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1. A cylindrical wicker basket filled with earth and stones, formerly used in building fortifications.
2. A metal cage filled with rocks, used in constructing dams, embankments, and other structures.

[French, from Italian gabbione, augmentative of gabbia, cage, from Latin cavea.]


1. (Civil Engineering) a cylindrical metal container filled with stones, used in the construction of underwater foundations
2. (Fortifications) a wickerwork basket filled with stones or earth, used (esp formerly) as part of a fortification
[C16: from French: basket, from Italian gabbione, from gabbia cage, from Latin cavea; see cage]


(ˈgeɪ bi ən)

a metal cylinder filled with stones and sunk in water, used in laying the foundations of a dam or jetty.
[1570–80; < Middle French: basket < Italian gabbione, augmentative of gabbia cage < Latin cavea]
References in classic literature ?
By the side of each of these batteries other workmen were strengthening gabions filled with earth, the lining of another battery.
Tenders are invited for Training of Nallah by way of replacing demaged crates, washout crate and new crates of using zinc coated steelwire mesh Gabions filled with hand packed stones including cost of stones and gabions wherever required as per necessity at site at Kot
It added: "When submerged, the gabions could pose a hazard to navigation in an area where boat transfers from vessels to shore takes place.
They are a proven long-term solution to traditional alternatives such as riprap, gabions, structural concrete, grout mats and other durable hard-armor protection systems.
GABIONS - wire cages filled with stone, cobbles, tiles, bottles and logs - make great screens, benches or retaining walls for raised beds to reflect your individual style.
Beginning with an overview of the cultural history of wall construction and universal design principles, the work examines in turn stone masonry, concrete, bricks, plastered walls, walls with facings, gabions and rammed earth walls, including in each section, information about design characteristics, materials, weathering, and construction details.
Two products listed are UltraFlex[TM] Articulating Concrete Block Mats (alternatives to rip rap, gabions, structural concrete, grout mats and other durable hard-armor protection systems) and UltraLok[TM], described as hand-placed interlocking blocks for installation in areas where heavy equipment can't be used due to site constraints and access issues.
The standards include test methods, material specifications, practices, and guides and relate to manufactured materials such as mulches and tackifiers, biodegradable blankets, turf reinforcement mats, sediment retention and filtration devices, gabions, grout-filled mats, geotextiles, and articulating concrete block systems, as well as natural materials including soil, rock riprap, and willows and grasses.
While the house may on first impressions appear to be a bit of a one-liner, relying solely on its novel use of hanging gabions, the architect does allude to a number of more subtle gestures.
Brian Anderson, a sculptor from Llandre, near Aberystwyth, came u p with the idea of the Pebblecube - essentially a wire mesh container filled with anything from slate to stone or glass - when he saw the gabions used at the side of the roads and in landscaping.
Examples of the items included ready-mix asphalt, quick-setting concrete, geotextiles, gabions, and HESCO barriers.