gall


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

gall 1

 (gôl)
n.
1. Outrageous insolence; effrontery: After borrowing my car, he had the gall to complain about its seats.
2.
a. Bitterness of feeling; rancor.
b. Something bitter to endure: the gall of defeat.
3. See bile.

[Middle English galle, gallbladder, bile, courage, from Old English gealla, galla, bile; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

gall 2

 (gôl)
n.
1. A skin sore caused by friction and abrasion: a saddle gall.
2.
a. Exasperation; vexation.
b. The cause of such vexation.
v. galled, gall·ing, galls
v.tr.
1. To irk or exasperate; vex: It galled me to have to wait outside.
2. To wear away or make sore by abrasion; chafe:
v.intr.
To become worn or sore by abrasion.

[Middle English galle, from Old English gealla, possibly from Latin galla, nutgall.]

click for a larger image
gall3
galls on the underside of an oak leaf, caused by a gall wasp

gall 3

 (gôl)
n.
An abnormal growth of plant tissue caused by an organism, such as an insect, mite, or bacterium, or by a wound.

[Middle English galle, from Old French, from Latin galla, nutgall.]

gall

(ɡɔːl)
n
1. informal impudence
2. bitterness; rancour
3. something bitter or disagreeable
4. (Physiology) physiol an obsolete term for bile1
5. (Anatomy) an obsolete term for gallbladder
[from Old Norse, replacing Old English gealla; related to Old High German galla, Greek kholē]

gall

(ɡɔːl)
n
1. (Pathology) a sore on the skin caused by chafing
2. something that causes vexation or annoyance: a gall to the spirits.
3. irritation; exasperation
vb
4. (Pathology) pathol to abrade (the skin, etc) as by rubbing
5. (tr) to irritate or annoy; vex
[C14: of Germanic origin; related to Old English gealla sore on a horse, and perhaps to gall1]

gall

(ɡɔːl)
n
(Plant Pathology) an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects, fungi, bacteria, or mechanical injury
[C14: from Old French galle, from Latin galla]

gall1

(gɔl)

n.
1. audacity; impudence; effrontery.
3. something bitter or severe.
4. bitterness of spirit; rancor.
[before 900; Old English galla, gealla, c. Old High German galla; akin to Latin fel, Greek cholḗ gall, bile]

gall2

(gɔl)
v.t.
1. to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely: The saddle galled the horse's back.
2. to irritate greatly: An arrogant manner galls me.
v.i.
3. to be or become chafed.
n.
4. a sore on the skin, esp. of a horse, due to rubbing.
5. something very vexing or irritating.
6. a state of vexation or irritation.
[before 1000; Middle English galle, perhaps < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German gall, akin to Old English gealla sore on a horse]

gall3

(gɔl)

n.
any abnormal outgrowth or swelling in a plant, as from viral damage, insect egg deposits, or chemical irritants.
[1350–1400; Middle English galle < Middle French < Latin galla gallnut. See gall2]

gall

(gôl)
An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by insects, microorganisms, or injury.

gall

- As in gallbladder, it refers to a secretion of the liver or to bile.
See also related terms for secretion.

gall


Past participle: galled
Gerund: galling

Imperative
gall
gall
Present
I gall
you gall
he/she/it galls
we gall
you gall
they gall
Preterite
I galled
you galled
he/she/it galled
we galled
you galled
they galled
Present Continuous
I am galling
you are galling
he/she/it is galling
we are galling
you are galling
they are galling
Present Perfect
I have galled
you have galled
he/she/it has galled
we have galled
you have galled
they have galled
Past Continuous
I was galling
you were galling
he/she/it was galling
we were galling
you were galling
they were galling
Past Perfect
I had galled
you had galled
he/she/it had galled
we had galled
you had galled
they had galled
Future
I will gall
you will gall
he/she/it will gall
we will gall
you will gall
they will gall
Future Perfect
I will have galled
you will have galled
he/she/it will have galled
we will have galled
you will have galled
they will have galled
Future Continuous
I will be galling
you will be galling
he/she/it will be galling
we will be galling
you will be galling
they will be galling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been galling
you have been galling
he/she/it has been galling
we have been galling
you have been galling
they have been galling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been galling
you will have been galling
he/she/it will have been galling
we will have been galling
you will have been galling
they will have been galling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been galling
you had been galling
he/she/it had been galling
we had been galling
you had been galling
they had been galling
Conditional
I would gall
you would gall
he/she/it would gall
we would gall
you would gall
they would gall
Past Conditional
I would have galled
you would have galled
he/she/it would have galled
we would have galled
you would have galled
they would have galled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gall - an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
2.gall - a skin sore caused by chafing
sore - an open skin infection
saddle sore - sore on a horseback rider chafed by a saddle
3.gall - abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
oak apple - oak gall caused by larvae of a cynipid wasp
4.gall - a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-willgall - a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
ill will, enmity, hostility - the feeling of a hostile person; "he could no longer contain his hostility"
heartburning - intense resentment; "his promotion caused much heartburning among his rivals"
huffishness, sulkiness - a feeling of sulky resentment
grievance, grudge, score - a resentment strong enough to justify retaliation; "holding a grudge"; "settling a score"
enviousness, envy - a feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have something that is possessed by another
5.gall - a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladdergall - a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
digestive fluid, digestive juice - secretions that aid digestion
6.gall - the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
rudeness, discourtesy - a manner that is rude and insulting
chutzpa, chutzpah, hutzpah - (Yiddish) unbelievable gall; insolence; audacity
Verb1.gall - become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
irritate - excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame; "Aspirin irritates my stomach"
2.gall - irritate or vex; "It galls me that we lost the suit"
anger - make angry; "The news angered him"

