnalisme m

functionalism

References in periodicals archive ?
Each chapter addresses the social problem from the perspective of the general theoretical approaches of structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism, as well as in-depth analysis of specialized theories.
In [section]2 he sets out his preferred definition of "the physical" and makes his case that physicalism requires functionalism.
16) While functionalism trusts member states to unite the globe through specialised institutions, neo-functionalism believes that the secretariat and social groups are the ones that must push for full political integration.
The basic idea of functionalism is that what makes a state mental is its playing a causal-functional role of a certain pattern within a system, and, specifically, what makes a mental state the mental state that it is (e.
The seven essays here highlight the nature of functionalism as an important force within linguistics, and discuss aspects ranging from a historical overview to explanatory and methodological issues.
Magnar Breivik skillfully links these two composers within the school of musical functionalism in the study presented in this volume.
Functionalism meets craft and technology, a next-generation audio device that beats at the heart of your musical ecosystem, providing whatever soundtrack you need.
Beauty isn't always functional so you have to make decisions--beauty versus functionalism.
The fiercely iconoclastic functionalism of the latter is epitomized by the Bank of Georgia headquarters (1975, formerly the Ministry of Roads), in which something of the stunning reversals and projections of Georgian culture, its torquing between East and West, between radical and reactionary is vividly apparent.
The fourth updated edition of Philosophy of Social Science has been completely revised and updated to include three new chapters (on philosophical anthropology, functionalism as a research program, and theories of cultural evolution) and expanded discussions of interpretive social science and continental philosophers.
His methodology in working from the outside in is "nonreductive functionalism": nonreductive because each of the sciences of religion analyzed in the book has its own methodology, and functionalism because religions invariably serve diverse human purposes, both individual and collective (p.
CONCLUSION: WORLDVIEW IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE FUNCTIONALISM