fundamental fermion

Related to fundamental fermion: Elementary particles

fundamental fermion

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My geometrical approach with discrete symmetries alters the default reliance upon SU(2) and its continuous symmetry transformations, for I utilize discrete binary rotational subgroups of SU(2) for the fundamental fermion states, a different subgroup for each lepton family and for each quark family.
In addition, the mass ratios of the fundamental fermions are determined by the group relationships to the j-invariant of the Monster Group.
The standard model identifies a dozen fundamental fermions, or matter particles, which come in two families known as quarks and leptons.
There are claims also that one cannot have more than 15 fundamental fermions (plus 15 antifermions) without violating certain cosmological constraints.
I suggest a particular physical model of fundamental fermions based upon these finite subgroups in the discrete geometry.
These fundamental fermions and their antiparticles are defined by their electroweak isospin states in two distinct but gauge equivalent unitary planes in an internal symmetry space "attached" at a spacetime point.
8] groups to form a bigger group that operates in a discrete spacetime, and then in the next section I suggest a simple physical model for fundamental fermions that would fit the geometry.
A preon-based composite model of the fundamental fermions is discussed, in which the fermions are bound states of smaller entities--primitive charges (preons).
The hierarchical pattern observed in the properties of the fundamental fermions (quarks and leptons) points to their composite nature [1], which goes beyond the scope of the Standard Model of particle physics.
10 The second and third generations of the fundamental fermions

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