gall

verb
1. annoy, provoke, irritate, aggravate (informal), get (informal), trouble, bother, disturb, plague, madden, ruffle, exasperate, nettle, vex, displease, irk, rile (informal), peeve (informal), get under your skin (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), get up your nose (informal), give someone grief (Brit. & S. African), make your blood boil, piss you off (taboo slang), rub up the wrong way, get on your wick (Brit. slang), get your back up, put your back up It was their smugness that galled her most.
noun
1. growth, lump, excrescence The mites live within the galls that are formed on the plant.

gall 1

noun

gall 2

verb
1. To make (the skin) raw by or as if by friction:
2. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
Translations
حِقْد، غِل، ضَغينَهصَفْراءيُضايِق، يُزْعِج
drzostrozhořčitžluč
ærgreforbitrefrækhedgalde
äkämäärsyttäähäiritähiertääsappi
angra, ergjagallósvífni
akmuo tulžies pūslėjeskaudintitulžies pūslėžeisti
aizvainotbezkaunībakaitinātnekaunībažults
ambeterendurfgalgalblaasgalknobbel
rozhorčiť
skava
canını sıkmakküstahlıködsafrasinirlendirmek

gall

[gɔːl]
A. N
1. (Anat) → bilis f, hiel f
2. (Bot) → agalla f; (on animal) → matadura f
3. (fig) (= bitterness) → hiel f (= cheek) → descaro m
she had the gall to say thattuvo el descaro de decir eso
B. VTmolestar, dar rabia a
C. CPD gall bladder Nvesícula f biliar

gall

[ˈgɔːl]
n
bile f
(fig) (= cheek) → effronterie f
vtirriter

gall

n
(Physiol) → Galle (→ nsaft m) f
(= sore)Wundstelle f; (Bot) → Galle f; (nut-shaped) → Gallapfel m
(fig liter)Bitternis f (geh)
(inf)Frechheit f; to have the gall to do somethingdie Frechheit haben or besitzen, etw zu tun
vt (= chafe)wund reiben or scheuern; (fig)maßlos ärgern; it galls me that …es ärgert mich maßlos, dass …

gall

[gɔːl]
1. n (Anat) → bile f (fig) (impudence) → fegato, faccia (tosta)
2. vtseccare
it galled him to have to ask permission → gli seccava dover chiedere il permesso

gall

(goːl) noun
1. a bitter liquid which is stored in the gall bladder.
2. impudence. He had the gall to say he was my friend after being so rude to me.
verb
to annoy (a person) very much. It galls me to think that he is earning so much money.
gall bladder
an organ of the body attached to the liver, in which gall is stored.
ˈgallstone noun
a small hard object that is sometimes formed in the gall bladder.

gall

n. bilis, hiel;
___ ductsconductos biliares.
References in classic literature ?
Such an enterprise would seem almost as hopeful as for Lavater to have scrutinized the wrinkles on the Rock of Gibraltar, or for Gall to have mounted a ladder and manipulated the Dome of the Pantheon.
When he began his talk he hoped to be able to gall them a little and get a trifle of malicious entertainment out of it.
Exhausted by emotion, my language was more subdued than it generally was when it developed that sad theme; and mindful of Helen's warnings against the indulgence of resentment, I infused into the narrative far less of gall and wormwood than ordinary.
And there you see the distinction between our feelings: had he been in my place, and I in his, though I hated him with a hatred that turned my life to gall, I never would have raised a hand against him.
I wonder not that the restraint appears to gall you more it were for your honour to have retained the dress and language of an outlaw, than to veil the deeds of one under an affectation of gentle language and demeanour.
I went below and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal and still bled freely, but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly gall me when I used my arm.
His employment, from his first coming into the academy, was an operation to reduce human excrement to its original food, by separating the several parts, removing the tincture which it receives from the gall, making the odour exhale, and scumming off the saliva.
When they feast a friend they kill an ox, and set immediately a quarter of him raw upon the table (for their most elegant treat is raw beef newly killed) with pepper and salt; the gall of the ox serves them for oil and vinegar; some, to heighten the delicacy of the entertainment, add a kind of sauce, which they call manta, made of what they take out of the guts of the ox; this they set on the fire, with butter, salt, pepper, and onion.
Within an ace of being Count was he, And would have been but for the spite and gall Of this vile age, mean and illiberal, That cannot even let a donkey be.
Augustine, and Gall, have made, in verse and prose, the comparison you have made, and yet I can well understand that a father's sufferings may effect great changes in the mind of a son.
cried Anne, when he had retired, stretching out her arm to the scarcely closed door, "one day I will make you drink the dregs of the atrocious gall you have poured out on me to-day.
And he made folks love him and respect him, and that was better nor stirring up their gall wi' being overbusy.