fundamental particles


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fundamental particles

Theoretically indivisible subatomic particles grouped as matter particles (electrons, muons, taus, neutrinos, and quarks) and force particles (W and Z bosons, gluons, gravitons, and photons).
References in periodicals archive ?
The cp violation would reflect in a sizeable permanent electric dipole moment (edm) of fundamental particles, Large enough to be detected by realistic future experiments.
But its existence is not explained by the Standard Model of physics -- the mainstream theory of the fundamental particles that make up matter and the forces that govern them.
Talking about his work which brought him the Nobel Prize, he outlined that Neutrinos are fundamental particles like electrons, which are produced during cosmic interactions in the atmosphere.
Their current research focuses on searching for new fundamental particles associated with supersymmetry as well as very heavy, yet-to-be-seen particles known as vector-like quarks.
Prof Lucini, head of the Department of Mathematics at Swansea, said: "This topic has stimulated my imagination at least since 1983, when, as an 11-year-old, I learned from the news about the discovery at Cern - the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, of one of the most fundamental particles - the Z boson.
Quarks, the fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons, come in six different "flavors" - up, down, strange, top, bottom and charm.
The book covers the fundamental particles of matter, the fundamental forces, the standard model, the big bang, relativity for particle physics, quantum theory, antimatter, hadrons, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
Caption: Particle partners: Supersymmetry predicts that the known fundamental particles in physics (left) have superparticle partners (right).
The theory that the three forces which affect fundamental particles (electromagnetism, the strong force and the weak force) were once one force in the extremely high temperatures of the early universe.
A much-garlanded physicist, it was Higgs who gave his name to the "Higgs boson", the sub-atomic particle, whose existence - he postulated - explains why some fundamental particles have mass.
They use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles.
The scientists at CERN use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles.

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