galactoside


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

ga·lac·to·side

 (gə-lăk′tə-sīd′)
n.
Any of a group of glycosides that yield galactose on hydrolysis.

galactoside

(ɡəˈlæktəˌsaɪd)
n
any of several glycosides that contain galactose
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This study examined the effects of trifolin, which is a type of flavonoid that is conjugated to galactoside (Fig.
In addition, glucoside seemed to be more effective than galactoside on antioxidant improvement.
9 In 1970, Kint reported the anomeric configuration of terminal galactoside linkage to be alpha.
jejuni produce serum antibodies that cross-react with CT and LT (11-13); (v) culture filtrates reacted in GM1 ganglioside ELISA with antiserum to CT or LT (14,15); and (vi) galactoside, ganglioside or CT antibody affinity purified material from culture filtrates caused morphological alteration and raised cAMP levels in sensitive cells or reacted in GM1 ganglioside ELISA (15-17).
MCP is rich in galactoside residues, which some believe give it an affinity for certain types of cancer cells.
Kopecek Design of a multivalent galactoside ligand for selective targeting of HPMA copolymer-doxorubicin conjugates to human colon cancer cells.
For instance, microwaving milk and cereal grains converted some of their amino acids into carcinogens, thawing frozen fruits converted their glucoside and galactoside containing fractions into carcinogenic substances, and carcinogenic free radicals were formed in microwaved plants, especially root vegetables.
Lectins that bind galactoside (a sugar-based molecule) play a role in the cell clumping of many cancers.
onions), such as quercetin glucoside, quercetin galactoside, or quercetin arabinoside, are deglycosylated to quercetin aglycone prior to passive absorption in the small intestine [6].
Summary: Chromatographic purification of the methanolic extract of Tecomella undulata yielded a new flavonoid glycoside; kaempferol-3-O-AY-D-[34di-p-E-coumaroyl-a-L-rhamnosyl(16)] galactoside (1) two new megastigmanes; (6R 7Z)-910-dihydroxy-47-megastigmadien-3-one (2) and (6E)-910-dihydroxy-46-megastigmadien-3-one (3) along with three known compounds; (6R 9S)- 910-dihydroxy-4-megastigmaen-3-one (4) quercetin-3-galactoside (5) and 3'-dimethoxy-564'- trihydroxyflavon (6).
4) This means that, in the presence of this special type of pectin, galectin-3 molecules will bind to the galactoside bonds on the MCP molecules, rather than on those signaling carbohydrate molecules on cell surfaces.
The presence of galactoside residues in MCP enables it to block these processes by interacting with galectin-3 receptors on cancer cells.