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A tax, especially the salt tax imposed in France before 1790.

[Middle English gabel, from Old French, from Old Italian gabella, from Arabic qabāla, tribute, from qabila, to receive; see qbl in Semitic roots.]


(Historical Terms) French history a salt tax levied until 1790
[C15: from Old Italian gabella, from Arabic qabālah tribute, from qabala he received]
gaˈbelled adj



a tax on salt levied in France, abolished in 1790.
[1375–1425; Middle English < Middle French < Arabic qabālah tax, receipt]
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References in classic literature ?
If they were merely resisters of the gabelle or some kindred absurdity I would try to protect them from capture; but when men murder a person of high degree and likewise burn his house, that is another matter.
Monsieur Gabelle was the Postmaster, and some other taxing functionary united; he had come out with great obsequiousness to assist at this examination, and had held the examined by the drapery of his arm in an official manner.
Lay hands on this stranger if he seeks to lodge in your village to-night, and be sure that his business is honest, Gabelle.
On the other hand, their common folk are so crushed down with gabelle, and poll-tax, and every manner of cursed tallage, that the spirit has passed right out of them.
Historians disagree on causes of such an event as the French Revolution, emphasizing unrest in the cities, bad harvests in agriculture, taxation, and especially the gabelle, the heavy tax on salt.
They were also called on to pay a rudimentary form of income tax, called the vingtieme -- payment of a twentieth of one's income, capitation (a head tax) and gabelle (a salt tax).
t-r-h"; Ira Lapidus, Muslim Cities, 56-57, 92-93, likens it to the early modern French practice of gabelle.
From this figure, we subtracted the total of what the king received from the gabelle and the total costs of collecting this sum in Languedoc.
180-89; Sienese Gabelle records in Adams, "Acquisitions," pp.
After the Revolution, the gabelle was removed but only to be reintroduced in the 19th century.
The 24-year-old French pro led his team featuring amateurs Steve Caygill, Simon Gabelle and Pierre Jean Paumard to a medal score of -23, which secured victory in the traditional curtain-raiser to the long-standing Commercial Bank Qatar Masters.
Expert Paul Brammall, of Gabelle Tax, said: "If a husband gives his half of a buy-to-let property to his wife then the wife becomes responsible for all the tax on the rent.